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come to be glorified in his saints," 2 Thess. i. 9. 10;-that is, “ από προσώπου του καθημένου επί του


TING UPON THE THRONE,' (Rev. vi. 16) when the great day of his wrath comes.

How it may strike others time will determine; but, to the author of this work, it appears certain, that, in these passages in the first chapter of this Epistle, the allusions to the Apocalypse re quite obvious. Nor is the allusion less evident in what he states to them, in the second chapter, respecting “ The Apostasy” and “ THE

man of sin, THE son of perdition.In our common version we read (2 Thess. ii. 3) “ Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come] except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of Perdition ;"_but the original is much more striking. There is an ellipsis in the verse, which our translators have very well supplied by, that day shall not come :" the Apostle had been exhorting them not to entertain the opinion that " THE DAY OF CHRIST was at hand"-a persua

. sion that would have led to a neglect of all the relative duties enjoined in the New Testament. This day, as noticed above, is that in which he shall come to be glorified in his saints,-the day of wrath against the ungodly. This day, he informs them, shall not come.“ until there come,




Mjårortasla, THE APOBTASY first, and there be revealed THE MAN OF SIN, THE SON OF “ PERDITION." Our translators have rendered η αποστασία indefinitely, a falling away," omitting entirely the article. Archbishop Newcomb gives the same version, and in his Note says, “ from the true Christian faith and practice. “ Some (says he) render, The Apostasy, by way of eminence; but in many places of the Greek “ Testament the article is used without its exact “ force."--Bishop Middleton has shown that this latter assertion is quite unfounded, and that the inspired penmen are as precise in their use of the Article as other Greek writers.' On this passage he remarks; “'Atortadía; from its use “ in the Septuagint, for in the New Test, it is “ found only here and in Acts xxi. 21, appears “ to denote an act rather than a quality; and “ if so, the Article cannot here be inserted with“out signifying that a particular act is meant. “ Neither do I see the necessity for denying “ that the Article has here its proper force: “ since Apostasy, however long continued,

might fitly be spoken of as the Apostasy, the “ several acts marking its progress being consi“ dered as one whole.” This is true; but I hope to make it evident also, that the Apostle is here referring to particulars that he had laid before them, from the Apocalypse, respecting this


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Apostasy--this defection-this usurpation by the man of Sin, who placed himself in the Temple of God for forty and two months(i. e. 1260 years) Rev. xi. 2.

It is deserving of particular notice, that there is not a known manuscript in which the Article is omitted before“ son of perdition," before man of sin," or before“ Apostasy.

« The “ Article is here emphatical,” says Macnight, “ denoting both that this was to be a great apos“ tasy, the apostasy, by way of eminence; and “ that the Thessalonians had already been ap

prised of its coming see ver. 5." True, but notwithstanding the particulars detailed in the book of Daniel respecting the wicked one who was to evalt himself above every god (or ruling power), nothing was known respecting the real nature of the Apostasy which was to furnish the basis for this usurpation, or concerning the true origin of “The man of sin, the son of perdition,"— or of " THE mystery of iniquityy. 7,-"THE " wicked one," or rather, as in the Greek, lawless one” v. 8, until the LAMB openedthe book of Daniel --which book, as will be shown in its proper place, (see § 14 of this Dissertation) was the one closed with seven seals. I mean not to say that the predicted events to which the Apostle alludes are not recorded in Daniel ; but I am warranted in asserting that, though record


ed by him, it is impossible that the interpretation could have been derived from that prophet.. The vision is detailed in the 11th and 12th chapters of Daniel, and the prophet himself expressly states that the words were CLOSED UP and sealed till the time of the end (xii. 9). Now if Paul, in this chapter, is giving an explanation of Daniel's prophecy, he could derive his knowlege only from the Apocalypse, and this for the plainest reason :-before the Apocalypse was written “no one in heaven or on the " earth, nor under the earth, was able to open that book," none but THE LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH (Rev. v). John wept much because none was found worthy to open the book ; but for this he

:: could have had no reason, had Paul already obtained this power, and explained these mysteries, in his Epistles to the Thessalonians, and to other churches ;--and not only in bis Episties, but by his personal ministry (ver. 5). That, from the time when the Revelation was given, not only he, but all the Apostles, gave lessons from it to their converts, may be easily conceived; but that Paul, or any of the Apostles, could explain the sealed parts of the Prophet Daniel, before the Revelation was given, must be rejected by all who credit the declaration in Rev. v. 2—4. Indeed the allusions, in Paul's first Epistle to the Thessalonians, to the day of "wrath,to “ the word of THÉ Lord,”——to the Angel with a trumpet, -to the coming of the LORD as a thief in the night, furnish sufficient evidence whence he derived the topics on which he dwells so much in his second epistle.

From the foregoing remarks it becomes quite obvious why the Article is employed, in the manner we have seen, in these allusions of the Apostle. These epithets had become familiar to the Churches, from what they had before them in the Revelation, and from the comments of their teachers ; particularly of the Apostles, on the contents of that book, and of the previous prophecy of Daniel of which the Revelation was an exposition.

In 2 Thess. iii. 5. the Apostle prays thus : “THE LORD direct your heart into the love of God, «« and into την υπομονήν του Χριστού THE PATIENCE “OF CHRIST"-(wrongly rendered, in the common version, " the patient waiting for Christ). Have we not here a direct allusion to the trouovi Incoû Xpsotoo, "patience of Jesus Christ," in which John says (Rev. i. 9) all believers are copartners? This is an expression, I admit, which, from its nature, may be conceived as of ready occurrence to any writer engaged on such topics as here occupy the mind of Paul ; and which therefore might be disregarded, for the object for. which I have adduced it, were not other refer

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