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ever in the book is too short for this bed is stretched to its length, and every thing too long is cut down to the standard. Such is the method, with a few variations, which has been followed to explain the visions of John, only because such is the order in which he narrates them.

As one means for ascertaining whether such a method of procedure is at all calculated to elicit the true sense, let us, for a few moments,

a apply a similar mode of interpretation to the visions of Daniel, and see what would be the result. Upon the principles laid down by such commentators for explaining the Apocalypse in the manner just stated, we must proceed thus :-Daniel's Great Image, composed of four metals, represents so many kingdoms in succession. Another kingdom-the kingdom of the God of Heaven, represented by a stone cut out without hands, is then to be established, which is to destroy all other kingdoms, and endure for ever. But here, by kingdoms, we must not understand kingdoms, but the rule and dominion of the pagan priests; for we find subsequently to this period, four other kingdoms mentioned by DANIEL, and which he represents by four great beasts, the last of which has ten horns, which signify ten kingdoms more in succession. These are followed by a little horn, or king, who performs



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prodigies of wickedness, till at length the judgment sits, and sovereignty is given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom. But“ order and method requirethat we here limit the import of the word everlasting ;" for we find, after this period, two empires represented by a Ram and a he-Goat—the latter of which is followed by

four other kingdoms, out of one of which comes de bain another little horn, no way inferior in wicked

ness to the one before mentioned. This new little horn must be explained, (no matter how, for order and method require it,) by the prophecy of the seventy weeks; and in the last of these weeks we must expect the Kings of the North and South to appear, the last of whom will be destroyed when Michael shall stand up for Daniel's people! This is Daniel's order of narration, and therefore, such must be the method followed to explain him.—What would be thought of the Expositor, who should propose such a series of absurdities !

Some recent Expositors have absolutely maintained that, by the little horn,” twice seen in vision by Daniel, two different Powers are predicted--an Eastern and a Western Antichrist ;because, among other reasons, the opinion that they are one,“ renders Daniel liable to the charge of unvarying repetition!" But, singular

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as it may appear to these Expositors, the lead-
ing sealed truths in Daniel, and open truths in
Revelation, have respect only to two important
facts—the reign of CHRIST, and the reign of
Antichrist,—the punishment and destruction of
the latter, and the triumph of the former. Both
Daniel and John are chargeable with repetitions,
but not “unvarying repetition.” Often, how-
ever, as they have repeated the same facts, it
would appear that they have not done so often
enough to prevent men from indulging in fancy
and hunting for variety.

However plausible and ingenious any exposi-
tion of the Revelation may appear, if it proposes
any thing that has not a direct reference to
the contents of the sealed book of DANIEL, as
the plain and obvious sense of what was shut
ир and closed till the time of the end, it must be
rejected by those who wish to hear the words of
this prophecy; for only by attention to the voice
opposition to the comments and glosses of those
who substitute darkness for light, can a right
understanding of the book that he has opened,
and of the Revelation by which he has opened it,
be obtained. To me it appears impossible, that
the true sense can be elicited, by any system
which would ascribe to the book such a struc-
ture as necessarily to require, that the parts of


each series of symbols shall be considered as following each other in chronological order, each individual part having its commencement when the events of the part immediately preceding have had their accomplishment; and each whole series, in like manner, having its commencement only after the particulars of the preceding series have been consummated. Conformably to this system, it is quite common with commentators to consider the Rider of the first seal as having not only gone forth, but finished his whole course, before the Rider of the second seal is suffered to commence his journey; and in like manner to give to the third a prescribed duration subsequent in time to the second, and terminating when the fourth is sent out, &c. And thus it follows, as a necessary consequence

of this mode of procedure, that the Riders, respectively, have finished their entire course, and ceased to have any existence long before the events of the first trumpet have even their commencement. The absurdities that would follow from a similar mode of interpretation applied to Daniel, are apparent enough. Why then should it be held possible to render the Apocalypse intelligible by such a process ?

To particularize all the varied modifications of these systems, which have been offered in elucidation of the Apocalypse, would be a waste


of time. Suffice it therefore to say, that though the Revelation may be considered as having been all communicated on the same Lord's day, and therefore, as a whole, may, for convenience, be called one vision, being, as a whole, one Revelation, yet it is evident, that the particulars exhibit: çd, or communicated, to John, did not follow each other without any intermission ; for this is plainly intimated in the prophecy itself. Thus in the fourth chapter the Apostle states that he heard the same voice that had spoken to him before, even the great voice" as of a trumpet,” quoting his own words from Ch. i. 10. On the occasion to which he alludes he had noted that he was “ inspired on the Lord's day ;" and now, on hear in Stadt, ing the same voice again address him, he says, Immediately I became inspired,-plainly intimating that there had been a suspension of the inspiration, or, in other words, an interval, how, eyer short it may have been, between the former exhibition and that which he proceeds to de scribe in the chapter referred to.

That the Apocalypse does present several dis. tinct details of events, which coincide in point of time, has been perceived by many; and, accordingly, various expositors have endeavoured, some with more and some with less success, to ascertain the various synchronisms to be found in it, and the different events detailed under each

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