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and you, O Father, to pray to the Lord our God for me.
P. May Almighty God be merciful unto you, and, forgiving you your sins, bring you to life everlasting. R. Amen.
P. May the Almighty and most merciful Lord grant us pardon, absolution, and remission of our sins. R. Amen.
P. O God, thou being turned towards us, wilt enliven us.
R. And thy people will rejoice in thee.
R. And grant us thy salvation.
P. O Lord, hear my prayer.
R. And let my cry come unto thee.
R. And with thy spirit.
Then whilst the Priest ascends to the altar, he says: TAKE away from us our iniquities, we beseech thee, O Lord, that we may be worthy to enter with pure minds into the Holy of Holies: thro' Christ our Lord.
¶ And embracing the Altar, he says:
WE beseech thee, O Lord, by the merits of thy saints, whose relics are here, and of all the saints, that thou wouldest vouchsafe to forgive me all my sins. Amen.
* Let persons who have any objection to this invocation of the saints, understand that similar invocations occur in the ancient liturgies or masses of St. Chrysostom and St. Basil. In the post-communion of St. Chrysostom's Mass, we find this prayer: "We return "thee thanks, dear Lord, and benefactor of our souls, because this day "thou hast made us worthy of celestial and immortal mysteries. Di"rect our conduct, confirm us in thy fear, defend our lives, and pro"tect our ways; by the prayers and intercession of the ever glorious "Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and of all the saints." See also the note at the beginning of the Litany.
¶ In the solemn Service of High Mass, Incense is burnt about the Altar*, to shew that we ought only to offer to God the purest worship; and also, that if our Prayers be humble and fervent, they will ascend to heaven like a sweet perfume. (Eccl. xlv. 20.) Blessing the Incense, the Priest says :
Mayest thou be blessed by him in whose honour thou shalt be burnt.
BLESSED be the holy Trinity, and undivided Unity: we will praise it, because it hath shewn his mercy to us. Ps. O Lord, our God, how wonderful is thy name over the utmost boundaries of the earth.
• Christians must never forget that the eucharistic mystery of the Lord's Supper is a real and true saerifice, after the manner of Melchisedech's oblation; and of course it was very wise in the church to introduce into the liturgy those ceremonies, forms, and rites, appropriate to sacrifices, which were prescribed by God himself to the people in the old law. The officiating priest consequently, in the solemn *service, is attended by two or more ministers, who assist him to offer this clean sac/ificé (Walach, i-- 11.) of the new covenant. Dressed in the garments which were anciently worn by all priests when ministering, the high priest and his assistants are, in the Christian Church, what the high priest and Levites were in the temple of Jerusalem. The colour of these garinents changes according to the feasts of the church commemorated: for instance, red is used on the feast of a martyr --purple in time of penance-- and black in the service for the dead. The candles denote the great light which came into the world (with the Gospel, and that the Eucharist to us is a special mystery of joy. The many crosses which are made, signify that the whole refers to the passion and death of Jesus Christ; and whenever the priest bends the knee, it is always to honour and adore Jesus Christ present in the sacrament. In short, if Christians will always carry this reflec⚫ ffon in their minds, that this eucharistic mystery is a sacrifice, they will then more easily understand and see the propriety of the ceremo❤ nies employed The ceremonies used in the Latin Mass are of the same nature and description as those prescribed in the ancient Greek Liturgies of St. Chrysostom and St, Bazil.
The Priest then goes to the book and reads the INTROIT, which being different every day, the fol lowing may be said:
Let the name of the Lord be blessed both now
and for ever. From the rising to the setting of the sun all praise is due to the name of the Lord. -Who is like the Lord our God, who dwells on high, and looks on all that is humble both in heaven and on earth. Glory be to the Father, &c. P. Lord, have mercy on us. R. Lord, have mercy on us. P. Lord, have mercy on us. R. Christ, have mercy on us. P. Christ, have mercy on us. R. Christ, have mercy on us. P. Lord, have mercy on us. R. Lord, have mercy on us. P. Lord, have mercy on us.
THE GLORIA IN EXCELSIS, which is not said in
GLORY be to God on high, and peace on earth to men of good will. We praise thee, we bless thee, we adore thee, we glorify thee; we give thee thanks for thy great glory, Lord God, heavenly King. God the Father Almighty, Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son. Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us; who takest away the sins of the world, hear our prayer: who sittest at the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us. For thou only art holy, thou only art Lord, thou only, O Jesus Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen.
* It is called the Introit, because at High Mass the quire sing it as the priest enters the sanctuary.
¶ The Priest turning towards the People, says:
R. And with thy spirit.
¶ Then going to the Book, reads the Collects, which be ing different every Day, the following may be said on the common Days of the Week:*
We humbly beseech thee, O almighty eternal God, mercifully to give ear to the prayers of thy servant, which he offers to thee in the name of thy Church, and in behalf of us thy people; accept them to the honour of thy name, and the good of our souls, and grant us all those blessings which may any way contribute to our salvation: thro' our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.
¶ The Clerk having answered Amen, the Priest reads the Epistle, which being different also, say as follows:
Be thou, O Lord, eternally praised and blessed, for having communicated thy spirit to the holyprophets and apostles, disclosing to them admirable secrets, redounding to thy glory and our great good. We firmly believe their word, because it is thine. Give us, we beseech thee, the happiness to understand from the Church, by their instructions, what is profitable, and grace to practice the same all our lives.
¶At the end of the Epistle, the Clerk answers:
¶ Then may be said:
How wonderful, O Lord, is thy name thro' the whole earth. I will bless our Lord at all times,
* The first Collect, together with the Epistles and Gospels of the Sundays and principal festivals of the year, are to be found in their proper place.
his praise shall ever be in my mouth. Be thou my God and my Protector; in thee alone I will put my trust, let me not be confounded for ever.
The Prayer before the Gospel.
CLEANSE my heart and my lips, O almighty God, who didst cleanse the lips of the prophet Isaiah with a burning coal: and vouchsafe thro' thy gracious mercy so to purify me, that I may worthily declare thy holy gospel: thro' Christ our Lord. Amen. Bless me, O Lord,
May the Lord be in my heart and in my lips, that I may worthily and meetly declare his gospel. Amen.
P. The Lord be with you. R. And with thy spirit.
P. The sequence (or beginning of the gospel according to St. &c.
During the Gospel may he said as follows:*
Be thou ever adored and praised, O Lord, who are not content to instruct and inform us by the prophets and apostles, but hast even vouchsafed to speak to us by thy only Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, commanding us by a voice from heaven to hear him grant us, merciful God, the grace to profit by his divine and heavenly doctrine. All that is written of thee, dread Jesus, in thy gospel, is truth itself: nothing but wisdom in thy actions; power and goodness in thy miracles; light and instruction in thy words. With thee, sacred Redeemer, are the words of eternal life: to whom shall we go, but to thee, eternal Fountain of Truth? I firmly believe, O God, all thou teachest, give me only grace to practice what thou commandest, and command what thou pleasest.
The people stand while the Gospel is read.