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That we may
That you may
That they may

PLURAL.

Que nous ayons.
Que vous ayez.
Qu'ils ou qu'elles aient.

have.

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PAST ANTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE IMPERFECT OF

THE SUBJUNCTIVE.

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When a verb is used negatively, ne (or n' before a vowel or h mute) is placed before it, and is immediately succeeded by either of the following words, complementary to the negation: pas or point, rien, jamais, personne, plus; which, with ne, answer, in English, to the words not, nothing, never, nobody, no more, and no longer. I must observe to you, that, if no is followed in English by a substantive, it is rendered in French by pas or point, immediately followed by the word de.

EXAMPLE.

I have no stockings, je n'ai pas ou point de bas.

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PARTICIPLES.
PRESENT.

PAST.
Not having, n'ayant pas. | Not having bad, n'ayant pas eu.

INDICATIVE MOOD.

PRESENT.

'SINGULAR.

I have not, je n'ai pas.
Thou has not, tu n'as pas.
He or she has not, il ou elle n'a pas.
One, any body, &c. has not, on n'a pas.

PLURAL.
We have not, nous n'avons pas.
You have not, tous n'avez pas.
They have not, ils ou elles n'ont pas.
We people, they, &c. have not, on n'a pas.

PRESENT, ANTERIOR, OR IMPERFECT.

SINGULAR.
I had not, je n'avais pas.
Thou hadst not, tu n'avais pas.
He or she had not, il ou elle n'avait pas.

PLURAL.
We had not, nous n'avions

pas.
You had not, vous n'aviez pas.
They had not, ils ou elles n'avaient pas.

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PAST ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR COMPOUND OF THE

PRETERITE.

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SINGULAR. I have not

Je ne viens pas Thou hast not just had.

Tu ne viens pas He or she has not

Il ou elle ne vient pas

d'avoir.

We have not
You have not just had.
They have not

PLURAL.

Nous ne venons pas
Vous ne venez pas
Ils ou elles ne viennent pas

d'avoir.

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PLURAL.

Nous ne devons pas
Vous ne

We are not
You are not
They are not

devez pas
Ils ou elles ne doivent pas

to have.

avoir.

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