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denied miracles, the Trinity, and atonement by state), Westward Ho, and Northward Ho. A
the title of English Villainies, and then he drops Déjazet, PAULINE VIRGINIE, a great French
out of notice. His plays were collected in 1873 actress, born at Paris, 30th August 1797. On the (4 vols.); and his pamphlets, which afford much stage before she was five years old, she grew up
valuable information about English social life in playing children's and boys rôles with marvellous
the early 17th century, were republished in 5 vols.
in Dr Grosart's ‘Huth Library. precocity of intelligence and grace, but first awoke to a sense of her real greatness in an engage De la Beche, SIR HENRY THOMAS, a wellment at Lyons, where her playing of such parts as known geologist, was born near London in 1796. were then known as soubrettes endeared her to He was educated at the military school at Great the citizens. In 1821 she began to play at the Marlow, and entered the army in 1814. Three years Gymnase, but her greatest triumphs were won at after, he became a Fellow of the Geological Society, the Théâtre du Palais-Royal, whither she betook of which he was afterwards made secretary, and herself in 1834. From 1844 to 1849 she played eventually president in 1847. In 1820, while residat the Variétés, next at various Paris theatres, ing in Switzerland, he published a paper on the in the provinces, and at London, till 1859, when temperature and depth of the lake of Geneva. In she undertook the management of the Folies 1824 he visited Jamaica, and published a paper on Dramatiques. She left the boards in 1868, next the geology of the island. Other works are a Manual year received a pension of 2000 francs, and died of Geology (1831), Researches in Theoretical Geology 1st December 1875. See Lives by Lecomte (1866) (1834), and a Geological Observer (1853). He underand Duval (1876).
took to form a geological map of England ; and soon
after he had begun, the government, sympathising Dekker, THOMAS, dramatist, was born in London about 1570. He was a very prolific writer,
with his design, instituted the Geological Survey, but only a few of his plays were printed; In 1600 Geological Museum in Jermyn Street, and of the
and placed him at its head. He was founder of the he published two comedies, The Shoemaker's School of Mines. In 1848 he received the honour Holiday, or the Gentle Craft, and The Pleasant Comedy of Old Fortunatus.
of knighthood; and in 1853 was elected a corre
The first of these sponding member of the Academy of Sciences of pieces is one of the pleasantest of old plays, Paris. He died 13th April 1855. and the second abounds in poetry of rare beauty. Dekker's next play was Satiromastix, or the untruss De la Borde, HENRY FRANÇOIS, Count, a ing of the Humorous Poet (1602), in which Ben French general, born at Dijon, 21st December 1764. Jonson was held up to ridicule. In Every Man out The son of a baker, he enlisted at the outbreak of of His Humour and Cynthia's Revels Jonson had the Revolution, and by 1793 had risen to be general nade some satirical reflections on Dekker ; and of brigade. He distinguished himself in Spain at in The Poetaster (1601) he had assailed Dekker the Bidassoa (1794), next commanded a division on and Marston with bitter vehemence. Long the Rhine under Moreau, was governor of Lisbon in afterwards, in 1619, Jonson told Drummond of 1807, and was ennobled'in 1808. He declared for Hawthornden that Dekker was a knave. Before the emperor on his return from Elba. He died 3d the quarrel Jonson and Dekker had worked in February 1830. harmony; in 1599 they wrote together two plays Delacroix, EUGÈNE, a French painter, chief (which have not come down), Page, of Plymouth of the Romantic school, was born at Charentonand Robert the Second. In 1603 Dekker published Saint-Maurice, near Paris, 26th April 1799. At the a pamphlet entitled The Wonderful Year, which age of eighteen he entered the atelier of Pierre gives a heart-rending account of the sufferings Guérin, a follower of David, and came under the caused by the plague. To the same year belongs far more powerful influence of his fellow-pupil, the very amusing tract The Bachelor's Banquet, in Géricault." In 1822 he exhibited his first work, which he describes with gusto the ills to which 'Dante and Virgil,' the novel force of which henpecked married men are forced to submit. His attracted much attention and won the praise of most powerful writing is seen in The Honest Whore M. Thiers among others. In 1824, Delacroix, who (1604), of which the second part was published in was now at the head of the new school of young 1630. Middleton assisted him in the first part. painters, produced the “Massacre of Scio,' which In 1607 he published three plays written in con was entirely repainted after the artist had studied junction with Webster, the Famous History of Sir a work of Constable's. The July revolution left its Thomas Wyat (which has descended in a mutilated impress on Delacroix, and in 1831 appeared his
Liberty directing the People on the Barricades.' of Uranus by Herschel in 1781 gave him the first
a member of most of the learned bodies in Europe,
and an officer of the Legion of Honour. His writ-
ings are very numerous. The principal are Traité
d'Astronomie (1814), Histoire de l'Astronomie
Ancienne (1817), Histoire de l'Astronomie du
Moyen Âge (1819), Histoire de l’Astronomie
Moderne (1821), and Histoire de l'Astronomie au Diz-
huitième Siècle (1827). Besides these, Delambre
wrote several excellent Mémoires.
ment of the Crimean war, and his strong opposition
Delany, MRS (Mary Granville), was born at
Coulston, Wiltshire, 14th May 1700. The niece of
Lord Lansdowne, she married first, in 1718, fat,
DE LA RAMÉ
faded ; but she is remembered through her patronatory, is of the highest value in the departments of age of Miss Burney, and by her Autobiography and astronomical photography and electricity, and its Correspondence (6 vols. 1861-62), with its gossip of results have been communicated from time to time the court and the literary society of her day. to the Royal Society and the French Académie De la Ramé, LOUISE. See OUIDA.
des Sciences. Delaroche, HIPPOLYTE, known as PAUL,
Delaunay, LOUIS ARSÈNE, a French actor, was painter, the head of the modern Eclectic school of born 21st March 1826, at Paris, and niade his debut art in France, was born at Paris, 16th July 1797. in October 1846 at the Odeon. In the year 1848 he He studied under Baron Gros, and between 1819
first trod the classic boards of the Théâtre Français and 1823 acquired some note by painting scriptural in the rôle of Durante, and here he soon procured subjects, but first excited public admiration in an engagement and became secretary to the theatre 1824, by his 'St Vincent de Paul preaching in the
in 1850. Delaunay is one of the most accomplished Presence of Louis XIII.,' and 'Joan of Arc before actors on the French stage. He has found some of Cardinal Beaufort.' These exhibit the earliest his greatest parts in the plays of Hugo, Pailleron, indications of that style for which he afterwards De Musset, and Augiers. became famous—a style which endeavoured to unite Delavigne, JEAN FRANÇOIS CASIMIR, dramathe picturesqueness of the romantic with the dignity tist, satirist, and lyrist, was born at Le Havre on of the classic school of art.
In 1826 Delaroche pro- April 4, 1793. He became one of the most popular duced his Death of President Durante;' and in writers in France, after the publication in 1818 of 1827 his 'Death of Queen Elizabeth.' These his Messéniennes, satires directed against the monpictures greatly increased his reputation, but the archy of the Restoration. He then turned his fast is reckoned a failure by. English critics. In attention to dramatic authorship and produced Les 1831 he produced the ‘Princes in the Tower,'a work Vépres Siciliens (1819), a tragic piece, which was of high merit; in 1833, Cromwell contemplating followed by the comedies, L'Ecole des Vieillards the Corpse of Charles I.,' which is generally and Les Comédiens (1821). He was made an regarded as one of the first historical paintings of academician in 1825. As a lyrist and satirist, modern times. In 1834 appeared his ' Execution of he espoused the cause of the patriots in Italy, Lady Jane Grey;' and in 1837 his Charles I. Greece, and Poland, and of the democratic party insulted by the Parliamentary Soldiers,' and his in France, but although he appears to have been "Stratford receiving Laud's Blessing on the Way to a sincere politician, he failed to give natural Execution.' From this period until 1841 he was and original expression to his convictions. His engaged on what is probably his grandest work tragedy of Louis XI., which was partly founded on the series of paintings on the wall of the semicir- Quentin Durward, and an adaptation of which is cular saloon of the École des Beaux Arts, in the familiar to English playgoers, was brought out in execution of which he was aided by Armitage 1833. Among his other dramas were Le Paria, and other of his pupils. This composition, in which Marino Faliero, Les Enfants d'Edouard, Don Juan the style is simple, lofty, and chaste, contains 74 d'Autriche (1835), and La Fille du Cid (1839). He figures, comprising the greatest sculptors, painters, died on December 11, 1843. He had no true poetic and architects in all history, according to Dela faculty ; neither
was he a skilful dramatist, though roche's judginent. It was excellently engraved | his plays, wlien first produced, gained considerable by Henriquel Dupont, from a reduced copy made popularity. In his day he was supported by the by the painter himself. Among his later works opponents of the Romantic school, but his medimay be mentioned, ‘Bonaparte at St Bernard'ocrity has come to be recognised by critics of all (1830); “Marie Antoinette before the Revolutionary parties. Tribunal' (1851); “The Finding of Moses? (1852); *Calvary' (1853); Christ in Gethsemane' (1854); American Union, forms a part of a peninsula lying
Delaware, one of the Atlantic States of the * The Girondins in the Concierge’ (1856); and, one between the lower reaches of the Copyright 1889 in U.S. of his best-known works, The Floating. Martyr.' Susquehanna and Chesapeake Bay He also executed some striking portraits, including
on the west, and the Delaware those of M. Guizot (1838), and M. Thiers (1856). He River and Bay and Atlantic Ocean on the east. died November 4, 1856. The characteristic excel
The state is Þounded on the N. by Pennsylvania lences of Delaroche are picturesqueness of con
(the boundary there being an arc of a circle), on ception, precision of handling, and accuracy of draw
the E. by the Delaware River and Bay and the ing. He has been accused, however, of want of
Atlantic Ocean, and on the S. and W. by Maryfire, imagination, and depth, and it must be
land. With an area of 2050 sq. m., or little more admitted that he very rarely, if ever, exhibits the highest qualities of creative genius. Delaroche of all the states and territories, except Rhode
than that of Northumberland, it is the smallest was made a member of the Institute in 1832, and Island ; in 1890 it was the forty-second in popuprofessor of Painting
in the École des Beaux Arts lation.' Save in a small hilly section in the north, in 1833. See Rees, Vernet and Delaroche (1880).
nearly all the surface is low and level, and in the De la Rue, WARREN, an eminent electrician, extreme south there is much swampy land; while was born in the island of Guernsey, January 18, the most southern two-fifths of the area is in great 1815. He was educated at Paris, and early entered part a sandy region. The hill-district in the north his father's business-the manufacture of paper presents a stony surface overlying azoic rocks, such wares—for which his inventive ability and scien as gneiss and granite, with patches of serpentine tisic knowledge enabled him to devise many new and limestone. A strip of highly fertile red clay machines and processes. He took an active part lies south of the hill-country ; and next southward in the Exhibitions of 1851 and 1862 ; was a member occurs a productive and fossiliferous greensand forof the International Electrical Congress at Paris in mation, succeeded by a somewhat sandy belt, less 1861 ; and has been president of the Royal Astro- fertile than the greensand, although the greater nomical Society, of the Chemical Society, and the part of its extent is by no means unproductive. London Institution. In 1878 he succeeded Spottis- The coast-region has many salt-marshes, some of woode as secretary of the Royal Institution, and in them dyked, and thus rendered tillable ; and farther 1880 was elected a corresponding member of the inland is a considerable body of extremely rich French Académie des Sciences in the department of alluvial soil. The western border of the state is astronomy. His scientific work, done at his observ- generally well wooded, and in some places flat and atory at Cranford and at his private physical labor- I marshy. The rivers of Delaware are mostly small,
by J. B. Lippincott Company.