M50 Ontos and M56 Scorpion 1956–70: US Tank Destroyers of the Vietnam War
Bloomsbury Publishing, 17 nov. 2016 - 48 pages
Designed in the 1950s, the US Marines' M50 Ontos and the US Army's M56 Scorpion were both intended to be fast, light, air-droppable tank-killers for the Cold War battlefield – an answer to the cumbersome and ineffective World War II-vintage tanks that had taken to the battlefield during the Korean War. Although they shared the aim of bringing light, mobile and lethal antitank firepower to the infantry the two vehicles varied wildly in design to cater for their unique mission demands. They first saw service in the Lebanon intervention of 1958 but it was in the Vietnam War that they made their name, with the M50 Ontos seeing intense combat action in the Battle of Hue in 1968.
Detailed illustrations and expert analysis provide the reader with a comprehensive history of these deadly antitank vehicles, from early development through to their combat history and the eventual disbandment of the Marine Corps' last antitank battalion with M50A1s in 1971.
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106mm recoilless rifle 106mm rifles 16th Armor 3rd Antitank Battalion 90mm gun airborne divisions airborne forces ammunition antitank companies antitank defense antitank gun antitank weapons armored fighting vehicles armored vehicles Army Field Forces Army’s artillery assault gun assault gun platoon assigned Battle Group battle of Hue Brigade chassis Collins crew deployed Detroit Arsenal driver enemy armor engine Fire control fording ground gunner infantry battalion infantry divisions Infantry Fighter infantry regiment ISBN Jeeps Korean Korean War loader M50 Ontos M50A1 ONTOS M551 Sheridan M56 Scorpion M56 vehicles machine gun Marine Corps Marine Division medium tank mobile mount Ontos vehicles operations periscope sight pilot vehicles platoon Project Vista range rear reorganization reticle road wheels Self-Propelled spotting rifles staff suspension Tactical markings tank battalion airborne tank destroyers tank platoon target testing track transmission travel lock troops turret USMC vehicle commander Vietnam weapons control panel