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HE article of this Covenant, which was at the first fubscription
referred to the determination of the General Assembly, being now determined ; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the government of the kirk by Bishops and the civil places and power of Kirkmen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the acts of the General Assembly, declared to be unlawful within this kirk; we fubcribe according to the determination aforesaid.
REFORMATION and DEFENCE of RELIGION,
the Honour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and Safety of the Three Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.
Taken and subscribed several times by King CHARLES II.
and by all Ranks in the said Three Kingdoms.
W I TH
An Act of the General Affembly 1643, and an Act of Parlia
ment 1644, ratifying and approving the said LEAGUE and CovenANT.
Prov. XXV. 5.
Jer. I. 5. Come, and let us join ourselves to the Lord, in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.
Take away the wicked from before the King, and his throne shall be established in righteousness. 2 Chron. xv. 15. And all Judah rejoiced at the oath : For they had
sworn with all their heart. Gal. iii. 15. Though it be but a
covenant, yet if it be confirmed by an oath, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
Aflembly at Edinburgh, August 17. 1643. Seff. 14.
The General Assembly's Approbation of the So
lemn League and Covenant.
"HE Assembly having recommended unto a Commit
tee appointed by them to join with the Committee of the honourable Convention of Estates, and the Commissioners of the honourable Houses of the Parliament of England, for bringing the kingdoms to a more near conjunction and union, received from the forefaid Committees the Covenant after mentioned, as the result of their confultations: And having taken the same, as a matter of fo public concernment, and so deep importance doth require, unto their gravest consideration, did, with all their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great measure upon the renovation of the National Covenant of this kirk and kingdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful mean, by the blessing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true Protestant religion, with perfect peace in his Majesty's dominions, and propagating the same to other nations, and for establishing his Majesty's Throne to all ages and generations. And therefore, with their best affections, recommend the same to the honourable Convention of Estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be sent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the same may be, with public humiliation, and all religious and answerable solemnity, sworn and fubfcribed by all true profeffors of the reformed religion, and all his Majesty's good subjects in both kingdoms.
Charles I. Parl.3 Seff. 1. Act 5.
ratification of the League and Covenant, articles of trea-
At Edinburgh, July 15. 1644.
three Estates, in anno 1641, considering, that the Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council, and Commissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having, according to their interests and trust committed to them by his Majesty and Estates of Parliament, used all means, by fupplications, remonftrances, and sending of Commitfioners, for securing the peace of this Kingdom, and removing the unhappy distractions betwixt his Majesty and his subjects in England, in fuch a way as might serve most for his Majesty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their humble and dutiful endeavours for fo good ends having proven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and interceffion being refused by his Majesty ; and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs, and the charge lying on them to be greater than they could bear ; did therefore, in the month of May 1643, meet together with the Commissioners for the common burdens, that, by joint advice, fome resolution might be taken therein; and in respect of the danger imminent to the true Proteftant religion, his Majesty's honour, and peace of their kingdoms, by the multitude of Papifts and their adherents in arms in England and Ireland, and of many other public and important affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the advice of the representative body of the kingdom, appointed and caused indiet a meeting of the Convention of Estates (his Majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a Parliament) to be on the 22d of June following; which diet being frequently kept by the Noblemen, Commissioners of thires and burghs, and they finding these dangers against this kirk and state still increase ing, resolved, after serious deliberation and advice of the General Allembly, and joint concurrence of the Commissioners authorized by the Parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies, for preventing of these and the like dangers, for preservation of religion, ind both kingdoms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of eace, That both kingdoms thould, for these ends, enter into Covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and chearfully embraced and alwed. And at laft, a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, oncerning the said Covenant, and assistance craved from this kingon by the kingdom of England, in parfuance of the ends exprefled
therein:And the Estates being still desirous to use all good means, that, without the effusion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pacification betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his Majesty's true honour and safety, and happiness of his people; did therefore give commission to John Earl of Loudon, Lord Chancellor, Lord Maitland, Lord Waristoun, and Mr Robert Barclay, to repair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these ends contained in the Covenant of treaties, conform to their instructions.
And the said Estates having taken the proceedings above written to their consideration, to find and declare, That the Lords of council and conservers of peace, did behave themselves as faithful counsel. lors, loyal subjects, and good patriots, in tendering their humble endeavours for removing the distractions betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, and in calling the Commissioners for the cominon burdens, and by joint advice appointing the late meeting of Convention, wherein they have approven themselves answerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them, and therefore ratifics and approves their whole proceedings therein; and declares the said Convention was lawfully called, and also full and free in itself, confifting of all the members thereof, as any Convention hath been at any time bygone ; and ratifies and approves the several acts made by them, or their committee, for enjoining the Covenant.---And also, the faid Estates of Parliament (but prejudice of the premisses, and of the general ratification above mentioned) ratifies, approves, and confirms the foresaid mutual League and Covenant, concerning the reforination and defence of religion, the honour and happiness of the King, and the peace and safety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland; together with the acts of the Kirk and Estate authorizing the fame League and Covenant; together also with the foresaid articles of treaty agreed upon betwixt the said Commissioners of the Convention of Estates of Scotland, and the Commiffioners of both the Houses of Parliament of England, concerning the faid Solemn League and Covenant. And the said Estates ordains the fame acts, with the League and Covenant above specified, acts authorizing the faine, and the articles of treaty forefaid, to have the full force and strength of perfect laws and acts of Parliament, and to be observed by all his Majesty's lieges, conform to the tenors thereof respective. Of the which League and Covenant,-the tenor follows.