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find, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of foul and body e.

III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this fin was imputed f, and the fame death in fin and corrupted na


did eat. V. And the . eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked and they fewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons. v. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God, walking in the garden, in the cool of the day: And Adam and his wife hid themfelves from the prefence of the Lord God, amongst the trees of the garden. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have fought out many inventions. Rom. iii. 23. For all have finned and conie fhort of the glory of God.

d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou fhalt furely die. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickned, who were dead in trefpaffes and fins.

e Tit. i. 15. Unto the pure all things are pure, but unto them that are defiled, and unbelieving, is nothing pure, but even their mind and confcience is defiled. Gen. vi. 5. And God faw that the wickedness of raan was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart, was only evil continually. Jer. xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful above all things, and defperately wicked, who can know it? Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, there is none righteous, no not one. v. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that feeketh after God. V. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that deth

good, no not one.. v. 13. Their throat is an open fepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poifon of afps is under their lips, v. 14. Whofe mouth is full of curfing and bitterness. V. 15. Their feet are fwift to fhed blood. v. 16. Deftruction and mifery are in their ways. v. 17. And the way of peace have they not known. v. 18. There is no fear of God before their eyes,

III. ƒ Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them. v. 28. And God bleffed them, and God faid unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God com manded the man, faying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayeft freely eat. v 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou fhalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt furely die. And Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood, all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitations. With Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have fine ned. v. 15. But not as the offence, fo alfo is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead; much

ture conveyed to all their pofterity, defcending from them by ordinary generation g.

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indifpofed, difabled, and made oppofite to all good b, and wholly inclined to all evil i, do proceed all actual tranfgreffions k. V. This

much more the grace of God and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jefus Chrift, hath abounded unto many. v. 16. And not as it was by one that finned, fo is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation; but the free gift is of many offences unto juflification. V. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteoufnefs, fhall reign in life by one, Jefus Chrift. V. 18. Therefore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation: even fo by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto juftification of life. v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. And I Cor. xy. 21. For ince by man came death, by man came alfo the refurrection of the dead. v. 22. For as in Adam all die, even fo in Chrift fhall all be made alive. * v. 45. And fo it is written, The first man Adam was made a living foul, the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. * v. 49. And as we have born the image of the earthy, we also fhall bear the image of the heavenly.

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g Pfal. li. 5. Behold, I was fhapen in iniquity: and in fin did my mother conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a fon in his own likenefs, after his image; and called his name Seth. Job. xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one. Job. xv. 14.

What is man, that he should be clean and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?

IV. h Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Chrift died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not fubject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is prefent with me, but how to perform that which is good, I find not. Col. i. 21. And you that were fometime alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.

i Gen. vi. 5. And God faw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a fweet favour; and the Lord faid in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's fake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth: neither will I again fmite any more every thing living as I have done. Rom. iii. 10. As it is written. There is none righteous, no not one : V. II. There is none that understandeth, there is none that feeketh after God. v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doeth good, no not one.

k James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away E of

V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in thofe that are regenerated / and although it be through Chrift pardoned and mortified, yet both itfelf, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin m.

VI. Every fin, both original and actual, being a tranfgreffion of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto n, doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon


of his own luft, and enticed. v. 15. Then when luft hath conceived, it bringeth forth fin and fin when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the courfe of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the fpirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. v. 3. Among whom alfo we all had our converfation in times paft, in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the defires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Matth. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, falfe witnefs, blafphemies.

V. 1 John i. 8. If we fay that we have no fin, we deceive ourfelves, and the truth is not in us. V. IO. If we fay that we have not finned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Rom. vii. 14. For we know that the law is fpiritual: but I am carnal, fold under fin. v. 17. Now then, it is no more I that do it, but fin that dwelleth in me. v. 18. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is prefent with me, but how to perform that which is good, I find not. v. 23. But I fee another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of fin, which is

in my members. James iii. 2. For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the fame is perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. Prov. xx. 9. Who can fay, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my fin? Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doth good, and finneth not.

m Rom. vii. 5. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of fins which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. v. 7. What fhall we fay then? Is the law fin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known fin, but by the law: for I had not known luft, except the law had faid, Thou shalt not covet. v. 8. But fin taking occafion by the commandment,wrought in me all manner of concupifcence. For without the law fin was dead. v. 25. I thank God, through Jefus Christ our Lord. So then, with the mind I myfelf ferve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of fin. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lufteth againft the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; fo that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whofoever committeth fin, tranfgreffeth alfo the law: for fin is the tranfgreffion of the law.


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the finner o, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God p, and curfe of the law q, and fo made fubject to death r, with all miferies fpiritual, temporal t, and eternal v.

CHAP. VII, Of God's Covenant with Man.


HE diftance between God and the creature is fo great, that although reafonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their bleffednefs and reward, but by fome voluntary condefcenfion on God's part, which he hath been pleased to exprefs by way of cove

nant a.

Rom, ii. 15. Which fhew the' work of the law written in their hearts, their confcience also bearing witnefs, and their thoughts the, mean while accufing, or else excufing one another. Rom. iii. 9: What then? are we better than they? No, in no wife: for we have before proved both Jews and Gen-" tiles, that they are all under fin, V. 19. Now we know that what things foever the law faith, it faith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

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II. The Eph. iv. 18. Having the underftanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

t Rom. viii. 20. For the creature was made fubject to vanity, not willingly, but by reafon of him who hath fubjected the fame in hope. Lam iii. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his fins?

Matth. xxv. 41. Then fhall he fay alfo unto them on the left. hand, Depart from me, ye curfed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. 2 Theff. i. 9. Who fhall be punished with everlasting deftruction, from the prefence of the Lord, and from the glogry of his power,

I. a If. xl. 13. Who hath directed the fpirit of the Lord, or being his counfellor hath taught him? v. 14. With whom took he counsel, and who inftructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and fhewed to him the way of understanding? v. 15. Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted

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II. The firft covenant made with man was a covenant of works b, wherein life was promifed to Adam, and in him to his pofterity c, upon condition of perfect and perfonal obedience d.

III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleafed to make a fecond e, commonly called the covenant of grace: wherein he hurt a man as thou art, and thy righteousness may profit the fon of man. Luke xvii. 10. So likewife ye, when ye fhall have done all those things which are commanded you, fay, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do. Acts xvii. 24. God that made the world, and all things therein, feeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands: v. 25. Neither is worshipped with mens hands, as though he needed any thing, feeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things.

II. b Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doth them shall live in them.

c Rom. x. 5. For Mofes defcribeth the righteoufnefs which is of the law, that the man which doth thofe things, fhall live by them. Rom. v. 12. to 20. (See Chap. vi. Sect. 3. letter f.)

d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou fhalt not eat of it: for, in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou halt furely die. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curfe: for it is written, Curfed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

III. e Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid for if there had been


ed as the fmall duft of the balance: behold he taketh up the ifles as a very little thing. v. 16. And Lebanon is not fufficient to burn, nor the beafts thereof fufficient for a burnt-offering. v. 17. All nations before him are as nothing, and they are counted to him lefs than nothing, and vanity. Job.ix. 32. For he is not a man as I am, that I fhould anfwer him, and we fhould come together in judgment. v. 33. Neither is there any days-man betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both. 1 Sam. ii. 25. If one man fin against another, the judge fhall judge him but if a man fin against the Lord, who fball entreat for him? Pfal. cxiii. 5. Who is like unto the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high? v. 6. Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth? Pfal, c. 2. Serve the Lord with gladnefs: come before his prefence with finging. v. 3. Know ye that the Lord he is God, it is he that hath made us, and not we ourfelves; we are his people, and the fheep of his pafture. Job. xxii. 2. Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wife may be profitable unto himfelf V. 3. Is it any pleasure to the Almighty that thou art righteous? or is it gain to him, that thou makeft thy ways perfect? Job. xxxv. 7. If thou be righteous, what giveft thou him? or what receiveth he of thine hand? v. 8. Thy wickednefs may

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