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cised by, one and the fame minister x; yet, where be several ministers in the same congregation, they may be designed to feveral employments, according to the different gifts in which each of them doth most excel y. And he that doth more excel in exposition of scriptures, in teaching sound doctrine, and in convincing gainsayers, than he doth in application, and is accordingly employed therein, may be called a teacher, or doctor, (the places alledged by the notation of the word, do prove the proposition). Nevertheless, where is but one minister in a particular congregation, he is to perform, so far as he is able, the whole work of the ministry z.

A teacher, or doctor, is of most excellent use in schools and universities; as of old in the schools of the prophets, and at Jerusalem, where Gamaliel and others taught as doctors,

Other Church-Governors.
S there were in the Jewish church elders of the people,

joined with the priests and Levites in the Government of the church a; so Christ, who hath instituted governinent,

and with diligence; he that sheweth man hath received the gift, even mercy, with cheerfulness.

I Cor. so minister the same one to another, xii. 1. Now concerning spiritual as good stewards of the manifold gifts, brethren, I would not have grace of God. v. 11. If any man you ignorant. V. 4. Now there are speak, let him speak as the oracles diversities of gifts, but the same of God; if any man minister, let Spirit. v. 5. And there are diffe- him do it as of the ability which rences of administration, but the God giveth: that God in all things fanie Lord. V. 6. And there are may be glorified through Jesus diversities of operations, but it is Christ; to whom be praise and dothe same God, which worketh all niinion, for ever and ever. Amen. in all. v. 7. But the manifestacion Z 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, of the Spirit is given to every man be instant in season, out of season; to profit withal.

reprove, rebuke, exhort with all * 1 Cor. xiv. 3. But he that long-suffering and doctrine. Tit. i. prophesieth, speaketh unto men to 9. Holding fast the faithful word, edification, and exhortation, and as he hath been taught, that he comfort. 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the may be able by sound doctrine, word, be instant in season, out of both to exhort and to convince the feason; reprove, rebuke, exhort gainfayers. I Tim. vi. 2. And they with all long-suffering and doctrine. that have unbelieving masters, lei

Tit. i.9. Holding fast the faithful them not despise them, because word, as he hath been taught, that they are brethren : but rather do he may be able by sound doctrine, them service, because they are both to exhort and to convince the faithful and beloved, partakers of gainsayers.

the benefit. These things teach and y See in letter w immediately exhort. preceeding. 1 Pet. iv. 10. As every a 2 Chron. xix. 8. Moreover



and governors ecclesiastical in the church, hath furnished fome in his church, beside the ministers of the word; with gifts for government, and with commission to execute the fame when called thereunto, who are to join with the minifter in the government of the church b. Which officers reforined churclies commonly call elders.

HE fcripture doth hold out deacons as distinct officers

in the church Whose office is perpetual d. To whose office it belongs not to preacli the word, or administer the facraments, but to take special care in distributing to the necessities of the poore.

Of in Jerufalem did Jehoshaphat set of Ć Phil. i. i. Paul and Timotheus the Levites, and of the priests, and the servants of Jesus Christ, to of the chief of the fathers of Israel, all the saints in Christ Jesus, which for the judgment of the Lord, and are at Philippi, with the bishops and for controversies, when they return- deacons. Tim. iii. 8. Likewise ed to Jerusalemi. v.9. And he must the deacons be grave, charged thiem, saying, Thus shall double-tongued, not given to much yę do in the fear of the Lord, faith wine, not greedy of filthy lucre. fully, and with a perfect heart. di Timn. iii. 8. Likewise must v. io. And what cause foever shall the deacons be grave, not doublecome to you of your brethren that tongued, not given to much wine, dwell in their cities, between blood not greedy of filthy lucre. See in and blood, between law and com- the Bible to v. 15. Acts vi. 1. And mardment, and statutes and judg- in those days, when the number of nents, ye shall even warn them the disciples was multiplied, there that they trespass not against the arose a murmuring of the Grecians Lord, and so wrath conie upon you, against the Hebrews, because their and

upon your brethren: this do, widows were neglected in the daily and ye shall not trespass.

miniltration. v. 2. Then the twelve b Rom. xii. 7. Or ministry, let called the multitude of the disciples us wait on our ministring; or he unto them, and said, It is not reathat teacheth, on teaching: v. 8. fon that we should leave the word Or he that exhorteth, on exhor- of God, and serve tables. v. 3. tation: he that giveth, let him do Wherefore, brethren, look ye out it with simplicity, he that ruleth, among you seven men of honest rewith diligence; he that sheweth port, full of the Holy Ghoit and mercy,

with cheerfulness: i 1 Cor. wisdom, whom we may appoint xii. 28. And God hath set some in over this business. v. 4. But we the church, first apostles, seconda. will give ourselves continually to rily prophets, thirdly teachers, af- prayer, and the ministry of the ter that miracles, then gifts of word. healings, helps, governments, di- e Acts vi. 1.-4. (See before in versities of tongues.


I Cor.

Of particular Congregations. Tis lawful and expedient that there be fixed congregations, I

that is, a certain company of Christians to meet in one afsembly ordinarily for public worship. When believers multiply to fuch a number, that they cannot conveniently meet in one place, it is lawful and expedient that they should be divided into distinct and fixed congregations, for the better administration of such ordinances as belong unto them, and the discharge of mutual duties f.

The ordinary way of dividing Christians into distinct congregations, and most expedient for edification, is by the respective bounds of theiț dwellings.

First, Because they who dwell together, being bound to all kind of moral duties one to another, have the better opportunity thereby to discharge them; which moral tye is perpetual, for Christ came not to destroy the law, but to fulfil itg.

Secondly, The communion of saints must be so ordered, as may stand with the most convenient use of the ordinances, and discharge of moral duties, without respect of persons b.

Thirdly, The pastor and people must fo nearly cohabit together, as that they may mutually perform their duties each to other with most conveniency. In this company fome must be set apart to bear office.

Of f 1 Cor. xiv. 26.—Let all things Think not that I am come to debe done to edif yng. v. 33. For stroy the law or the prophets : 1 God is not the author of confusion, am not come to destroy, but to fulbut of peace, as in all churches of fil. the saints. V. 40. Let all things be h i Cor. xiv, 26.-Let all things done decently, and in order. be done to edifying. Heb. 8. 24.

g Deut. xv. 7. If there be among And let us consider one another, to you a poor man of one of thy bre- proroke unto love, and to good thren, within any of thy gates, in works : v. 25. Not forsaking the the land which the Lord thy God affembling of ourselves together, giveth thee, thou shalt not harden as the manner of some is ; but exthy heart, nor shut thine hand from horting one another : and so much thy poor

brother. v. 11. For the the more, as ye see the day appoor

shall never cease out of the proaching. James ii. 1. land: therefore I command thee, ihren, have not the faith of our saying, Thou shalt open thine hand Lord Jesus Chriit the Lord of glory, wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, with respect of persons. v. 2. For and to thy needy in thy land. Matth. if there come into your assembly a xxii. 39. And the second is like un- man with a gold-ring, in goodly to it, thou shalt love thy neigh- apparel, and there come in also a bour as thyself. Matth. v. 17. poor man in vile raiment.


My bre.


Of the Officers of a particular Congregation. FOR officers in a single congregation, there ought to be

one at the least, both to labour in the word and doctrine, and to rule i.

It is also requisite that there should be others to join in government k.

And likewise it is requisite that there be others to take fpecial care for the relief of the poor l.

l., The number of each of which is to be proportioned according to the condition of the congregation.

These officers are to meet together at convenient and fet times, for the well ordering of the affairs of that congregation, each according to his office.

It is most expedient that in these meetings, one whose office is to labour in the word and doctrine, do moderate in their proceedings m.

Of the Ordinances in a particular Congregation.
HE ordinances in a single congregation are, prayer,

of (although there follow no immediate explication of what is read); the word expounded and applied, catechising, the facraments administred, collection made for the poor, dismissing the people with a blessing,

of i Prov. xxix. 18. Where there unto them, and said, It is not reason is no vision, the people perish: but that we should leave the word of he that keepeth the law, happy is God, and serve tables. he. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders Wherefore brethren, look ye out that rule well, be counted worthy among you seven men of honest reof double honour, especially they port, full of the Holy Ghost and who labour in the word and doc- wisdom, whom we may appoint otrine. Heb. xiii. 7. Remember them ver this business. which have the rule over you, who m 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders have spoken onto you the word of that rule well, be counted worthy of God: whose faith follow, consider- double honour, especially they who ing the end of their converfation. labour in the word and doctrine.

ki Cor. xii. 28. And God hath n i Tim. ii. 1. I exhort there. set some in the church, first apo- fore, that first of all, supplications, stles, ficondarily prophets, thirdly prayers, intercessions, and giving teachers, after that miracles, then of thanks be made for all men. gifts of healings, helps, governments, 1 Cor. xiv. 15. What is it then ? diversities of tongues.

I will pray with the spirit, and I will | Aets vi. 2. Then the twelve pray with the understanding also: called the multitude of the disciples I will sing with the spirit, and I will

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of Church-Government, and the several sorts of Assemblies for the fame. HRIST hath instituted a government, and governors ec

clesiastical in the church: to that purpose, the apostles did immediately "receive the keys froń the hand of Jesus Christ, and did use and exercise them in all the churches of the world upon all occasions.

And Christ hath since continually furnished some in his church with gifts of government, and with cominisfion to execute the same, when called thereunto.

It is lawful, and agreeable to the word of God, that the church be governed by several sorts of assemblies, which are congregational, clalsical, and fynodical.

Of the Power in comnion of all these Assemblies. T is lawful and agreeable to the word of God, that the

several assemblies before mentioned, have power to con yent, and call before them any person within their several bounds, whom the ecclesiastical business which is before them doth concern o.

They have power to hear and determine such causes and differences as do orderly come before them.

It is lawful, and agreeable to the word of God, that all the said assemblies have some power to dispense church-censures.

Of sing with the understanding also. tell it unto the church : but if he v. 16. Else when thou 'thält bless neglect to hear the church, let him with the spirit, how shall he that be tinto thee as an heathen man, occupieth the room of the unlearn- and a publican. v. 18. Verily I ed, say" Amen at thy giving of Say' unto you, Whatsoever ye shall thanks, seeirġ he understandeth not bind on eatth, shall be bound in what thou sayît ?

heaven: andi whatsoever ye shall o Matth. xviii. 15. Moreover, if loose on earth, shall be loosed in thy brother shall trespass against heaven. v. 19. Again, I say unto thée, go and tell him his fault be- you, That if iwo of you thall agree tween thee and him alone : if he on earth, as touching any thing shall hear thee, thou hast gained that they shall alk, it ihall be done thy brother. v. 16. But if he will for them of my Father which is in not hear thee,' then take with thee heaven. v. 20. For where two or one or two more, that in the mouth three are gathered together in my of two or three witnesses, every name, there am I in the midst of word may be eltablished. V. 17. them. And if he shall neglect to hear them,

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