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all a period of eleven months. No attempt has been made to narrate the work of other missionary agencies. There is one, however, specially referred to—that is, the American Presbyterian Mission, which has worked on a larger scale than any other in Egypt for fifty years. The volume, so well printed, exhibits more than 100 well-executed illustrations of towns, manners and customs of the people, the people themselves and children, the Nile and its ferryboats, hospitals, villages, tombs, etc. The volume would be a handsome and beautiful Christmas gift to those interested in Egypt, and specially to those who are cooperating in so ancient and interesting a country in Christian work.

CLARENDON PRESS; OXFORD, 1905.

5. A Catechism of Tamil Grammar, No. 2, by the Rev. G. U. POPE, M.A., D.D., Lecturer in Tamil and Telugu in the University of Oxford, etc. Pope's "Tamil Handbook" has for so many years been a household word in Southern India, and wherever Tamil is spoken, that it is a pleasant surprise to have evidence brought home to one of its venerable author being as active as ever. The catechism now reprinted by him-one of a series of grammatical works which have been in use for over half a

century is a very convenient volume, whose present edition is especially intended for officials qualifying for the higher proficiency examination. Dr. Pope begins ab ovo, with the letters of the alphabet, making the method in the apparent madness of their changes plain to the uninitiated; then he passes on to the different parts of speech and the syntax, and ends with the prosody. He illustrates the answers to his questions, at each step, by examples— often dividing the words given, moreover, into their constituent parts and these, with the declensions, paradigms of verbs, etc., place the quintessence of the language, vulgar as well as literary, within easy reach of all who know Tamil sufficiently well to read it. Completeness has

been aimed at as well as brevity, so that one is not disappointed when looking for such peculiarities as the negative verb seyyāthirukkir ṛān or words like enr yu.—C.

ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND Co., LTD.; 16,. JAMES
STREET, HAYMARKET, WESTMINSTER, 1905.

F.R.G.S.

6. The Far Eastern Tropics: Studies in the Administration of Tropical Dependencies, by ALLEYNE IRELAND, The author of this work was appointed in 1901 as Colonial Commissioner of the University of Chicago for the purpose of visiting the Far East, and preparing a comprehensive report on colonial administration in SouthEastern Asia. The report is in course of preparation, and will be produced in ten or twelve volumes by Messrs. Small, Maynard and Co., Cambridge, Mass., in the course of the next four years. Meanwhile the present succinct, interesting, and valuable volume has been produced. He has studied the subject during the last fifteen years, and the work contains a history of the origin, mode of control, and its maintenance while protecting the liberty and promoting the welfare of the natives of the respective colonies. It embraces Hong Kong, British North Borneo, Sarawak, Burma, the Federated Malay States, the Straits Settlements, French Indo-China, Java, and important chapters on the history and acquisition of the Philippine Islands, their government, the economic conditions and American policy. In addition there are valuable appendices of statistics, of bibliography, tables from the Philippine census, embracing population under various classifications, education, occupation of the people, and other details. There is also a minute and copious index. The work deserves the most careful attention. The author has written with the object of exciting an interest in tropical colonization, and of considering how best this colonization can be safely conducted so as to advance civilization and the welfare of the people. It may be added, although the author occupies an

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important position in the University of Chicago, he is a British subject, and he uses the expressions "our colonial policy," "our Far Eastern possessions," etc.

7. The Risen Sun, by BARON SUYEMATSU. Baron Suyematsu was one of what may be termed the second wave of Japanese pioneers (the Marquis Ito and his contemporaries being regarded as the first) who came to Europe with a view of making themselves thoroughly familiar with Western institutions, and he holds the distinction, which (owing to linguistic difficulties) has not fallen to a great many of his countrymen, of having taken a good degree at Cambridge. On those who knew him there in the early eighties he certainly made the impression of reserve of intellectual power and scarcely less so of originality, so that few of his contemporaries have been surprised that his subsequent career in his native country has been a distinguished one, including, under the Marquis Ito's Cabinet, the Ministry of the Interior. It is characteristic of the modesty of the man that none who knew him at Cambridge were aware that he had even then held a staff officer's commission in the Satsuma rebellion-that great struggle which was of similar vital importance to modern Japan as was the Civil War to America.

When the war between Russia and Japan broke out, Baron Suyematsu undertook a semi-official mission to Europe, the object of which was to counteract, as far as speech and writing could do so, the effects of the proRussian press propaganda, which, though ultimately as dismal a failure as the operations of the same Power in the field, was at one time thought to be dangerous. In speech, in lecture, and “from the platform of the great reviews" in France, Germany, and England (the Asiatic Quarterly among the number), Baron Suyematsu has most ably discharged his task, and the present work, with its very appropriate title, consists of these various utterances collected together and re-edited by himself and his secretaries. The work is divisible into three main sections, which we may

term the political, the ethological, and the prophetic. The first of these, which to the general reader will be, perhaps, the least interesting portion of the book, deals with the political controversy with Russia which resulted in the war; the second is directed to placing before European readers the Japanese character and some of the salient features of the history of modern Japan in its most important aspects; and the latter part deals with the external relations of the country as at present modified, and likely in the future to be affected by, the results of the war.

Everyone interested in Japan-and who now is not?— will find "The Risen Sun" a fascinating and absorbing work. It is pre-eminently triumphant in vindicating “Dai Nippon" from the charge more often levelled against her on the Continent than here of being a semi-barbarous parvenu, who, like a Central African potentate, has recently adopted the frock-coat and top-hat. On the contrary, Baron Suyematsu shows very clearly that his country is

"A land of just and old renown,

Where freedom slowly broadens down

From precedent to precedent,"

and that its arts were flourishing and its civilization highly developed before the days of Charlemagne. Of particular interest and charm might be selected the chapters on Japanese "Arts and Letters," "Moral Teaching in Japan," and more especially "The Making of a Soldier in Japan.". The facts revealed in this latter chapter go a long way towards explaining the results of the war, and they show very clearly that those responsible for Japan's military system have, above all things, set themselves to "inform " the nation's soldiers with the old Japanese "military spirit" which has become universally famous as "Bushido."

The latter part of the work has, naturally enough, a triumphal note, and one is glad to observe that for the last great naval battle the author has adopted the name of Tsushima, rather than the prosaic official title of the Battle of the Sea of Japan; for Tsushima is an island, and will

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one day be almost as famous in history as that other island "Salamis much beaten of the sea."-R. N. L.

ARTHUR HUMPHREYS: HATCHARD, 187, PICCADILLY, LONDON.

For any

8. John of Damascus, by DOUGLAS AINSLIE. one knowing the East, the most striking characteristic of this book is the success with which the author, who has never been there, puts himself in the place of Orientals, and the accuracy, on the whole, with which he makes them give an account of their different creeds. These, in fact, form the subject of the poem; and he has enshrined them in a picturesque story-a meeting brought about by him. between a Christian saint, the Vizier of the contemporary Caliph, a Buddhist ascetic, and that mysterious personage, the Veiled Prophet of Khorassan. St. John the Damascene, the vicissitudes of whose previous life form an introduction, tells the tale of Barlaam and Joasaph, weaving into it an exposition of Christian doctrine. The Buddhist claims the legend, saying that it is but an adaptation of that of Gautama, whose life and teaching he then describes. When he has done, the Vizier speaks of Islam, drawing largely upon its folk-lore to complete the picture, and bringing it down to the end of the fourth caliphate. As he concludes the Veiled Prophet comes upon the scene and takes up the thread. He recalls the tragedy of Kerbela, with the events that led up to it, and the peculiar tenets of the Shiahs concerning the Day of Judgment. The end of his story is practically that of the poem, the other characters merely adding a few words before they, like him, take their departure.

It must not be imagined for a moment that Mr. Ainslie's work is a succession of dry theological treatises; he has managed to give an idea of the different religions without ever being tiresome. He takes care not to make dogmas heavy by dwelling too long upon them, and he varies them.

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