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interest in the products of this attractive industry. C. E. D. B.

Another work of a similar character deals with the gold and silver ware of the United Provinces.* It appears that, though some of the gold is collected by washing the auriferous sands of small rivers in Bijnor, the greater part is obtained by importation. No silver at all is produced in the provinces. The amount of these imports and exports is very uncertain, for precise statistics appear to be wanting; but such figures as are forthcoming from the Department of Land Records and Agriculture indicate that in the last three years about 19,000,000 ounces of silver were absorbed in the provinces. This came in the shape of bars, ingots, and coin not in currency, all being handed over to the sunars, or working jewellers, to convert into ornaments. From this it is possible to form a rough notion of the enormous amount of bullion which from time immemorial has been absorbed in these provinces alone.

Among the more interesting objects of manufacture are vessels of mixed metal (zinc and copper), plated or damascened with patterns of silver; "diamond-cut" work, where facets are cut on the metal like those on a diamond; enamels and toys, such as the silver representations of rats, peacocks, wild boars, antelopes, and the flexible fish, which form such characteristic items when worn on chatelaines. Silver articles such as tea-sets, toilet-sets, vases, bowls, saltcellars, etc., are turned out in great numbers for sale to Europeans, Lucknow being the chief place of manufacture for these. There are also large quantities of ornaments of various patterns and characters worn by the natives round the neck, arms, ankles, and on the fingers, ears, nose, etc. Many of these are elegant and artistic, as may be seen from the photographs to Mr. Charles's work.

With regard to the moot question of designs, the author

"A Monograph on Gold and Silver Ware produced in the United Provinces," by A. P. Charles, Esq., B.A., I.C.s. Allahabad, 1905.

acknowledges that originality is not in demand, and almost absent. He agrees with Mr. Baden Powell, author of "Punjab Manufactures," and other authorities, that something might be done by art education towards improving the crudeness and more obvious blemishes of the work. Without the establishment of schools of design throughout the country art can scarcely be expected to make material progress.-C. E. D. B.


Government of Bombay, General Department-Archaology: Progress Report of the Archeological Survey of Western India for the Year ending June 30, 1905. This interesting report is divided into two parts. The first contains an account of work at headquarters, publications, library, annual expenditure, treasure trove, museums at various places, and programme for 1905-1906. The second part relates to Rapputānā, Central Provinces, and Berar, Bombay Presidency, and details of the Assistant Archæological Surveyor's tour in Rajputānā.

Annual Report of the Archeological Survey, Bengal Circle, for the Year ending April, 1905. (Bengal Secretariat Press, Calcutta, 1905.) The report is divided. into two parts, the first consisting of departmental notes and the second general remarks. The survey has been partly in Assam and the remainder in Bengal.

Annual Progress Report of the Superintendent of the Archæological Survey, Panjab and United Provinces Circle, for the Year ending March 31, 1905. (Economical Press, Lahore.) The report is divided into two parts, Part I. containing a report of the Annual Progress; Statement of Expenditure; List of Inscriptions, Photographs, and Drawings, copied, taken, or made. Part II. Preservation of Ancient Monuments; Excavations at Kasia; Epi

graphy Acquisitions for the Lahore and Lucknow Museums; and List of Publications issued.

Notes on India for Missionary Students. (Church Missionary Society, Salisbury Square, London, E.C., 1905.) A very handy and useful work for students preparing for Christian work in India. It contains, in a brief form, statements as to the country, its races, languages, religions, population, missions of various kinds, also good maps, and an excellent index.

Report on Archæological Work in Burma for the Year 1904-1905. (Rangoon Government Printing Office.) The report is divided into two parts, with subsections in each. Part I. gives details of programme carried out and of that proposed next year. Part II.: A report of the works of restoration and preservation of important buildings, and sites of excavations and fresh discoveries. Under Section 2 of this part there are the plans of Halingyi, Kalagon, Payagôn, or ruins of a pagoda, and Lamayangyi. There are also numerous appendices, containing, amongst others, lists of buildings of archæological, historical, or architectural interest to be maintained, either by the Public Works Department or the Government.

Sri Brahma. Dhárá (Shower from the Highest") through the Favour of the Mahatma Śri Agamya Guru Paramahamsa. (Luzac and Co., 46, Great Russell Street, 1905.) The writer of the preface of this work-nearly 100 pages-considers that it "is unique in its character, for the reason that no Hindu of his class and high rank has ever before sought to teach the Western world." it "lies the thread for the enlightened to take up if they wish to follow in his path" (p.v.).


Indian Love, by LAURENCE HOPE, author of "The Garden of Kama," "Stars of the Desert." (London: William Heinemann; New York, John Lane, 1905.)

Japan Year-Book. First year edition. The "Japan Year-Book" Office, Tsukiji, Tokyo, Japan, 1905. The compilers of this book, under various difficulties, have col

lected together, for the first time, a year-book full of information to travellers-those in commerce and those interested in diplomatic relations. The compilers are all natives, and have done their work well. The volume contains geographical information, population, Imperial Court, various departments of local administration, finances, banks, forestry and fishery, manufacturing industry, foreign trade, exports and imports, railways, education, religions, the army and navy, a very interesting biographical sketch of the contemporary worthies of Japan, and the press. There is also useful information about Formosa and Corea, and a full index to the whole volume, and a table of weights, measures, and monies (Japan and Great Britain). The second year's edition is expected to be published in May next.

Climate, October, 1905. A Quarterly Journal of Health and Travel, edited by CHARLES P. HORFORD, M.A., M.D. (Travellers' Health Bureau, Leyton, London, E.) This is the final issue of Climate in its present form. It is now incorporated with the Journal of Tropical Medicine. That Journal, in order to meet the special requirements of the readers of Climate, will give four issues a year specially devoted to the aims and objects of Climate. The publishers are Messrs. John Bale, Sons, and Danielsson, Ltd., 83-91, Great Titchfield Street, London, W.

Grammaire Minima de l'Hébreu et de l'Araméen Bibliques, par EDOUARD MONTET, Doyen de la Faculté de Théologie de l'Université de Genève. Deuxième édition. (Librairie Orientale et Américaine, E. Guilmoto, Éditeur, 6, Rue de Mézières, Paris, 1905.) This manual will be very helpful to those students who have attended the course of lectures of the learned professor. In it is given the general principles of Hebrew and Aramean Biblical languages from a Semitic point of view, of which a correct idea cannot be formed unless looked at as a Semite, who speaks them. The author, in order to make the manual as simple and as brief as possible, has introduced some modifications

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in vocalization and with regard to syntax.

He has kept to Biblical examples, but sometimes has departed from this rule, when a clear explanation was needed for the conjugation of a difficult Aramean verb.

We beg to acknowledge the receipt of the following publications: George Newnes, Limited, London and New York: The Captain, The Strand Magazine, The Grand Magazine, The Sunday Strand, The Wide World Magazine; -Technics, a magazine for technical students;—A Technological and Scientific Dictionary, edited by G. F. Goodchild, B.A., and C. F. Tweney :-C. B. Fry's Magazine;Biblia, a monthly journal of Oriental Research in Archæology, Ethnology, Literature, Religion, History, Epigraphy, Geography, Languages, etc. (Biblia Publishing Company, Meriden, Conn., U.S.A.);—The Indian Magazine and Review (London: A. Constable and Co.);-The Indian Review (G. A. Natesan and Co., Madras);—The Madras Review; The Review of Reviews (published by Horace Marshall and Son, 125, Fleet Street, London, E.C.); Mittheilungen der Anthropologischen Geselleschaft in Wien (Vienna: Alfred Hölder);—The Contemporary Review;The North American Review; - Public Opinion, the American weekly (New York);-The Monist (The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago, U.S.A., and Kegan Paul and Co., London);-Current Literature (New York, U.S.A.); The Canadian Gazette (London);-The Harvest Field (Foreign Missions Club, London);—Journal of the Royal Colonial Institute (The Institute, Northumberland Avenue, London);-Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Statement (38, Conduit Street. London, W.); — The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, continuing "Hebraica" (University of Chicago Press);— The Canadian Engineer (Toronto: Biggar, Samuel and Co.);-The Cornhill Magazine :-The Zoophilist and Animals Defender (92, Victoria Street, London, S.W.):

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