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King of the men whose arms both Orient and Occident bowed to,
How thou art loved at home, it now were bootless to mention ;
Scotland her sons poured forth to do thee reverent homage ;
What dost thou think, my liege, of the metre in which I address thee?
HERE IS THE HEALTH OF THE King! with HURRÀ QUADRUPLY RE
Postscript to the Publie.
Stop-I omitted to tell our King one glorious matter,
Postscript the Second.
Counting my lines on my fingers, I find they want six of a hundred,
LETTER FROM A PROTESTANT LAYMAN TO CHRISTOPHER NORTH, ESQ.
Sır,-Having considered with some to take a succinct view of the whole of attention the great question, whether his speech. it is expedient to confer on our Roman He begins by noticing certain preCatholic fellow-subjects farther privi- liminary objections, which had been leges than bave been already granted; made within and without the walls of and as you have already laid my the House of Commons, applicable rathoughts on the subject before your ther to the form than to the principle readers, in the shape of a letter to Lord of his proposition. The first is, that Nagent, I am tempted to offer you there is something insidious in thus some remarks on the speech of Mr obtaining a partial decision on the geCauning, delivered in the House of neral Catholic question. The second, Commons on the 30th of April last, that the separation of one class of the on the occasion of moving for leave to Catholic community from the rest, is bring in a Bill to restore the Catholic a prejudice to the whole. These two Peers to their seats in Parliament, - objections, Mr C. observes, counterwhich speech has been recently pre- act each other,—that all discussion is sented to the public.
an advantage to the general question, The talents and character of Mr but that no unfair advantage is gained Canning, the friend of Mr Pitt, and by setting the case free from complithe zealous defender of the Constitu- cated matter, as is done in the present tion against the attempts of Radical instance; no data being here assumed, Reformers, entitle him to a high de- por do the arguments soar into the gree of respect, which, I trust, I shall regions of abstract principle, but are not trench upon whilst I freely state confined to law and fact. Those who the difference between my sentiments think the question too much narrowed, and his on the question before us. I must, he thinks, “lament the removal am conscious that no unworthy motive of so many disabilities, under which disposes me to contravene his liberality the Roman Catholic has long ceased towards persons of that religion, and to groan. How must they regret that, I am as well satisfied that his inten- from an early period of the late reign tions are guided by the best princi- up to the present time, so many of the ples.
most galling fetters have gradually Before I proceed to examine the ar- been taken off, and leave little more guments he employs, it may be proper than the mark of them now visible !
Corrected Report of the Speech of the Right Honourable George Canning, in the House of Commons, 30th April 1822, in moving for leave to bring in a Bill to restore to Roman Catholic Peers their right of sitting and voting in Parliament. 8vo. London, Murray, 1822. VOL. XII.
How must they regret the act of 1778, reform is, that they have always been which restored to the Roman Catholics loose and undefined ;-he aims not at the right of property ;-the act of reconstructing the House of Lords, 1791, which removed many vexatious but to bring it back to the state in disabilities, with respect to the exer- which it formerly existed, and he cise of religion, to professions, to civil, points out the precise period of its and, in several important instances, po- existence to which he would restore litical rights ! How must they deplore it, viz. the 30th of November 1678, on the act of 1793, which gave to the which day the Royal Assent was given Irish Roman Catholics, in many in- to the Act, by which Roman Catholic stances, advisedly, distinctly, speciti. Peers were excluded.
" The princically, in all more remotely, and by ple of my measure,” says he, “is not sure implication-political power and innovation, but restoration; and if consequences in giving them the elec- further questioned as to the extent to tive franchise! How must their sorrow which this restoration would go, I rehave been increased by the measure ply,—to the immediate admission of which, five years ago, silently opened six English Catholic Peers, and by the army and the navy to Catholic possibility, at some future time, to the enterprize, bravery, and ambition !” admission of about the same number Mr C. rejoices that these privations of Irish.” He proceeds to state, “ But are removed, though the relief takes I will go farther : I will shew that uot away the ground-work of much im- only my measure is not innovation, pressive eloquence. Another objection but restoration, --but that it is a recoupled with this last is, that the no- storation founded upon principles of ble persons interested have some dis- the strictest justice. I will shew that inclination to the introduction, because it restores rights, the suspension of it does not include all those connected which arose from causes which no with them in the same religion. He longer exist, and was justified on predenies having any special commission tences, which were never true.” Mr to be their advocate, and asserts that C. divides the legislation affecting the he undertakes the cause merely on Catholics into three periods ;-1st, principles of state policy and national From the reign of Elizabeth to the benefit; it is, however, untrue that Restoration ;-21, From Charles II. to the Catholic Lords have any disincli- the Revolution ;-3d, From that time nation to his plan, and he cites the to the reign of George III., the auspiDuke of Norfolk's authority to this cious era of the relaxation of the penal effect; but he assures the House that code. He very fairly justifies the prethe proposition is spontaneous on his cantions and the severities of Queen part, without receiving any suggestion Elizabeth, on account of "the disfrom any of those Peers. Another ob- quietude of one religion not altogether jection is, that there is an impropriety put down, and the instability of anoin originating in the House of Com ther not wholly established ; and by mons, a measure which concerns ex- those frequent plots against her crown clusively the rights of-the House of and life, which were instigated by the Peers. This is completely overturned influence of foreigo politics, and conby precedents; as the very act, the nected an opposition to her belief, with operation of which is now proposed to a refusal of allegiance to her authority. be corrected, originated in the House The security of Elizabeth's throne was of Commons; and also, that of the 5th identified with the security of the Reof Elizabeth, which recognised the formed Religion.” In the third period, right of Peers to hold their seats un- Mr C. observes that the circumstances questioned, and undisqualified on ac- of King William inclined his advisers count of religious opinions. The act, rather to discountenance the religion too, which was brought in by Mr Mit- of the exiled monarch, than to do away ford, (now Lord Redesdale,) in 1791, laws enacted against the Roman Caentirely regarded the House of Peers. tholics; and he supposes that some It has likewise been remarked, that a design might have existed of driving proposition for reforming the House of the Catholics of England to expatriaLords, comes with an ill grace from an tion, though by a less violent process adversary to reform in the House of than that which some years before had Commons. Mr C., however, contends, driven out the Protestants from France, that his great objection to schemes of bythe Revocation of the Edictof Nantes.