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Arm supporter in a place where it was batélittle known. After taking a very able review of his public life, in which he referred particularly to bis exertions in obtaining the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts, he proposed, « The health of Williatz Smith, Esq. M. P. our distinguished guest.'

Mr. W. Smith, M. P. said, that, in rising to thank the meeting for the manner in which they had been pleased to drink his health, he could not say that he was placed in a situation to which he was unaccustomed, having been honoured more than once by presiding over similar meetings to the present, but on no occasion did he enjoy more satisfaction in receiving the tokens of their approbation; as to gratitude, he must declare with the most unfeigned humility, that they owed him none. It was his happiness to bave been brought up among Unitarian Dissenters. Whether he bad supported the Unitarian cause with more or less success, it was always done in accordance with the dictates of his judgment, and he was therefore serving his own cause, while promoting that of his Unitarian friends. If any thing remained to be done in which he could be of service, those services were always at the command of his friends. While he continued to hold the same opinion, be should pursue the same line of conduct. He considered himself as being peculiarly fortunate in those days in which Providence had cast his lot. He commenced public life when unquestionably the temper of the times was very different from what it was at the present day. For a time, he had to pass through evil and through good report, though he had to experience a great deal more of the former than of the latter., He possessed courage enough to stem the evil, and he had now the bappiness to receive the good. He could not refrain from recalling to the meeting, what he hadi witnessed in the course of the last fifty years. He remembered the period when it devolved upon him to march through the streets of London with a musket on his shoulder, in torder to support his fellow-citizens, the Roman Catholics, against the pulling down of their dwellings, and the burning of their furniture, by an infuriated Protestant (so calling itself) mob. About thirty years after that period, and within a quarter of a mileof this place, he witnessed the consecration of a Roman Catholic Chapel, the ceremony of which, was attended by the magistrates of the city of London, and several peers of the realm, both Pro testant and Catholic. In conjunction with several gentlemen, wbona he was then addressing, he adjourned from that scene to a neighouring tavern, where they celebrated their good cause, and paid the tributé due to those that ministered to their instruction in the morning, separated only by one door from their Roman -Catholic friends, who bad just arrived to rejoice in the opening of b)the chapel He had lived to see Dissenters restored in one year, - to the tenjoyment of these privileges of which they had been de-sprived 150 years before iHe had lived to see Protestant, Dissenters acknowledged among the loyal subjects of the realm, and Trostored te that station whiob, for forty years, he had argued their right to occupy He now bad the additional satisfaction of wit. nessing the triumph of civil and religious liberty, and almost every person put in possession of its enjoyment. That was a consummation, whigh, however devoutly he might wish for, he never expected to see realised. He agreed with the sentiment uttered that evening, that this event would confer more honour upon George the Fourth, than all the victories which had been obtained over surrounding nations. He hoped that Protestant Dissenters would now consider themselves so far upon a level, as not to break, in upon the good fellowship in which they ought to regard their neighbours. With respect to the marriage bill, he sincerely trusted that measure would be carried unanimously during the next Session of Parliament. From the Prime Minister an assurance had been given, that whatever interval was allowed him before the next Session, should be employed in removing those scruples that remained in the minds of others; so that there might be removed from Unitarians, the last badge of degradation under which they laboured. He understood that one of the brethren from the new Continent was present that evening a country to which England was bound not merely by the ties of language, but of government, and in the enjoyment of all the blessings of Civil and Religious Liberty.

The healths of the Rev. Robert Aspland and the other Secretaries of the Association, having been received with loud plaudits, Mr. Aspland said

The present weré extraordinary times, and he must advert to the topic to which all the previous speakers had alluded, namely, the march of religious liberty.' He could do so in character, bem cause if one sect had understood and aéted upon the principles of civil and religious liberty more than another, that sect, even by the confession of their enemies, were Unitarians. That sect had always maintained the great principle, that no man had'a right to dictate to the conscience of another, or to make his temporal privileges the less on account of his religious opinions. Members of

Parliament had never meditated an act for the relief of oppressed 'consciences, without looking to the Unitarians for support. There must be a cause for such a procedure, and he humbly suggested that it arose from the fact, that the Unitarians had caught the 'true spirit of religious liberty. It might be, that Unitarians had always been anxious to imitate the conduct of the good Samaritan 'towards the Jew. It would be presumption for him to say, that "the late measures for the relief of the Protestant Dissenters, and the Roman Catholics, had been owing to the Unitarian Association; but he would say, that according to their strength and opportunity, their sickles had not been idle in the harvest. With a serious determination they had entered the field early and late, and bad cheered on their fellow-labourers in the causes Unitarians felt the sincerest joy at recollecting, that in all they had done they had not been actuated by a sectarian regard to themselves, but'a regard to the welfare of all men. Why had UnitaTians always been selected by certain individuals in both Houses of Parliament, as the subjects of reproach? Because they were the first persons to raise their voices in the sacred cause of liberty. Why had the Roman Catholics always looked to Unitarians, to wbose principles they were so diametrically opposed? However much Catholics doubted the support of other bodies of Dissenters, they always counted upon the votes of the Unitarians, as a matter of course. There were persons from whose hearts “the black drop" of bigotry bad never been extracted; who learned nothing, whilst the rest of the world were improving; who do not belong to this age, but seem “born'out of due time." A pamphlet had been written by a popular minister in London, against the Unitarians, warning the religious world against them, and calling upon those who professed orthodoxy to come out from amongst them, they having signalised themselves as the friends of the Catho lics, He once heard a minister gravely assert, that the friends of the Catholic relief bill, were giving their strength to the beast! One word more, and he spoke it with sorrow; the successful efforts which the Unitarians had made for the relief of the Catholics, had given rise to an attempt to divide them from the three great bodies of Dissenters in London, in order that the vile might be separated from the holy, and the chaff from the wheat! A meeting of the Baptist ministers was held to discuss the question, " Whether they should not separate from the general body, on account of that body being contaminated by Unitarians?” The motion was made and seconded, and he (Mr. Aspland) was glad to say, upon the authority of a respectable Baptist minister, that after a warm debate, which continued for upwards of two hours, the mover and seconder begged to withdraw the motion. That leave was given, and bigotry in the denomination was consigned to oblivion. Within a few days of the present period, a similar question was to be agitated among the Independents. Regular notice had been given, and the discussion must consequently come

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Some of the leading ministers in that denomination, than whom truer friends to the cause of liberty never breathed, bad told him with great concern, that they never expected to witness such'a proceeding; and that if the object was carried into effect, they, at least, would never separate themselves from the body. These were clouds returning after the rain-a few passing showers. They might for a moment obscure the day of liberty, but it was only that it might shine forth with the greater splendour. From the spirit and temper evinced by the Chairman that day, he trusted that his assistance would be received by the Unitarians, until they had gained complete success. From the statements made that evening, he sincerely hoped that the marriage bill would be carried during the ensuing session of Parliament. Mr. Peel had devoted himself to the cause of civil and religious liberty-Wellington, who had been accustomed to cut his way through with a sword, had expressed his horror of a civil war- another of the ministers, also a "great Captain," had read a lecture to the clergy on religious peace and charity; all which circumstances, assured him that the marriage bill would be passed into a law. He was sure that when the measure was again discussed, it would be seen that 'the Church of England was dishonoured by the violence done to the consciences of the Unitarians. Mr. Aspland, after expressing his concurrence been said respecting their departed friends, observed, with regard to the Association, that he anticipated the time when its services would be no longer required. When Unitarianism and Trinitarianism would be merged in the better and nobler name of Christianity, the true millenium would commence; not the millenium after which fanatics had been seeking in their mystic dreams—but that happy state in which all men would regard each other as equals, and all men would look up to the great and merciful Being as the common Father of the human race.



Dr. Bowring said, he rose with apprehension when he had to follow his eloquent friend, but he would venture to take to him. self some portion of the kind sentiments with which the Institution had honoured its secretaries. He had to report to those present at Finsbury Chapel in the morning, the foreign history of the Association, during the past year. He then had to state, that the Association had met with many subjects of difficulties and of rejoicing; but he would now venture to call the attention of the company to a topic of unmingled delight and joy, namely, the position of the Unitarian cause in America. The Association had that day received a gentleman (Rev. Henry Ware) who had been delegated to state the feelings of their friends on the other side of the Atlantie; and he (Dr. B.) was sure that the hands of hundreds would be stretched out to him (Mr. Ware) in cordial welcome. Whatever the Unitarians might have to depress and distress them in the East, on the other side of the great ocean, they had nothing to look upon but topics of encouragement and gratulation. There the cause of truth was making great and glorious progress. From year to year as the Association met together, they gathered evidence the most irresistible and conclusive, that whatever they might meet of discouragement in the Eastern world, they had there every thing to animate them in their exertions. The great cause of liberality and of truth, when embarked on its Transatlantic voyage, had reached its port of security. He was sure he spoke the feelings of the Unitarian Association, when he said to his friend (Mr. W.) that the individual who united Unitarians in this country in stronger bonds to those on the other side of the water, would be deemed worthy of all honour; while Unitarians would deprecate and disdain the man who planted any one seed of discord or disaffection between them. He was quite sure there was no individual in that company, who did not look to America, both in its moral and intellectual greatness, with delight and triumph. If they had been our children in the period of their weakness, they were our brothers now in the hour of their strength. He considered the presence of Mr. Ware on this occasion, as one of the most interesting events that had ever occurred in the history of the Unitarian Association. In connection with our progress and our history in America, I cannot (said Dr. B.) avoid referring to that splendid writer and high-souled man, whose services to literature have been of the highest order, and whose career is marked by a series of pure and beautiful triumphs, whether he unveiled the gentle, the generous, the judicious Fenelon

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to the stronger admiration and more correct estimate of mankind, or elevated yet higher our Milton, our own. British poet che whose mind the mind of Channing most resembledhe whose soul is like a star and dwells apart,

Who had a voice whose sound was like the sea,

Pure as the naked'heaven! But most of all, and first of all, do I honour Dr. Channing, for dethroning from the affections of men that modern conquerorthe mysterious but magnificent delusions of whose name, I look upon as the fruitful source of error and of misery—that man whose history is one of usurpation and violence the warriorthe aggressor-of whom a poor but energetic poet has truly said,

6. He built on multitudinous graves
A tyrant's power, and sought to bind with cords,
Thought-for she flapped him with her wing of words

Which agitateth nations.” For this good deed, as a Christian and a lover of peace, for this especially I thank Dr. Channing. He has attacked successfully a fallacy, of all fallacies the most pernicious, and it wanted a vigorous arm like his to smite so huge an idol. Dr. B. regretted that the broken state of Mr. Ware's health compelled him to deny himself the pleasure of addressing the company.

From this satisfaction he was absolutely and peremptorily debarred, but as he had commissioned Mr. Taylor to communicate his sentiments, he (Dr. B.) would propose“ The health-the improved and perfect health of Mr. Ware, with our friendly greetings to the American Association, and our best wishes for their happiness and success."

A paper was read from Mr. Ware, which expressed briefly the gratification which he felt in meeting this body of his brethren in the land of his fathers, and in bearing to them the message of sympathy and good will across the waters. There existed on both sides the Atlantic, a desire for better acquaintance, and a need for mutual countenance and aid; and he trusted that some thing might result to the benefit of all, from the present fraternal intercourse. As they proposed to have “one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all," and to be engaged in one common object, the emancipation of men from error and sin, số they ought more and more to feel and act as brethren. He offered them the congratulations of the American people, on the recent triumphs of civil and religious liberty, and gave a brief sketch of the measures which are pursuing in America, and the state of religious parties there. He spoke particularly of the successful operations of the American Unitarian Association, in providing religious instruction for the destitute poor of Boston, and of the growing interest throughout the community, in the cause of reli. gious education. He concluded by acknowledging the kindness with which he had been welcomed to England, and saying, that as by a singular coincidence the two Associations were formed on the same day of the same year, he would regard it as an omen that they would go on their way together, joined heart and hand in a zealous, affectionate, aod holy co-operation.

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