The Upper Limit: How Low-Wage Work Defines Punishment and Welfare
Univ of California Press, 30 juil. 2019 - 200 pages
Since 1993, crime in the United States has fallen to historic lows, seeming to legitimize the country’s mix of welfare reform and mass incarceration. The Upper Limit explains how this unusual mix came about, examining how, beginning in the 1970s, declining living standards for the poor have defined social and penal policy in the United States, making welfare more restrictive and punishment harsher. François Bonnet shows how low-wage work sets the upper limit of social and penal policy, where welfare must be less attractive than low-wage work and criminal life must be less attractive than welfare. In essence, the living standards of the lowest class of workers in a society determine the upper limit for the generosity of welfare and for the humanity of punishment in that society. The Upper Limit explores the local consequences of this punitive adjustment in East New York, a Brooklyn neighborhood where crime fell in the 1990s. Bonnet argues that no meaningful penal reform can happen unless living standards and the minimum wage rise again. Enlightening and provocative, The Upper Limit provides a comprehensive theory of the evolution of social and penal policy.
Avis des internautes - Rédiger un commentaire
Aucun commentaire n'a été trouvé aux emplacements habituels.
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
African Americans aer benets Bodega Brooklyn Brownsville class of workers clients community policing CompStat cops costs crime drop crime rates criminal justice criminal records decline deterrent drug East New York economic evict Family Justice ghetto homicides housing authorities incentives income increased inequality intake center Jenn labor market law enforcement less eligibility living standards low-income low-wage lowest class Marwell mass incarceration ment million minimum wage mix of welfare neoliberal nonprofits nonprots NYCHA NYPD organizations oen parole officers penal policy percent police killings police officers political Poor Law poor relief poverty precinct principle of less prison public housing Punishment and welfare punitive racial rent residents shelter system social and penal social policy social workers society street structural subprime tenants theory tion United upper limit urban Wacquant War on Drugs War on Poverty welfare and punishment welfare traps workfare York City