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Kustub'ha's rays transcendent shine,
Proud, from the ocean's troubled base,
And Lakshmi with the gallant steed pursue
Myriads rush forth to claim the draught their own; 18
A jewel of inestimable value and miraculous powers. 12 An all-yielding tree, like Mohammed's tuba. 19 So say the Indian Poets. 14 The universal boon-granting Cow. 15 The lyre of the Indian Muses. 16 A Physician, the Indian Esculapius.
17 Amrita, or the nectar of immortality.
18 This account is mostly taken from the Mahàb'hàrăta, and differs from many others.
19 Vishnu. 20 Indra is so represented on this occasion.
But Sid'has and Gaudharvas 22 join,
Round Kinniras 23 the warlike tempest plays,
Fights with the winds, whilst round the lightnings stray,
Until the mighty ocean's roar
Recals them to their work once more;
At length, the waves yield the Danushan 25 bow,
And, whilst the Gods with lab'ring hand
Dread Nilacanth 29! who drank the fateful tide,
Then burst the fray with renovated might,
22 Good spirits.
23 The elephant with three proboscidas. 24 A shell, conferring victory on its possessor. 25 Danusha, a bow which never errs. 26 An Apsara, who is identified with Shri in this mythology. 27 Vaikontha is Vishnu's palace. 28 Poisonous matter; I suspect it to be medicinal drugs, pápμaka, but I have retained the legend.
29 Siva, so called from this circumstance.
As one with the other vies,
Heedless, that Vishnu that fair form conceals,
Which Rahu's 32 course of treach'ry ends.
Where battle-axes cleave the air,
The Chakra 33 whelms in death the Daityan hosts,
He robes his face in deepest blood; -
But Sudersan's celestial fire
Is doom'd the godlike force t' inspire;
30 Personified illusion, continually introduced in these fables,
32 A curious personage, or Daitya, who had stolen it, and imbibed some of it; the legend is simply astronomical.
33 Various divine weapons.
34 The swan, Brahma's Vaban; some say the goose. 35 Vishnu's Vahan, an animal between a man and an eagle, swift as the winds.
36 The God of wisdom and policy, always on a rat.
Proboscis-arm'd supremely great,
And bade th' eternal mind on earth distill.
In rays of light, 'midst clouds of azure hue,
And crowds of tuneful genii came,
With modulations hymning forth his name.
58 The God of Fire.
$7 The Gúru of the Gods.
39 The Sun.
OPINIONS OF A CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY ON THE POWER OF SUMMARY BANISHMENT FROM INDIA.
SIR,-Conceiving it desirable that all classes of residents in India, who are of opinion that the power of transportation without trial, possessed and exercised by the present Government of this country, is unnecessary, dangerous, and liable to great abuse, should express their opinion strongly and frequently, I beg to offer my humble example, which I trust will be followed by many others.
To me this power appears inconsistent both with our interest and our duty as a nation: our interest, which is to maintain and consolidate the British rule in India; and our duty, which is to enlighten and improve the millions subject to our sway. Nothing will prove more conducive to the attainment of these ends than the temperate and unfettered discussion of every subject in religion and politics, science and literature; and nothing will prove more fatal to ourselves, or injurious to our Native subjects, than the exercise of an arbitrary power like that of summary transmission for the punishment of crimes cognizable by the law. The one will beget attachment to the British nation, and confidence in the protection which it affords;-the other will sow the seeds of suspicion and distrust, and give an effectual blow to those plans of improvement which delight and engage the christian and the philanthropist.
What can be more inconsistent than the conduct pursued by the Government of this country? Both governors and governed are alike
convinced of the advantages enjoyed by the Natives under British rule, compared with the state in which they were, either under their Native Princes, or Musulman conquerors; and yet the former act as if conscious of guilt and fearful of exposure; as if public oppression, or secret injustice, was the only characteristic of their reign.
Who, that reflects on the subject, can doubt that the power exercised by Government is unnecessary? Against whom is this power exercised? Against a few isolated individuals who can do nothing against the Government if they would; against British-born subjects who would do nothing if they could; against men whose birth and education, whose feelings and interests, form the surest pledge that they will seek the permanency of British power in India. By whom is this power exercised?-By a Government which, more than any other Colonial Government that perhaps ever existed, has secured the affections by seeking the welfare of its subjects; and which, in the event of invasion or insurrection, has 150,000 troops ably commanded, fully disciplined, well fed, paid, and clothed, with the incalculable resources of its own territories, and dependent Native states, to back it in the maintenance of its power.
Who can fail to perceive that this monstrous power of punishment without trial is liable to abuse? In a country where the supreme power is absolute, and this absolute power rests in a single individual, the personal pique of that individual, or of any one of his numerous friends and dependents, may find a speedy and an easy gratification in the exercise of a power which the legislation, in bestowing it, intended should be employed only against public delinquents for the public good.
As this power is unnecessary, and liable to abuse, so it is highly dangerous. The natural tendency of the exercise of this power is to suppress all liberal and independent discussion, and in proportion as this is effected, abuses and injustice will strengthen and increase. As these increase, a dissatisfaction with our Government will be generated in the Native mind, which, not finding vent, but strengthening with increasing evils, will finally explode in some dire calamity.
But it is impossible to suppress all discussion. The Government may, by the strong hand of power, gag its British-born subjects, but the Anglo-Indians and Natives have both learned the right, and have acquired some facility in, the exercise of free discussion. The effect, therefore, of measures similar to that which has been lately adopted, will be to throw the press entirely into the hands of these two classes, subject as they are only to the verdict of a jury, and to the sentence of the law. As, however, the permanence of the British Government affords the only prospect of Native improvement, so it is principally through the writings of British-born subjects that that improvement can be effected. Any measures, therefore, which leaves the Native press free and unfettered, except by law, whilst to the British conductors of the press it holds up the terrors of summary transmission, can be looked upon in no other light than as taking away the key of knowledge, and as calculated to perpetuate the reign of ignorance