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digne, worthy; grand, great ; jeune, young ; joli, pretty; mauvais, bad; méchant, wicked; meilleur, better ; moindre, less; petit, little; saint, holy; tel, such; tout, all; vieux, old; vilain, ugly.

The meaning of some adjectives, however, differs according to their position before or after the noun; as, Un honnête homme, an honest man. Un homme honnête, a polite man. Un grand homme, a man of great Un homme grand, a tall man.

merit. Un brave homme, a worthy man. Un homme brave, a brave man.

See APPENDICE, Place de l'adjectif.

m.

were

numerous.

part f.

Exercise. A young man. (An) important news. A good study. An agreeable jeune

nouvelle f. étude f. agréable amusement. A valuable collection of old manuscripts. A cultivated

précieux — f. manuscrits m. cultivé(65) country is always admired. (The) idleness is fatal to (the) campagne f. est toujours admiré paresse f. health. The Italian language is easy. The gods of the pagans santé f. italien langue f.

facile dieu.c

paiens I have a good share. There is a beautiful étaient nombreux J'ai

Voilà

beau meadow. The Greek language is studied. (The) wolves are prairie f. grec étudié

loups sont bold and ferocious. The manners of those good countrymen are hardi féroce mæurs f. pl.

paysans sont simple. She is deceitful. They are (of the) deceitful promises. Elle trompeur

Ce sont trompeur promesse f. A good orator, a good speech. They are troublesome. The

orateur discours m. Ils sont importun door

Fear the avenging thunderbolt. That is your ouvert Craignez vengeur foudre f. C'est votre favourite reading. This i for the public good. Have you a good favori lecture f.

bien m. Avez-vous The enchanting style of Bernardin de St. Pierre. The plume f. enchanteur enchanting voice of that actress. The sublime conceptions enchanteur voix f. cette actrice

ces

is open.

porte f.

C'est pour

pensée f. of Homer. The general officers of the army. The delightful d'Homère général officiers armée

charmant

pen?

- m.

avenues of Versailles. The public authority. (The) jealousy is allée f.

autorité f. jalousie f. odious. Gentlemen, be attentive. That city is very populous. odieux Messieurs soyez attentif Cette ville f. très-peuplé The soul is immortal. (The) ancient history is very interesting. áme f. immortel

ancien histoire f. très-intéressant A new coat. The grass is thick. Those boys are docile and neuf habit L'herbe f. épais Ces

sont amiable. aimable

My friends, be faithful and discreet. Young ladies, Mes soyez fidèle

discret Mesdemoiselles be polite. (The) tigers are cruel. A pretty little round box. soyez poli tigres m. sont

joli petit rond boîte f. A large square room. A foolish undertaking. A protecting grand carré chambre f.

entreprise f. protecteur hand. A mild temper.

The
fashion.

The paint is main f. doux humeur f. nouveau mode f.

peinture f. dry. There is some white wax. (A) cold weather. An interesting

Voilà # blanc cire f. froid temps m. intéressant and instructive study. The remarkable events

of the Roinstructif étude f. remarquable événements m. pl. man history. A plain, simple, and natural style. An ingenuous main histoire f. uni

naturel

ingénu candour, an amiable simplicity, and a lively artlessness are the warunsur f. aimable simplicité f. piquant naïveté f. sont charm of (the) youth. charme m.

jeunesse f.

sot

new

sec

To

m.

67. Formation of the Degrees of Comparison. There are three degrees of comparison : 1. The Positive, or the adjective itself. 2. The Comparative, expressed by plus, more, or moins, less,

placed be3. The Superlative, expressed by le, la,

fore the or les plus, the most,

adjective. or le, la, les moins,

the least,

EXAMPLES.

Positive.

Comparative. Superlative. Sage, wise; Plus sage, wiser; Le plus sage, wisest. Instruit, learned; Moins instruit, less Le moins instruit, the learned;

least learned. Note. In the superlative degree the article le, la, or les is not used when a possessive pronoun precedes the noun, as mon plus cher ami, my dearest friend.

NOTE. The French have no terminations similar to the er and est used to express the English comparative and superlative.

68. The following are irregular : Bon, good;

Meilleur, better ; Le meilleur, the best. Mauvais, bad; Pire (or plus mauvais), Le pire (or le plus mau. worse ;

vais), the worst. Petit, little or Moindre (or plus petit), Le moindre (or le plus small; less or smaller; petit), the least or the

smallest. 69. The comparative of these adjectives must not be mistaken for the comparative of the following adverbs : Bien, well; Mieux, better ;

Le mieux, the best. Mal, badly; Pis*, or plus mal, worse; Le pis, or le plus mal, the

worst. Peu, little; Moins, less;

Le moins, the least.

ܪ

EXAMPLES.
Adjectives.

Adverbs.
Un bon travail,

Il travaille bien,
A good work.

He works well.
Un meilleur travail, Il travaille mieux,
A better work.

He works better.
Le meilleur travail,

Il travaille le mieux,
The best work.

He works best.

Read, translate, and parse: Londres est la plus belle des villes. Le meilleur ami. La plus belle comparaison. Mes plus jolies fleurs. Son meilleur

* Pis is also used as a comparative adjective, C'est bien pis, it is much worse. Il n'y a rien de pis que cela, there is nothing worse than that.

de

ouvrage. La plus jeune de mes sæurs. Le moins sage mes frères. Un meilleur raisonnement. Il raisonne mieux.

m.

Exercise. Rich, richer, richest. A pretty village, a prettier village, the Riche

joli prettiest village. Amiable, less amiable, the least amiable. Small,

Aimable smaller, smallest. A good drawing, a better drawing. He draws dessin m.

Il dessine well: his brother draws better.

son

OF COMPARISON.

Superiority. 70. In a comparison of superiority, plus, more, is placed before the adjective, and que, than, after it. plus......que Il est plus savant que moi.

than He is more learned than I.

more

Inferiority. 71. In a comparison of inferiority, moins, less, is placed before the adjective, and que, than, after it. moins...... que.

Il est moins riche que vous. less

than He is less rich than you.

Equality. 72. In a comparison of equality, aussi, as, in affirmative, or si, so, in negative, phrases, is placed before the adjective, and que, as, after it. aussi......que.

La tulipe est aussi belle que la rose.

The tulip is as beautiful as the rose. si .que. La tulipe n'est pas

si belle

que

la rose. The tulip is not so beautiful as the rose. NOTE. Aussi is also used occasionally in negative sentences.

as

as

SO

as

Read, translate, and parse : Homère me paraît plus sublime que tous les autres poëtes épiques. La rose est plus belle que la violette. L'automne est moins varié que le printemps. Vous êtes moins instruit que votre frère. Il est aussi savant que moi. Il n'est pas si âgé que votre sæur.

Exercise. Nothing is more agreeable to the mind than the light of (the)

Rien n'est agréable esprit lumière f. truth. William is less attentive than his brother. He is as rich vérité f. Guillaume attentif

І. riche as they. He is not so rich as they. (The) shipwreck and (the)

naufrage m. death are less fatal than the pleasures which attack (the) virtue. mort f. sont funeste plaisirs qui attaquent vertu f. My dear friend, be as good and as benevolent as your father. Mon soyez

bienveillant votre

son

eur

Il n'est pas

еих

OF NUMERAL ADJECTIVES.

Numeral adjectives indicate a reference to numbers. They are of two sorts, the cardinal and the ordinal.

The cardinal are the numbers which indicate quantity without marking the order, and the ordinal are the mumbers which serve to indicate the order in which things may be arranged.

From the cardinal and ordinal numbers are derived other numeral expressions, understood by their denominations of collective, fractional and proportional numbers.

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73. Cardinal Numbers. Un m., une f. .... 1 Onze

11 Deux (x mute) 2 Douze (dooze)

12 Trois (pronounced trwāh) 3 Treize (trèze)...... Quatre (pron. katre)...... 4 Quatorze (katorze).... Cinq (q is sounded) 5 Quinze (kinze)

15 Six (pron. siss)

6 Seize (sei is broad) 16 Sept (pron. sett)

7 Dix-sept (pron. diss-sett). 17 Huit (t is sounded) 8 Dix-huit (pron. diz-uitt).. 18 Neuf (f is sounded) 9 Dix-neuf (pron.diz-neuff) 19 'Dix (pron. diss) 10 Vingt (gt mute)

... 20

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