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Ps. xlviii. 8. 3. It is supposed to mean a place in the East Indies to which Solomon sent his feets, and whence he derived his wealth. 2 Chron. ix. 21. & xx. 36, 37. Michaelis however contends, that his vessels sailed down the Red Sea, and coastcd Africa, to Tartessus in Spain; but surely the Tyrians, who knew the shorter voyage up the Mediterranean, would have informed him of it, unless we suppose that they traded along the African coast until they came to Spain.

TARSUS. A noble city of the province of Cilicia, in the south-east part of the Lesser Asia. It was the metropolis, and had the freedom of a Roman colony. Here were many Jews, and here the great apostle Paul was born, and by his birth was a citizen of Rome. Strabo celebrates this city for the learning of its professors, some of whom taught at Alexandria, others at Athens, and even in Rome, with the highest approbation.

TEKOAH. A city of Judah, situated on a hill, as Jerome informs us, and about nine miles south of Bethlehem. Rehoboam fortified it on the revolt of the ten tribes. 2 Chron. xi. 6. In the wilderness adjoining it, the Ammonites and their allies were conquered by Jehoshaphat. 2 Chron. XX. 20. Here the prophet Amos was born. Amos i. 1.

TEL-ABIB. The name of a place, where the captive Jews resided, Ezek. iii. 15. on the river Chebar, or the Chaboras, in the upper part of Mesopotamia. See Chebar.

TELAIM. A city of Judah, where Saul assembled the people to fight against the Amalekites. 1 Sam. xv. 4. Josh. xv. 24.

THEBEZ. A city not far from Shechem, and about thirteen miles from Scythopolis or Beth-shan. Abimelech took the city; but while he was besieging the tower, a woman threw down a piece of a mill-stone and broke his skull. Judges ix, 50.

THELASSAR. A city of Syria or of Mesopotamia. 2 Kings xix. 12. Isa. xxxvii. 12. It is thought to be the same as Elassar. Gen, xiv. 1, 9.

THESSALONICA. This was the chief city of Macedonia, and very large and populous, having a good harbour, and carrying on trade to a great extent. The people were wealthy and luxurious. Here Paul preached with success, and the first epistles which he wrote were addressed to the church here. It is now called Salonichi, and is still a large city.

THRACE. A province of Europe, north of Macedonia, and extending east of the Propontis and Bosphorus, which separate Europe from the Lesser Asia. It is supposed to have been inhabited by Tiras and his descendants. Gen. x. 2.

THREE-TAVERNS. Places of entertainment about thirty-miles from Rome, where the christians of Rome came to meet Paul, and wbich token of kindness greatly encouraged him. Acts xxviii. 15.

THYATIRA. An ancient city of Lydia, in the Lesser Asia, on the river Lycus, in a well watered and fruitful plain. It lay between Sardis and Pergamus, thirty miles from the former, and eighteen from the latter, south. Sir P. Rycaut visited it, and found many proofs of its ancient splendour and greatness.

TIBERIAS. A city of Galilee, from which the lake or sea of Galilee was called the lake of Tiberias. The Jews declare that this city existed in the time of Joshua, and is the same as is called Rakkath. Josh. xix. 35. It was rebuilt by Herod the Great, and called Tiberias in honour of the emperor Tiberius. By degrees it inereased in population, splendour, and magnificence, so as to become the chief city not only of Galilee, but after the destruction of Jerusalem, of the land of Israel. It was the seat of a famous university which continued many ages. The Jerusalem Talmud is supposed to have been written there. This city stood on the western shore of the lake.

TIBHATH. A city of Syria Zobah, i Chron. xviii. 8.

TIMNATH. A city which fell to the tribe of Judah. It was very ancient, as Judah went here to see his sheepshearers. Gen, xxxviii. 12. Josh. xv. 10, 57. 2 Chron. xxviii. 18.

TIMNATHA. A city of Dan. Josh. xix. 53. The Philistines took it. Judges xiv. 1.

TIMNATH-SERAH. A city of mount Ephraim, which the tribes gave to Joshua, and where he was buried. Josh. xix. 50. & xxiv. 30.

TIPHSAH. A city on the west side of the Euphrates, to which Solomon's dominion extended east, and to Azah or Gaza west. 2 Kings xv. 16. It is called by the Greek writers, Thapsacus ; and near to this city was a bridge over the river.

TIRZAH. A city often mentioned in the history of the kings of Israel, and supposed to be in Ephraim; but nothing is said, whence to collect where it stood. It was the royal city, until Omri built Samaria. That it was a pleasant and delightful place in the time of Solomon may be inferred from his comparison. Song vi. 4.

TOB. A region of Syria, not far from Gilead. To this place Jephithah fled from his brethren. Judges xi. 3. Is is thought to be the same as called Ish-tob. 2 Sam. X, 6, 8.

TOCHEN. A city in the tribe of Simeon. 2 Chron. iv. 32.

TOGARMAH. A son of Gomer, who is supposed to have settled in Cappadocia ; and hence the honse of To garmah is said to be in the north-quarters. See Gen. x. 3, Ezek. xxvii. 14. & 38. 6.



TOLAD. A city of Simeon. i Chron. iv. 29. It is called El-tolad. Josh. xv. 30. & xix. 4.

TOPHEL. The name of a place. Deut. i. 1. It was on the east side the Jordan, over against Suph, to which places the camp of the Israelites might extend.

TOPHET. The name of a place near Jerusalem, rendered infamous by idolatry. 2 Kings xxi. 19. Jer. vii. 31. Isa. xxx. 33. See Gehenna.

TRACHONITIS. The same country as is called Argob. Deut. iii. 13. and called Trachonitis by the Greeks, from its being rough and mountainous. It lay east of Iturea, and with it made up the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas.

TROAS. A province and city of Lesser Asia, in Phrygia Minor. Here Paul came, and had a door opened for him by the Lord. 2 Cor. ii. 12. Strabo asserts that it is the same place with Troy; celebrated in the immortal work of Homer.

TROGYLLIUM. A promontory, as it were the foot of mount Mycala, opposite to, and five miles from, Samos, to which Paul coming, goes on to Trogyllium to harbour there. Acts xx. 15.

TYRE. A well known city of Phænicia, of vast strength, wealth and power. Its inhabitants were princes; and they lived in splendour and luxury. They opposed long Nebuchadnezzar with success ; and when he took the city, they had removed their wealth and people to an island at no great distance, where they built New Tyre. They resisted Alexander, but having carried a mole from the main land to the city, he took and dealt severely with it. The prophecies against it have long been fulfilled.


ULAI. A river of Susiana a province in Persia, called by the Greeks Ulæus. Dan. viii. 2. 16. It ran by the city and the palace of Shushan.

UMMAH. A city of Asher. Josh. xix. 30.

UPHAZ. The name of a place producing gold, which some think to be the same as Ophir. It is mentioned in connexion with Tarshish. Jer, x. 9. Dan. X. 5. See Ophir.

UR. A city or district of Chaldea or Mesopotamia. Gen. xi. 28. Neh. ix. 7. Wells places Ur between the Tigris and Nisibis, a city among the mountains in the northern part. Terah, Abraham, and Lot left this place, and came to Haran. Acts vii. 1-4.

UZ. A son of Aram, and a region which he and his posterity peopled. Gen. x. 23. Josephus makes it the same as the Trachonitis, lying between Colo-Syria and Palestine. Wells thinks it included not only the land about Damascus, but a part of Arabia Deserta; and that Job was the chief of this country. See note Job i. 1.

ZAANAN. A city of Judah, Micah i. 11. and supposed to be the same as Zenan. Josh. xv. 37.

ZAANANIM. A city or region on the confines of Naphtali, Josh. xix. 33. It is probably the same place, to which Heber the Kenite removed, Judges iv. 11. and was near to Kadesh of Naphtali.

ZAIR. A city of Edom, 2 Kings viii. 21. Its situation is unknown, but seems to have been on the confines of Edom.

ZALMON. A mount near Shechem, overshadowed with trees. Judges ix. 48. Here Abimelech and his men cut down wood, with which they burnt the tower of Shechem.

ZALMONAH. A station of the Israelites. Numb. xxxiii. 41.
ZAPHON. A place given to the tribe of Gad. Josh. xiii. 27. It was a part of the kingdom of Sihon.
ZANOAH. The name of two towns or cities of Judah. Josh. xv. 34, 56. Neh. iii. 13. & xi. 30. 1 Chron. iv. 18.
ZARED. A brook or valley in the land of Moab. Numb. xxi. 12. Deut. ii. 13, 14.

ZAREPHATH. A town which lay between Tyre and Sidon. 1 Kings xvii. 9, 10. Obad. i. 20. It is now called Sarpban, and Maundrel says it is about three hours

' journey from Sidon towards Tyre ; but it is chiefly in ruins.) ZARETH-SHAHAR. A city of Reuben, built on a mountain. Josh. xiii. 19.

ZARETAN. This was a town in the land of Manasseh, on this side the Jordan. It is called Zartanah. 1 Kings iv. 12. and is said fto be near Beth-shan, which was in the northern parts of Manasseh. From Adam to Zaretan the waters of the Jordan were dried. up, when the Israelites entered Canaan, Josh. iii. 16. and from Zaretan upwards they stood on a heap. In the clay ground between Zaretan and Succoth the brazen vessels for the temple were cast 1 Kings vii. 46.

ZEBOIM. A city in the plain of Sodom. Gen. x. 19. & xiv. 2. Also a valley mentioned i Sam. xiii. 18. which was in the tribe of Benjamin. It is also the name of a city. Neh. xi. 34. and probably the valley derived its name from it.

ZEDAD. A place or city on the northern boundary of the Holy land. Numb. xxxiv. 8. Ezek. xlvii. 15. Simon thinks it was on the side of mount Lebanon. Comp. Hebrew. 1 Sam. xxii. 26.

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ZELAH. A city of Benjamin. Josh. xviii. 28. It was probably situated on a rising ground. 2 Sam. xvi. 13. ZELZAH. A place on the confines of Benjamin. 1 Sam. X. 2.

ZEMARIM. A town of Benjamin. Josh. xviii. 22. 2 Chron. xiii. 4. Some think the name indicates that here were natural warm baths.

ZENAN. See Zaanan.

ZEPHATHAH. The name of a valley, 2 Chron. xiv. 10. where Asa after fervent and prevailing prayer fought with, and conquered the Cushites. This seems to be the same place as is called Zephath, Judges i. 17. and afterwards Hormah.

ZER. A town of Naphtali, Josh. xix. 35. Probably a small or confined place, as the name signifies.
ZERED. See Zared.
ZEREDA. The country of Jeroboam. 1 Kings xi. 26. Some suppose it the same as Zererath. Judges vii. 22.
ZERTHAN. The same as Zaretan. 2 Cbron. iv. 17.

ZERERATH. A city of Manesseh, near Beth-shan. Judges vii. 22. It is probable, that Zaretan, Zereda, and Zaredatha, 1 Kings iv. 12. & xi. 26. and 2 Chron. iv. 17. are one and the same place.

ZIDDIM. A city of Naphtali. Josh. xix. 35.
ZIDON. See Sidon.

ZIKLAG. A city which at first was assigned to Judah, but given to Simeon. Josh. xv. 31. & xix. 5. It was adjoining to the Philistines, and in the time of David in their possession, as Achish gave it to him for his residence. The Amalekites burnt it, after having plundered it. 1 Sam. xxvii. 5. & xxvii. 1, &c.

ZIN, WILDERNESS OF. This lay in the south east of the land of Israel along the boundary of Edom. Numb. xxxiv. 3, 4: Josh. xv. 1-3.

ZION. The name of a mountain, where the Jebusites had a fortress, and which David took; and building a palace and other structures here, he called it “the city of David.” The church of Israel is often called by this name. See Jerusalem.

ZIOR. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 54.

ZIPH, WILDERNESS OF. David removed here from Keilah ; and as we find a city of this name in Judah, Josh. xv. 55. mentioned in connexion with Carmel and Maon, it is probbale the wilderness derived its name from the city. It is placed by Jerome eight miles east from Hebron.

ZIZ. A cliff mentioned 2 Chron. xx. 16.

ZOAN. A royal city of Egypt, and one of the most ancient. Numb. xiii. 22. Ps. Ixxviii. 12, 43. Isa. xix. 11, 13, &c. This Wells supposes was the city in which the Pharaohs dwelt, and in and near to which Moses wrought his miracles. Isa. xxx. 4. Ezek. xxx. 13. This city was called Tanis by the Greeks, which was not far from the Mediterranean sea, on the shore of the second mouth of the Nile, reckoning from the east.

ZOAR. A city spared on the intercession of Lot, and to which he fled on the overthrow of Sodom, Gen. siii. 10. & xix. 22, 30. Isa. xv. 5. Though at that time it was called Little Town, it afterwards increased, and is mentioned by Ptolemy, who calls it Zoara.

ZOBAH, CITY AND KINGDOM OF. It is reckoned a part of Syria, 2 Sam. x. 6, 8. It lay adjoining the Ammonites. comp. 2 Sam. iii. 3. with 1 Chron. xviii. 3. & 2 Chron. viii. 3. Zobah was probably the city which Ptolemy calls Sabe, in Arabia Deserta, in the confines of Palmyrene. The country belonging to it, seems to have extended from the borders of Naphtali, and half tribe of Manasseh beyond the Jordan, to the Euphrates east, and from the 'm. monites south, to the land of Hamath north. The kings of Zobah were powerful, and had Damascus and other cities of Syria under tribute. They seem to have taken a part of the land of Hamath. 2 Sam. viii. 9, 10. & 2 Chron. viii. 3, 4. David conquered Hadadezer, king of Zobah, on which his tributary kings served David. The fall of this kingdom was the rise of that of Damascus. 1 Kings. xi. 23.

ZOHELETH. The name of a stone, which was doubtless remarkable for its size or some other peculiarities. It was near En-rogel. i Kings. i. 9.

ZORAH, or ZOREAH. A city of Judah, on the confines of Dan. Josh. xix. 41. Judg. xiii. 2. & xvi. 31, &c.

ZUMIM, A gigantic people, who dwelt east of Canaan, Gen. xiv. 5. they are mentioned along with the Horites, the Emites, and Rephaites.

ZUPH, LAND OF. It is mentioned i Sam. ix. 5, and seems to denote that part of mount Ephraim, where Ramah stood, the city of Samuel, and hence called Ramah-Zophim.


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