Historical Dictionary of Iceland
Iceland demonstrates most of the characteristics of a modern liberal democracy. It has maintained political stability through a democratic process which enjoys universal legitimacy. Rapid economic modernization has also secured its inhabitants one of the highest living standards in the world, and a comprehensive and highly developed health system has ensured them longevity and one of the lowest rates of infant mortality in the world. Icelanders face, however, formidable challenges in maintaining their status as an independent nation. First, the Icelandic economy is fairly fragile, as overexploitation threatens the fish stocks that remain among Iceland’s principal economic resources. Second, the country is rich in unused energy resources, because many of its rivers are still not harnessed, and geothermal power is abundant. But using these resources will necessarily damage the pristine nature of the country, forcing the politicians and the Icelandic public to choose between environmental protection and industrial expansion. Finally, it remains to be seen if a country with just over 329.740 inhabitants will be able to manage its foreign relations in a complex and constantly changing world.
This third edition of Historical Dictionary of Iceland contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Iceland.
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20th century affairs Alþingi Árni Bank of Iceland became bishop Central Bank chairman coalition government cultural Danish Danish king Davíð Davíð Oddsson decades Denmark district early economic edition eruption European fisheries fishing limits foreign formed Gissur Guðmundsson Halldór Hannes Hafstein Hólar home rule Icelandic economy Icelandic fishing Icelandic government Icelandic history Icelandic language Icelandic nation Icelandic politics Icelandic society industry Institute Ísafjörður Íslands Jón Arason Jón Sigurðsson Jónas Jónsson Keflavík króna labor late leader Left-Green Movement Lutheran Magnús Magnússon medieval Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík ment modern nationalist Nordic Norse Norway Norwegian Oddsson Ólafur parliamentary elections party in Iceland People’s Alliance percent period political parties politician population president prime minister Progressive Party returned to Iceland royal sagas served settlement Sigurður Skálholt Skúli Social Democratic Party Studies Sturla Thoroddsen tion town trade Union University of Iceland votes whaling women World Þingvellir