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had fled to Florence. This extraordinary states which had been guaranteed to them : event, it is added, had produced some move from that son, whose birth inspired you ments of a very numerous party at Rome, with so lively a joy, and who ought to have who wished a secular government, and were been to all the sovereigns a sacred pledge. dissatisfied at seeing all offices filled by ab All these attempts, made in violation of bes, monks, and priests.

plighted faith, have restored me to my In the event of hostilities commencing, throne and my liberty, according to the Brussels papers, three great “ Frenchmen ! soon I shall be in my caarmies are to act simultaneously against pital; I come surrounded by my brave France-that on the north to be command. brethren in arms-after having delivered ed by the Duke of Wellington--that on the our provinces of the south, and my good east by Prince Blucher--that on the south city of Lyons from the reign of fanaticism, by Prince Schwartzenberg.

wbich is that of the Bourbons. Fifteen A decree has been issued by the Emper days have sufficed me to unite faithful waror of Austria, in which, after deploring the riors, the honour of France : and before the disappointinent of his hopes in regard to 30th of this month, your happy Emperor, the looked · for blessings of a permanent the Sovereign of your choice, will put to peace, by the events that have lately oc flight those slothful Princes, who wish to curred, he states the necessity under which render you tributary to foreigners, and the he feels himself of making new exertions contempt of Europe. France shall still be that exceed the ordinary resources of his the happiest country in the world. France states, and accordingly orders a loan to be shall still be the great nation-Paris shall opened for fifty millions of Horins. For the again become the Queen of cities, as well payment of the interest and principal of as the seat of sciences and the arts. this loan, besides the collected revenue, the “ In concert with you, I will take mea. produce of the salt mines of Gallicia is to sures, in order that the State may be go. be given as a security, and a sinking fund verned constitutionally, and that a wise li. is to be established for the liquidation of berty may never degenerate into licentious. the whole.

ness. It appears to be the deterinination of the I will mitigate, to the satisfaction of British government, to act in concert with all, those imposts become odious, which the the powers on the continent; and accord. Bourbons gave you their princely word they ingly a courier, who arrived in this country would abolish, under the title of Droits from France, was ordered back with his Reunis, and which they have re-established dispatches unopened. A second, who got under the title of indirect impositions. to London without being recognised at the Property shall be, without distinction, out-ports, delivered his dispatches, but was respected and sacred, as well as individual also sent back without any answer, and the liberty. dispatehes were forwarded to Vienna. In • The general tranquillity shall be conthe Commons house of Parliament, on the stantly the object of my efforts ; commerce, 21st, Lord Castlereagh avowed the treaty our flourishing manufactures; and agricul. of the 25th March as a genuine document, ture, which under my reign attained so high and further added, that ministers were pre a prosperity, shall be relieved from the pared to advise the Prince Regent to rati enormous imposts with which an epheme. fy it.

ral Governinent have burthened them.

“ Every thing shall be restored to order, Relative to the extraordinary change in

and the dissipation of the finances of the

State, to gratify the luxury of the Court, the face of European affairs, we subjoin the following

shall be immediately repressed.

No vengeance; it is far froin my heit; IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS.

the Bourbons have set a price on my head, Declaration of his Majesty the Emperor of and I pardon them. If they fall into my the French, to the French, and particular.

power, I will protect them; I will deliver ly to the Parisians,

ihem to their allies, if they wish it, or to " After an abdication, the circumstances that foreign country where their Chief has of which you are acquainted with, after a already reigned nineteen years, and where treaty, all the articles of which have been he may continue this glorious reign. To violated, after having seen my retreat pe. this my vengeance is limited. netrated by numerous assassins, all sent by “ Be calm, Parisians, and you, national the Bourbons; after having seen the French guards of that noble city-you who have Ministers intriguing at Vienna, to wrest already rendered such great services--you from me the asylum to which I was redu who, but for treason, would have been ced, and to take from my wife and son the enabled to defend it for some hours longer,

against

against those allies who were ready to fly action, no arbitrary acts.

Personal safety, from France. Continue to protect proper- protection of property, the free utterance of ty and civil liberty ; then you will have thought, such are the principles which your deserved well of your country and of your Majesty has pledged to us. Happy, Sire, Emperor.

are those who are called upon to co-operate " From my Imperial general head-quar- in such sublime acts. Such benefactions ters, Bouroigne, March 8. 1815.

will acquire for you in posterity, when adu.

“ NAPOLEON. lation shall be no more, the title of the Countersigned, “The General of division father of the people. - They will be gauran.

BERTRAND, Grand Marshal of the Pa. teed to our children by the august heir of lace, exercising the functions of Secre. your Majesty, who will speedily be crown.

ed. tary of State.

Cambaceres--Le Duc de GaeteLe

Duc de Bassano. Le Duc D'Otrante-MolAddress of the Ministers to Bonaparte.

lien.Caulincourt, Duc de Vicenza.-Car.

not.-Prince Eckmuhl." “SIRE,- Providence, which watches over His Majesty's Reply.--" The sentiments our destinies, has opened to your Majesty you express are my own.-'All for the the path to the throne to which you were Nation, all for France,' that is my motto. elevated by the free choice of the people Myself and family, whom this great people and the national gratitude. The country have raised to the Throne of the French, raises again her majestic head. She salutes, and whom they have maintained there, notfor the second time, the Prince who de. withstanding political storms and vicissi. throned anarchy, and whose existence can tudes, we desire, we deserve, we claim ne alone consolidate our liberal institutions. other titles.' The most just of revolutions, that which restored to man his dignity, and political

Extract from the Register of the Deliberations rights, has hurled from the throne the race of the Bourbons. After twenty-five years

of the French Council of State, in the sitof the calamities of war, all the efforts of

lings of the 25th March. the foreigner have not been able to re- The Council of State, in resuming its awaken the affections which were either ex- functions, thinks proper to make known the tinguished, or utterly unknown. The in- principles which form the rule of its opinions terests of a few are sacrificed to those of the and conduct : nation. The decrees of fate are accomplish- “ All sovereignty resides in the people ed. The cause of the people, the only legi. this is the only legitimate source of power. 'timate right, has triumphed. Your Majesty “ In 1789 the nation reconquered its is restored to the wishes of the French; rights, so long usurped or mistaken. you have resumed the reins of government, “ The National Assembly abolished the amidst the blessings of your people and Feudal Monarchy, established a Constituyour army. France, Sire, has for its gua. tional Monarchy, and the representative rantee its will, and its dearest interests. form of Government. She has also the expressions of your Majes. “ The resistance of the Bourbons to the ty uttered amidst the assemblies that crowd. wishes of the people led to their downfall, ed around you on your journey. The and to their banishment from the French Bourbons have not forgotten any thing: - territory. Their promises have been broken-those of “ Twice the people consecrated, by their your Majesty will be kept inviolate. Your votes, the new form of Government estabMajesty will only remember the services lished by their representatives. rendered to the nation, and will prove that “ In the year 8, Bonaparte, already in your eyes and in your heart, whatever crowned by victory, was called to the Gomay have been the opinions and exaspera- vernment by the national consent: a Contion of parties, all Citizens are the same be. stitution created the Consular Magistracy. fore you, as they are before the law. Your “ The Senatus Consultum of the 16th Majesty will also forget that we have been Thermidor, year 10, nominated Bonaparte the masters of the nations that surround us. Consul for life. This noble sentiment adds to the glory al- “ The Senatus Consultum of the 29th Teadly acquired. Your Majesty has pre- Floreal, year 12, conferred on Napoleon the scribed to your Ministers the path they Imperial dignity, and rendered it hereditary should follow. You have announced to the in his family. nation the maxims by which you desire that “ These three solemn acts were submit. it should be governed for the future. We ted to the acceptance of the people, who are to have no foreign war, unless it be to rendered them sacred by nearly four milrepulse unjust aggression; no internal re- lions of votes.

Thus

“ Thus for 22 years the Bourbons had declaring, that the acts which emanated from ceased to reign in France; they were for. the will of the people were only the pro. gotten by their contemporaries ; strangers ducts of a long revolt, he granteil volunto our laws, to our institutions, our man tarily, and by the free exercise of his royal ners, and our glory; the present generation authority, a Constitutional Charter, called only knew them by the recollection of the “ an Ordinance of Reformation ;" and, for foreign war which they had excited against its whole sanction, he made it be read in the country, and the intestine dissentions presence of a new Body which he had just which they had lighted up.

created, and a meeting of Deputies, which “In 1814, France was invaded by hos. was not free, wbich did not accept him, tile armies, and the capital occupied. Fo. none of whom were clothed with a characreigners created a pretended Provisional ter to entitle them to consent to this change, Government. They assembled the minority and two-fifths of whom had not even the of the Senators, and forced them, contrary character of representatives. to their missions and their wishes, to de “ All these acts are therefore illegal. stroy the existing Constitutions, to over Done in presence of hostile armies and un. throw the Imperial Throne, and to recall der forcign domination, they are only the ihe family of the Bourbons.

works of violence, they are essentially null “ The Senate, which had been instituted and degradatory to the honour, the liberty, merely to preserve the Constitution of the and the rights of the people. Empire, acknowledged of itself that it had The document, after stating that Louis no power to change them. It decreed, that had violated all his promises, proceeds: the project of the Constitution which it had “ The Emperor, in re-ascending the throne prepared should be submitted to the acceptance erected by the people, is called to guarantee of the people, and that Louis Stanislaus Xa. anew, by institutions (and he has engaged to vier should be proclaimed King of the French, do so in his proclamations to the nation and as soon as he had accepted the Constitution army) all liberal principles, individual liberand sworn to observe it, and to cause it to be ty, and equality of rights, the freedom of observed.

the press, and the abolition of censorship, “ The abdication of the Emperor Napo- the liberty of worship, the vote of contrileon was merely the result of the unfortu. butions and laws by the Representatives of nate situation to which France and the Em. the Nation legally chosen, the national properor had been reduced by the events of perties, however they may have originated, the war, by treachery, and the occupation the independence and immovability of the of the capital ; his abdication had only for tribunals, and the responsibility of Minisits object, to avoid a civil war and the ef. ters, and of all the agents of power. fusion of French blood. Not being con “ The better to consecrate the rights and secrated by the will of the people, this act obligations of the people and of the mocould not destroy the solemn contract which narch, the national institutions are to be had been formed between them and the revised by a great assembly of the repreEmperor ; and even if Napoleon could have sentatives, already announced by the Em. personally abdicated the throne, he could peror. not have sacrificed the rights of his son, who “ Until the meeting of this great Nam was called to reign after him.

tional Assembly, the Emperor ought to ex. “ Nevertheless, a Bourbon was appointed ercise, and cause to be exercised, conformLieutenant-General of the Kingdom, and ably to the existing constitution and laws, assumed the reins of government.

the power they have delegated to him, “ Louis Stanislaus Xavier arrived in which cannot have been taken from him, France ; he made his entrance into the ca and which he could not abandon without pital; he took possession of the throne, ac the consent of the nation, and whicb the cording to the order established in the an wishes and interest of the people oi France cient feudal monarchy.

impose on him as a duty to resume. “ He had not accepted the Constitution Signed, LE COMTE DEFERMON, decreed by the Senate, he had not sworn to

and the other inembers of State. observe it and to cause it to be observed ;

His Majesty's Reply. it had not been submitted to the people ; “ Princes are first citizens of the State the people, subjugated by the presence of their authority is more or less extensive acforeign armies, could not even express free. cording to the interest of the nation they ly nor validly their wishes.

govern. The Sovereignty itself is not he“ Under their protection, after having reditary, but because the interest of the thanked a foreign Prince for having caused people requires it to be so besides these him to re-ascend the throne, Louis Stanis. principles, 1 do not know any legitimate laus Xavier dated the first act of his authority in the 19th year of his reign, thus " I have renounced the idea of the great

empire,

one's.

empire, the basis alone of which I had es. Declaration of lhe Allied Sovereigns. tablished in the space of 15 years. For the “ The Powers who have signed the Trea future, the happiness and consolidation of ty of Paris, assembled at the Congress at the French empire will be the object of all Vienna, being informed of the escape of my thoughts.”

Napoleon Bonaparte, and of his entrance

into France with an armed force, owe it to Letter, in Bonaparte's own hand-writing, to the Sovereigns of Europe.

their own dignity, and the interest of so

cial order, to make a solemn declaration of * SIRE MY BROTHER,-You will have the sentiments which this event has excited learnt, during the last month, my return in them.-By thus breaking the convention to the Court of France, my entrance into which has established him in the island of Paris, and the departure of the family of Elba, Bonaparte destroys the only legal the Bourbons. The true nature of these title on which his existence depended-by events must now be made known. to your appearing again in France, with projects of Majesty. They are the work of an irresis confusion and disorder, he has deprived tible power, the work of the unanimous himself of the protection of the law, and has will of a great nalion, who knows her du- manifested to the universe, that there can ties and her rights. The dynasty which be neither peace nor truce with him. - The force had given to the French people, was Powers consequently declare, that Napono longer made for them. The Bourbons leon Bonaparte has placed himself without would neither associate themselves to their the pale of civil and social relations; and sentiments nor their manners. France was that, as an enemy and disturber of the to separate herself from them. lier voice tranquillity of the world, he has rendered called for a deliverer. The expectation himself liable to public vengeance. They which had deterioined me to make the declare at the saine time, that firmly regreatest of sacrifices had been deceived. I solved to maintain entire the Treaty of Pa. am come, and from the point where I touch. ris of 30th May 1814, and the dispositions ed the shore, the love of my people con sanctioned by that Treaty, and those which veyed me to the bosom of my capital. The they have resolved on, or shall hereafter first wish of my heart is to repay so much resolve on, to complete and to consolidate affection by the maintenance of an honour it, they will employ all their means, and able tranquillity. The restoration of the will unite all their efforts; that he general Imperial throne was necessary to the hap- peace, the object of the wishes of Europe, piness of the French. My sweetest thought and the constant purpose of their labours, is to render it at the same time useful to may not again be troubled ; and to guaran. the consolidation of the repose of Europe. tce, against every attempt which shall threa. Glory enough has rendered by lurns the ten to replunge the world into the disorders standards of the different nations illustrious. and miseries of revolutions.And although The vicissitudes of fate have made great entirely persuaded that all France, rallying successes be followed by great reverses. A

round its legitimate Sovereign, will immefiner arena is now opened to Kings—and diately annihilate this last attempt of a cri. I am the first to descend into it. After minal and impotent delirium ; all the Sore. having presented to the world the spectacle reigns of Europe, animated by the same of great batiles, it will be happier to know sentiments, and guided by the same prinin future no other rivalship than that of ciples, declare, that if, contrary to all calthe advantages of peace, no other contest culations, there should result from this event than the sacred contest of the happiness of any real danger, they will be ready to give mankind. France pleases herself by for. to the King of France, and to the French mally proclaiming this noble end of all her nation, or to any other Government that wishes.-Jealous of her independence, the shall be attacked, as soon as they shall be grand principle of her policy shall be the called upon, all the assistance requisite to most absolute respect for the independence restore public tranquillity, and to make a of other nations.

common eause against all those who should “ If such are, as I have the happy be undertake to compromise it. The present lief, the general sentiments of your Majes. Declaration, inserted in the Register of the ty, the general quiet is secured for a long Congress assembled at Vienna, on the 13th season, and justice, seated on the confines March 1815, shall be made public. of the different States, will be alone suffi. “ Done and attested by the Plenipotencient to guard their frontiers.

tiaries of the High Powers who signed the " I seize with eagerness, &c. &c.

Treaty of Paris, Vienna 13th March 1815, Paris, April *. 1815."

viz. Austria, France, Great Britain, Por. tugal, Russia, Prussia, Spain, and Sweden

SCOT

313

Scottish Chronicle.

APRIL 1815.

HIGH COURT OF JUSTICIARY. hended and 3d, of breaking Linlithgow

jail. The Solicitor-General passed from the MONDAY, the 13th of March, came on first charge, and restricted the libel as to the

the trial of John Keir, wright in South other two. The pannels pleaded guilty to Queensferry, accused of assaulting, beating, the two charges so restricted, to which they and wounding Alexander M‘Gibbon, town adhered, after a jury was chosen. They clerk of the burgh of Queensferry. The were accordingly found guilty, on their own pannel pleaded guilty, with this qualifica- confession. Mr Bruce, their Counsel, adtion, that he did not lie in wait, and had no dressed the Court in mitigation of punishbludgeon with him, but picked up a stick ment, stating their previous good character, which was lying on the road when the dis- particularly as to Prenties, and that they pute took place. He was sentenced to 12 had already suffered an imprisonment of months imprisonment in Bridewell, and find seven months. caution to keep the peace for three years, The Judges, in delivering their opinions, under the penalty of £.50.

thought there was some difference with res On Tuesday the 14th of March came on gard to the guilt of the pannels—that the trial of Archibuld Drummond, late por. Young was the inost criminal of the two, as ter to the Edinburgh mail coach-office, ac Prenties was present only when the bad cused of stealing a parcel, containing £.200 shillings were offered, and had none in his in bank notes, addressed to Sir George Stew. custody, although he knew Young had. art M.Kenzie, Bart. on the 26th of Decem. Therefore taking into consideration their ber last. After the indictment was read, former confinement, they ordained that the pannel pleaded guilty. The usual in Young should be imprisoned in Edinburgh terlocutor was then pronounced, finding the jail for nine months, and Prenties for four libel relevant, and a jury was chosen. The months, and that they should be kept in pannel having adhered to his plea of guilty, separate apartments. and signed the same before the Court, the On Wednesday, the 15th of March, came Jury, without retiring, found him guilty, on the trial of James M‘Kinlay and John agreeable to his own confession. The Soli. M.Millan, accused of the murder of George citor-General having restricted the libel to Arthur, late supervisor of excise. On the an arbitrary punishment, Mr Jeffrey, Coun night of the 31st October last, the deceased, sel for the pannel, addressed their Lordships, along with Charles M'Arthur, officer of exwith his usual abilities, in mitigation of cise, attempted to stop a horse and a cart, punishment. He stated that this was his a little to the north of the south bridge of first offence, that he was a very young man, Killocraw, on the road from Campbeltown and had previously behaved with the utmost to Bar, which he supposed to contain sinughonesty and propriety in all his actions. gled goods, and which was accompanied by

Their Lordships then delivered their o. the prisoners and two women. An affray pinions, lamenting the young man's situa ensued, during which Arthur was so severetion, and, as the mildest sentence they could ly wounded in the head, that he died in infict, awarded him to be transported for consequence next day. No person was near seven years beyond seas; which was accord, except M‘Millan; but it did not clearly apingls pronounced by the Lord Justice Clerk, pear from the evidence how his death was after a very impressive exhortation to the occasioned. The examination of the witpannel.

nesses and the pleadings of counsel occupied Drummond is a good looking young man, the attention of the court to a late hour, and under 20 years of age.

on Thursday morning the jury returned Immediately after, David Young and their verdict, finding James M-Kinlay not John Prenties were put to the bar, accused, guilty, and by a great plurality of voices, lat, Of uttering a forged note of the Thistle the libel not proven against J. M.Villan.Bank, Glasgow-20, Of uttering and vend The prisoners, after an admonition froin the ing three bad shillings, Young having 39 Lord Justice-Clerk, were dismissed from the more bad shillings in his possession, which bar. he threw over a bedge, after being appre Counsel for the crown, Lord Advocate, April 1815.

the

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