« PrécédentContinuer »
tropical heat in his perte, and what is suggested itself to move this press by contracted by the cold is again ex machinery, or to reduce the several tended here and stretched into new operations to one rotatory mution, to activity. The Laplander seldom or which any first mover might be apnever keeps himself, even in his win. plied. Its execution was not quite ter gamme, in such a temperature as completed, when I found myself unnature requires for the developement der the necessity of seeking assistance and advancement of the functions of for the further prosecution of it.life in the physical man; and though There is on the continent no sort of this may not be felt by his nerves, encouragement for an enterprise of yet it must be felt by his constitution this description. The system of paand his conformation. The Finn, tents, as it exists in England, being on the other hand, finds a compensa. either unknown or not adopted in the tion for the unheard-of cold in warm continental states, there is no induce. baths of an equally unheard-of heat; ment for individual enterprise, and and the advantages he derives from projectors are commonly obliged to thence is demonstrated by experience offer their discoveries to some governin Lapland.
ment, and to solicit encouragement, In the year 1799 there were five I need hardly add, that scarcely ever thousand one hundred and thirteen is an invention brought to maturity Laplanders in the Swedish division under such circumstances. The wellof Lapland; if we reckon an addi- known fact, that almost every inventional three thousand Laplanders for tion seeks, as it were, refuge in EngNorway, though it scarcely contains land, and is there brought to perfecso many, and one thousand for the tion, where the goveroment does not part belonging to Russia, where, upon afford any other protection to inventhe whole, but few Laplanders re tors than what is derived from the main, the total strength of this peo. wisdom of the laws, seems to indicate ple, however widely spread, will con that the continent has yet to learn sist at most of ten thousand souls, from her the best manner of encouraBut in Finland alone the Finas a- ging the mechanical arts. I had my mount to nearly a million.
full share in the ordinary disappointments of continental projectors; and, after having lost in Germany and
Russia upwards of two years in fruitParticulars respecting the Invention less applications, I arrived about eight
of the New Printing Machine. years ago in England, where I was 6 The following latter is written by Koexig, Thomas Bensley, a printer so well
introduced to, and soon joined by Mr the inventor.)
known to the literary world that the The first idea relating to this in- mention of his name is sufficient. In
vention occurred to me 11 years this country of spirited enterprise and ago, and the first experiments were speculation, it is difficult to have a made soon after in Saxony. My plan entirely new. Soon after my original plan was confined to an im- arrival, I learnt that many attempés proved press, in which the operation of a similar description had been made of laying the ink on the types was before mine, and that they had all performed by an apparatus connected failed. Patents had been taken, and with the motion of the coffin, in such thousands of pounds sunk without oba manner that one hand could be sav- taining the desired result. I and Mr ed. As nothing could be gained in Bensley, however, were not discouraexpedition by this plan, the idea soon ged by the failure of our predecessors;
the execution of the plan was begun, 800 in the hour. It is accurately and as the experiments became very described in the specifications of my expensive, two other gentlemen, Mr two patents, dated October 30, 1812, G. Woodfall, and Mr B. Taylor, and July 24, 1813. The machines eminent printers in London, joined · now printing The Times and Alail are us. After many obstructions and de- upon the same principle as that just lays, the first printing macbine was mentioned; but they have been concompleted exactly upon the plan trived for the particular purpose of a wbich I have described in the speci newspaper of extensive circulation, fication of my first patent, wbich is where expedition is the great object. dated March 29, 1610. It was set to work in April 181. The sheet (H) of the new Annual Register for 1810. “ Principal Occurrences, Anecdotes of Cooke, the Miser. 3000 copies, was printed with it, and is, I have no doubt, the first part of a THERE was so greater pest to the book ever printed with a inachine. medical tribe than old Cooke, the The actual use of it, however, soon miser, who died a short time since at suggested new ideas, and led to the Pentonville. Many are the anecdotes rendering it less implicated and more of the tricks that this avaricious old powerful. Impressions produced by man used to play, to cheat medical means of cylinders, which had like men and save his money : such as putwise been already attempted by others ting on ragged clothes, and going as without the desired effect, were again a pauper to Mr Saunders, and other tried by me upon a new plan, namely, gentlemen, to have gratuitous advice to place the sheet round the cylinders, for his eyes-getting a letter for the thereby making it, as it were, part of dispensary, and attending there as a its periphery. After some promising decayed tradesman, for several weeks, experiments, the plan for a new ma until detected. Having a wound in chine on this principle was made, and his leg, he employed a Mr Pigeon, a manufactory established for the pur- who lived nearly opposite to him, in pose. Since this time I have had the White Lion- street, Pentonville, to benefit of my friend Mr Bauer's as cure it.- How long do you think it sistance, who, by the judgment and will be before you can cure it?'-'A precision with which he executed my month.'— And how much must I give plans, has greatly contributed to their you ?'- Mr Pigeon, who saw the success. The new machine was com wound was not of any great importpleted in December 1812, after great answered, A Guineadifficulties attending the cylindrical “Very well,' replied Cooke; but mark impression. Sheets G. and X. of thisma Guinca is an immense sum Clarkson's Life of Penn, vol. 1. are of money, and when I agree upon the frst printed with an entirely cy
sums of such magnitude, I go upon lindrical press. The papers of the the system of no cure no pay; so if I Protestant Union were also printed am not cured by the expiration of the with it in February and March 1813. month, I pay you nothing.'-- This Sheet M.of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, was agreed to: after diligent attention vol. v. will shew the progress of im- for several days the wound was provement in the use of this machine. near being healed, that Cooke expres. All together there are about 160,000 sed himself satisfied, and would not sheets now in the hands of the public, let Pigeon see it any more. Howprinted with this machine, which, ever, within two or three days of the with the aid of two hands, takes off month being up, the old fellow got Jan. 1815.
some sort of plaster, with cuphorbium may justly be expected, therefore, to it, from a farrier, and made a new
that Scotsman should view him wound on the place where the former with some degree of favour, and even had been; and, sending for Pigeon partiality. on the last day of the month, shewed Every author has his vicissitudes of him that his leg was not well, and that public favour, above all, when the mulof course the Guniea he had agreed tiplication of his works makes them for was forfeited. This story the old be measu
sured, not by intrinsic merit, fellow used to tell of himself with but by comparison with others which great satisfaction, and used to call it had preceded them. From this law, plucking a Pigeon.'—When on his even the most popular of modern death-bed, he sent for several medical poets has not been exempted. Rokemen (some would not attend ;) among by did not, we conceive, display any those who went to see him, Mr Ald. inferiority in point of genius; but the ridge, of Pentonville, was one. Him characters were somewhat less interhe permitted to send some medicines. esting; the incidents less carefully
At o of the interviews, he earnest. digested; and Mr Scott's muse, like ly en ated Mr Aldrige to tell him a flower transplanted into a foreign cand. y how long he thought he soil, lost some portion of its fragrance. might live. The answer was, he The present seems well calculated to might probably live six days. Cooke, regain the ground which had been collecting all his strength, and start lost. The characters are dignified, ing up in his bed, exclaimed, _ And interesting, and associated with the are you not a dishonest man—a rogue greatest events in Scottish history: and a robber, to serve me so ?'_ As the scenes are native, familiar to our how?' asked Mr Aldrige, with sur- fancy, and yet hitherto untrodden. prise. Why, Sirg you are no better The poetry appears to us equal in than a pickpocket, to rob me of my force, and somewhat superior in corgold, by sending in two draughts a day rectness, to any former effusions of the to a man that all your physic will not same muse. It may therefore be exkeep alive above six days! Get out pected, we think, that, as usually hapof my house, and never come near me pens in lovers' quarrels, the public, again.
after a temporary coldness, will return with increased relish to the perusal of their favourite bard.
The poem opens on the bridal SCOTTISH REVIEW.
morning which is to unite Edith, The Lord of the Isles ; a Poem : By of Argyle, with Ronald, Lord of the
daughter of Lorn, the great chieftain Walter Scott, Esq. 4to. £.2..2s. Constable & Co.
Isles. The scene is at Artornish, a
castle of Lorn, overhanging the wesIT T has always been with no ordi tern sea.
This union is to be the nary pleasure that we have hail cement of Ronald's alliance with ed the successive appearance of Mr England, to whose interest Lorn has Scott's productions. Not only does entirely attached himself. The aphe number with the poets who have proach of this auspicious morn is done the greatest honour to Scotland; hailed by the bards in the following but he is, besides, in every respect, a gay
and animated strains : national poet; he has rendered the manners, the traditions, the history of
“ Wake, Maid of Lorn! the moments fiy,
Which yet that maiden name allow; his native country, familiar and in
Wake, Maiden, wake! the hour is nigh, teresting to the world in general. It When Love shall claim a plighted vow.
By Fear, thy bosom's futtering guest, The damsel dons her best attire,
By Hope, that soon shall fears remove, The shepherd lights his beltane fire,
The holy priest says grateful mass, 1 Wake, Editb, wake! in yonder bay Loud shouts each hardy galla-glass, Lies many a galley gaily mann'd,
No mountain den holds outcast boor,
Of heart so dull, of soul so poor,
What crest is on these banners wove, Yet, empress of this joyful day,
Proud Edith's soul came to her eye, Amid this universal joy, however, Resentment check'd the struggling sigh, excited by and for her, it is soon ob Her hurrying hand indignant dried served, that Edith alone does not
The burning tears of injured pride share; that she remains insensible to
“ Morag, forbear! or lend thy praise
To swell yon hireling harpers' lays ; all the pomp and all the gaiety of Make to yon maids thy boast of power, which she is the object. This obser That they may waste a wondering hour, vation, in particular, escapes not the Telling of banners proudly borne, watchful eye of her nurse, who had
Of pealing bell and bugle-horn,
Or, theme more dear, of robes of price, educated her with maternal care, and Crownlets and gawds of rare device. viewed her as a daughter. Anxious But thou, experienced as thou art, to know the cause, and considering Think'st thou with these to cheat the heart, herself entitled to enquire, she leads That, bound in strong affection's chain,
Looks for return and looks in vain ? Edith
No! sum thine Edith's wretched lot
In these brief words-He loves her not !"
Morag endeavours to dissipate this Where thwarting tides, with mingled roar, gloomy impression ; and in the course Part thy swarth hills from Morvern's shore. of this conversation, the fleet of Ro
nald beginning to appear, she points “ Daughter," she said, “ these seas behold, Round twice an hundred islands rollid,
to its splendid appearance as confirmFrom Hirt, that hears their northern roar,
ing her belief.
As on the yards the sails ascend?
Behind them sink Mull's mountain shores, Think'st thou, amid this ample round, Onward their merry course they keep, A single brow but thine has frown'd, Through whistling breeze and foaming deep. To sadden this auspicious morn,
And mark the headmost, seaward cast, That bids the daughter of high Lorn Stoop to the freshening gale her mast, Impledge her spousal faith to wed
As if she vail'd its banner'd pride, The Heir of mighty Somerled ;
To greet afar her prince's bride! Ronald, from many a hero sprung,
Thy Ronald comes, and while in speed The fair, the valiant, and the young, His galley mates the flying steed, LORD OF THE ISLES, whose lofty name He chides her sloth! A thousand bards have given to fame, The mate of monarchs, and allied
Edith's ear is shut against these Oa equal terms with England's pride. From chieftain's tower to bondsman's cot,
flattering hopes. The fleet, however, Who hears the tale, and triumphs not? approaches.
Borne onward by the willing breeze,
Beneath the intolerable smart Lord Ronald's fleet swept by,
He writhed ;—then sternly mann'd his Streamer'd with silk, and trick'd with gold,
heart Mann'd with the noble and the bold To play his hard but destined part.
Of Island chivalry. Around their prows the ocean roars, And chafes beneath their thousand oars, Meantime, a different scene was Yet bears them on their way :
acting without. As Ronald's gay So fumes the war-horse in his might, That field-ward bears some valiant knight,
fleet passed by, they had scarcely Champs till both bitt and boss are white,
noticed a single bark, struggling But, foaming, must obey.
against adverse winds in an opposite On each gay deck they might behold direction. Whom this bárk contains, Lances of steel and crests of gold,
the poet skilfully involves in mystery, And hauberks with their burnish'd fold, That shimmer'd fair and free;
only intimating, that they are perAnd each proud galley, as she pass'd, sons of high rank and interest. The To the wild cadence of the blast
tempest now increases, and they in Gave wilder minstrelsy.
vain attempt to pass the castle of ArFull many a shrill triumphant note
tornish, which, for reasons unknown, Saline and Scallastle bade float Their misty shores around;
they eagerly desire to do. The peril And Morven's echoes answer'd well, at length becomes such, that they can And Duart heard the distant swell hope for safety only by entering that Come down the darksome Sound.
dreaded strand. They then resolve The second canto introduces us to rights of hospitality, which were then
to approach boldly, and claim the the festal hall, where,
so liberally exercised. They are im
mediately admitted. The party conWith beakers' clang, with harpers' lay,
sist of two knights and a young lady With all that olden time deem'd gay, The Island Chieftain feasted high ;
veiled. The seneschal skiltul, by a But there was in his troubled eye
glance of the eye, to distinguish the A gloomy fire, and on his brow
rank of his guests, at once assigns Now sudden flush'd, and faded now,
them the first place in this illustrious Emotions such as draw their birth Froin deeper source than festal mirth. company. Symptoms of discontent By fits he paused, and harper's strain
appear among the guests, and Lorn And jester's tale went round in vain,
views the strangers with an eye of Or fell but on bis idle ear
peculiar suspicion. After some tauntLike distant sounds which dreamers hear. Then would he rouse him, and employ
ing conversation, he determines to Each art to aid the clamorous joy,
bring them to the test, by causing the And call for pledge and lay,
Minstrels to recite a song, in which And, for brief space, of all the crowd, Bruce is mentioned with peculiar conAs he was loudest of the loud, Seem gayest of the gay.
tamity. The elder knight at once
replies in a tone of violent retort, This laboured gaiety imposes upon which at once discloses to Lorn that all the guests, even those who were
, mest interested to observe and scru
and calls upon his vassal chicftains to tinize it.
assist him in avenging the death of
Comyn, his kinsman, who had fallen But one sad heart, one tearful eye,
by the hand of Bruce. Ronald, on Pierced deeper through the mystery,
the other hand, protests against such And watch'd, with agony and fear,
a violation of the rights of hospita. Her wayward bridegroom's varied cheer.
lity. A violent altercation now enShe water: --vet fear'd to meet his glance, And he shunn'u her's ;-till when by chance They met, the point of foeman's lance Then up sprung many a mainland Lord Had given a milder pang!
Obedient to their Chieftain's word.