Images de page

On the side of Madras the Rajah Barhar closure, two thirds of which formed on the has also taken the field, as if to act in con right and left, grand amphitheatres, in cert with Scindiah ; and Gen. Doveton has which 15,000 persons were seated. The been obliged to move forward the Madras Emperor having taken his seat, mass was army to watch his motions. The Bombay celebrated by the Archbishop of Tours, and coast armies are also in motion, and Cardinal Bayonne, and four other Bishops. Lord Moira was about to take the field in A deputation of 500 members of the Elecperson. We regret to add, that in conse toral Colleges then advanced to the foot of quence of the gloomy state of things, specie the throne, and were presented to his Mahas become extremely scarce in India, and jesty by the Arch Chancellor. M. Duboys the Company's bonds are at a very heavy D'Angers, (one of the members and repre. discount.

sentatives of the department of the Maine Dispatches from Colonel Ochterlony have and Loire,) then pronounced the following been published in the London Gazette, sta address in the name of the French people : ting the surrender, on the 4th November “ SIRE,— The French people had decreed last, of the forts of Nalagar and farregar, the Crown to you ; you resigned it without garrisoned by 95 -Goorka officers and pri- their consent ; its suffrages have just impovates, with a loss on our side of one killed sed upon you the duty of resuming it.-A and six wounded; and also a report dated new contract is formed between the nation the 25th of November from Major Brad- ' and your Majesty. Collected from all points shaw of the successful operations of a divi- of the Empire around the tables of the law sion of his troops, under Captain Hay, a on which we are about to inscribe the wish gainst Pursaram Thapa, the Nepaulese of the people—in this wish, which is the Subah of the Teraiee. The Subah, who oc only legitimate source of power, it is imposcupied this position with about 400 men, sible for us not to utter the voice of France, was completely surprised; he himself was of which we are the immediate organs, not killed ; one of his chief Sirdars, severely to say in the presence of Europe, to the wounded, was found ainong the slain, which august chief of the nation, what it expects is stated to have amounted to about 51 from him, and what he is to expect from it. mountaineer soldiers. A number of the What is the object of the league of allied enemy were wounded, and many were Kings with that warlike preparation by drowned in the river Baguntee. Two stan which they alarm Europe and afflict hudards were taken. The total of our loss manity? By what act, what violation, have consisted of 2 killed and 21 wounded, in- we provoked their vengeance, or given cause cluding Lieutenant Boileau, who received a for their aggression ? Have we, since peace deep sabre-cut in a personal contest with was concluded, endeavoured to give them the Subah.

laws? We merely wish to make and to

follow those which are adapted to our man. FRANCE.

ners. We will not have the Chief whom CEREMONY OF THE CHAMP DE MAI-AC

our enemies would give us, and we will

have him whom they wish us not to have. CEPTANCE OF THE NEW CONSTITUTION.

They dare to proscribe you personally : you, The Paris papers of the 20 June describe Sire, who, so often master of their capi. the ceremony of the assembly of the Champ talş, generously consolidated their tottering de Mai, which met on the preceding day, thrones. This hatred of our enemies adds in buildings prepared in the Champ de Mars. to our love of you. Were they to proscribe “ Never did a festival more national (says the most obscure of our citizens, it would one of the Journals) or a spectacle at once be our duty to defend him with the same $0 solemn and touching, attract the atten. energy. He would be, like you, under the tion of the French people. Every thing Ægis of French Law and French Power. that could interest and elevate the soul. They menace us with invasion! And yet the prayers of religion--the compact of a contracted within frontiers which nature great people with their Sovereign. France has not imposed upon us, and which long represented by the select of her citizens, before your reign victory and even peace agriculturists, merchants, magistrates, and had extended, we have not, from respect to warriors, collected around the throne-all treaties which you had not signed, but which excited the most ardent enthusiasm of you had offered to observe, sought to pass which the most memorable epoch have left that narrow boundary. Do they ask for us the recollection." Yet this is about the guarantees ? They have them all in our tenth Constitution which has been presente institutions, and in the will of the French ed and accepted in a similar manner. The people henceforth united to yours. Do throne of Bonaparte appears to have been they not dread to remind us of a state of erected in the centre of a semi-circular iu- things lately so different, but which may June 1815.


still be reproduced! It would not be the France has been the sole and constant object first time that we have conquered all Eu. of my thoughts and actions. Like the King rope armed against us. Because France of Athens, I sacrificed myself for my peo. wishes to be France, must she be degraded, ple, in the hope of realizing the promise torn, dismembered ; and must the fate of given to preserve to France her natural in. Poland be reserved for us? It is in vain to tegrity, her honours and her rights. Inconceal insidious designs under the sole pre dignation at seeing these sacred rights, ac. tence of separating you from us, in order quired by 20 years of victory, disavowed to give us masters with whom we have no- and lost for ever ; the cry of French honour thing in common. Their presence destroy- tarnished, and the wishes of the nation, ed all the illusions attached to their name. have replaced me upon that throne which They could not believe our oaths, neither is dear to me, because it is the palladium of could we their promises. Tithes, feudal the independence, the honour, and the rights, privileges, every thing that was odi. rights of the people. Frenchmen, in traous to us, was too evidently the fond ob- versing amidst the public joy the different ject of their thought, when one of them, to provinces of the empire to reach my capiconsoit the impatience of the present, as. tal, I had reason to rely on a lasting peace. sured his confidants that he would answer to Nations are bound by treaties concluded by them for the future. Every thing shall be their Governments, whatever they may be. attempted, every thing executed, to repel My thoughts were then all occupied with so ignominious a yoke. We declare it to the means of establishing our liberty by a nations: may their chiefs hear us! If they constitution conformable to the will and accept your offers of peace, the French peo- interests of the people. I convoked the ple will look to your vigorous, liberal, and Champ de Mai. I soon learned that the paternal administration for grounds of con- Princes who have disregarded all principles, solation, for the sacrifices made to obtain who have trampled on the sentiments and peace ; but if we are left no choice but be. dearest interests of so many nations, wish tween war and disgrace, the whole country to make war against us. They meditate will rise for war. The nation is prepared the increasing the kingdom of the Nether. to relieve you from the too moderate offers lands, by giving it as barriers all our nor. you have perhaps made, in order to save thern frontier places, and the conciliation Europe from a new convulsion. Every of the differences which still exist among Frenchman is a soldier : Victory will follow them by dividing Lorraine and Alsace. It your eagles, and our enemies who rely on was necessary to provide for war. But, beour divisions will soon regret having pro- fore personally encountering the hazards of voked us.”

battles, my first care has been to constitute At the conclusion of this address the the nation without delay. The people have whole Champ de Mars resounded with cries accepted the Act which I have presented to of Vive le Nation! Vive l'Empereur ! At them. Frenchmen, when we shall have this moment the Arch Chancellor proclaim repelled these unjust aggressions, and Eue ed, that the Additional Act to the Constitu- rope shall be convinced of what is due to tion of the Empire had been accepted al- the rights and independence of 28 millions most unanimously, the number of negative of people, an enactinent, drawn up in the votes being 4,209*. The herald then dea furins required by the Constitutional Act, clared in the name of the Emperor, that shall combine together the different disposi. the Act was accepted by the French Peo- tions of our constitutions now dispersed. ple.--Bonaparte then seating himself on Frenchmen, you are about to return to your another throne,hich was in the centre and Departments; inform the citizens that ciroverlooked the assembly, spoke in the fol- cumstances are grand! That with union, lowing terms:

energy, and perseverance, we shall reiurn “ Gentlemen, Electors of the Colleges of victorious from this contest of a great perse the Departinents and Districts :-Gentle- ple against their oppressors; that future men, Deputies of the Ariny and Navy, at generations will severely scrutinize our conthe Champ de Mai ;-Emperor, Consul, duct, and that a nation has lost all when Soldier, I derive all from the people. In she has lost her independence; tell them prosperity, in adversity, on the field of bai. that foreign Kings, whom I have raised to tle, in council, on the throne, and in exile, the throne, or who owe to me the preser.

vation of their crowns, who all during iny * The result of the Scrutiny of votes on prosperity scught my alliance and the prve the Additional Act were : 75 Departments, tection of the French people, now direct 1,040,050 ayes ; 3612 noes-the Army, their blows against my person. Did I not 220,000 ayes, 320 noes ; Navy 22,000, ayes; perceive that it is the country they wish to 207 noes. Total 1,282,050 ayes, 4209 nocs. injurc, I would place at their mercy this


existence against which they shew them. extempore speaking. M. Sibuet was at selves so much incensed. But tell the ci- length obliged to sit down, declaring that tizens, that while the French people pre extempore speaking was favourable only to serve towards me the sentiments of love, Government and practised orders, but disof which they have given me so many proofs, advantageous to the people at large, reprethe rage of our enemies will be powerless. sented by the unpractised and unsophistiFrenchmen, my wish is that of the people ; cated country Gentlemen ; that three-fourths my rights are theirs ; my honour, my glory, of his colleagues would be condemned to simy happiness, can be no other tl:an the lence ; that the most odious privilege is that honour, the glory, and the happiness of which tends to humble the many for the France.”

advantage of the few; and that they ought In conclusion, Bonaparte swore upon the not to acknowledge any other nobility than Gospels to observe the constitutions of the that of sentiments any other superiority Empire. The Assembly swore obedience than that of talents, or any other title than to the Constitutions, and fidelity to the Em- that conferred by their constituents. peror. The Eagles were next delivered to Some members wished to know the names the National Guards, and to the Regulars, of the New House of Peers, that they might who swore to observe them as rallying signs; not choose a Member who might afterwards and, if necessary, to die in their defence a prove ineligible. Hereupon the President, gainst the enemies of the country and the pro tempore wrote to Count Carnot, who throne. The troops, about 50,000 men, in. wrote, in reply, that the Emperor could not cluding 27,000 national guards, then defiled, send the list of Peers till the Session was the Emperor returned, and the ceremony regularly opened. On receiving this anconcluded. Next day amusements such swer, a Member (Mon. Dupin,) expressed as rope-dancing, horsemanship, ascension of his displeasure, and proposed a Resolution, ballons, &c. were given gratis. Along the that the House would not constitute itself avenue of the Champs Elysees 36 fountains until the list was communicated. He was flowing with wine, and 12 beaufets for the interrupted by murmurs and cries of order! distribution of pasties, pullets, sausages, &c. M. Dupin now deigned to rise; he ran up were placed.

to the President, snatched the Minister's letter from his hand, and pertinently asked,

" Are we not all Representatives? Has not MEETINGS OF THE NEW LEGISLATURE.

each of us the right of stating his opinion ? On the 4th instant the newly constituted If we are to defend the liberty of our Con. legislature commenced its sittings. Having stituents, let us begin by being free oursettled several matters of form, the House selves." of Representatives proceeded to the choice On the 6th a motion was made by Geneof a President, when M. Lanjuinais was ral Carnot, in the old Republican style, elected. La Fayette, Merlin, and. Carnot, " that the armies bad deserved well of the were candidates.

country.” An observation in opposition to Previous to the election, some discussion the motion, stating that the armies had as look place, which clearly marked the pre- yet done nothing to deserve it, excited great valence of the old republican spirit. It was uproar. It was urged in reply, that they proposed by M. Sibuet, that the assembly had restored the Emperor, and that they should recognise no superior order, such as were identified with the people. The moPrinces, Dukes, Counts, &c. He remind. tion was got rid of by Regnault de St Jean ed the assembly of “ the famous night" D'Angely, who observed that the Chamber of the 4th August 1789, when their noble was not yet definitively constituted, and predecessors abandoned their tities on the could not pass such a vote. M. Flaugeraltar of the country. “ We ought not to gues, Dupont, La Fayette, and General Gre. acknowledge," said he, “ two orders in the nier, were named Vice-Presidents. State ; nor see on one side Dukes, Counts, Barons, and Chevaliers, and on the other

Paris, June 8. those formerly called the Tiers Etat. We Yesterday the Emperor went in state to ought to enjoy not only liberly and political the Palace of Representatives to open the equality, as fixed by the laws, but that li Session of the Imperial legislature. His berty, that social equality, which produces Majesty was received by the President and union and confidence.” The Dukes and 25 members. The l'eers and RepresentaCounts then in the House did not hear this tives having, by invitation, taken their seats, proposal in silence. They interrupted the the oath, " I swear obedience to the Conspeaker by clamours, observing that he had stitutions of the Empire and fidelity to the notes of his speech in his hat, contrary to Emperor," was taken by each peer, who the order of the House, which permits only stood up and answered, " I swear it.” The


Emperor then putting on his hat spoke as energy, and patriotism ; and, like the Se. follows:

nate of the great people of antiquity, swear “ Messieurs of the Chamber of Peers, to die rather then survive the dishonour and Messieurs of the Chamber of Repre. and degradation of France. The sacred sentatives For the last three months, exist. cause of the country shall triumph !" ing circumstances and the confidence of the This discourse was followed by loud ac nation have invested me with unlimited au- clamations and cries of " Vive l'Empereur ! thority. The present day will behold the -Vive la Patrie !--Vive la Nation!” wish dearest to my heart. I now commence In the session of the 8th, a motion was a Constitutional Monarchy. Mortals are too made by M. Lapelletier, that as Louis 18th weak to insure future events; it is solely had taken the title of Le Desiree, Bonaparte the legal Institutions which determine the should be called “the Saviour of the Coun. destinies of nations. Monarchy - is neces- try." This motion, however, was received sary to France, to guarantee the liberty, the with cries from all quarters for the order of independence, and the rights of the people. the day, and Mr Dupin, after observing Our Constitution and Laws are scattered ; that they had met to assist their legitimate one of our most important occupations will Emperor, asked if they would suffer the be, to collect them into a solid body, and poisoned breath of fattery to find its way to bring the whole within the reach of every within their walls. mind. This work will recommend the pre

On the 13th inst. the expose of the misent age to the gratitude of future genera- nister of the interior was made to the two tions. It is my wish that France should chambers, which occupied nearly two hours enjoy all possible liberty. I say possible, in reading. It commences by noticing the because anarchy always resolves itself into Emperor's departure from Elba, and his absolute Government.--A formidable coali. progress France. It states, that he sintion of Kings threatens our independence; cerely desires peace, but will not hear of their armies are approaching our frontiers.-- propositions humiliating to the honour of The frigate La Melpomene has been attack- France. The royalists party had not known ed and captured in the Mediterranean, af- how to defend their princes, and the repubter a sanguinary action with an English licans, recovered from their errors, would ship of 74 guns. Blood has been shed in see in the Emperor the protector of liberal time of peace !Our enemies reckon on our ideas. The Emperor counts on the intel. internal divisions. They excite and foment ligence of the assemblies to bring the cona civil war. Assemblages have been form- stitution to perfection. The national chaed, and communications are carried on with racter, which repels the idea of conquest, is Ghent, in the same manner as with Co- a sufficient guarantee to Europe. The amhlentz in 1792. Legislative measures are, bitious views of the allies, and their refusal therefore, indispensibly necessary; and I to treat, resemble the time of 1792, when place my confidence, in your patriotism, the Duke of Brunswick published his proyour wisdom, and your attachment to my clamations. The demands are great, but person. The liberty of the Press is inhe. the resources are sufficient. It then goes rent in our present Constitution ; nor can into various details under the different any change be made in it, without alter. heads, to prove the mal-administration of ing our whole political system; but it must Louis xviii respecting public works, mines, be subject to legal restrictions, more espe. manufactures, hospitals, instruction, public cially in the present state of the nation. I worship, jurisprudence, &c. but particularly therefore recommend this important mat. in tbe neglect of the war departinent. The ter to your serious consideration. My Mi. army was reduced to 175,000, but since nisters will inform you of the situation of the 20th of March, the Emperor had raised affairs.--The finances would be in a satis it to 375,000 of all arms, and before Au. factory state, except from the increase of gust it would amount to 500,000 men, ex. expence which the present circumstances clusive of national guards. The imperial renders necessary; yet we might face every guard is described as the surest bulwark of thing, if the receipts contained in the bud. the throne in war, and one of its finest orget were all realizable within the year. It naments in peace. Its amount is already is to the means of arriving at this result 40,000 men. The dilapidations in the ar. that my Minister of Finances will direct tillery department are said to be retrieved. your attention. It is possible that the first It is affirmed, that after arming the reguduty of a Prince may soon call me to the lars and national guards, there will rehead of the sons of the nation, to fight for main 600,000 muskels in reserve.

The the country. the army and myself will do war expenditure, it is said, is to be pro. our duty.--You, Peers and Representatives, vided for without the imposition of any new give to ihe nation an example of confidence, taxes,



STATE OF THE CIVIL WAR IN FRANCE. 44th, 79th, and 95th regiments, to the as

sistance of the Prussians. A most despeAccording to the Paris papers, the civil war, which had assumed a formidable aspect 'both parties are said to have suffered im•

rate engagement now took place, in which in the department of La Vendee, and other

mense loss. The 42d appears to have disa parts on the French coast, is almost extin.

played their usual gallantry, and we lament guished; but not before many serious ac

to say, have suffered in proportion, as have tions had taken place between the royalists

also the 44th and 95th. By the assistance aid the regular troops. They' boast of ba

of this division, the allies sustained the inving captured the greater part of 10,000

cessant attacks of the French until night. stand of arms, which had been landed in

Such were the state of matters on the aid of the Vendeans by some British ships

161h.--On the 17th, the Duke of Welling. of war.

It appears certain that the Mar. quis La Roche Jacquelin, a nobleman of cording to the private accounts, he attacked

ton joined with reinforcements, when, acdistinguished gallantry and attachment to

the French army between Nivelle and Ge. the Royal cau: e, and who accompanied the expedition from Britain, has been killed.

nappe (not Gemappe,) and drove it back

three times. Marshal Blucher was not in According to the Paris papers, he was cut off from the coast, and his corps being at.

the action, being at Namur on the 17th ; tacked by some regular troops, his body tention to have penetrated the line of the

and it appears to have been Bonaparte's in. was recognised among the slain after the battle. The f'rench journals state, that af

allies, and to have interposed between the

force minder Lord Wellington and that unter this mistortune in the loss of their chief,

der Marshal Blucher. For the purpose of the greatest part of the royalists had sub

frustrating this maneuvre, the Prussian and mitted to the existing government.

British armies drew nearer each other, and

Lord Wellington took up a position at Wa. DEPARTURE OF BONAPARTE TROM PARIS,

terloo. The French head-quarters were at COMMENCEMENT OF HOSTILITIES, AND

the same time at Charleroi.

Such were the positions of the hostile ar.

mies on the evening of the 17th ; but it was Bonaparte set out from Paris on the on the 18th that the great and decisive batmorning of the 12th to head his army of tle took place, and it appears to have been the north, having previously received ad fought with an obstinacy in every respect dresses of fidelity from the Legislature, and proportioned to the vast interests at stake. appointed a council of Regency, composed As carly as ten in the morning, the French of his own family and several of his ininis. commenced the attack on the British posi. ters of state, to administer the internal af. tions, and continued to attack and be refairs of France in his absence, and also a pulsed during the whole day, till towards comunittee of public safety, at the head of seven in the evening, “ when, (says Marwhich is Davoust, ininister of war.

shal Wellington) the enemy made a desOn the 14th Bonaparte having concen. perate effort with the cavalry and infantry, trated his armies, attacked, at two in the supported by the fire of the artillery, to Inorning of the 15th, the Prussian posts on force our left centre near the farm of La the Sambre. They appear to have been Haye Sainte, which, after a severe contest, surprised, and after solne severe fighting, was defeated, and having observed that the retreated to Charleroi. At this place they troops retired from this attack in great conwere again attacked about eight in the tusion, and that the attack of General Bumorning, by the main body of the French low's corps by Euschermont, upon Planarmy, under the command of Bonaparte ; chenorte and La Belle Alliance, had begiin the action seems to have been severe, and to take effect, and as I could perceive the to have ended in the retreat of the Prus fire of his cannon, and as Marshal Prince sians from Charleroi, which in the course Biucher had joined in person, with a corps of the action is said to have been taken and of his army to the left of our line by Ohaim, retaken three times. The Prussians being I determined to attack the enemy, and imjoined by other German corps, under the inediately advanced the whole line of intancummand of the Duke of Brunswick and try, supported by cavalry and artillery. the Prince of Orange, retired towards I'leu. The attack succeeded in every point; rus, and the French advanced on the same the enemy was forced from his position on day to Gosselies.

the heights, and fied in the utmost confuOn the 16th, the Duke of Wellington be. sion, lea ng behind him, as far as I could ing apprised of these movements of the ene judge, 150 pieces of cannon, with thcir ammy, dispatched General Picton's division, munition, which fell into our hands. I coosisting of the Royals, the 4th, 32d, 420, continued the pursuit till long after dark,


« PrécédentContinuer »