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and then discontinued it only on account of neral Picton ; Charles Ellis, 95th regiment; the fatigue of our troops, who had been en. Robertson, 73d regiment; Kennedy, 734 gaged during twelve hours, and because I regiment; Schandan, 2d light baitalion, found myself on the same road with Mar. K. G. L. Halgeoman, 1st ditto; Henry shal Blucher, who assured ine of his inten. Marshal, Ist dillo; Grohen, ditto ; Guntion to follow the enemy throughout the ning, 10th bussars ; Grove, ist guards ; night : he has sent me word this inorning Lieutenant C. Manners, royal artillery; (the 19th) that he had taken 60 pieces of Lieutenant Lister, 95th regiment; Ensigt cannon belonging to the Imperial guard, Lord Hay, aide-de-camp to general Mail. and severa! carriages, baggage, &c. belong. land ; Ensign Bruce, 1st guards. ing to Bonaparte, in Genappe.”
Wounded. According to the private letters, the leaders on both sides scem to have thrown a. General his Royal Highness the Prince of side all personal considerations, and to have Orange, G. C. B. severely. Lieutenant-Gerushed with their troops into the thickest of neral the Earl of Uxbridge, G. C. B. right the battle. The Duke of Wellington was leg ainputated. Lieut.-General Sir Charles continually exposed : he was in close con. Allen, K. C. B. severely. Major-General versation with Lord Uxbridge, when the Cooke, right arm amputated. Major-Gelatter received his wound; and Marshal neral Sir E. Barnes, K. C. B. AdjutantBluchet was, it is said, some moments General, severely. Major-Gen. Sir James a prisoner. Bonaparte repeatedly ked on Kempt, K. C. B. slightly. Major-General the cavalry to the attack, and was so mixed Sir Colin Halkett, K. C. B. sererely. Main the affray of the charging troops, that he jor-General Adam, severely. Major-Genewas sometimes inclosed by the British, and ral Sir William Dornbeg, K. C. B. severely. disentangled as it were almost by miracle. Colonel Sir John Elley, K. C. B. slightly. Murat and Jerome are said to be killed. Colonel Harris, 730 Foot Colonel QuenVandanime is also reported to be wounded tin, 10th hussars, slightly. Col. Honour. and carried to Ghent.
able Frederick Ponsonby, severely. Colonel The letters concur in stating the French Sir William Delancy, severely. Lieutenantloss at not less than 40,000 mien hors de Colonel Lord Fitzroy Somerset, right arm combat, the total loss of the allied army is amputated. Lieutenant-Colonel Har, 16th estimated at 10,700; and as the enemy's light dragoons, severely. Lieut-Colone! efforts were chiefly directed against the Abercromby, A. Q. M. G. slightly. Lieu. British, the loss will no doubt be severely tenant.Colonel Hamilton, 30th foot. Lieu. felt in this country. At the time the Duke tenant-Colonel Cameron, 95th foot, severe of Wellington's dispatches were written the ly. Lieutenant Colonel Wyndham, Ist foot returns had not been made up, but he in- guards, severely. Lieut. Col. Bowater, 31 c'oses a list of oilicors killed and wounded, foot guards, slightly. Lieutenant-Colonel as far as they could be then made out, of Macdonnell, Coldstream guards, slightly. which the following are the principal.
Lieutenant-Colonel Dashwood, 3d guards,
severely Lieut. Colonel Sir Robert Hill, Killed.
royal horse guards (blue,) severely. Lieu. His Serene Highness the Duke of Bruns tenant-Col. Norcott, 95th, severely. Lieuwick Oels. Lieutenant-General Sir Tho. tenant-Colonel Hill, severely. Lieutenantinas Picton, G. C. B. Major-General Sir Colonel Adair, 1st guards, severely. Lieti. W. Ponsonby, K. C. B. Colonel du Platt, tenant-Colonel Miller, 1st guards, dangerKing's German Legion. Colonel Ompteda, ously. Lieut.-Colonel Sir G. H. Berkeley, ditto. Colonel Morrin, 69th foot. Colonel A. A. G. Sir W. Ellis, 23d foot. Lieut.-Colonel Ma. This sanguinary battle has been produce
ra, 4?d foot. Lieut..Colonel Cameron, tive of the most important results, namely, 92d foot. Lieut..Colonel Hon. Sir Alex. the abdication of the imperial throne of Girdon. Lieut-Colonci Canning. Lieut. France by Bonaparte, and the appointment Col. Currie, of Lord Hill's Staff; Major the of a Provisional government by the legisHon. Frederick Holand, 10th hussars; lative bodies, who have also sent commis. Najor George Bain, royal artillery ; Major sioners to treat for peace with the allies Norman Ramsay, ditto; Major Cairnes, The particulars of these events, together ditto; Major Chambers, 30th regiment ; with the details of the brilliant victory which Prigade - Major Crofton, 5th division ; Bri. preceded them, will be found in a precedgaue. Major Hosewiel, 2d light regiment; ing part of this Number. Captains Bolton, royal artillery; Crawford, The thanks of the British Parliament, guards ; the lion. Curzin, A. D. C. to his and ... 200,000, have been already voted to Royal Highness the Prince of Orange; the Duke of Wellington for his brilliant Chainbers, aide-de-camp to Lieutenant-Ge conduct in the actione above detailed.
DEATH OF MARSHAL BERTUIER. £.5,000,000; and in respect of the defi. The German papers give an account of ciency in the number of troops (150,000)
which she agreed to furnish by the treaty the death of Marshal Berthier, last month,
of Chaumont, is further to pay in money by a fall from a window in Bamberg ; out
£.2,500,000, to be distributed equally aof which he threw himself. A remarkable change, it is said, had been observed in
mong the smaller states at the rate of 117.
2 s. per man. his appearance, for some time previous, and
The army commanded by Wellington on the day on which he died he had been at dinner with his father-in-law, the King
and Blucher, amounting, previous to the
late battles, to 200,000, comprised part of of Bavaria, when the Russian General Ba.
this immense force, and accounts have been ron Sacken, complimented him on seeing received of the entrance into France on the him among the few who had remained faith.
side of Alsace, of an Austrian army under ful to their sovereign Louis XVIII. This
Prince Schwartzenberg; and also that an remark was observed to disconcert him
Austrian and Piedmontese army under Gemuch, and shortly after he went up stairs
neral Frimant, have entered into Provence, to a room occupied by his children, three
and were rapidly advancing to Lyons. stories from the ground, and having sent
The first Russian army, estimated at out the nurse, threw himself out of the
84,000 infantry and 26,000 cavalry, paswindow, and falling on his head, was killed
sed through Bohemia in May. Another on the spot. One of his sons, a child, got hold of his feet, and was nearly dragged
army of 80,000 men was expected to pass
through Prague before the 10th of June, over along with him. Marshal Berthier was long considered as
and a third army to the same amount was the chief adviser and bosom friend of Bo.
expected by the end of the month.
The Swiss Cantons have also entered innaparte. Under the ci-devant Imperial Go.
to a treaty with the allies, whereby they vernment he was created Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram, Vice-Constable of the
engage to defend their own frontier, if at.
tacked, with an army of 40,000 men. Empire, Colonel-General of the Swiss, &c.
The Congress of Vienna had broken up, Berthier was of a respectable family, being the son of the Governor of the War Office,
after arranging all the affairs of the Conti
nent. with whom he was enjoined in office pre
The Emperor and Empress of Ausvious to the Revolution. He was with La
tria were on the 3d at Cronstadt; the Em
peror Alexander was expected on the 5th Fayette in America, where he obtained the
at Heidelberg, and on the 30th ult. the rank of Colonel, and rose to be Marshal of France and War Minister through all the
King of Prussia arrived at Berlin. The rapid gradations which attended the military
King of Saxony has been restored to his
Kingdom, upon ceding several of his procareer during the last 25 years. Berthier
vinces to Prussia. On the 22d ult. be pubwas always distinguished for moderation,
lished a proclamation relieving his subjects though firmly attached to Bonaparte, whose Chief of the Staff he was in Egypt, and to
so made over from their oaths of allegiance. whose cause, up to the date of the treaty of Paris, he, on nunberless occasions, rendered
ITALY. the greatest services.
It will be seen from the foregoing co
lumns that Murat, Jate King of Naples, had GRAND ALLIANCE AGAINST FRANCE.
a command in Bonaparte's army in the According to a statement made by Lord
great battle of the 18th, and is reported to Castlereagh in the House of Commons, on have been killed in that action. The atthe 27th May, the powers confederated a tempt he had previously made to revolugainst Prance are to bring into the field as tionise Italy, had ended in the most comfollows:
plete failure. After the battle of Tolentino, Austria.........
noticed in our last Number, his army was Russian army on the Rhine... 225,000
so dispirited and reduced by desertion, that Prussia.......
he was totally incapable of risking another Gerinan States.....
action ; and after experiencing fresh disasHolland..
ters, in the close pursuit of him by the Great Britain.....
Austrians, he made his escape to Naples
on the 19th ult. accompanied by a handful Total 1,011,000
of French and Italian officers, who remain
ed faithful to him. Arrived, however, in Great Britain is to pay in subsidies to his capital, be found that it had on the 11th the great continental powers the sum of capitulated to a British squadron; and he
was under the necessity of making his es- gether with her children, who are at Gaeta, cape from it in disguise, which he effected, threw herself upon the protection of his it is said, by the help of a British passport Imperial Majesty, and with Generals Mac. that had been granted to a French officer, donald and Livron, and also with the minis. previous to hostilities being declared against ters Zurle and Moesburg, goes on board an France. The Austrian troops entered Na. English ship for Gaeta and thence to Trieste, ples on the 22d, headed by Prince Leopold where she is to wait from the favo:ir of Sicily, who took possession of the king of his Majesty the determination of her fudom in the name of his father Ferdinand ture residence, with the promise never to IV. now again King of the Two Sicilies. return to France or Italy without his Ma.
A Paris paper of the 7th June gives the jesty's special permission.” following account of the misfortunes of Mu. rat, to the date of his landing in France, “ The King of Naples landed at Cannes
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. on the 25th of May. The Prince owes his misfortune entirely to the cowardice of the Neapolitan troops. They advanced as long In the House of Commons 09 the 14th as the Austrians were not in sufficient force instant, the Chancellor of the Exchequer to oppose them ; but when victory was to presented to the House his annual account be purchased by efforts, instead of fighting, of the national finances. The supplies rethey fled. Had the King been able to ad. quired for this year, independent of the an. vance into Lombardy, his case and that of nual interest due on the national debt, Laly, would have triumphed. The officers amount, exclusive of about £.9,000,000 for and soldiers of Prince Eugene would have Ireland, to £.79,968,112. The annual du. flocked to his standard and formed the ties-surplus of the consolidated fund-War strength of his army. But he had scarcely taxes-lottery-naval stores-amount to established himself on the Po, when the £.28,750,000. This appears to be the free Austrians received reinforcements and re- unincumbered revenue of the country; and sumed the offensive. The Neapolitans be- what is required beyond it, must be boring then intiinidated by the presence of an rowed, or made up, by issuing exchequer enemy who did not fly, took to flight them. bills, which is in effect the same transacselves. The King could not rally the wreck tion. If we add the annual interest to of his army until he reached Macerata. He the national creditors, amounting to about wished to give battle, and the Austrian corps £.40,000,000, the whole sum to be providwas inferior to that which he commanded ; ed for by Great Britain, will, for the year but the Neapolitans fled at the first musket 1815, amount to about £.120,000,000. shot, and dispersed on all sides. None re- In order to defray the annual interest of mained faithful to the King except a batta- what is borrowed, a permanent fund must lion of Italian and French officers, and it be provided, and the annual increase of inwas with this handful of brave men that he terest incurred by the debt of this year, is accomplished his retreat to Naples, con- L.3,689,000. It was provided, however, stantly followed by the Austrians.
in 1793, that for all debt contracted, subtering his capital he soon found it was im- sequent to that period, taxes should not possible to maintain himself there. He left only be imposed to the amount of the interit on horschack on the 20th May, and ha- est, but that I per cent. should be added, ving proceeded along the coast in front of in order to accumulate for the discharge the island of Ischia, he embarked on board of the principal. This sum, therefore, of of a vessel belonging to the Isle of Elba, £.3,689,000 includes one per cent. for the which conveyed him in five days to Can. discharge of the principal of the debt, benes.”
sides the charges of management, which a. An Austrian official account, after stating mount together to £. 1,090,900, leaving the the escape of Murat, says, " The Queen,
annual interest at £.2,597,100. This, then, who was on board the Tremendous, had, in is the real addition which the expences of a prior convention with Commodore Camp- this year will add to the burdens of the bell, bech promised a free passage to France country, and to provide for it, taxes ex. with her suite. Upon the declaration of pected to produce annually £.1,800,000 are Lord Exmouth, that the commodore had to be imposed. The remaining part of the exceeded his instructions, fresh negociations required annual sum is to be taken out of were entered into with her, on the part of the increasing produce of the sinking fund; Austria, with the co-operation of Prince by which means the operation of this fund Leopold, and Lords Exmouth and Burg- in reducing the general mass of debt is of hersh; in consequence of which she, to- course checked.
Morrison, minister at Morebattle, in the GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
afternoon. Thursday, May 18.
Saturday, May 20.
The Committee ap
pointed to draw up the address, and an anTHIS day his Grace Francis Lord Napier, swer to his Royal Highness the Prince Re
bis Majesty's High Commissioner, attend. gent's letter, presented their report. The ed by a number of Noblemen and Gentle. answer to the letter and address were a. men, and many Naval and Military officers, greed to. The answer and address were walked in procession, from the Merchants then signed by the Moderator, and given to Hall to the High Church, where he was re- his Grace the Commissioner, who undertook ceived by the Magistrates in their robes, &c. to transmit them to the Secretary of State After a sermon by the Rev. Dr David for the Home Department, to be presented Ritchie, Moderator of last Assembly, from to the Prince Regent. Matthew vii. 28, 29. “ And it came to Monday, May 22.- The overtures from pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the Presbytery of Aberdeen and Garrock, the people were astonished at his doctrine; respecting the place of meeting of the for be taught them as one having authority, Synod of Aberdeen, were refused to be and not as the Scribes,”—his Grace the transmitted by the Committee to the AsCommissioner went to the Assembly Room, sembly. when the Members proceeded to chuse a The Assembly having received some furModerator. The Rev. Dr Lewis Gordon, ther overtures from their committee, Dr minister of Drainie, was unanimously elect- David Ritchie proposed that the reference ed.
from the Presbytery of Edinburgh relative (This is the first instance of the chair to the proposed union of the two Gaelic having been filled by a Member from the chapels, be referred to a committee, and Synod of Moray.)
that said committee be enjoined to report The Prince Regent's Commission to his on Saturday. Grace the Commissioner; a Letter to the Dr Campbell, in seconding the motion, Assembly; and also the Warrant for Two proposed that Dr Inglis, though not a memThousand Pounds to be employed in Pro. ber of the present Assembly, should be ad. pagating Christian Knowledge in the High- ded to the committee, as, while the national lands of Scotland, were read.--After which church were in every respect highly indebtbis Grace the Commissioner opened the ed to him for his valuable services, the Assembly, with a very elegant speech from Presbytery of Edinburgh were particularly the Throne, to which the Moderator made so in this business. The Assembly unani. a suitable reply.
mously referred the motion to a committee, Dr David Ritchie, after a speech of con- to report on Saturday. siderable length, in which he took a com- H. Cockburn, Esq. stated, that from prehensive view of the present situation of some measures which he had taken, it was public affairs, woved an address to the more than probable, if the Assembly would Prince Regent.
defer the case of the presentee to the parish The motion was seconded by the Right of Nairn, till Saturday, that they would not Hon. the Earl of Northesk, and unanimous. be troubled with it. The Assembly agreed ly agreed to.
to defer it till Saturday. A Committee was then named to prepare The Assembly appointed a Committee the address, and also an answer to the Roy- to examine the reports transmitted from al Letter.
Presbyteries respecting the examination of Friday, May 19.-After prayers, the fol- schools, and report to the Assembly. Jowing gentlemen were appointed to preach The Assembly called for the report of the before his Grace the Commissioner :- The Committee upon the Widows' Fund. Rev. Mr John Hunter, minister at Swinton, Dr Nicol, in a most luminous speech, on the 21st, in the forenoon; and the Rev. which excited a burst of applause from the Mr Alex. Cuthill, one of the ministers of audience, stated those measures which, in Ayr, in the afternoon.—The Rev. Dr Dun. unison with the wishes of the Assembly, can Mearns, minister of Tarvis, on the 28th, and as their Commissioner, he had taken in in the forenoon; and the Rev. Mr Walter the progress of the bill for amending the June 1915.
scheme of the widows' fund. He stated the warm attention to the interests of the very handsome assistance he had got from church, and particularly for the zeal and the law officers in Scotland, from the lead- most generous exertions he had made in ing patrons, and from his Majesty's govern. the promotion of the bill for the widows ment.
fund. The motion was unanimously se. Dr David Ritchie, after an appropriate conded, and thanks returned accordingly to eulogium on the judicious, enlightened, and his Grace. persevering exertions of Dr Nico! in this Principal Hill stated, that as two of the great cause, moved that the thanks of the law officers of Scotland were present, the Assembly be given to the Doctor from the members of the house, who had on every chair. " It is but a just tribute,” said Dr occasion shewn the peculiar affection they Ritchie, “that we give to the man whose felt for the interest of the church, and par. memory, while we are buried in oblivion, ticularly had done high honour to the As. shall be embalmed in the grateful affection sembly on the late occasion of the bill, he of the widow and the fatherless. It is a for. moved that the Assembly should return tunat circumstance for the church of Scot. their thanks to the Right Honourable the land, that at this æra we possess a man of Lord Justice Clerk, and the Solicitor-Genesuch abilities, as, I believe, are not equalled ral for Scotland. by any other individual a man on whose The motion being approved of, the thanks head, in union with the venerable founder of the Assembly were given by the modera. of this scheme, shall descend the blessing tor, to which a suitable reply was made by of the orphan."
bis Lordship and the Solicitor. The Solicitor-General, in seconding the Dr Nicol proposed, that the moderator inotion, observed, that as he was merely in be instructed to write letters of thanks to the House by accident, he would consider those noblemen and gentlemen to whose ex. that accident among the most fortunate ertions the success of the bill was in a great events of his life, as it had given him the m.casure owing, and that a committee be unspeakable pleasure, not only of hearing appointed to assist in preparing the same. the most admirable speech of Dr Nicol, The Assembly then proceeded to the but of seconding the motion of thanks. protest and appeal from the Synod of Perth
The motion was received with loud ap- and Stirling relative to the Gartmore Cha. plause, and the thanks of the Assembly rel. It appeared from the statement given, given from the chair, and ordered to be re. that Mr Taylor, minister of that chapel, corded
had, in November last, from bad health, The Moderator addressed Dr Nicol as fol. resigned his charge, in a letter to the Molows:
derator of the Presbytery of Dunblane. “I have much pleasure in expressing to The Presbytery, by majority, accepted of you the grateful sense which ihis House his resignation, from which sentence Dr Pa. entertain of your disinterested zeal and in- trick Murray and others protested, and ap- . defatigable exertions, in procuring the act pealed to the reverend Synod. The Synod, of Parliament in favour of the widows of by a majority, affirmed the sentence of the the Clergy and Professors.
Presbytery, from which Dr Murray appeal. “ 'I his excellent measure, Sir, you have ed to the venerable Assembly. Parties bethe merit of proposing and steadily pursu. ing called, there appeared for the Appel. ing, with much expence and trouble to lants, Dr Murray and Mr Gray of Kincar. yourself, till at last you have brought it to dine ; for the managers of the chapel, Hena successful termination.
ry Cockburn, Esq.; for the Synod, Mr " The good effects of your labours are Lapslie, correspondent from the Synod of not yet felt, nor will they be in any consi- Glasgow and Ayr. Parties being heard, derable degree for some few years to come ; and removed, after much reasoning, the but they will, we trust, be ultimately felt, General Assembly find, that a constitution and thankfully acknowledged by genera- was given to the chapel of Gartmore, that tjons yet unborn.
a bond was granted by the managers of that “ Thus, Sir, as the reward of your bene- chapel for a salary to the minister of the volence, you will at present have the heart. said chapel; that Mr Taylor ought to have feit satisfaction of drawing down upon your- delivered that bond into the hands of the seli the blessing of the widow and the fa. Presbytery of Dunblane at the time that he therless, and after death your memory will resigned; that the Presbytery should not be embalmed as a generous benefactor of have accepted this resignation without being the Church of Scotland."
in possession of the bond, and without some Principal Bill moved, that the thanks of regular method to satisfy their minds with the Aseconbiy be given to his Grace the regard to his health. And the Assembly, Lord High Commissioner, for his uniform taking all the circumstances of the case into