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A. D. 1764.



posed to birds and beasts of prey, under the guard | the guns were fired. The officers of the Sepoys of some Sepoys. At Patna, when he heard of the then informed the major that their men would not surrender of Mongheer, he put into execution a allow any more to suffer. He immediately ordered measure he had long threatened—the massacre of the four guns to be loaded with grape, and the his English prisoners. This office was committed Europeans to be drawn up with the guns in into Sumroo, who evinced no repugnance. The vic- tervals between them, The Sepoys were then tims were fallen on, even their knives and forks commanded to ground their arms on pain of being having been previously removed, that they might fired on if they disobeyed. Sixteen more of the have no means of resistance. Some were shot, mutineers were then blown away, and the remainothers cut to pieces with swords ; they defended ing four were sent to suffer at another cantonthemselves as well as they could by throwing ment. bottles and stones. Among them were Mr. Ellis The spirit of mutiny being now at an end, and Mr. Hay; the total number murdered there | Munro prepared to take the field. Toward the and elsewhere is said to have been two hundred. middle of September the army was in motion; the The only person spared was Mr. Fullarton, a enemy attempted to defend the passage of the Sôn, surgeon.

but were repulsed, and on the 22nd October the At the approach of the English, Meer Cossim army reached Buxar, where the troops of the fled from Patna, and on 6th November that place vizîr were encamped. Munro proposed making was taken by storm. They pursued him to the an attack on them before daybreak next morning; banks of the Caramnassa, which he crossed, and but the report of his spies leading him to suspect took refuge in Oude. He then repaired to the that, as he wished, the enemy meditated being the emperor and vizîr who were at Allahabad. He assailants, he resolved to await them. At eight was received with great respect, and the latter o'clock they were announced to be in motion; the promised to enter Bahâr in his support. Major troops were drawn out to receive them; at nine Carnac, who commanded the army, was there- the action commenced, and at twelve the enemy fore directed to march to the Caramnassa to op- gave way. They retreated, however, leisurely, pose him, but unfortunately his troops were in and by breaking up a bridge of boats, and thus à state of mutiny in consequence of being dis- losing 2000 of his men, the vizîr saved the reappointed of the rewards they had expected. The mainder of his army. His force was estimated at mutinous spirit was in some degree appeased ; but from 40,000 to 60,000 men. Munro had 857 Carnac, not thinking it advisable to advance, en- Europeans, 5297 Sepoys, 1918 native cavalry. Of camped under the walls of Patna, where, on the the enemy 2000 lay dead on the field, the British morning of the 13th May, he was attacked by the had 847 killed and wounded. The effect of this united forces of the vizîr and Meer Cossim. The important battle, which broke the power of the English Sepoys fought nobly, and at sunset the vizîr of Oude, was to render the British paramount enemy was completely repulsed. Proposals for an north of the Vindhya mountains. accommodation were then made ; but as the Bri- The day after the battle, the emperor wrote to tish authorities insisted on the surrender of Meer Major Munro congratulating him on his victory, Cossim, Sumroo, and the English deserters, and the and seeking his protection against the vizîr, who, vizîr required that of Bahâr, nothing could be he said, had treated him as a prisoner. When the effected, and in June the enemy retired into British set out for Benares, he marched in the Oude.

same direction, and every night pitched his tents As the troops behaved so well at Patna, the near their camp. In an interview with Munro, he council thought the mutinous spirit had disap- offered the dominions of Shujah-ud-dowlah, or any peared ; but Carnac knew better, and he acted thing else they might require for protection, which with caution. The command was then transferred finally was accorded by the authorities at Calto Major Hector Munro, a king's officer who cutta, and the descendant of Timûr and Bâber had just arrived with troops from Bombay. On thus sank into the condition of a dependant on the coming to Patna, he found the Sepoys deserting, foreign traders who had humbly crouched before and even threatening to seize their officers and the throne of his ancestors. deliver them up to the enemy, if they did not get The vizîr, meantime, to console himself for his an increase of pay, and a donation promised them losses and defeat, plundered his friend Meer Cosby Meer Jaffier. One battalion actually went off sim of his remaining wealth, in the most shameless with their arms to join the enemy. Munro sent

Still he would not surrender him to the 100 Europeans, and a battalion of Sepoys who British ; and he offered, if they would recede from could be relied on, in pursuit of them, and they that point, twenty-five lacs of rupees to the Comcame on them when they were asleep in the night, pany, as many to the army, and eight to Munro made them prisoners, and brought them back. himself. When these terms were refused, he proThe major stood ready to receive them with the posed to withdraw his protection from Meer Costroops under arms. He ordered their officers to sim, but to let him escape. As to Sumroo, he select fifty of the worst of them, and from these a indicated a very simple course; which was to invite further selection was made of twenty-four, who him to an entertainment, at which two or three were tried on the spot by a court-martial of native English officers, who knew his person, should be officers, found guilty of mutiny and desertion, and present, and to put him to death before them. But sentenced to death. Munro then ordered them to even this was rejected. The British army then be bound to the guns and blown away. When the advanced toward Allahabad, and on their way laid first four men were called for, four grenadiers siege to the fort of Chunarghur. As Shujah-udstepped forth and claimed it as “a right which dowlah was endeavouring to get into the rear of the belonged to men who had always been first in the army, and to seize the emperor, Munro converted post of danger.” Their desire was granted, and the siege into a blockade, and led the rest of the army toward Benares. The two armies lay for sents received from Meer Cossim, we might surely some time inactive, in presence of each other, and expect to find all hands clean on the present occasoon after Munro resigned the command, and sion. But not so; the covenants were pronounced quitted India.


to be absurd and unreasonable, and presents to the Meer Jaffier did not long enjoy his recovered amount of about eleven lacs of rupees were redignity. He died in the beginning of the year ceived from the Nabob?, beside presents from 1765, his natural infirmities being augmented by Reza Khan and Jugget Seit, the banker?, the mental uneasiness, caused by the incessant de- Meantime, the accounts which had reached Engmands made on him by the English for money. land of the massacre at Patna, and the war with Among these, what he most complained of, and the vizir, had filled the proprietors with such what was urged most pertinaciously, was the com- alarm, that they deemed Clive the only man able pensation for private losses. At the time of making to retrieve the Company's affairs in Bengal, and he the treaty he was assured, that this, at the utmost, was accordingly appoated governor of that presiwould not exceed ten lacs of rupees, but it was dency. We must therefore cast a glance at what gradually increased, and eventually brought up to had been taking place at home of late years. fifty-three; and of this great sum, the one-half was extorted from him, though his payments to the Company were not completed; and they had to borrow from their own servants money, at eight per cent., for their necessary expenses.

CHAPTER XI. A new Nabob was now to be appointed, and the choice lay between Jaffier's second son, Nûjum-ud

Clive in England - His Return to Bengal-Treaties with the dowlah, and the son of Meerurn, a boy only six years

Vizir and Emperor-Clive's Plan of Reform-Salt-Soold. The council decided in favour of the former;

ciety-Mutiny of English Officers-Suppressed by Clive for though a long minority might seem to be more

-His Return to England-Death and Character. for the advantage of the Company, it might render their power more conspicuous than they desired WHEN Clive returned to England, in 1760, his it should be for some time. Mill hints, that the income arising from his jagheer and his money circumstance of the former being of age, and thus was upwards of 40,0001. a year. He met with a able to make presents, which a minor could not do, most flattering reception from the young king, the may possibly have had its weight. In the treaty ministry, and the Court of Directors. He was made with the new Nabob, the Company took into created an Irish peer, and had a promise of the their own hands the military defence of the coun- order of the Bath. He also became a member of try; and with respect to the civil government, the the House of Commons, and, to increase his inNabob bound himself to appoint, with their advice, fluence there, purchased seats for several of his a Naib Subah, or deputy, who should manage it, friends. But he had his enemies, especially Mr. and not be removed without their consent. The Lawrence Sulivan, at that time chairman of the choice of this person also presented a difficulty. Court of Directors ; and he had not been long in Nundcomar, a Hindoo, whom we have seen in the England, when he received an intimation from that service of Suraj-ud-dowlah, a man of the most gentleman that the Directors had some thoughts of faithless and unprincipled character, and in secret questioning his right to his jagheer. The breach the bitter foe of the English, had ingratiated him- between them was widened by the circumstance self so much with Meer Jaffier, during his late long of their being of opposite sides in politics. As one residence at Calcutta, that on his restoration he great mind attracts another, Clive admired and asked permission to employ him as his minister. supported Pitt; he was also the intimate friend To this Vansittart was opposed, which was a suffi- of Mr. George Grenville. Sulivan was of the party cient reason with the majority to grant it. Now, of Lord Bute, the actual minister. This nobleman however, as Mr. Vansittart was no longer there to had made overtures to Clive to join him, but they be opposed, and Nundcomar had acted in his usual were rejected. It was then resolved, as he could manner, they refused to consent to his appoint- not be gained, to weaken him as much as possible, ment, and proposed Mohammed Reza Khân, a | by attacking his wealth and his character. Mussulman, of respectable character; and in spite Clive seems to have considered that it was neof the artifices of Nundcomar, he became the Naib cessary for him to become a director in order to Subah.

secure himself. At that time the whole of the The Court of Directors had, twice during the directors were annually elected, and the qualificapast year, written out, condemning the private tion of a voter was the holding of 5001. stock. trade, and giving orders for its cessation. They This no doubt was presumed to be bonâ fide prohad particularly reprobated the article in the treaty perty; but as the law was not strict it was easy to with Meer Jaffier, taking off all duties from it, except the small one on salt. Yet, in the face of 1 Mr. Spencer, who had lately come from Bombay, and that prohibition, the council now had the hardihood succeeded Mr. Vansittart, had two lacs of rupees (23,3331.); to insert that very article in the treaty made with Mr. Johnstone, 2,37,000 (27,6501.); Mr. Senior, 1,72,500 Nûjum-ud-dowlah. Further, the Company had de- (20,1251.); Mr. Middleton, 1,22,500 (14,2911); Mr. Leycesvised covenants, to be signed by all the civil and ter, 1,12,500 rupees (13,1251.) These four formed the depumilitary servants, binding them not to receive any

tation for arranging the treaty with the Nabob. Messrs.

Pleydell, Burdett, and Gray, members of council, had each present beyond one thousand rupees, without the

one lac (11,6661.); and Mr. Gideon Johnstone, the brother consent of the Court of Directors; and these cove

of the deputy, and who was not even in the Company's sernants had reached Calcutta before the death of

vice, bad 50,000 (58331.). Meer Jaffier; and when we recollect the principles

2 The cousin, and successor of those murdered by Meer laid down by Mr. Johnstone, respecting the pre- Cossim.

A. D. 1765.



elude it, and the practice grew up of what was the arrival of Clive. It was deemed the more prucalled splitting ootes, that is, giving fictitious qualifi- dent course to restore him the whole of his docations, as in the analogous case of members of minions, with the exception of Corah and Allahparliament. On this occasion Clive split 200,0001. ; abâd, which were reserved for the emperor. He he was, however, defeated, and the victorious party agreed to pay fifty lacs of rupees for the expenses now resolved to make him feel their vengeance. of the war, and engaged never to harbour or em

Orders were immediately sent out to Bengal not ploy Meer Cossim or Sumroo. He also engaged to pay any longer to the agents of Lord Clive the not to molest Rajah Bulwunt Sing, who held under rent of his jagheer. No public reason was as- him the zemindaries of Benares and Ghazipûr, and signed ; but Mr. Sulivan, in a private letter to who had joined the English. At his earnest desire Mr. Vansittart, stated that it was “ because all an article of free trade and factories in his docordiality between the Court of Directors and minions was omitted in the treaty. Lord Clive was at an end.” As his only remedy, The emperor was next to be dealt with. By the Clive filed a bill in chancery ; the most eminent arrangement made with him in the time of Meer legal opinions were taken on both sides, and all Jaffier, he was to be paid twenty-six lacs of rupees were in favour of Clive, whose right to the jagheer, a year out of the revenues of the three provinces, they truly stated, was precisely the same as that and have jagheers to the annual amount of five of the Company to the lands from which it issued. lacs and a half. These jagheers he was now told Nothing could be more flimsy or futile than the he must resign, as also his claim to an arrear of reasons assigned by the Directors ; still they went thirty-two lacs then due to him. To his remonon, and would have gone on harassing him, out of strances Clive replied that, in consequence of the pure spite, had not the intelligence from India war, which had been in a great measure on his arrived which determined the proprietors to ob- account, not a rupee could be paid ; and he was tain, if possible, Clive's services once more in that obliged to submit. He was then asked to grant country. At the ensuing election for the Court of the Company the dewanee of the three provinces, Directors, Mr. Sulivan and his party were de- for which they agreed to yield him twenty-six feated, and Mr. Ross, whom Lord Clive supported, lacs a year, and to this he gave a ready consent, as became chairman. An arrangement, which Clive he had already offered it; the nizamnut was at the himself proposed, was made respecting his jag- same time assured to the Nabob. The firmân to heer, namely, that he should enjoy it for ten years, this important grant bears date 12th August, 1765. if he lived so long, and if the lands whence it is. It had been previously arranged with the Nabob sued remained so long in the possession of the that he should be content with fifty lacs a year for Company. He was appointed Governor and Com. the support of himself and family, the Company mander-in-chief of Bengal, for which he soon after having to bear all the expenses of government 3. set sail, and he reached Calcutta on the 3rd May, Clive now was able to devote himself to the ar1765. He was accompanied by Mr. Sumner and duous task of effecting reformations and retrenchMr. Sykes, who, with Mr. Verelst and Gen. Car- ments in the service. And here the difficulty was nac, were to form a Select Committee, armed with of no little magnitude. As the salaries which the extraordinary powers for the correction of abuses. Company gave their servants were notoriously in

On the second day after their arrival the Com- | adequate to their support *, they were allowed, by mittee entered on their duties. Mr. Leycester and way of compensation, to receive presents, after the Mr. Johnstone attempted to dispute their power ; usage of the country, and to engage in private but Clive silenced them by declaring that they trade. As long as the Company was a mere tradshould not enter into any discussion on the subject, ing society, the evils which thence resulted were but might record their dissent if they pleased. comparatively of little importance ; but now that They then submitted. Soon after, the subject of it had become a sovereign power, whose authority the covenants was brought forward, which the was wielded by its servants, those evils assumed a Committee insisted should be executed without magnitude which could not have been dreamed of delay. This also was done, but with much ill-will previously. It was easy then for the Company to and discontent. On the complaint of the Nabob impose covenants and prohibit private trade ; but that Mohammed Reza Khân had impoverished his to prevent the evils in this way was impossible. treasury by the large amount of presents given to Clive saw the difficulty. He saw, too, that the the Company's servants, an inquiry was instituted only remedy was to give the servants of the Cominto these presents. Mr. Johnstone defended him- pany such incomes as would enable them to live as self and colleagues by alleging the example of Clive their rank required, and offer them a fair prospect himself ; but he did not state that, at that time, of retiring with an independence. But he knew the Company had given no opinion on the subject, the Company and their frugal mercantile habits whereas he and his companions had acted in direct too well to hope that they would ever give their disobedience to the will of their masters. Moham- consent to large sums being taken for this purpose med Reza Khân was acquitted of the charges made out of their resources ; and if they were to give it, against him ; but Roy Dallûb and Jugget Seit were he had little doubt but that the cupidity of mijoined in office with him.

On the 3rd May, the very day of Clive's landing, 3 He was quite delighted at this arrangement. Gen. Carnac defeated at Corah the vizîr of Oude, only reflection he made on leaving me,” says Clive, “was, who had been joined by a body of Marattas and

*Thank God! I shall now have as many dancing-girls as I other native troops. After this defeat the vizîr please.'” Life of Clive, iii. 125.

" The

4 That of a member of council was only 2501. a year, of a resolved to throw himself on the generosity of the

factor 1401., and of a writer, as lately increased, 1302.; while English ; and on the 19th he entered their camp,

the rent of even an indifferent house was 2001., and, as where he was received with the greatest respect; Clive asserted, a councillor could not live under 30001, but the conclusion of the treaty was deferred till

a year.

nisters would be excited, and they would be eager to give time for an answer to come from Calcutta. to grasp at this mode of providing for the younger They bound themselves by oath to secrecy, and to sons of the nobility and their other supporters, and preserve, at the hazard of their lives, any one of thus put the affairs of India into the hands of the them who should be sentenced to death by a court ignorant and the incapable.

martial; each was bound by a penalty of 5001. not The plan which he devised was as follows. At to accept of his commission again unless double all times (and even down to the present day) the batta was restored. Subscriptions, to which many manufacture and sale of salt in India has been a civilians contributed, were made for those who monopoly; it is such even in France. This mono- might be cashiered. Their hopes were now greatly poly was usually granted to some favourite of the raised by tidings of the approach of 50,000 or prince, who sold the salt at his own price to the more Marattas to Corah. Col. Smith was in connative traders. Clive then proposed that it should sequence ordered to encamp at Serajapûr with the be held by a joint-stock society composed of the whole of the second brigade, except the European governor, the members of council, and the prip- regiment which remained at Allahabad on account cipal civil and military servants of the Company. of the heat. These shares were to be fifty-six in number, of In the month of March, Clive and Gen. Carnac which the governor was to hold five, the second in proceeded to Moorshedabâd to regulate various council and the general three each, ten members important matters. Clive there received a letter of council and two colonels two each, one chaplain, from Mr. Verelst and the council, containing a fourteen senior merchants, and three lieut.-colonels remonstrance from the officers of the third brigade each two-thirds of a share"; the remaining nine on the subject of the batta. On the 28th April he shares were to be divided among a certain number | had a letter from Sir R. Fletcher, informing him of factors, majors, surgeons, and others (twenty- that the officers of his brigade intended sending seven in all) in the proportion of a third of a share him their commissions at the end of the month. to each. A committee of four was to manage the He also enclosed a letter from Sir R. Barker, intiaffairs of the society. A tax of thirty-five per mating that there was something of the same kind cent. on the sales was to be paid to the Company, meditated in the third brigade also. A quarrel and the selling prices at the different depôts was among the officers, it appears, had brought the fixed at from twelve to fifteen per cent. less than whole to light, and it was in consequence of this the average rates of the twenty preceding years. that they had now fixed the 1st May, instead of The whole capital of the association was thirty-two 1st June, for their resignation. lacs of sicca rupees, each member furnishing capi- In his reply to Col. Fletcher, Clive declared that tal according to his share.

any officer who offered to resign should be disA reform was also to be effected in the army; missed the ser and never be restored. The and here Clive experienced his greatest difficulty, knowledge which he soon obtained of the combinafor military men have a known horror of retrench- tion being general, did not alter his resolution, ment. After the battle of Plassy, Meer Jaffier though he feared, lest the troops might support had granted double batta or camp-allowance to the their officers. He directed the council to write to English forces which he was to pay. Clive warned Madras for all the officers and cadets that could be them at the time that it could be only temporary, spared, and to apply to the free merchants to come and the Company would never continue it. His forward, and act as officers. At his desire, also, prediction was verified; for as soon as the Nabob the council resolved, that all commissions tendered assigned the Company certain districts for the ex- should be accepted, and those who tendered them penses of the army, orders were sent out to abolish be sent to Calcutta. the double batta. These orders were often re- Early in May, Clive and Carnac set out for peated, but always neglected, and when Clive was Mongheer, and finding, by a letter which he recoming out, the subject was sti gly urged upon ceived from Sir R. Fletcher on the way, that the him by the Directors.

mutineers were writing to Madras, to prevent the According to a plan proposed by Clive, the officers there from coming to Bengal, Clive wrote Company's troops had been regimented and formed to Calcutta, to direct all private letters for that into three brigades. Of these the first under Lieut.- presidency to be stopped, and to Sir R. Fletcher, colonel Sir Robert Fletcher was in garrison at to secure the assistance of the sergeants and of the Mongheer, the second under Col. R. Smith was at native officers. He had already sent forward such Allahabad to protect the emperor from the Ma- faithful officers as he could collect, and these, on rattas; the third was at Bankipore under Col. Sir coming to Mongheer, reproached the others with Robert Barker. An order was issued that, from their ingratitude to a man who had lately given so the 1st January, 1766, double batta to the Euro. large a sum to form a fund for their invalids and pean officers should cease, except to those of the widows. They said that Sir R. Fletcher had never şecond brigade, while it should be actually in the told them of this, and accused him of being the field; half batta was to be allowed to those at originator of the whole plan. On the 13th, the Patna and Mongheer when not on service, but European soldiers got under arms, to support their none to those at Calcutta. The reduction took officers ; but the appearance of Capt. Smith, with place accordingly; but the officers at Mongheer the Sepoy battalion, reduced them to order. When held secret meetings, at which a general resigna- Sir R. Fletcher addressed them and distributed tion of their commissions was agreed on; their money, they told him they had understood that he plans were communicated to the other brigades, was to head them ; but as that was not the case, and about 200 commissions of captains and subal- they would return to their duty. On the 15th terns were ready to be placed in the hands of the Clive arrived, and Sir R. Fletcher then owned commanding officer on the 1st June, though they that he had known of the plot since January, and were to offer to serve as volunteers till the 15th, | that he had affected to approve of it, that nothing A. D. 1766-67.



of age.

might be done without his knowledge. Clive made port of invalided officers and soldiers of the Comno remark. He addressed the troops, mentioning pany's service, which still exists. his own donation, and he ordered double pay to the While Clive was engaged in quelling the mutiny, native troops for May and June.

the young Nabob died of a malignant fever. His In the camp at Serajepûr, though a battle was death, as is always the case, was ascribed to poison, expected every day, all the officers but two ten- and the guilt, without even the shadow of a proof, dered their resignation ; some immediately, others was laid on the English. He was succeeded by his after the 1st June. The former Col. Smith ordered brother, Syuf-ud-Dowlah, a youth of sixteen years to proceed at once to Calcutta. At Allahabâd the officers of the European regiment declared that The profits of the salt monopoly having proved they would set out for Calcutta on the 20th May. much greater than had been expected, the ComAs Major Smith, who commanded there, found that pany's duty was raised to fifty per cent., which it their men would support them, he sent for an old was calculated would yield 160,0001. a year. Clive, battalion of Sepoys which had long been under his having observed the ill effects of employing, as command; and these men, having accomplished | had been done, European agents for the sale, it the march of 104 miles from Serajepûr in fifty-four was now determined that it should be sold at Cal. hours, arrived just as the officers were departing. cutta, or where it was made, to the native dealers, Major Smith then made them submit and apologise, and to them only, excluding Europeans altogether. and he sent only six of them to Calcutta, whither Clive, when this had been arranged, made a proCol. Smith also sent one-half of his officers. posal for excluding every future governor from

Owing to the firmness of Lord Clive, of Col. Smith, engaging in any way in trade, by giving him a per and others, and to the staunch fidelity of the Se- centage of ls on the revenues, and making him poys, the mutiny was now at an end. The principal bind himself by oath in a penalty of 150,0001. not leaders being under arrest and ordered to prepare to derive any advantage from his office, beyond for trial, consternation and repentance became this and his usual salary and perquisites. general. Some had been inveigled, some fright- But now letters came from the Directors, orderened, into the plot. Pardon was therefore extended ing the Society to be suppressed, and the trade to to many; but they were obliged to sign a contract be thrown open and left entirely to the natives, but to serve three years, and not to retire without without any plan for compensating their servants. having given a year's notice. Six officers were For the fact was, that the proprietors at home were tried and found guilty of mutiny ; but owing to a so clamorous for an increase of dividend, that the defect in the Mutiny Act, not one was sentenced Directors feared to make any diminution of their to death. Sir R. Fletchers, who was the real author revenue. Clive, however, took upon him to act of the mutiny, was tried by court-martial, on the for what he deemed the real interests of the Comprosecution of Capt. Goddard and some other offi- pany. He confirmed the grant to the Society for cers, found guilty, and cashiered. The only civi- one year, after which it was to cease ; thus giving lians to whom the charge of aiding the officers the Directors time to devise some other plan for could be brought home, though there was no doubt remunerating their servants. of the guilt of many of high standing, were Mr. It was the earnest request of the Directors to Higginson, sub-secretary to the Council, and Mr. Clive, that he would remain another year in India; Grindal, of the secretary's office. These gentlemen but this the state of his health prohibited, and he were dismissed.

quitted its shores for ever in the end of January, We have just seen Clive's generosity to the 1767. He was once more received in England army mentioned. The following was the occasion. with every mark of respect; and, by a vote of the Meer Jaffier, who was always attached to Clive, Court of Proprietors, his jagheer was continued to and who could not but reflect on how differently he him or his heirs for another term of ten years had acted toward him, when dying, left him a after the present term should have expired. But legacy of five lacs of rupees. The money was in a storm was to succeed. Mr. Sulivan was now the hands of the present Nabob's mother, and chairman ; Mr. Johnstone and the other Indian some took on them to assert that it was a bribe, depredators were in England, and they stuck to not a legacy. But of this there was no proof, and Clive like bloodhounds, thirsting for vengeance. the probability is all on the other side. At all He had repeatedly, in Parliament, to explain and events Clive, who had given a solemn pledge that defend his various acts in India ; and at length, in he would not in any way benefit himself by his May, 1773, Col. Burgoyne, as chairman of a comgovernment of India, declined receiving it. When, mittee on Indian affairs, moved a resolution in the however, the double batta was to be taken from the House, that Lord Clive had received, at the time officers, it occurred to him that, by taking this of the deposition of Suraj-ud-Dowlah, various sums, money, he might be able to form a fund for the amounting to 234,0001., and that “in so doing he advantage of themselves and their widows, he de- abused the power with which he was entrusted, to termined to accept it. The Company sanctioned the evil example of the servants of the public, and the project ; Nûjum-ud-Dowlah's successor, at

to the dishonour and detriment of the state.” The Clive's desire, added three lacs more ; and thus

motion that he had received those sums was carwas formed the institution at Poplar, for the sup- ried ; but for the latter part was substituted una

nimously," that he did at the same time render 5 We shall meet this person again at Madras, selfish and

great and meritorious services to his country.” disobedient as ever. A Mr. John Petrie, one of the ring

Though thus honourably acquitted, the fact of leaders, whom Clive sent home with a rope about his neck, having been accused preyed on his proud spirit. returned to Bengal some time after high in the civil ser- He was constitutionally melancholy; his liver had vice, through the influence of his friends, the Johnstones, become diseased in India, and he was afflicted with probably to spite Clive.

gall-stones, his sufferings from which were su in

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