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II. In this facrament, Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real facrifice made at all, for remiffion of fins of the quick or dead b; but only a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all; and a fpiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the samec; so that the popish sacrifice of the mass, as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only facrifice, che alone propitiation for all the fins of the elect d.

III. The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take, and break the bread, to take the cup, and they com

municating are all partakers of that one bread. in letter a.) Mat. xxvi. 26. And as v. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of they were eating, Jesus took bread, the Lord, and the cup of devils; ye and blessed it, and brake it, and cannot be partakers of the Lord's gave it to the disciples, and faid, table, and of the table of devils. Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. i Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are And he took the cup, and gave we all baptized into one body, whe- thanks, and gave it to them, layther we be Jews or Gentiles, whe- ing, Drink ye all of it. ther we be bond or free; and have d Heb. vii. 23. And they truly been all made to drink into one ipi- were many priests, because they rit:

were not suffered to continue by II. 6 Heb. ix. 22. And almost all reason of death: v. 24. But this things are by the law purged with man, because he continueth ever, blood; and without thedding of hath an unchangeable priesthood. blood is no remillion. v. 25. Nor v. 27. Who needeth not daily, as yet that he should offer himself of- thote high prieits, to offer up sacri. ten, as the high priest entreth into fice, first for his own sins, and then the holy place every year with blood for the peoples: for this he did once, of others: v. 26. (For then must be when he offered up himself. Heb. x. often hath suffered since the foun- 11. And every priest standeth daily dation of the world) but now once ministring, and offering oftentimes in the end of the world hath he ap- the same facrifices, which can never peared to put away sin by the facri- take away fins: v. 12. But this man, fice of himtelf, v. 28. So Christ was after he had offered one facrifice for once offered to bear the sins of ma- fins for ever, sat down on the right ny; and unto those that look for hand of God. v. 14. For by one him, fhall he appear the second offering he hath perfected for ever time, without sin, unto salvation. them that are sanctified. v. 18. Now

si Cor. xi. 24, 25, 26. (See them where remision of these is, there is


* municating also themselves) to give both to the communicants e; but to none who are not then present in the congregation f.

IV. Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest or any other alone g, as likewise the denial of the cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this facrament, and to the institution of Christ i.

V. The outward elements in this sacrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ k; albeit, in substance and na

ture, no more offering for sin,

part on the morrow, and continued III. – Mat. xxvi. 26, 27. (See in his speech until mid-night. i Cor. letter c.) v. 28. For this is my blood 'xi. 20. When ye come together of the new testament, which is thed therefore into one place, this is not for many for the remission of fins, to eat the Lord's supper. And Mark xiv. 22. And as they did IV. 'g i Cor. x. 6. Now these cat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, things were our examples, to the and brake it, and gave to them, and intent we should not lust after evil faid, Take, eat; this is my body. things, as they also luited. V. 23. And he took the cup, and b Mark xiv. 23. (See in letter c.) when he had given thanks, he gave 1 Cor. xi. 25, 26. (See letter a.) v. it to them; and they all drank of it. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat 1.24. And he said unto them, This this bread, and drink this cup of the is my blood of the new testament, Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of which is shed for many. And Luke the body and blood of the Lord. v. xii. 19. And he took bread, and 28. But let a man examine himself, gave thanks, and brake it, and gave and so let him eat of that bread, and unto them, saying, This is my bo- drink of that cup. v. 29. For he that dy which is given for you: this do eateth and drinketh unworthily, in remembrance of me, v. 20. Like- teth and drinketh damnation to wife also the cup after supper, fay. himself, not discerning the Lord's ing, This cup is the new teltament body. in my blood, which is shed for

you. i Mat. xv. 9. But in vain they do With 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26. (See worship me, teaching for doctrines all in letter 4.)

the commandments of men. f Acts xx. 7. And upon the first V. k Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they day of the week, when the disciples were eating, Jesus took bread, and came together to break bread, Paul blessed it, and brake it, and give

it preached unto them, ready to deto de to the disciples and faid, Take, cat;

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ture, they still remain truly and only bread, and wine, as they were beforel.

VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood (commonly called transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the nature of the sacrament, and hath been and is the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries m.

VII. Worthy receivers, ourwardly partaking of the visible elements in this facrament n, do then also inwardly by faith; really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death: the body and blood of Christ being then, pot corporally or carnally, in, it or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but fpiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements chemselves are to their outward senses o.

VIII. Altho this is my body. v. 27. And he took hath spoken by the mouth of all his the cup, and gave thanks, and gave holy prophets, fince the world be. it to them, saying, Drink ye all of gan. With 1 Cor. xi. 24. And wher it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the he had given thanks, he brake it, new testament, which is shed for and faid, Take, eat; this is my bomany for the remiffion of fins.

dy, which is broken for


this li Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye do in remembrance of me. v. 25., cat this bread, and drink this cup, After the same manner also he took ye do shew the Lord's death till he the cup, when he had supped, faycome. v. 27. Wherefore, whosoever ing, This cúp is the new testament shall eat this bread, and drink this in my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye cup of the Lord unworthily, shall drink it, in remembrance of me. v. be guilty of the body and blood of 26. (See letter 1.) Luke xxiv, 6. He the Lord. v. 28. But let a man ex- is not here, but is risen : remember amine himself, and so let him eat of how he spake unto you when he was that bread, and drink of that cup. yet in Galilee. v. 39. Behold my Mat. xxvi. 29. But I say unto you, hands and my feet, that it is I myI will not drink henceforth of this felf: handle me, and see, for å spi. fruit of the vine, until that day when rit hath not flesh and bones, as you I drink it new with you in my Fa- see me have. ther's kingdom.

VII. a i Cor. xi. 28. (See in letVI. m Actsïïi. 21. Whom the hea-, ter l.) ten must receive, until the times of o i Cor. x. 16. The cup of blestestitution of all things, which God fing which we bless, is it not the


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VIII. Altho' ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this facrament, yet they receive not the thing signified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of thele holy mysteries p, or be admitted thereunto

9. CHAP. XXX. Of Church Cenfures. HE Lord Jesus, as king and head of his church, hath

therein appointed a government in the hand of church. officers, distinct from the civil magistrate a.

II To communion of the blood of Christ? as ye are unleavened. For even the bread which we break, is it Christ our passover is sacrificed for not the communion of the body of us. v. 13. But them that are withChrist?

out, God judgeth, Therefore put VIII. p 1 Cor. xi. 27, 28. (See in away from among yourselves that letter l.) v. 29. For he that eateth wicked person. 2 Thell. iii. 6. Now and drinketh unworthily, eateth we command you, brethren, in the and drinketh damnation to himself, name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that not discerning the Lord's body. ye withdraw yourselves from every 2 Cor. vi. 14. Be ye not unequally brother that walketh disorderly, yoked together with unbelievers for and not after the tradition which he what fellowthip hath righteousness received of us. v. 14' And if any with unrighteousness and what man obey not our word by this episcommunion hath light with dark- tle, note that man, and have no comness? v. 15. And what concord hath pany with him, that he may be aChrist with Belial or what part hath Thamed. v. 15. Yet count him not he that believeth with an infidel? v. as an enemy, but admonish him as 16. What agreement hath the tem- a brother. Mat, vii. 6. Give not that ple of God with idols? for ye are the which is holy unto the dogs, neither temple of the living God; as God cast ye your pearls before swine, left hath said, I will dwell in them, and they trample them under their feet, walk in them; and I will be their and turn again and rent you. God, and they shall be my people. 1. «Isa. ix. 6. For unto us a child

q i Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is is born, unto ús a son is given, and not good: Know ye not that a little the government shall be upon his leaven leaveneth the whole lump? shoulder : and his name shall be cal1.7. Purge out therefore the old led, Wonderful, Counseller, The leaven, that ye may be a new lump mighty God, The everlasting Fa



II. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respece tively to retain and remit fins; to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent finners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require b.

III. Church ther, The Prince of peace. v.7. Of church, first apostles, secondarily the increase of his government and prophets, thirdly, teachers, after peace, there shall be no end, upon that miracles, then gifts of healings, the throne of David, and upon his helps, governments, diversities of kingdom, to order it, and to esta- tongues. Mat. xxviii. 18. And Jeblith it with judgment and with juf- fus came, and spake unto them, saytice, from henceforth even for ever: ing, All power is given unto me in the zeal of the Lord of hosts will heaven and in earth. v. 19.


ye perform this. 1 Tim.v. 17. Let the therefore and teach all nations, bapelders that rule well, be counted tizing them in the name of the Faworthy of double honour, especi- ther, and of the Son, and of the Hoally they who fabour in the word ly Ghost: v. 20. Teaching them to and doctrine, 1 Theff. v. 12. And observe all things whatsoever I have we beseech you, brethren, to know commanded you: and lo, I am with them who labour among you, and you alway, even unto the end of the are over you in the Lord, and ad. world. Amen. monish

you. A&s xx. 17. And from II. 6 Mat. xvi. 19. And I will give Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and cal- unto thee the keys of the kingdom led the elders of the church. v, 18 of heaven: and whatsoever thou And when they were come to him, shalt bind on earth, shall be bound he said unto them, Ye know from in heaven: and whatsoever thou the first day that I came into Asia, fhalt loose on earth, shall be loofed after what manner I have been with in heaven. Mat, xviii. 17. And if you at all seasons. Heb. xiii. 7. Re- he shall neglect to hear them, tell it member them who have the rule o- unto the church : but if he neglect ver you, who have spoken unto you to hear the church, let him be unto the word of God, whose faith fol. thee as an heathen man and a publow, considering the end of their lican. v. 18. Verily, I say unto you, conversation. v. 17. Obey them Whatsoever ye shall bind on carth, that have the rule over you, and shall be bound in heaven: and whatsubmit yourselves: for they watch foever ye shall loose on earth, shall for your souls, as they that must be looled in heaven. John xx. 21. give account, that they may do it Then said Jesus to them again, with joy, and not with grief: for Peace be unto you; as my Father that is unprofitable for you. v. 24. hath sent me, even fo fend I you. Salute all them that have the rule 22. And when he had faid this, he over you, and all the saints. They breathed on them, and faith unto of Italy falute you, i Cor. xii. 28. them, Receive ye the holy Ghost. And God hath set some in the v. 23. Whose foever fins ye remit,


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