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he was sundrie times purposed to haue bunt the characters, were not be feared my Lords wraith and anger, seeing, when the deponer woulde purposelie leaue them sometimes out of my Lords pocket, my Lord would bee in such an anger with the deponer, that for a certaine space he woulde not speak with him, nor coulde find his good countenance; and that, to this deponers opinion, my Lord woulde neuer be content to want the characters off him selfe, from the first time that the deponer did see them in Padua, to the houre of my Lords death,

Being demanded, for what purpose my Lord kept the characters so well? Depones, that, to his opinion, it was for wo good, because he heard that, in those parts where my Lord was, they would give sundrie folks breeues,

Depones further, that M. Patrik Galloway did let this deponer see the characters, since bee came to this town of Falkland, and that hcs knowes them to be the verie same characters which my Lord had.

Depones alsu, that, vppon Monday the fourth of August, the Maister, Andrey Hendersoun, and the deponer remained in my Lords chamber vntil about ten houres at euen, and, after a long conference betwixt the Lord and the Maister, my Lord called for Andrew Hendersoun, and, after some speeches with him, dismissed them.

Denies that he knew of the Maisters or Andrew Hendersouns ryding to Falkland, and after Andrews returne from Falkland vpon the morrow, howbeit he did see him booted, yet he knew not that hee was come from Falkland.

Depones that, my Lord being at dinner when the Maister come in, the deponer heard my Lord say to the Maister, Is the King in the Inshel And with that he did rise, and said, Let vs goe. But the deponer knowes not what the Maister said to my Lord.

Being demanded if he did see anie kinde of armour or weapons, except swordes, in the Kings companie, depones that he did see none.

It being demanded, how the deponer was satisfied with my Lords answere made to bim concerning the Kings comming to Sanct. Iohnstoun, saying, that hee knewe not how hee comes declares, that heç thougby that my Lord bad dissembled with him, and that hee behooued to haue knowne it, seeing his brother was come with his Majestie before that hee demanded of him, and that hee had confered with my Lord priuilie,

Depones, that hee knew not that the aister was ridden to Falkland, yntill after his Maiesties comming to Sanct. Iohnstoun, that Andrew Ruthwen told him, because the deponer enquyred at Andrew Ruthwen, wher the Maister and hee had bene, and that Andrew answered they had bene in Falkland; and that, the Maister hauing spoken with the King, his Maiestie come forward with them, and that this conference betwixt the deponer and Andrew Ruthwen was in the yarde, when my Lord was there. And Andrew Ruthwen shew to the deponer, that Andrew Hene dersoun was directed by the Maister to shew my Lord that his Maiestie was comming,

Depones also that, in his opinion, the Maister could not haue drawne the King to my Lords house, without my Lords knowledge; and that, when hee heard the tumult, he was resolued in his heart the Maister

had done his Maiestie wrong, and that no trewe Christian can think otherwise, but that it was an high treason, attempted against his Highnesse by the Maister and the Lord.

Depones also that, to his opinion, the Kings whole companie was within a dozen of inen.

Sic subscribitur,

M. W. Rynd.

22 August, 1600, Maister William Rynd sworne and reexamined, if euer he heard the Earle of Gowrie vtter his opinion anent the dutie of an wise man in the execution of an high enterprise ? Declares that, being out of the countrie, hee has diverse times heard him reason in that matter; and that hee was ener of that opinion that hee was not an wise man, that, hauing intended the execution of an high and dangerous purpose, communicate the same to any but to him selfe, because, keeping it to him selfo, it coulde not be discouered nor disappointed; which the deponer de clared before vn-required to the comptroller, and Maister William Cowper, minister at Perth; and, hearing the depositions of Andrew Hendersoun red, and being enquyred vpon his conscience what he thought of the fact that was committed against his Maiestie, declares that vppon his saluation that he beleeues Andrew Hendersoun has de clared the circumstances trulie,

Sic subscribitur,

M. W. Rynd.

Apud Falkland, 20 August, 1600. In Presence of the Lords Chancellar, Treasurer, Aduocate, Comptrollar,

and Sir George Home, of Spot, Sir Iames Melvill, Knichts.


Andrew Hendersoun, sworne and examined, and demanded what purpose was betwixt him and the Earle of Gowrie, vppon Monday at night the fourth of this instant in the said Earles chamber ? Depones, that the Earle enquyred of him what he would be doing vppon the morrow, and hee answering that hee was to ryde to Ruthwen; the Earle said to him, you must ryde to Falkland with Maister Alexander, my brother, and when hee directs you backe, see that ye returne with al diligence, if he send a letter or anie other aduertisement with you.

Depones, that the Maister directed him to send for Andrew Ruthwen, to be in readinesse to ryde with them the morrow at four houres in the morning.

Declares, that, they comming to Falkland, about seuen houres in the morning, the Maister stayed in a ludging beside the palice, and directed the deponer to see what the King was doing; and, the de poner finding his Maiestie in the close comming forth, he past back and told the Maister, who immediatlie addressed him selfe to his Highnesse, and spake with his Majestie a good space beneth the equerie; and, after his Maiestie was on horseback, the Maister commes to the deponer, and commands him to fetche their horses, and bade him haste him, as he loued my Lords 'honour and his, and aduertise my Lord that his Maiestie and hee would be there incontinent, and that his Maiestie would be quiet; and, the deponer enquyring at the maister, if he should go presentlie, hee did bid him leap on and followe him, and not to go away vntill he spake with the King; and the Maister bauing spoken with the King, at a breach of the park wal, he turned backe and bade the deponer ride away; and the deponer making his return in al possible haste to Sanct. Johnstoun, he fand my Lord in his chamber about ten houres, who left the companie hee was speaking with, and come to the deponer, and asked, Hath my brother sent a letter with you ? The deponer answered, no, but they will be al heere ineuntinont, and bade the deponer desire my Lord to cause prepare the dinner. Immediatlie therafter, my Lord took the deponer to the cabinet, and asked at him, how bis Maiestie took with the Maister his brother? The deponer answered, very well, and that his Maiestie laide his hand-ouer the Maisters shoulder. Therafter' my Lord enquyred, if there was manie at the hunting with the King. The deponer answered, that ke took no heed, but they who were accustomed to ride with his Maiestie, and some Englishmen were there and that my Lord enquyred what special men were with his Maiestie, and that the deponer answered hce did see none but my Lord Duke. And within an houre therafter, when the deponent came in from his owne house, the Earle bid him put on his secreit and plait-sleeues, for he had an Heylandman to take, which the deponer did incontinent; and about twelve houres, when the deponer was going out to his owne house to his dinner, the steward came to bim and shewe him that George Craigingelt was not well, and was lyne down, desired him to tary and take vp my Lords dinner; and about half an houer after twelue my Lord commanded bim to take vp the first seruice; and, when the deponer was commanded to take up the second seruice, the Maister and Williain Blair came into the hal to my Lord.

The deponer remembréth him-selfe, that Andrew Ruthwen came be fore the Maister a certaine space, and spake with my Lord quyetlie at the table, but heard not the particular purpose that was amongst them, And so soone as the Maister came to the hal, my Lord and the whole company raise from the table; and the deponer, hearing the noyes of their foorth-going, supponed they were going to makebreakes for makilduy; and the deponer sent bis boy for his gantlet and steil bonnet; and seeing my Lord passe to the Inshe, and not the Shoe-gate, the deponer did cast the gantlet in the pantrie, and caused his boy to take his steil bonnet to his owne house; and he followed my Lord to the Inshe, and returning backe with his Maiestie to the lodging, beeing directed to get drinke. And the Maister came to the deponer, and did bid him cause Maister William Rynd send him vp the key of the gallerie chamber, who past vp and deliuered the key to the Maister; and immediatlie my Lord followed vp, and did speak with the Maister, and came downe againe, and directed Maister Thomas Cranstoun to the deponer to come

to bis Lordship in bis Maiesties chamber. And that my Lord directed him to go vp to the gallerie to his brother; and immediatlie my Lord followed vp, and commanded the deponer to byde there with his brother, and to doe anie thing that hee bade him. The deponer enquyred at the Maister, What haue yee to do, Sir? The Maister answered, yee must goe in heere, and tarry vntill I come backe, for I will take the key with mee. So he lokked the deponer in the rounde within the chamber, and took the key with him. Shortly therafter, the maister returned, and the Kings Maiestie with him, to the saide cabinet in the rounde; and the Maister, opening the dore, entered with the King into the said rounde; and at his very eritrie, couering his head, pulled out the deponers dagger, and held the same to his Maiesties breast, saying, Remember you

of my

Fathers murther? Yee shall now die for it; and minting to his Hicnes heart with the dagger, the deponer threw the same out of the Maisters hand, and swore, that, as God shall iudge bis soule, if the Maister had retained the dagger in his hand the space that a man may go six steppes, he would haue striken the King to the hilts with it: but wanting the dagger, and the Kings "Maiestie giuing him a gentle answere, hee saide to the Kings Maiestie

with abbominable oathes, that, if hee would keep silence, no thing should aile him, if hee woulde make such promise to his brother as they would craue of him; and the Kings Maiestie enquyring what promise they would craue? He answered, that he would bring his brother. So he goes forth, and lokkes the dore of the rounde vppon his Maiestie and the deponer, hauing first taken the King sworne that hee should not cry, nor open the

And his Maiestie enquyring at the deponer what he was? He answered, a seruant of 'nıy. Lords. And his Maiestie asking at the deponer, if my Lorde woulde doe anie euill to him? The deponer answered, as God shall iudge my soule, I shall die first. And, the deponer preising to haue opened the windoe, the Maister entered, and said, Sir, there is no remedie, by God, you must die; and, hauing a loose garter in his hand, preissed to have bound bis Maiesties hands, and the deponer pulled the garter out of Maister Alexanders hand. And then the Maister did put one of his hands in his Maiesties mouth, to haue staied him to speak, and held his other arme about his Hienes neck : and that this deponer pulled the Maisters hand from his Hienesse mouth, and opened the windoe: and then his Maicstie cried out therat; wherupon his Hienes seruant came in at the gate, and this deponer did run and open the dore of the turn-pyke heade, whereat John Ramsay entered'; and the deponer stoode in the chamber vntil he did see lohn Ramsay giue the Maister ane stroke, and thereafter priuilie conuoyed him selfe downe the turnpyke to his owne house; and the deponers wife enquyring of him what the fraie meaned ? The deponer answered, that the Kings Maiestie would haue been twise stikked, were not he releeued him.


Sic subscribitur,

Andrew Hendersoun, with my Hand. Furtber, the saide Andrew Hendersoun depones, that, after his returning from Falkland upon the fifth of this instant, Maister loha Monterief enquyring of him where he had beene? He answered, that he had bene beyond the bridge of Erne; and sayes, that he gaue that answere to Maister lohn, because my Lord commanded him to let no man knowe that he was to ride to Falkland; and that my Lords direction to him was to come backe with his brother Maister Alexanders answere, and to leave Andrew Ruthwen to await upon the Maister,

Sic subscribitur,

Andrew Hendersoun, with my hand.

Further, the saide Andrew Hendersoun depones, that, when hee had taken the Maisters hand out of the Kings Maiesties mouth, and was opening the windoe, Maister Alexander said to him, will thou not helpe? Wo betyde thee, thow will make vs all die.

Sic subscribitur,

Andrew Hendersoun, with my Hand.





November 30. Anno Dom. 1601. [From a 4to Edition.)


Within 1 bese three hundred years last past, almost all Europe (except Muscovy)

lived under the happy form of a mixt monarchical government; having this maxim of the ancients, that the King and the people's interest are one and the same. The King had his dues, and the people had theirs; as it was then in France, Spain, Germany, Poland, &c. Bat the Pope, envying the happiness of princes, and people, under this mild monarchy; and to secure his new Trentine Antichristian supremacy, having gotten his Jesuits to be King's confessors, Aattered and wheedled princes, that, as in the text, This shall be the manner of your kings; God was giving the people the Jus Divinam of Government, when, in truth, lie was threatening them with the plague of Tyrants! And this took such effect, as to turn the former easy monarchies into absolute illegal tyrannies; which first began by Lewis the Eleventh, in France, and followed by that horrid Inquisition in Spain, &c. So that Europe, and the West Indies, have been the shambles of Papal barbarities in the massacres of millions of Christians, and other human souls, ever since.

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