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Now must you note, that the Castilians not knowing how to verify, that he was the said Marcus Tullius Cartizzone, as they endowed him with at the first, when he was delivered unto thein, they proclaimed bim at that hour, by the indefinite name of a Calabrian.
This act bringeth an extreme amazement to all the whole city, and ingenders a great sorrow, and causeth much compunction in the hearts of all mon; insomuch that they went away struck with wonder, and full of astonislıment. They looked one upon another with a silent strangeness, and were unable to utter so much as one word to another, the greatness of their grief stopping the passage of their speech. And if any, amongst them, were heretofore persuaded, that he was a Calabrian, after they had now beheld his own proper person, and this so strange & spectacle, they were confirmed in this belief, and did certainly assure themselves, that he, whom they thus reproachfully led up and down upon an ass, was the very right and true Don Sebastian, King of Portugal; and they were louched with such great compassion, and remorseful fellow-feeling, in beholding this his miserable state, and the injustice wherewith they did treat him, that they were not able to refraix from tears: The sighs and lamentations of one inciting the rest to the same, who mourned, and bewailed his misery, whilst the King himself cried out in this pitiful manner :
“ I am in the hands of my enemies, who work what themselves will upon this my body; but my soul I recommend unto God, who hath created it, and knows the truth, and can witness for me, that I am the same, whom I profess and say I am!
After they had carried himn thus throughout the city, they brought him to the King's royal gallies; whereunto he was no suoner entered, but they presently pulled off his own apparel, and put upon him a slavish attire, and placed him at the prow of the galley, wh:re he remained a whole day; and, the next day following, they put him, with a guard, in a little barque, that was linked to the galley, whither there repaired a great concourse of people, of divers nations. Amongst the which, were peresent a great number of noble personages, and of very honourable houses, who steadily viewing his visage, and marking biin with an especial attention, and a most searching eye, Without doubt, said they, this is that true Don Sebastian, King of Portugal.
The fifth day they ranked him in the gallies, and shaved off the hairs both of his head and beard, the which were gatbered up,
and kept by those that stood by, as a most precious thing, and of great esteem.
This being done, they fettered him with chains, signifying unto him, that he should not be bound to row. Some French lords were present at most of these procerdings, and, among the rest, a son of Monsieur de Berault, who is, now ai this day, nominated for to be ambassador of Castile, and a gentleman, who is a follower of his, with some others of the same suit.
In these days of so great affliction, the King ceased not to continue in biş daily prayers and fastings, with such admiration of those that beheld
it, that they held him for a saint; and, by the means of his patirner, modesty, and other apparent demonstrations of his virtues, he gained so much reputation amongst those with whom he lived, that they were forced to confess, that the truth of this matter was covered and hidden, by the inventions and subtletics of his enenies, and maintained, that he was the rightful Don Sebastian, King of Portugal.
Many of very good qualities have writ out of Naples into divers parts of Europe, touching the success of this affair, according to the truth thereof, and in such forcible manner, that as many as are either in the Court of Rome, or in Italy, are persuaded to believe, and do hold most constantly for true, that this miserable prince is the same person he professeth himself to be.
But some will haply say, that he doth deserve far more griovous chastisement, because he escaped alive from the battle of Africk, sendered so famous in the world, and, coming afterwards unknown into his own kingdom of Portugal, he did not demand it again, leaving it as a prey to his enemies; which hath occasioned so many men's deaths, so many and su divers misadventures, so many mischiefs, afflictions, and miseries, as have happened thereby, and have crossed those Christian people these twenty-two years; as one, who should have preferred the publick good before his own particular imaginations, and private fancies. But whosoever shall take knowledge of his pure virtue, piety, fear of God, wisdom and understanding, will sing another song, and only
say this, Sic erat in fatis ; and that God would have it so, to the intent 'that, in the law of grace, there should be found another Job, like unto him in the law of nature,
These gallies passed from Naples into Spain, where some do report, that they saw him at Barcelona, in one one of the King's royal gallies ; and that he sat on the third seat, and that they used him very well, and served him with very much honour, and with great respects.
We believe well the former, but not the latter, as it shall appear by what we shall manifest hereafter; for they are but tales and tables, divulged by his enemies, who have published it so abroad, for to cloak their malicious wickedness, and their treasonable intents, and to con. serve the good love and favour of such as love him with all their hearts, "And who, with all the art they can, with all their soul, and with all their power, seek to regain him, and to acknowledge him for their Lord and Master; whereas the others, preferring their own particular interest, and forgetting wholly the common good, have quite lost both the remembrance of their loyalty, and the obligation wherein they stand bound to their country.
From Barcelona, the gallies entered into the Ocean Sea, where they remained till the beginning of the month of August, at the Port of St, Lucar de Barrameda.
A courier from his Catholick Majesty recounted, to the thrice Christian King, the cause why the aforesaid vessels passed forth of the Mediterranean Sea into the ocean, which was a rebellion in Angra, a city in the Isle of Tercere, which is the chiefést of the isles, which they call by the name of Azores, which is the key or all the Ocean Sca; for those that come out of Africk, out of Asia, and America, are constrained to
pass that way, as to the principal butt of their navigation. The Isle is situated in thirty-nine degrees, and some miuutes, between the Septentrion and the Meridian.
The certainty of this insurrection is not yet, to this day, made fully known. Some say, that the Portuguese did rise against the Catholick King, a nobleman of Spain being a party with them. Others, that the governor of the isle, being by nation a Castilian, did mightily bastinado a captain of his regiment; who weighing with himself, that he could not challenge his superior in the field, and that he remained in an isle environed round with the sea, and 300 leagues from Lisbon, he resolved to take some other course to satisfy his vengeance upon him. For effecting of which revenge, he discovered his intentions to his soldiers, and especially to the Portuguese of the said isle, whom he finding propitious, and fully bent to yield him their best assistance, for to make himself satisfaction for the wrong he was offered, he deterinined to kill the governor, and to rise with the whole isle, in favour of the Portuguese; which was effected after the same manner it was resolved on,
This revolt was the cause that his Catholick Majesty caused his gallies to come from Naples into the ocean.
Yet, for all this, will I not deliver neither the one nor the other cause for current; for they are but fables, framed out of the forge of the enemy, whose custom it is to sow such false tales, to see how the world will stand affected with it, and to discover the hearts, as well of the nobler, as the vulgar sort. It is rather to be thought, that his Majesty conimanded the said gallies to come out of Naples into the ocean, upon the rumour of those forces that were raised in England, being designed, as some say, to enter Portugal..
But, whatsoever they say, so it was, that his gallics came down thither; and it shall suffice us for our purpose, to know for certain, that the royal galley of Naples, in which Don Sebastian, King of Portugal, was put, rides at St. Lucar de Barraineda, and that the said Don Sebastian is within her, in the manner aforesaid.
On the twelfth or thirteenth day of the said month, there arrived in France, in a ship of the Rochellers, two French merchants, well known to be men of credit and truth, who did assure, as well by word of mouth, as hy letters written to persons of honour in Paris, that they have seen the aforesaid prisoner at St. Lucar de Barrameda, within the royal galley of Naples; and that they spoke unto him; and that they saw him in chains poor and miserable; and that they offered him linnen, and silver, and other commodities, which he would by no means take, but refused their kindness, and returned them thanks; and that he brooked his affliction with wonderful patience; and that all they of the gallies did acknowledge him to be the same that himself had said he was, and did generally call bim King; and that he is served by two gallery slaves that are Turks; that he labours not at the oar, but in all things else is used like the rest of the slaves; and that the Duke of Medina Sidonia, and his wife, had a desire to see him, who having talked a long time with him, the King demanded of him, if he had that sword still which he gave him, when he embarked himself for Barbary.
The Duke made answer, that indeed Don Sebastian, King of Portugal,
présented him with a sword, which he bestowed upon him before his embarking, which he had caused to be kept in his armoury amongst the rest.
Since that you have it then, replied the King, I pray you, let me intreat that it may be brought hither; for, although it be now twentyfour years since I gave it you, I doubt not but I shall know it full well. The Duke had commanded some dozen to be brought, the which the King having severally viewed, told him, Mine is not amongst any of these. Then the Duke willed they should bring all the rest. And, the King espying it in the hands of him that brought them, Lo, Duke, said be, behold the sword which I gave you, when I passed into Africa.
There was in the company of the Duchess a negro, whom the King knew, and said, that he had served him for the washing of his linnen, being one of his launderers, when he reigned in Portugal. The Duke, sceing these things to be so apparent, and so probably true, that they seemed miraculous unto him, blessed himself with many a cross, and was seen to go from him with a heavy and a sorrowful countenance, and weeping, as it were, through compassion and mere pity, to see so miserable a prince, in so wretched and unhappy an estate. And the most part of the Castilians themselves, subjects to King Philip, amazed with these so many signs and testimonies of truth, how beit they dare not speak it openly, yet, notwithstanding, in their private discourses, they will not stick to say, that it is impossible that this man should be any other than the true Don Sebastian ; and that it is to be feared, that God will swallow them all in hell, if the Catholick King restore not all that unto him, which of right appertaineth unto him. But those, who do not look on these great miracles, with the eyes of pity, say, that he is possessed with a devil,
This Duke, if I am not deceived, was called Duke Alphonso de Guaman le Bon, the tenth Count of Niebla, and the seventh Duke of Medina Sidonia; who, in the year 1578, the King Don Sebastian arriving at Cales, for to go into Africa, received him with great royalty, magnificent feastings, with tilting and tourning, with bull-baiting, and other sports and pastimes, such as the isle could afford,
The said King continued eight days with the Duke, who, they say, took much pains with him to dissuade him from passing into Barbary in
This considered, men need not to think it strange, if the Duke had a desire to see him, and also to speak with him ; nor that likewise, which the Rochellers report, touching the sword and the negro, since that the wife and lady of the said Duke is Dame Anna de Silva, daughter to King Gomez de Silva, a Portuguese, and Prince of Eboli, who governed the kingdom of Castile for many years; who might very well retain the said negro in her service, by reason he had been brought up in the Prince's house of Portugal.
We have divers letters, written from Cales into many places round about, which we find to be as followeth :
There arrived out of Spain six or seven merchants, inhabitants of this town, men of the most credit and wealth amongst them, who reported they had seen Don Sebastian, King of Portugal, in the King's galley of
his own person.
Naples, at St. Lucar de Barrameda; and that they saw him chained as a prisoner, and treated as the rest of the slaves, but served with more respect, and free from the oar; which favour, it is thought, was obtained for him by the Pope's favour.
They added, moreover, That many old men, Portuguese of divers sorts, in great abundanee, came thither to see him, and that all of them did confess, that this was the true Don Sebastian, King of Portugal; and that the Castilians cried with a loud voice, in these terms which we have here above mentioned, touching the wrath of God hanging over Spain, * And, if we shall but weigh all the successes of this King, bis peregrinations through the world, his imprisonments, bis deliverance out of Venice, the manner of his coming from Florence unto Naples, his sentence, and execution upon it, it makes the case appear, in our sight, miraculous and full of wonder; but, above all, his embarking and arrival at St. Lucar de Barrameda. And yet, besides all these, this is a rare and extraordinary thing that the gallies, coming down from Naples into the great sea, did suit in such conformity and correspondency with the ancient prophecies, which touch these adventures.
The reverend father, Dr. Sampayo, a religious and holy man, of the order of Preachers, being at Paris the last year, hath assured many men, that he had seen in the library of St. Victor, in a certain book, a prophecy, which we will openly deliver unto you; to wit, . That the King, Don Sebastian, should coine out of Naples upon a horse of wood, which, out of the Mediterranean Sea, should enter into the ocean; and, that his horse should rest at St. Lucar de Barrameda.'
See, what Father Sampayo hath truly recounted to these persons, touching this prophecy, the same is confessed and confirmed anew by the religious men of that monastery; for it hath been commụnicated and declared to divers of them; also they have writ the very same to some of his friends, and, within the self-same library, they have showed the prophecy to some such secular gentlemen; as stand well affected to the liberty of this unfortunate king. And, forasmuch as the said Father Sampayo is far from hence, we cannot cite the very words of the prophecy, nor the author of it; yet, notwithstanding, it shall make very well for that we have in hand, if we shall but know that which is found written, touching the adverse and prosperous haps of this unhappy prince, by men of great learning and boliness of ļife; which if we do, we may the more easily be excused. St. Isidore, a very wise and learned man, and of the blood royal, as being the son of Theodora, and of Severian, son to Thierry, King of the Ostrogoths and of Italy, who flourished about the year 580, hath left unto us in writing : Occultri Rex, bis piè datus, in Hispaniam veniet in equo ligneo, quem multi videntes illum esse non credent, &ć, Which is as much as to say, ' A secret and unknown King, exceeding devoutly given, shall come into Spain; which many men seeing shall not believe it is he,' &c.
' This here is found to be published in a strange adventure, lately printed :
A shoemaker of Portugal, named Bandarra, born in the town of Trancoso, who lived here about some three hundred years since, hath