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THE APPENDIX. AFTER that I had made an end of this my letter, which I found, by perosal thereof, to have been at more length than I looked for, although the matters therein contained, did draw me thereto, and that I had made choice of a friend of mine, who had more knowledge in the French tongue than 1, to turn the same into French: ny mishap was, that when he had done some part thereof, he fell sick of a burning fever, bereby my letter remained with him, upon hope of recovery, for ten or twelve days: and seeing no hope thereof, I intreated another very trusty and sound catholick, having perfect knowledge in the French tongue, who took upon him to put it into French, wherein was also longer time spent : so as my letter being written in the midst of August, I am forced to end it in September. And, thereupon, I thought good, whilst my former letter was in translating, to add some things happened in the mean time, meet for your knowledge.

About the seventh of August, the Lord Admiral returned with the pavy, having followed the Spanish navy, as they reported, as far as the 55th degree northwards ; the Spanish navy taking a course either to the furthest parts of Norway, or to the Orcades, beyond Scotland ; which, if they did, then it was here judged that they would go about Scotland and Ireland: but if they should go to Norway, then it might be, that if they could recover provisions of masts, whereof the English navy had made great spoil, they might return. But I, for my part, wished them a prosperous wind to pass home about Ireland, Considering I despaired of their return, for many respects, both of their wants, which could not be furnished in Norway, and of the lack of the Duke of Parma's ability to bring his army on the sea, for want of mariners. Nevertheless, upon knowledge from Scotland, that they were beyond the Orcades, and that the King of Scots had given strict commandment upon all the sea-coasts, that the Spaniards should not be suffered to land in any part; but that the English might land, and be relieved of any wants: order was given to discharge all the navy, saving twenty ships, that were under the Lord Henry Seymour's charge, to attend upon the Duke of Parma's attempts, either towards England, which most unlikely, or towards Zeland, which began to be doubted. But within three or four days after this, suddenly there came report to the court, that the Spanish navy had refreshed itself in the islands beyond the Orcades, both with water plentifully, and with bread, fish, and flesh, as for their money they could get; and would return hither once again, to attend on the Duke of Parma's army, to conduct it by sea into England. Whereupon grew some busitiess here, wherewith, I know, the Queen and her council were not a little perplexed what to do; but, in the end, order was given to stay the disarming of her navy, and so the whole navy was very speedily made ready again, only upon the former reports; wherewith I, and many others, were very glad, to see them thus newly troubled, and, upon every Tight report, put 16 great charges. But this lasted not past eight or

is ten days; for, upon more certain knowledge, by two or three pinnaces


that were sent to discover where the Spanish feet was, which certified, that they were beyond the Orcades, sailing towards the west, in very evil case, having many of their people dead in those north parts, and in great distress for lack of masts, and also of mariners, a new commandment was given to dissolve the navy, saving that which should attend on the Duke of Parma: and so the Lord Admiral returned, with the Lord Thomas Howard, the Lord Henry Seymour, Lord Sheffield, Sir Francis Drake, with all the captains, to the court, saving such as had charge of the fleet that was under the Lord Henry. And, upon the return of these seamen to the city, there are spread such reports, to move the noblemen, gentlemen, ladies, gentlewomen, and all other vulgar people of all sorts, into a mortal hatred of the Spaniards, as the poor Spanish prisoners were greatly afraid to have been all massacred: for that it was published, and of many believed, that the lords of Spain, that were in the navy, had made a special division among themselves, of all the noblemen's houses in England, by their names, and had, in a sort, quartered England among themselves, and had determined of sundry manners of cruel death, both of the nobility, and the rest of the people. The ladies, women, and maidens, were also destined to all villany: the rich merchants houses in London were put into a register, by their very names, and limited to the companies of the squadrons of the navy for their spoil. And, to increase more batred, it was reported, that there were a great number of halters brought in the Spanish navy, to strangle the vulgar people, and certain irons graven with marks, to be heated, for the marking of all children in their faces, being under seven years of age, that they might be known hereafter, to bave been the children of the conquered nation. These were commonly reported by those that came from the English navy, as having heard the Spaniards confess the same; so as for a time there was a general murmur, that these Spanish prisoners ought not to be sufiered to live, as they did, but to be killed, as they had purposed to have done the English. But the wiser sort of men, and such as had the charge of the prisoners, having no commandment from the council, did straightly look to the safety of the prisoners, as a matter not to be so rashly suffered. But, to content the people with some other matter, there was, upon Sunday last, at the request of the mayor, and his brethren, a great number of banners, streamers, and ensigns, which were won from the Spanish navy, brought to Paul's church-yard, and there shewed openly in the sermon-time, to the great rejoicing of all the people. And afterwards they were carried to the cross in Cheap, and afterwards to London-bridge; whereby the former rage of the people was greatly asswaged, the fury generally converted into triumph, by boasting in every place, that this was the act of God, who had heard the fervent prayers of the people, and was pleased with their former prayers and fastings, to have such banners and streamers, which the Spaniards meant to have brought and set up in all places of lhe city, as monuments of their triumphs, by his good Providence, in punishing the pride of the Spaniards, now to be erected by the English, is monuments of their victories, and of perpetual shame to the Spaniards. Upon these shews great rejoicing followed: and as in June and July past, all churches were filled daily with people exercised with

prayers, and shews of repentance, and petitions to God for defence against tbeir enemies : and in many churches, continually thrice in the week, exercises of prayers, sermons, and fastings, all the day long, from morning to evening, with great admiration to see such general de votion (which I, and others, do judge to proceed more of fear than of devotion) so now, since the English navy is returned, and the Spanish Davy defeated, and intelligence brought of the disorders in Flanders, of the dissensions betwixt the Spaniards and the other soldiers, of the contempt of the Duke of Parma by the Spaniards, being hereto maintained by a duke, called the Duke of Pastraw, the Catholick King's bastard, and of the departure and running away of the Duke's mariners, here is a like concourse of the people to sermons in all churches ; wherein is remembered the great goodness of God towards England, by the delivery thereof from the threatened conquest, and prayers also publickly, to give thanks to God for the same.


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Imprinted at London, by John Windet, and are to be sold in Paul's Churcii.

yard, at the Brasen-Serpent. MDLXXXVIII,

The following tract was written immediately after the nation's deliverance from a standing exhortation on the like occasions, whenever God permits any such calamities to befall us. For here every one may see his duty, and are in'structed as well to avoid the misfortunes that ruin a nation, as the means, which, by God's blessing, frustrate and rout our enemies, and maintain our just rights and religion, laws and liberties.

the Spanish invasion, in the year 1588, with that judgment, justice, zeal, and elegancy of stile, that at once it perpetuates the just commendation of the Author, displays his eloquence, and confirms his seasonable loyalty to his sovereign, bis religion, and his country. The several branches of this exhortation are so well united in the most solid rea

son, that neither time nor deceitful politicks are able to withstand their force; and so well adapted to the general foible of mankind, that it may be accounted


LBEIT, my dear countrymen, and well beloved in the Lord, your

venturing your lives for defence of your country; yet, because the same then happened in a fury against your enemies, and, as it were, in the fear of final desiruction; and that the trial of your valiant courages, and proof of your warlike furnitures, was prevented by the great mercy of God, and the provident foresight of her excellent Majesty; so as God himself hath stricken the stroke, and ye have but looked on, I am not now to speak of any late acts, atchieved by your prowess and courage, but to set before your eyes the great and wonderful causes you have, to arm your bodies, to prepare your minds, and to sharpen your swords against your enemies. Not as your forefathers, against some one particular prince in France, in Spain, or in Scotland. Neither for lands, for honour, or conquest, which by battles one or twain might be decided, and the quarrel ended; but ye must strengthen you rselves against that horrible heast*, who hath received power from the dragon. Against the princes of the pations*, which have entered into league with the whore of Babylont, who hath sworn your destruction; and will not be satisfied with the blood of many days battle, nor with the lands which you hold, nor with the goods which ye possess, nor with the fair houses which ye have builded. Neither are they minded to carry you away, as the Assyrians, Egyptians, and Romans did the Israelites, into captivity. But, after they have taken their vile pleasure of your wives, your sons, and daughters, they will utterly destroy you, that the name of our nation shall be no more remembered upon the earth. Whosoever,' say they, “ falleth not down and worshippeth that golden imaget, shall be cast the same hour into the hot fiery furnace'll. They will no more suffer you to try the truth by testimony of the scriptures, nor to plead for yourselves the most antient fathers. But, having prevailed against you, they will execute their malice upon you without judgment, and destroy you without mercy. They have already cast lots for your inbcritance, and have given sentence upon the sacred person of the Queens. They will make no difference of degrees, but the Queen and the commons, the noble and ignoble, the learned and unlearned, the priest and the people, the poor and the rich, the old and the young, have all one punishment alloited unto them.' Was there ever any nation in the world so barbarous, or people so bloody, or prince so cruel before this time, whether he warred for grecdiness, or malice, or revenge, or colle

• The whole power of Popery uniting to destroy the protestant interest. * The Pope. Popery. 1 Persecuted with @re and sword. See Pope Sixtus V's bull of excommunicar tion against the Qucen, and his letter to the King of Spain.


quest; but he satisfied himself with the blood and captivity of them that offended him; sparing the nation, and them that were innocent in the action.

Again, was there ever any king or prince, or magistrate, whether he were godless or religious, whether idolater or Christian, but, if he minded to revenge against any other nation, he would plead the cause hy messengers*, according to the law of nations; and not purpose a sudden destruction before a perfect examination? What Barbarian, Tork, or tyrant, would seek to conquer his neighbour by fraud, to gain to his sect by falshood, to bercave a princess of her kingdom, by vil.. łany ; of her subjects, by disloyalty; of her life, by treachery; and of all their lives and souls, by hypocrisy? Is this the spirit of him that rebuked his disciples when they would have called for fire from heaven to have consumed them, which would not receive him? No,' saith he,

ye must be of another spirit; I am not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them.

Good King David, albeit he were already anointed King of Israel, in tbe life time of Saul, and had his said enemy many times alone, where he might have slain him, and so have possessed the kingdom quietly, would not attempt so great a treachery.

What shall we say of the Roman captain, Camillus, that, while le lay at the siege of a city, called Falliscus, there came secretly to him, ont of the city, a schoolmaster with bis scholars, offering him to betray the town into his hands. "No,' saith Camillus, “I will win it honourably, and thou shalt be sent home with shame;' and, so delivering rods into the hands of his own scholars, they whipped their master bome into the city.

Is it not that beast of the bottomless pit that worketh all these tragedics? Hath he not made drunk the princes of the earth, with the cup of his fornication, even the bloody woman, that sitteth on the blood-coloured beast? That exalteth himself above all the princes, and maketh himself equal with God?

Was there ever any prince or monarch of the world before this petty God sprang up; nay, did ever all the princes of the world seek to de prive any one absolute prince of his kingdom, and entitle the same unto another, without an express commandment of God, unless it were by honourable conquest or just victory? • By me,' saith God, “ Kings reign, and noblemen of the carth do bear rule? Where is there any example in the Old Testament, that any priest did ever depose any prince? For Athaliah was but an usurper, and was slain by consent both of pricst and people as a murdress of her own children; and Joash the right heir was established in the kingdom. Was not Peter, in the New Testament, greater than any pope on the earth? And yet so far from deposing of Princes, as he himself of all other was most obedient to secular power, and gave the same lesson unto others? But was not Christ himself the prince of all princes; and yet, seeing his kingdom was spiritual, was he not obedient to all govern

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• Ambassadors.

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