Gorbachev's Glasnost: The Soviet Media in the First Phase of Perestroika

Couverture
Texas A&M University Press, 1999 - 147 pages
GLASNOST, most commonly translated into English as "openness", was a key concept of Mikhail Gorbachev's administration as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. This adapted tool of Leninist media control became not only a part of perestroika, Gorbachev's plan to rejuvenate Soviet ideology during the 1980s, but also an independent concept that redefined how the USSR's media were employed as an instrument of leadership.

In Gorbachev's Glasnost: The Soviet Media in the First Phase of Perestroika, author Joseph Gibbs traces the development of glasnost as both concept and policy, from the Leninist idea of "criticism and self-criticism" to Gorbachev's attempt to modernize and reinterpret that doctrine to fit his own political goals and aspirations.

Using analysis drawn from primary sources and interviews, Gibbs examines how glasnost changed in definition and application between 1985 and 1988. Gorbachev's Glasnost shows how official reportage coincided with Gorbachev's political agenda and how, in his capacity as general secretary, he expanded media freedoms in order to employ the press against his enemies. Subsequent chapters detail how, with each move to broaden the power of glasnost to meet Gorbachev's political needs, the media simultaneously gained strength and the opposition found an avenue to be heard, irrevocably changing Soviet society and politics.

Gorbachev's Glasnost provides a clear, Western interpretation of what was perhaps the Soviet Union's most influential and controversial reform. Anyone interested in the events that led to the fall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union, as well as those interested in the effects of mass media onpolitics and culture, will find it intriguing and solidly researched.

 

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Table des matières

Introduction
3
Assessing Openness
11
OiKritika and Distsiplina
21
The Twentyseventh Party
32
From the Cultural Debate to the Yeltsin Affair
43
Devolution of Control in an Era of Transition
59
Action and Reaction
66
The Nineteenth Party Conference
74
Definition and Dissonance
82
Conclusion
88
Selected Bibliography
131
Index
139
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À propos de l'auteur (1999)

Joseph Gibbs has worked as a reporter and editor on several Massachusetts newspapers. He holds three degrees, including a doctorate in policy and communication, from Boston University.

Informations bibliographiques