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How long have you been in Ame- Combien y a-t-il que vous êtes en rica?

Amérique ? Nine years.

Il y a neuf ans. How long is it since you saw Combien y a-t-il que vous ne him?

l'avez vu? Three months.

Il y a trois mois. How long have you peen .earning Combien y a-t-il que vous appreFrench?

nez le Français ? I have been learning it these six i Il y a six mois que je l'apprends.

months.

Note. There is, or there are, may be rendered, in French, by voild, a3 follows, viz. There is a fine shop.

Voilà une belle boutique. There are some handsome women. Voilà de belles femmes. There are some fine horses. Voilà de beaux chevaux.

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CONJUGATION OF THE

ABSTRACT AND AUXILIARY VERB, ETRE, TO BE.

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PRESENT.
SINGULAR.

PLURAL.
I am, je suis.

We are, nous sommes. Thou art, tu es.

You are, vous êtes. He or she is, il ou elle est. They are, ils ou elles sont. One, any body, &c. is, on cst. We, people, they, &c. are, on est.

PRESENT ANTERIOR, OR IMPERFECT.

SINGULAR.
I was, j'étais.
Thou wast, tu étais.
He or she was, il ou elle était.

PLURAL.
We were, nous étions.
You were, vous étiez,
They were, ils ou elles étaient.

PRESENT ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR PRETERITE.
SINGULAR.

PLURAL.
I was, je fus.

We were, nous fümes. Thou wast, tu fus.

You were, vous fütes. He or she was, il ou elle fut. They were, ils ou elles furent.

PRESENT POSTERIOR, OR FUTURE.

SINGULAR.

PLURAL.
I shall or will be, je serai. We shall be, nous serons.
Thou shalt be, tu seras.

You shall be, vous serez.
He or she shall be, il ou elle sera. I They shall be, ils ou elles seront.

PAST, OR COMPOUND OF THE PRESENT.

SINGULAR. I have

J'ai Thou hast been.

été. He or she has

Il ou elle a

Tu as

We have
You have
They have

PLURAL.

Nous avons
Vous avez
Ils ou elles ont

I ett

been.

été.

PAST ANTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE IMPERFECT.

SINGULAR. I had

J'avais Thou hadst been.

Tu avais été. He or she had

Il ou elle avait

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PAST ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR COMPOUND OF TIB

PRETERSTE.

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We had You had They bad

PLURAL.

Nous eúmes
Vous eútes
Ils ou elles eurent

been.

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SINGULAR.

PLURAL.
I should, &c. be, je serais. We should be, nous serions.
Thou shouldst be, tu serais. You should be, vous seriez.
He or she should be, il ou elle They should be, ils ou elles
serait.

seraient.
PAST, OR COMPOUND OP THE PRESENT.

I should have been, j'aurais été, &c.

SUBJUNCTIVE.

PRESENT.

That I may
That thou mayst

SISGULAR.

Que je sois.
Que tu sois.
Qu'il ou qu'elle soit.

be,

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PAST, OR COMPOUND OF THE PRESENT.

That I may have been, que j'aie été, &c.

PAST ANTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE IMPERFECT.

That I might have been, que j'eusse été, &c.

Etre, conjugated in the third person singular, through its tenses, with

ce, or the pronoun il; as, c'est, il est, it is.

INDICATIVE.

PRESENT.

It is, c'est ou il est.

PRESENT ANTERIOR, OR IMPERFECT.

It was, c'était.

PRESENT ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR PRETERITE.

It was, ce fut.

PRESENT POSTERIOR, OR FUTURE.

It shall or will be, ce sera.

PAST, OR COMPOUND OF THE PRESENT.

It has been, ç'a été.

PAST ANTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE IMPEKFECT

It had been, ç'arait été.

PAST ANTERIOR PERIODICAL, OR COMPOUND OF THE

PRETERITE.
It had been, f'eut été (not used).

PAST POSTERIOR, OR COMPOUND OF THE FUTURE

It shall have been, ç'aura été.

PAST JUST ELAPSED.

It has just been, ce ou il vient d'être.

FUTURE INDEFINITE.
It is to be, ce ou il doit étre.

INSTANT FUTURE.

It is going to be, ce ou il va étre.

CONDITIONAL.

PRESENT.

It should be, ce serait.

PAST, OR COMPOUND OF THE PRESENT.

It should have been, ç'aurait été.

SUBJUNCTIVE.

PRESENT.

That it may be, que ce soit.

PRESENT ANTERIOR, OR IMPERFECT.

That it might be, que ce füt.

PAST, OR COMPOUND OF THE PRESENT.

That it may have been, que fait été.

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