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Treaties of Commerce with Foreign Powers, containing Articles relating to Consuls.
reaties between Great Britain and Foreign Powers containing Clauses relative to the admission of Consuls into their respective Dominions ;—their Duties and Privileges.
ABYSSINIA.*—November 2, 1849.
For the purpose of preserving and strengthening the friendly relations subsisting etween the two nations, His Majesty of Abyssinia and his successors shall receive and rotect any Ambassador, Envoy, or Consul, whom Her Britannic Majesty or her uccessors may see fit to appoint; and shall preserve inviolate all the rights and privieges of such Ambassador, Envoy, or Consul.
Her Britannic Majesty and her successors will, in the same manner, receive and rotect any Ambassador, Envoy, or Consul, whom His Majesty of Abyssinia or his uccessors may see fit to appoint, and will equally preserve inviolate all the rights and rivileges of such Ambassador, Envoy, or Consul.
His Majesty of Abyssinia agrees that in all cases when a British subject shall be ccused of any crime committed in any part of His Majesty's dominions, the accused hall be tried and adjudged by the British Consul, or other officer duly appointed for hat purpose by Her Britannic Majesty; and in all cases when disputes or differences hall arise between British subjects, or between British subjects and the subjects of His Majesty of Abyssinia, or between British subjects and the subjects of any other foreign Power, within the dominions of His Majesty of Abyssinia, Her Britannic Majesty's Consul, or other duly appointed officer, shall have power to hear and decide the same without any interference, molestation, or hindrance, on the part of any authority of Abyssinia, either before, during, or after the litigation.
If any British subject shall die in the territories of His Majesty of Abyssinia, the British Consul, or in his absence, his representative, shall have the right to take charge of the papers and property of the deceased, for the benefit of his lawful heirs and crediors, without any interference on the part of the Abyssinian authorities.
King Theodore refused to be bound by this Treaty because it conferred jurisdiction on British Consuls En Abyssinia.
Appendix No. 67
Appendix No. 68.
ALGIERS.-April 10, 1682.
[Renewed by Treaty, 18 March, 1729.]
That the Algier ships of war, or other vessels, meeting with any merchants' ships, or other vessels, of His said Majesty's subjects, not being in any of the seas appertaining to His Majesty's dominions, may send on board one single boat, with two sitters only, besides the ordinary crew of rowers, and that no more shall enter any such merchant ship or vessel, without express leave from the commander thereof, but the two sitters alone; and that upon producing a pass* under the hand and seal of the Lord High Admiral of England and Ireland, or of the Lord High Admiral of Scotland, for the said kingdoms respectively, or under the hands and seals of the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of any of the said kingdoms, that the said boat shall presently depart, and the merchant ship or vessel shall proceed freely on her voyage, and that although, for the space of fifteen months next ensuing after the conclusion of this peace, the said commander of the merchant ship or vessel produce no such pass, yet if the major part of the seamen of the said ship or vessel be subjects of the said King of Great Britain, the said boat shall immediately depart, and the said merchant ship or vessel shall freely proceed on her voyage; but that, after the said fifteen months, all merchants' ships or vessels of His said Majesty's subjects shall be obliged to produce such a pass as aforesaid. And any of the ships of war or other vessels of His said Majesty, meeting with any ships or other vessels of Algiers, if the commander of any such Algier ship or vessel shall produce a pass firmed by the Chief Governors of Algiers, and a certificate from the English Consul living there, or if they have no such pass or certificate, yet if for the space of fifteen months next ensuing the conclusion of this peace, the major part of the ship's company be Turks, Moors, or slaves belonging to Algiers, then the said Algier ship or vessel shall proceed freely; but that, after the said fifteen months, all Algier ships or vessels shall be obliged to produce such a pass and certificate as aforesaid.
That when any of His said Majesty's ships of war shall appear before Algiers. upon notice thereof given by the English Consul, or by the commander of the said ships. to the Chief Governors of Algiers, public proclamation shall be immediately made to secure the Christian captives; and if after that any Christians whatsoever make their escape on board any of the said ships of war, they shall not be required back again, nor shall the said Consul or commander, or any other His Majesty's subjects, be obliged to pay anything for the said Christians.
That if any subject of the said King of Great Britain happen to die in Algiers, or in any part of its territories, his goods or monies shall not be seized by the Governors, Judges, or other officers of Algiers (who shall likewise make no inquiry after the same). but the said goods or monies shall be possessed or received by such person or persons whom the deceased shall, by his last will, have made his heir or heirs, in case they be upon the place where the testator deceased. But if the heirs be not there, then the executors of the said will, lawfully constituted by the deceased shall, after having made an inventory of all the goods and monies left, take them into their custody without any hindrance, and shall take care the same be remitted, by some safe way, to the true and lawful heirs; and in case any of His said Majesty's subjects happen to die, not having made any will, the English Consul shall possess himself of his goods and monies upon inventory, for the use of the kindred and heirs of the deceased.
That no merchants, being His Majesty's subjects, and residing in or trading to the City and Kingdom of Algiers, shall be obliged to buy any merchandizes against their wills; but it shall be free for them to buy such commodities as they shall think fit, and no captain or commander of any ship or vessel belonging to His said Majesty's subjects
* These "Passes" were abolished by Treaty.