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A COLLECTION OF
TREATIES AND OTHER PUBLIC ACTS
WITH INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES
THOMAS ERSKINE HOLLAND, D.C.L.
OF LINCOLN'S INN, BARRISTER-AT-LAW
CHICHELE PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DIPLOMACY
HON. LL.D. GLASGOW
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
M DCCC LXXXV
[All rights reserved]
THE action of the Great Powers in the Eastern Question deserves, I think, to be studied as a whole, and to be studied textually in the documents which are its official record.
But these documents are not generally accessible, nor are they intelligible without some elucidatory comment. They are scattered through voluminous collections, to be found only in a few great libraries ; and in order to ascertain whether a given Treaty is still in force, how far its provisions have been carried into effect, or in what relation it stands to earlier or later Conventions, recourse must be had to sources of information other than the Treaty itself.
I have therefore brought together, from various quarters, those European Acts which determine the character of the Eastern Question at the present day, arranging them according to their subject, and supplying them with such explanatory matter as seemed desirable.
The plan of the work will, I hope, be sufficiently apparent. Each chapter, after the first, relates to
a specific portion of the Ottoman empire, which has been, with the concurrence of the Great Powers, wholly or partially emancipated from its sway, and consists of an Introduction, followed by a series of Texts. The Introduction is a slight sketch, embodying some mention, or even a citation in full, of such relevant diplomatic acts as, though historically interesting, are not now legally operative. The series of Texts is intended to contain the documents which may be regarded as the title-deeds, or Constitutional Charters, of the States, or partially emancipated provinces, in question. These documents are fully annotated, and such portions of them as are no longer in force are distinguished by italic type.
The Appendix contains some public Acts which, though not of European authority, are important for the better understanding of the body of the work.
I have printed, as a rule, from the English Parliamentary Papers; but sometimes from the 'Recueil des principaux traités,' &c. of G. F. de Martens and his continuators, Ch. de Martens, F. Saalfeld, F. Murhard, Ch. Samwer, and J. Hopf. The 'Recueil,'
Nouveau Recueil,' 'Nouveau Recueil Général,' and 'Nouveau Recueil Général, deuxième Série,' are respectively referred to in the notes by the abbreviations; R., N.R., N.R.G., and N.R.G. 2me Série.
T. E. H.