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DEFENCE,

CONTAINING THE AUTHOR'S

RENUNCIATION OF UNIVERSALISM,

EXPLAINED AND ENLARGED ;

THE NOTICES AND ASPERSIONS OF

UNIVERSALIST EDITORS,

ANSWERED AND REPELLED;

ARGUMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSALISTS,

EXAMINED AND EXPLODED, AND

RELIGION AND REVELATION VINDICATED,

AGAINST

SKEPTICISM AND INFIDELITY,

BY LEWIS C. TODD.

As we have received mercy we faint not, but have RENOUNCED
the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor hand-
ling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth,
commending ourselves unto every man's conscience in the sight
of God."

II. Corinthians iv. 1, 2.

PUBLISHED BY O. SPAFFORD,

ERIE, PA

PRINTED BY JOSEPH M. STERRETT.

1884.

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WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, to uit :

Be IT REMEMBERED, that on tho thirtieth day of January, Anno Domini, 1834, OLIVER SPAFFORD, of the said District, hath deposited in this Oflice the title of a Book, the title of which is in the words following, to wit:

A Defence, containing 1st. The anthor's renunciation of Universalism, explained and enlarged; 2d. The notices and aspersions of Universalist Editors, answered and repelled ; 3d. The fundamental arguments and principles of Universalists, examined, and exploded, and 4th. Religion and revelation vindicated, against skepticism and infidelity. By Lewis C. Todd. As we have received mercy we faint not, brit have ronounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftinoss, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God."'.-il. Cor. iv.

1-2. The right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in conformity with an act of Congress, entitled " Ar act to amend the several acts respocting copy-righte."

E.J. ROBERTS, Clerk of the iVestern District of Pennsylvania.

March, 1877.

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12'!!! Hi Dillon

PSAUB. pipe

2

I
At turiy, man suspects himself a fool,

Kuows it at forty, and reforms luis plan," --Young, Goop reader, in Chpter I. of this book, you will find a *Renunciation of Universalism;” inade in the spring of 1833; with some notes now appended, in consequence of the attacks of universalists. Upon reflection and observarion, I became convinced that there are some people so good that they need no penal restraints ; but that there are inany others so bad that nothing but fear of penal sufferings will resirain them; and indecd some too bad to be restrained by any thing. Such I learned to be the melancholy but true picture of human nature. And as such I becaine satisfied, that universalism possessed not enough of terrour to restrain the corrupt part of mankind from crime. True, the terrours of hell, or gehenna, have not restrained all the wicked; but they have co-operater inuch with human laws to secure the picace of society. With these views, I 'reviewed the question in the light of scripture; and became convinced, that universalisın is not the doctrine of Christ and the apostles. llence I conceived it my duty to rencunce that doctrine. But þaving strong feelings of afsection toward many universalists, I concluded to do it in language of kindness. And as I was heartily tired of theological controversy, I tried to avoid any appearance of hostile intentions toward them; and admitted much in firvour of their morality, while I said not a word or syllable, in the Renunciation, agajust the morality of any of ihem. Yet I suggested, that the doctrine did not operate as a'restraint on the vicious so as to reform them. This I had fondly boped would render any personal attack from them unne cessary. But very soon universalist papers began their attacks upon me and my motives, froth the banks of the Mississippi to the coasts of Maine! But these men bad always represented themselves, as distinguished from all other' sects in the world, as a non-persecuting, charitable, benevolent, peaceable people ; of course they must have an excuse for disregarding the solemn truths of the Renunciation ; and waging a personal war with its author.---They therefore accused me of persecutiog them—of slandering them--of calling them all immoral, &c.! Had they attacked only the positions of the Renunciation, instead of ne, this book would never have been written. Rintended 10 have nothing farther to do with universalism ; but found

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