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JUNE 15, 1869.
on in the Arctic regions, and particularly around which Udall was condemned to be hanged, EdinSpitzbergen, during the last three years." In the burgh, R. Waldegrave, 1588, 4to., $30; “ Liturgy ; course of the orening, Prof. Owen made an able Advertisements for due Order in the Administration speech, from which I quote: Egypt was one of of Common Prayers and Usinge the Holy Sacrathe subjects of the classical pen of the father and mentes,” 4to., black letter, fine copy, extremely rare, founder of geographical science. Heroditus was unknown to all bibliographers, R. Wolfe, n. d. daily in hand. The cooling current of air from the (1566), $31 50 ; John Parkhurst, Bishop of Nornorth blew as steadily over the Prince of Wales's wicli's “Injunctions in his first Visitacion,” black steamers as it did, at the same period of the year, letter, 4to., John Day, 1561. (These extremely rare over the boat that bore the old Greek traveller. To injunctions were unknown to Wood and his editor, compare what remained as he saw it, and to note Dr. Bliss. The fourth injunction is, "Item, that the changes which three thousand years have they neither suffer the Lordes Table to be hanged brought about, were not among the least incidents and decked like an aulter, neyther use any gesof our Egyptian travel. One then thoroughly com- tures of the Popish masse in ye time of ministraprebended the combined literary and scientific cion of the Communion, as shifting of ye boke, merits on which rests the immortality of the writ- washing, breathing, crossing, or such like.") $40; ings of Herodotus. No doubt they have been “S. Cyrili Opera Omnia,” Gr. et Lat., cura Auberti, rivalled in our own time by the works of such men 6 vols. in 7, folio, calf, Paris, 1638, $40 ; “S. Joannis as Humboldt. Nor ought any traveller on the Nile Chrysostomi, Opera Omnia,” Gr. et Lat., edidit to omit his tribute to the combined literary and ex- D. Bernard de Montfaucon, editio Benedictina et ploratory qualities displayed in the works of those optima, 13 vols., folio, half vellum, Paris, 1718, eminent geographers who have solved the problems $16 ; “S. Originis Opera Omnia," Gr. et Lat., cum handled by Herodotus, of the origin and the an- Notis, editio Benedictina, opera et studioC. Delarue, Doal overflow of the Nile. There are, however, in- 4 vols. folio, vellum, Paris, 1733, $32; Parliamentstances in which the merits of the geographer, as James I.,“ Speach in the Starre Chamber," 1616; discoverer and describer, exploratory and literary, " Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament, bare a sort of inverse ratio. Had Du Chaillu's own 1641-43; “Honesty's Best Policy,” &c., 13 vols., notes, daily made during his first journey to the 4to., half bound, $53 ; Sabbath-J. Sprint “On the Gaboon, been printed, instead of being placed in Christian Sabbath,” n. d.; E. Brerewood's “ Second the hands of the practised littérateur of New York, Treatise on the Sabbath,” Oxford, 1632 ; Prideaux of name unknown to fame, the book would have on the “ Sabbath,'' 1634 ; C. Dow on the “Sabbath heen less sensational, but it would have excited a and the Lord's Day,'' 1636; “God's Sabbath,” Camb. much less amoi ot of sceptical criticism. No book, 1641 ; “ Zealous Expressions on th Lord's Serperhaps, now that the original excitement has pass- vice in the Chappel on Bednal Green,” very rare, ed, is more upreadable than Livingstone's first n. d., &c., 6 vols. 4to., half-bound, $31 50; J. Selwork; but the very inartificiality with which the den's “ Historie of Tithes," 1618, “ The Strange original notes were given to the printer begat un- Fortune of Aleraine, or My Ladies Toy," 1605, questioning confidence in the record of that noble " Ordinance for Tythes, dismounted by Young Marcontribution to African geography. Perhaps my tin Mar-Priest, Sonne to Old Martin, the Metropolimeaning may be still better understood if I refer to taine, Europe, printed by Martin Claw-Clergy, the most popular of all records of geographical dis- | 1646, &c., 12 vols. 4to., $50; A Collection of 77 covery and adventure, that in which the literary Liturgical Tracts, many of them scarce and importelement is so perfect as to have endowed the work ant, in 14 vols. 4to., $05; A Collection of nearly with imperishable fame; I allude to the voyages 300 scarce and important tracts respecting eccleand sojourn in unknown lands of the adventurous siastical discipline, in 54 vols. 4to., $96 ; Ant. A. mariner, Robinson Crusoe. It is unfortunate that Wood's “ Athenæ Oxonienses," a History of the lack of instruments for lunar observations prevent- Writers of the University of Oxford, with the Fasti ed the determination of the precise locality of the or annals of the said University, with additions by Inost celebrated of the islands which he discovered. Bliss, 4 vols. 4to., 1813–20, $33 50. But when we reflect on the influence of the literary The Chaucer Society have just published a porresults of his expeditions in stimulating the youth tion of an edition of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales in of all nations to geographical exploration and ad- six parallel columns, each column containing the renture, we may hope, in that noble hall which the text of a different manuscript. These six MSS. prophetic vision of the President doubtless sees are the Ellesmere, the Hengwrt, the Cambridge, rising in the future, that a statue of Crusoe may be the Corpus Christi College, the Petworth, and the nised from the sole remaining authentic portrait Landsdowne MS.; an essay by Mr. Alex. J. Ellis which adorns the frontispiece of the first edition of "On Early English Pronunciation, with especial his famons geographical work."
reference to Shakspeare and Chaucer-containing The late Dean William Goode of Ripon's library an investigation of the correspondence of writing has been sold by auction. It contained biblical with speech from the Anglo-Saxon Period to the and liturgical works, au important series of contro- present day, preceded by a systematic notation of versial writings for and against Popery ; treatises all spoken sounds by means of the ordinary printon prophecy, the eucharist, and other interesting ing types, including a re-arrangement of Professor subjects; works on canon and civil law; an exten- Child's memoirs on the language of Chaucer and sive collection of important tracts and sermons ; Gower, and reprints of the rare tracts by Sadesbury Greek and Latin classics, etc. These were some of on English, 1547, and Welch, 1567, and by Barclay on tlie more valuable works offered and sold : “Concilia French, 1521;" Ebert's review of Sandras's “ Etude Magnæ Brittanniæ et Hiberniæ, ab. A. D. 446 ad sur Chaucer, considéré comme imitateur des TrouA. D. 1717," 4 vols., folio, fine copy in old calf, 1737, veres ;' a 13th-Century Latin Treatise on the Chi850; J. Nichols' “Plea of the Innocent” (Apology lindre; and a preface by Mr. Furnivall, in which for the Puritans), 8vo., calf extra, old style, appa- he attempts to show the proper order of the Canrently secretly printed, 1602, $30 ; “Church Disci- terbury Tales, the days and the stages of the pilpline," containing the extremely rare work of John grimage. Messrs. Trübner & Co. are the Chaucer's Udall, entitled " A Demonstration of the Trueth of Society's agents. The Ballard Society have pubthat Discipline which Christ hath prescribed in lished in parts of two vols. “ Now-a-Dayes," a poem His Worde for the Government of His Church," for I depicting the condition of Englaud in the first part
JUNE 15, 1869. of Henry VIII.'s reign ; “ Vox Populi Vox Dei,” | somely written on vellum. King Theodore had a rhythmical account of the grievances of the Com-collected them with a view to endow a church he mons in the latter part of Henry's reign, written in contemplated building. The Museum was further the first portion of Edward VI.'s reign; " The Ruyn enriched during the year by some 7000 or 100 of a Ream ;" “ The Image of Ypocresye ;" "Against satirical prints and caricatures from the earlier the Blaspheming English Lutherans and the Poi- years of James I.'s reign down to the present time sonous Dragon Luther;" “ The Spoiling of the Ab-|(this is known as the Hawkins's Collection); and heys ;"
;" “ The Overthrowe of the Abbyes, a Tale of by 71 volumes collected by the late Francis Place, Robin Hood ;” “De Monasteriis Dirutis ;' “ The of Westminster, relating to political and trades' Poore Man's Pittance" (by Richard Williams, an unions, mechanics' institutes, Westminster elec. author of James I.'s day), in three parts; “The tions, and the general social condition of England. Story of Anthony Babbington, the Conspirator ;'' 35,552 additions were made to the natural history “The Life and Death of Robert Devereux, Earl of departments, 1247 to the department of coins ayd Essex ;" “ The Tale of the Powder Plot.” Mr. F. J. medals, and large numbers of additions were made Furnivall has contributed, among other things, a to the other departments. very interesting essay on the condition of English I mentioned in a recent letter that a suit had society in Henry VIII.'s reign, in which he contro- been brought by Mr. Luke Owen Pike, author of Verts a good many of Mr. Froude's statements. “ The English and their Origin ; a Prologue to Au
We have the annual report on the condition of thentic English History," against Dr. Thomas the British Museum. The expenditures of the Nicholas, author of “The Pedigree of the English coming year are estimated to be $566,015, which ole," upon the ground that the latter work was a is an increase of $69,115, mainly due to the cost piracy of the former work. I need scarcely reca($60,000), of the extension of the Elgin gallery. pitulate the circumstances under which the suit 461,710 visitors were admitted to the general col- was brought. Vice-Chancellor Sir W. M. James Jections. There is a marked annual increase in delivered the following judgment, which I hope you the pumber of visitors; there were 100,000 more may think important enough to merit a place in visitors in 1868 than in 1865. The visitors to the your columns : “ The plaintiff says in substance: I reading-room are not included in the foregoing wrote my book in support of a theory that the Engenumeration. The reading-room received some lish are not, as generally supposed, mainly and sub353 visitors a day, above 4236 books were on an stantially of Anglo-Saxon or Tentonic race, but that, average given to them; the average number of on the contrary, they are plainly and substantially books consulted by each visitor was 12. There of the old Celtic race, the same people which poswere during the year 103,529 visitors to the read- sessed this land before the invasion of the Romans. ing-room; 81,507 ohjects were added to the library I proceeded,' he says, 'to consider the subject during the year; but if from this reckoning be dis- under the heads of: 1. The Historical Evidence; carded pieces of music, play-bills, etc., there will 2. The Philological Evidence ; 3. The Evidence of remain 38,000 distinct works added to the collec- Physical Characteristics; 4. The Evidence of Psychition : of these 28,840 were bought, 7576 were de- cal Characteristics.' The defendant has pursued posited in conformity with the requirements of the in the third part, which occupies by far the greater English, and 1111 in conformity with the require portion of his book, precisely the same plan, with this ments of the International Copyright Law; 681 difference, that he has added a chapter on English works were presented. During the last year the law; that he has made a separate chapter of the late Mr. Felix Slade, F. S. A., bequeathed to the evidence of topographical and personal names; and collection a very valuable series of examples of that for the word 'psychical' he has used the words mediæval binding of great elegance. The most mental and moral. The plaintiff says that plan, admirable examples of this binding will shortly be which is in substance identical with mine, is copied exhibited in the King's Library. Among the pur- from mine. He further says : 'It was necessary to chases of the past twelve months was the late Dr. my argument to get rid of a good deal of what had Von Siebold's (he is the author of “Nippon,” the been taught us as history of the Anglo-Saxon invamost extensive and complete work on Japan pub- sion, and I accordingly proceeded to show that the lished in the West) collection of Japanese books, stories of Hengist and Horsa, of Vortigern and Vorembracing cyclopædias, histories, law books, po- timer, of the complete expulsion of the British race litical pamphlets, maps, povels, plays, poetry, dic- by the Saxon invaders, were mythical. In the intionaries of European languages, books on science, vestigation of that subject I traced the whole of antiquities, female costumes, cookery, carpentry, what has passed for history to Gildas, and I proand on dancing. Mr. Slade did not bequeath to ceeded to inquire to what extent, according to the the British Museum books alone: he gave it a col- canons of modern historical criticism, reliance lection of glass, which he at first formed to assem- could be placed on the narrative of Gildas, and I ble the most beautiful specimens of the art of the came to the conclusion on several grounds that the glass-maker; he subsequently added to it histori-narrative is wholly untrustworthy. In the de. cal and other specimens which could illustrate the fendant's book, I find that he adopts exactly the history of all branches of glass-inaking. This re same course of argument, the early history treated cent addition to the treasures of the British Museum as of the same legendary character.
I find it makes its collection of glass the most extensive and traced to Gildas as the sole authority for it. I instructive public collection in the world. Mr. find the authority of Gildas then tested by the Slade further bequeathed to the Museum a con same canons, and the same conclusion which I had siderable collection of engravings, and a small cabi- arrived at also reproduced, and on the same, or subDet of Japanese ivory carvings and metal work. stantially the same grounds. It is not only the logic The Persian and Arabic MSS. collected by the late which is the same, but the rhetoric shows most Col. G. W. Hamilton have been secured by pur- singular coincidences.' (His Honor referred to chase for the British Museuin. There are 352 MSS. passages from the works of plaintiff and defendant.) relating chiefly to Eastern and especially to Indian The plaintiff further says : “ I took especial pains bistory, and to Arab and Persian literature. The with respect to certain physical characteristics, the Government presented to the Museum the 339 vol- color of the hair, and the form of the skull; I said umes (which embrace the whole range of Ethiopic there was a popular theory starting with two asliterature) captured at Magdala. They are hand- i sumptions: 1. That the Anglo-Saxons were a fair
JUNE 15, 1869.
haired, red-haired, or flaxen-haired people ; 2. That and anthropological research and speculation, and the English are a fair-haired, red-haired, or flaxen- the like obviousness of the authorities which such haired people. I proceeded to demolish both these persons would refer to and quote. His answer conassumptions. The defendant has done the same. tains the following passage : 'I say that the MS. As to the second assumption, I proceeded to give from which mny said book was printed, with the exthe results of my personal examination of 4848 ception of Appendices A, B, and C, which I afterbeads in London, and proceeded further to show wards inserted at the suggestion of Prof. Max from the population abstracts that London might Müller, and of the index and of some additional be considered a fair representative of the whole of sentences and notes principally suggested by Prof. England--that it is peopled not exclusively by Lon- Max Müller and Dr. Rowland Williams, is verbatim doners, but by natives of all parts of the country. the same MS. as that which I submitted for comI find,' the plaintiff says, 'in the defendant's book petition at the Eisteddfod in 1866, some months a similar statement of identical results of personal before I had ever seen or heard of the publication investigation, and, what is very extraordinary, I of the plaintiff's work,' etc. The defendant has fnd that though the defendant's results are given been examined and cross-examined before me at as arrived at both in London and the North of Eng- considerable length. He adheres to his statement land, 6000 in the one, and 5000 in the other, he, in the answer, with one most notable exception. too, proceeds to show, and to show from the popula. He now states that the whole chapter about Gildas tion abstracts, that the population of London is was written, or as he calls it, rewritten, after he drawn from all parts of the island.
had seen the plaintiff's book, and after the MS. ** I proceeded, the plaintiff says, 'to ascertain had been submitted to Prof. Max Müller and Dr. what was said by ancient authors, and with what Rowland Williams, and he, not an illiterate man, qualifications these statements were to be received but an author accustomed to test the weight of hisas to the hair, color, eyes, and complexion of the toric texts, can give no further explanation of the ancient inhabitants of these islands, the Gauls and deliberate and emphatic statement in paragraph 18 the ancient Germans. The defendant has referred (the passage quoted from the answer) than that it is to the same descriptions, and made the same qual- stronger than his instructions to his solicitor went. ifications. For example, I pointed out that when It has been pressed on me that I cannot decide Tacitus and other writers asserted that all the Ger- against the positive oath of the defendant without mars had blue eyes and rutilæ comæ, it was to be convicting him of wilful and corrupt perjury. I noted that the Greeks and Romans were generally have had occasion more than once to say that this dark-haired, and may have regarded fair hair as a is not a criminal court; that I am trying no one rare and great beauty, and may have been struck for any crime; I am here bound by my own judi. by a proportion of light hair greatly in excess of that cial oath to well and truly try the issue joined which they found among themselves. Again, hav- between the parties, and a true verdict give accord: ing premised that the passages in which the Gauls ing to the evidence—that is to say, according as I, or Celts are desoribed have been carefully collected weighing all the evidence by all the lights I can by Prichard, I made a comment on the passage get, and as best I may, find the testimony credible quoted by Prichard from Livy, that the expression or incredible, trustworthy or the reverse. The law Fas 'rutilatce comæ,' and not rutilu comæ -red- / which admitted the testimony of the parties and of dened,' not 'red.' Having come to the conclusion interested persons was passed in full reliance ou that the Gauls were in the habit of dyeing their hair the judges and on juries that they would carefully of a lighter hue, I made a passing reference to the al- scrutinize such testimony, and would give it such legeri custom, now prevalent in France and England, weight as it deserved avd no more, or po weight at of dyeing the hair red. The defendant has made all. Is the result of the defendant's examination the saune fashion the subject of a rhetorical para- or cross-examination such as to enable me to place graph. His Honor, after mentioning other charges reliance on his story? To begin with: I have read made by the plaintiff against the defendant of hav- carefully through the whole of the notes marked A inz adopted his results without independent inves- and B, which were the materials for his first essay, tigation, especially in reference to the argument and I am satisfied that he had not at the time he derived froin a comparison of skulls, proceeded as wrote them the remotest idea of that which is now follows:
found in the parts of his book complained of. To " These are some, and some only, of the points to the authors of A and B the common school hiswhich the plaintiff's counsel has drawn my attention. tories of England were genuine history. Hengist I have read both the books carefully in the parts and Horsa, Vortimer and Vortigern were historic complained of, and if the matter rested on a com- persons; there is no trace whatever of the sceptiparison of the two works I could have no doubt cal criticism which will have it that the whole of whatever that the defendant's work was in these that history, fit only for the nursery, is to be parts a palpable crib from the plaintiff's, trans- carried back to Gildas only, and that Gildas, if not posed, altered, and added tomto use the words of himself a mythical or shadowy personage, is a hisLord Strangford's award, 'essentially, indeed typi- toric witness wholly untrustworthy. Indeed the cally, second-hand, run off easily from the pen of author was so little versed in the subject that ho a well-trained writer' - a writer, I would add, talks of Gildas copying Bede, and putting in darker skilful in appropriating the labors of another, and colors. There is no trace whatever in these notes in disguising, by literary artifices, the appropria- of the examination of the ancient authorities as to tion. But the defendant has pledged his oath to hair and complexion of Britons, Gauls, and Germans, this, that his work is an independent work, written and of the numbering of the colors and shades of substantially before he had seen the plaintiff's hair of the present people of the country. There Fork, and that the resemblances are due to the is no trace whatever in these notes of the examinature of the subject—to the object, which was nation of the evidence afforded by ancient skulls, common to both, of establishing for the ancient and of the comparison between that evidence and British a large share in the production of the great the results of a careful examination of the existing British pation of the present day-to the obvious types of modern heads, English and German. The Dalure of the topics which such an object would plaintiff says, 'If you did not take all this from suggest to any persons who had followed the conrse my book, tell me where you took it from? Where of modern historical criticism and of ethnological are the materials from which you elaborated it?'
JUNE 15, 1869.
The defendant is unable to say when or where he cular inviting subscriptions. The plaintiff, theregathered the materials, or when or where, indeed, fore, has in my judgment made out his case, and he wrote any part of his present essay. The he is entitled to an injunction to restrain the pubcollection of materials for a genuine literary lication of the book in its present state, or of any work is a thing of time and labor. You can- book containing the 7th section of chapter 1 of part not walk by instinct to the proper shelf of a 3, or section 1 of chapter 5 of part 3, and an order library, take down the right book, open it at the for the cancellation of those parts. He is entitled right page, and hit on the right passage, and just to his costs of the suit, and to an account and paythe book, the page, and the passage which some- ment of his damages. I stated at the outset that body else has found before you. The defendant my view of the damages in cases of literary piracy has not a single rough note to produce, no trace of is that the defendant is to account for every copy his quarrying the British Museum, or any other of his book sold as if it had been a copy of the like quarry, from which the stones of his literary plaintiff's, and to pay the plaintiff the profit which edifice were to be built up."
he would have received from the sale of so many His Honor then referred to defendant's diary from additional copies, and I adhere to that mode of asFebruary, 1866, up to July 2, when the prize essay sessment." was sent in, and observed : “It is certainly very The Inns of Court have determined to appoint a singular thai an author should not be able to give lecturer on Hindu and Mahommedan law, and the a single place or time, when or where, he consulted various systems of law in force in British India. .. a high authority, and that he should not be able to Earl Stanhope has presented a first Earl portrait of produce a single original note, extract, or quotation. the first Earl of Chatham, Earl Craven of the first Then there were some special matters on which he Earl of Craven, and Mrs. C. H. Smith of Sir Henry was especially pressed: “You have quoted Retzius ; Bishop to the National Portrait Gallery. The truswhere did you find him?' 'I cannot say.' You tees have purchased, during the last twelve months, have quoted Georges Pouchet (Pluralité des Races a marble bust of Canning, by Chantrey a portrait Humaines, Paris, 8vo., 1864); where did you find of Dean Swift by Jervis, of George Villers second him!''I cannot say.' It is to be observed that Duke of Buckingham, and of Anne Brudenell, these books are not in the British Museum. Again, Countess of Shrewsbury, by Sir Peter Lely, and of he was asked about the public meetings, at which Earl Cornwallis by Gainsborough. The Chanit is stated in the book that 10,000 complexions had cellor of the University of London (Lord Granville) been marked for the purposes of this essay, with stated the other day at the presentation for degrees the detailed figures of the results obtained. Can in that seat of learning that Dr. Arnott had given you produce the times and places of these meet- $25,000 or $30,000 out of the proceeds of his " Eleings ?' He is again unable to fix time and place. ments of Physics” for the encouragement of his I have been, therefore, obliged to arrive at the con- favorite studies. ... The gilded bronze effigy and clusion that the account which the defendant has shields of the beautiful tomb of Margaret, Countess given of his composition of his work in the matters of Richmond, mother of King Henry VII., have been complained of, is not probable, is not credible, is scrabbed, and now look as bright as when they were not trustworthy; and the result of his answer, his first placed there. Other tombs in Westminster examination, and his cross-examination, on my Abbey are to be subjected to the same treatment. mind, so far from displacing, has confirmed the Many American readers will be gratified to conclusion produced by the internal evidence and hear the money article of the Philadelphia “Ledger" comparison of the two works. This conclusion, is now constantly quoted in the money article of the however, is not sufficient to dispose of the case. “ London Times” -a well-deserved tribute of respect Plagiarism does not necessarily amount to a legal to an able American financial writer. : At the invasion of copyright. A man publishing a work 60th annual meeting of the Home Missionary Sogives it to the world, and, so far as it adds to the ciety, it was stated that during the last seven years world's knowledge, adds to the materials which any 1,500,000 tracts had been distributed, 20,000 copies other author has a right to use, and may even be of the Scriptures sold, 150,000 monthly denominabound not to neglect. The question, then, is be- tional periodicals, and 800,000 copies of the “ British tween a legitimate and a piratical use of an author's Workman,” the “Cottager," and the “ Band of Hope work. In considering this, I have not been upmind. Review'' had been sold. The will of Prosunno ful of the small comparative extent of literary com- Coomar Tagore, who some time since left $6000 a position which is traceable from the one to the other. year to establish a University Chair of Jurisprui have not been unmindful that there was some not dence and Law at Madras, has been sustained by immaterial exercise of literary labor and skill the Courts, and the Chair is to be established. ... in the transfusion and transposition which I have The admirers of Dr. Wilson, the great missionary held to have been made, and I have endeavored to and Orientalist, have made him the tenant for life guard myself against any prejudices derived from of a fund whose fee is to be used at his death to my hostile conclusions against the defendant which establish a University Chair of Comparative Philol. I have stated. I have considered it as if the de- ogy in Bombay. ... The copyright, right of confendant had openly borrowed from the plaintiff's tinuation of "Once a Week,” and copyright in 1500 book, and had candidly acknowledged the source. wood-blocks used to illustrate this periodical, are And I think there is a good deal which he might to be sold by auction on the 15th of June. : : : Mr. have done, so doing it. There is no monopoly in the Samuel Kydd now acknowledges that he is the aumain theory of the plaintiff, or in the theories and thor of the "History of the Factory Movement," speculations by which he has supported it, nor even which appeared under the pseudonym “Alfred.”... iu the use of the published results of his own ob- : Mr. J. Bass Mullinger, of St. John's College, Camservations. But the plaintiff has a right to this: bridge, is said to be on the eve of undertaking a that no one is to be permitted, whether with or History of the University of Cambridge. As without acknowledgment, to take a material and soon as the new examination schools which are to substantial portion of his work, of his argument, be built on the site of the old Angel Inn are comhis illustrations, his authorities, for the purpose of pleted, the whole ground floor of the Bodleian buildmaking or improving a rival publication. That the ing will be occupied by the library, which is greatly part taken in this case is material and is substantial oramped for want of room. . . I find this adverthere is no better proof than the defendant's owu cir- tisement in the papers : " Ann Hathaway's Cottage
JUNE 15, 1869.
sod Gardens. The possessor of this most interest- my eyes were opened, I saw its flag float alternately ing property is now open to an offer for the purchase sombre and glorious. I learned to read in its songs. of the same. Address Mr. William Thompson, 5 Its festivals were those of my childhood. When Chesnut-walk, Stratford-upon-Avon." ... Here is I was ten years old, I knew its heroes' names. I another advertisement, which must give particular still hear in the Champ de Mars and in the Place satisfaction to the purchasers of the book in ques- de Vendôme the funeral panegyrics of Marceau, tion: “To the possessors of Dean Alford's revised Hoche, Kleber, and Dessaix. I witnessed the First version of the New Testament. You are requested Consul’s reviews. I still see that great pale, melanto supply an unfortunate omission in the printing, choly face, so different from the imperial face, by inserting at 2 Cor. xii. 18, after “of you ?' the especially when I last saw it on the terrace of the words 'walked we not in the same spirit ?' Dean- Elysée at the end of the Hundred Days. My paery, Canterbury, May 24, 1869."... A monument triotic instinct did not allow itself to be surprised has been placed over Lord Brougham's grave by his one single instant by the éclat of a military dictafamily. It is a plain cross of granite some 20 or 30 torship which I did not understand-I have never feet high, bearing this inscription :
understood. I have never loved any other than Hexricvs BROUGHAM,
the conquests of liberty. As soon as the UniverNATVS MDCCLXXVIII.,
sity was reconstituted in the early part of the DECESSIT MDCCCLXVIII.
Empire, his parents sent him to Charlemagne ColHe sleeps in Cannes (France) cemetery.
lege, where he pursued his classical studies. Gifted Complaint is made that the article on “The Sacred with a rare intellect, which was animated by a City of the Hindus," which appeared in the May No, lively imagination, and served by the happiest of Harper's “ New Monthly Magazine," was culled memory, he took pleasure in learning; he thought without acknowledgment from Mr. Sherring's re- at an age when most children still play; he reflected cently published work on the sacred city of Benares to amuse himself, and took delight in talking; and (Trübner & Co.)... Mr. H. Montagu Butler col- even then revealed the future master in the domilected and presented to the Harrow School Library neering school-boy. Invited to dinner in August, a complete collection of the “Prolusiones” from 1808, as one of the prizemen of the fourth form of 1820 to date; he is now endeavoring to collect an Charlemagne College in the General Examination, anbroken series of the “Contio” or Latin speech of which an old friend of Mirabeau, the Prefect of delivered annually before the Governors by the the Seine, M. Frochot, was chairman, he met at the head of the school. Although the custom of the Hôtel de Ville another prizeman of the same form in Latin speech is at least as old as 1770, scarcely any Napoleon College, M. Patin, whom he was subsecopies were preserved before 1826, when the Contio quently to meet at the Ecole Normale, at the SorFas printed for the first time.
bonne, at the Journal des Savads, in the French I am gratified to record the safe arrival in this Academy. The two prizemen, attracted towards each country of James T. Fields, Esq. and wife. His pu- other by that precocity of intellect and taste which merous friends are delighted to see that the nine so often summoned them to be colleagues, talked years which have passed away since they last saw long together. In this conversation, in which he even him have left no perceptible trace of their flight then threw that which made him a most prolific and opon him. He is, I believe, now at Gads-hill, on a brilliant talker all the rest of his life, the Charlevisit to Mr. Dickens. An avalanche of invitations has been falling on him since he reached London. magne College prizeman astonished the prizeman
of Napoleon College. M. Patin says: 'I still see FRANCIS BLANDFORD.
the fire of his eye, the singular vivacity of his con
versation, and that character of superiority which, OUR CONTINENTAL CORRESPONDENCE. even more than his college successes, already sepaPARIS, February 25, 1869.
rated him from his school-mates.' He henceforth We have had an extremely interesting annual showed this character of superiority everywhere. public meeting of the Academy of Moral and Politi- Having risen from the third form in rhetoric withcal Sciences. Valuable prizes were awarded to M. out passing through the second, he carried off all Ollé Laprune for his essay on Malebranche's Philo- the prizes, so to say, at the general examination in sophy; to M. Abel Desjardins for his Essay on the 1810. He had the prize of honor, the first prize for moralists of the sixteenth century; to M. Deroisin French prose, the first prize for Latin prose, and he for his work on Philippe le Bel; and to M. Fouillée would have had the first prize for Latin verse bad for his treatise on Socrates considered as a Meta- be not, in admiration for the tender and learned physician. Unusual interest attached to this last friend of Abelard, admiration deemed too precociprize; it was the first prize distributed of the founda- ous, evoked the memory of Heloise, destined, as has tion established by M. Victor Cousin, and the sub- well been said in this hall, to prove unfortunate to ject was proposed by him. Moreover, M. Migpet philosophers. Over-scrupulous judges discarded read a panegyric on M. Cousin, which was listened as indecorous the piece of poetry which they should to with great attention. Everybody knew these have rewarded as a very literary effort. This great gentlemen had been intimate above forty years, and and unusual success attracted attention to the that M. Cousin gave his late thoughts to his friend, brilliant Victor. The Minister of the Interior making him heir of the moiety of his estate. I offered him an auditor's place in the Council of have so often analyzed, in these columns, tributes State. M. Cousin, feeling little zeal for the Empire, to M. Cousin's memory, that I am at some loss to preferred to enter the Ecole Normale. He was pick ont from this last eulogy anything which destined to teach literature, when he was hurried may be considered new. ' Excuse me if I sometimes by his tastes to teach philosophy. The epoch, stumble into repetition :
nevertheless, was not very propitious. Napoleon, " Victor Cousin was born in Paris the 28th of who then governed France and still domineered November, 1792, in the heart the old cité. His over Europe, had little respect, and still less father, a jeweller in the Marché Neuf, pot far from love for, philosophy. He desired to think for everyNotre Dame, was an ardent, but very inoffensive body and to act alone. A philosopher as amiable as republican. M. Cousin owed to him the precocious ingenious, the judicious and acute reforiner of Couattachment he bore all his life to the principles of dillac's doctrine, M. Laromiguière, taught philosophy the French Revolution. He himself has said: “I to the pupils of the Ecole Normale. As soon as M. was born with the French Revolution. The moment. Cousin heard him, he was fascinated. From M.