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FEB. 1, 1870.
THE AMERICAN LITERARY GAZETTE AND PUBLISHERS' CIRCULAR is published on the first and fifteenth of every month, and is supplied to subscribers for two dollars per annum, payable in advance.
The Christmas number, published early in December, is included in the numbers for the year. Last year this number contained upwards of two hundred pages, with more than ninety specimens of engravings, from the books of the season, many of them full page, beautifully printed on rich toned plate paper.
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OUR ENGLISH CORRESPONDENCE.
has been elected as first professor in the new chair Londox, December 15, 1869. of Jurisprudence, Oxford. It is generally considered that the Christmas An official appouncement has been made that books, as a whole, brought forward this year Keble College, the poble memorial to the memory are inferior to the average to which former of the Christian poet, raised at Oxford, will be opeu years have accustomed us. One looks in vain for the reception of students in October, 1870. There among them for a work of permanent interest. will be chambers for 100 students. It will be a They are not, it is true, the mere gewgaws of old cheap college. Mr. E. S. Talbot, of Christ Church, times ; the illustrations are excellent; good taste is the Warden Designate. is rarely offended by an inharmonious combination One of our leading daily newspapers justly says of garish colors; but “cometh up in the morning (I quote the remark as throwing a good deal of light and in the evening is cut down, dried up and with on the list of publications of last year): “ Although ered," is the doom written in no illegible charac- probably not a whit more pious than our fathers ters upon almost every one of them. Anotber de- were, we are much more fond of discussing what fect in the majority of them is their un-English are called religious topics. The excitement caused character. It is lamentable to see the place occu- by the appearance of Tract XC. was transient and pied by French wood-engravers in that constantly restricted; the present appetite for theological conenlarging canton of the book-world-illustrated troversy is constant and universal. If a newspaper works. Once-twenty-five years ago-by common reader who died in 1843 could rise from bis grave consent there were po wood-engravers like the and glance at the public prints of to-day, he would English. This country was the native land of il- be surprised ; and, perhaps, at first sight edified, lustrated books and illustrated periodicals. Now for he would find the Pope and his probable istedelectrotype copies of foreign blocks are used every- tions occupying a space which would only hare where, and the favorite wood-engravers are French- been granted twenty-six years ago to a powerful men enticed here by great pay.
secular monarch, and he would find Anglican The late Bishop Phillpott's theological library, Christianity striving to seek an exact definition of which he bequeathed under certain conditions to its doctrines by no less than three actions at law, Truro, has been removed to this town. A suitable viz. : “Shepperd v. Beppet,” “Martin v. Mackonobuilding has been provided for it. There are 1195 chie,'' “ Noble o. Voysey." volumes of rare and valuable works in the library. I think many of your readers may peruse with
A meeting has been held in Edinburgh, the Earl interest these extracts from a letter recently pabof Dalhousie in the chair, to adopt measures to lished here :erect a statue to the late Rev. Dr. Chalmers.
“The agitation against the Bishop elect of Exeter The well-known dramatic author, Mr. Watts Phil. appears to be drawing to a crisis, and I regret to oblips, passed through the Court of Bankruptcy a few serve that it is a practice of Dr. Temple's opponents days since ; his debts were set down to be $9890 to endeavor to blacken him by blackering the cbaracgold ; assets $1000.
ter of those with whom he was on one occasion assoSir Digby Wyatt has been elected to the Slade ciated. One in whose case this has frequently been Professorship of Fine Art, Cambridge.
adopted is the late Professor Baden-Powell, an essay These phrases in the “ Times” have dimpled from whose pen was incorporated in the same rolmany cheeks with smiles : “ The question why the ume with one of Dr. Temple. Let no one suppose young fighting Cossack (Mazeppa) should be acted that he knows Baden Powell who has merely read by a woman is a problem which, to some of our that isolated essay. It is by the whole of his works, readers, will be rather insoluble, to others extremely in which he has treated of the same subjects far easy of solution. We purpose neither to enlighten more fully and deliberately, that he ought to be the former nor to afford superfluous aid to the judged. A death-bed is generally far too sacred a latter."
subject to bring in its details before the eyes of the Mr. H. S. Maine, the author of “ Ancient Law," public; moreover, it is most inexpedient to afford
FEB. 1, 1870.
any countenance to the mischievous idea prevalent | sel resolve themselves into a paraphrase with comin some quarters that the condition of the mind mentary of that which was written of old time, when worn out by suffering or prostrated by fatal Thou shalt not steal.' The defendants’authorities disease offers the best criterion by which to judge resolve themselves into this—that every book pubof the man as he has been or as he may be again. lished, is published for the use of the whole world ; But Dr. Pusey, with a view to cast odium on all that every one may use it to add to his store of the contributors to · Essays and Reviews,' has knowledge, to enlarge and rectify his perceptions, spoken of one of their number as having died to suggest to him ideas and thoughts, to correct his without any ministrations of religion,' a sentence conclusions, to furnish him with principles and in which more is implied, and from which I am given facts, and to aid him in making just deductions from to understand more has been inferred than is ex. the one and inductions from the other. Nor is a pressed in the actual words. Under these circum- man the less entitled to do this because he is himstances, not only justice to the dead, but considera- self about to write on the same or a similar subtion for the living, demand a few words from one ject; nor is such a writer precluded from learning whose duty and privilege it was to be in constant method or style, or manner, or obtaining illustraattendance upon Professor Baden-Powell during the tions or rhetorical ornament, or acquiring any other last three days and nights of his life, and who was art or grace of literary composition from any prewith him at its close. I know not exactly to what vious work. But to this there is this important period before a man's actual death such an expres- proviso and qualification—that the writer's use of sion as that of Dr. Pusey refers, but I do know that a previous work must be fair and legitimate. It up to within a few days of his fatal illness—as long, does not, perhaps, assist us much to say that that in fact, as he was able to leave the house--Baden- is lawful which is legitimate, unlawful which is Powell had been in the habit of attending the ser- illegitimate ; but, in truth, it resolves into this, vices both Sunday and week-day, and of partaking that every question of literary piracy is a question, in the Holy Communion at St. Andrew's Church, as they would say in Westminster Hall, for the Wells Street, and that at home he read the service jury. And I apprehend that a jury would receive from our Liturgy every night to his family and ser some such direction as this : Take the two books vants until the progress of his illness rendered it into your hand, weigh all the facts and circumimpossible. I can also say most upbesitatingly, stances connected with the defendants' work, and that neither during the condition of semi-conscious- then ask yourself this question, Is any material ness brought on by the disease under which he and substantial part of the defendants' work a transank, nor during the occasional intervals in which script of the plaintiffs’, with colorable additions and his mind was perfectly clear during those last three colorable variations, and without any honest or real days, did one single 'expression escape him that literary labor bestowed by the defendants in the did not tell of peace, of resignation to God's will, composition of it as original literary work! If so, and of faith in the religion in which he had been it is a piracy. I have taken the two books into my brought up, in which he bad always lived, and in hand accordingly and have given myself that diwhich he was then dying. His physical sufferings rection." Vice-Chancellor James then examined were great, and bravely endured, but his mind re some of the 400 questions common to both books, tained to the last that happy serenity which and instanced by Dr. Brewer as evidence of piracy, eminently characterized him through life. I am, and proceeded to say: “I am satisfied that Messrs. etc.
W. H. FLOWER.'' Bullock, who had sworn and had not been cross-exAnother case in which alleged piracy was the amined, that they did not copy any part of the question in issue has just been decided by Vice- plaintiffs' book, but had used it in common with fifty Chancellor James. It has not raised so extensive or more books on the same subject, had bestowed an interest'as the case of Pike v. Nicolas, but never substantial labor, and given independent thought theless merits attention. Messrs. Jarrold are the and research, with a considerable amount of literary well-known booksellers and publishers in Pater- merit, in adding to that which was to be found in noster-Row, who own, among other works, the copy- the plaintiffs' and other works on the same subject. right of the “Guide to Science," written by Dr. In many instances the language used was taken Brewer, which was first published in 1848, has gone from other works anterior to that of plaintiffs'. It through the twenty-fifth edition, and of which was said, indeed, on behalf of the plaintiffs, that the 133,000 copies have been sold. The success of this difference of language from that used by Dr. Brewbook was so great that so long ago as 1857 it was er was only a part of the fraud practised by the pirated by a book entitled “ The Reason Why," and defendants' authors. But this was a charge which which Messrs. Jarrold succeeded in having sup- failed and recoiled with destruction upon the head pressed in its original form. In March, 1868, Mr. of the person who made it. The language used by Haywood, a bookseller and pnblisher in Manchester, Messrs. Bullock in their book went far to show that brought out " A Class Book of Modern Science," they had honestly applied themselves to get their written by Messrs. Bullock, successful schoolmas- information by anterior works open to all. One of ters of some twenty years'standing. Messrs. Jarrold those works was the “Reason Why,' in its expursued for an injunction to restraip the publication of gated form, after the part complained of and rethe alleged piracy, and supported their application strained by injunction by Lord Hatherly had been by an analysis of the two books made by Dr. Brewer expunged. This and other works were in circula(the author of the “Guide to Science''); this ana- tion utterly unchallevged by the plaintiffs and lysis contained 400 questions and answers to be open to the defendants to make use of without comfound in both books, and which they charged con- plaint on the part of the plaintiffs. With as much stituted piracy. Messrs. Bullock appeared in the force might it be said that the plaintiffs work was case, and while they acknowledged they examined a piracy from “Joyce's Scientific Dialogues' and Dr. Brewer's " Guide to Science," they brought into other works. Upon the whole case the verdict I court a long catalogue of the books they had used have to deliver is that the plaintiffs have failed to in preparing " A Class Book of Modern Science,” | prove that the defendants have been guilty of the and declared the only use the "Guide to Science" literary larceny with which they are charged, and had been to them was that it had suggested ques that being so the bill must be dismissed with costs." tions to be considered. The Vice-Chancellor said:
FRANCIS BLANDFORD. “ The authorities referred to by the plaintiffs'coun
FEB. 1, 1870.
OUR CONTINENTAL CORRESPONDENCE, ence used to wring the alleged will from the de
PARIS, Nov 26, 1869. ceased, and moreover that the will is a forged docu. The disturbed condition of the political world ment. The alleged will shows on its face it was militates against trade. A professor in one of the made only eight days before the testator's death, colleges here told me a day or two ago a great many and we are prepared to prove that for more than pupils of last year have not returned this year to eight days before his death M. Sainte-Beuve could their places, in consequence of their parents' ina- noth old a pen in his hand." The seals, of course, bility to pay collegiate expenses. Letters from the were not removed, and appeal was made to the Mediterranean littoral complain, that there never courts of justice to decide between all these claims. were fewer visitors to the villages where the wealthy It appears this “ family of the deceased," whose winter. A great many persons who spend this names Sainte-Beuve's notary never in his life season in Paris remain in the country; they fear a heard before, are some very distant kinsmen, with revolution may surprise them here. The book whom Sainte-Beuve had no manner of relations. trade, as usual, is the first to suffer from this stag. The head of this family is a provincial attorney, nation, and yet were you to see our book shops whose cupidity has been roused by hearing there you would be surprised by the pumber of costly are $20,000 to be divided between the legatees of books ; illustrated books are now extremely popu- the will. Sainte-Beuve quarrelled with Princess lar, and they are very beautiful. Their cost is not Mathilde some months before his death, when it as great as it seems to be, for there is scarcely a became notorious that he had refused to quit “ Le popular illustrated work brought out here, whose Moniteur" to go on the new “ Journal Officiel” (I plates are not sold in England and in Germany. gave you at the time a full report of all the cireumThe publishers here content themselves with profits stances); his friends at court urged him to join the which American publishers would turn up their new paper. He refused When a few days afterposes at. Moreover, a great many illustrated wards he quitted “Le Moniteur" to write on an opbooks are sold in numbers, and in this way reach position paper, “Le Temps,” the anger of his friends a very large sale. The more expensive illustrated at court was extreme. None of them were so an. books are patronized by government, which either gry as Princess Mathilde. The moment she heard grants directly a subsidy of money, or orders a it she drove to Sainte-Beuve's house. He was abgreat many copies of the work, and sometimes both. sent, and his secretary received her. She expressed
It is said M. Martha, author of " Les Moralistes her indignation at his “treachery;" she had always Latin," and of an “ Etude sur Lucrece,” will fill the been warned he would prove a “traitor;" he was late M. Berger's chair in the Sorbonne, and M. Gas- the “Marmont of literary men,” aud she ended by ton Boissier, author of works on Cicero and Varrus, asking how he, a “mere vassal of the Emperor," will inherit M. Sainte-Beuve's chair in the College had dared join the Opposition without his masof France. The Academy of Sciences have elected ter's" consent. The secretary reported the conferHerr Pringheim correspondent in the section of bot-sation to Sainte-Beuve, who wrote a most indignant any, which place was vacated by the death of the letter to Princess Mathilde, and never again bad late Herr Von Martin (of Munich). The same acade- anything inore to do with her. She repeatedly my have filled the vacancy made in the section of tried to renew her old relations with him; he posimineralogy by the late Viscount d'Archiac's sui- tively refused to hear of it. M. Giraud (an excide, by electing M. des Cloizeau a member The Minister of Public Instruction) was the mediator Academy of Fine Arts have filled the late M. she selected. Sainte-Beuve replied to his overHesse's place by electing M. Lenepved as a mem- tures: “The wound she inflicted on me was too ber, and have given the late M. Nystrom, of Stock- cruel ; it will bleed even after I am dead." holm, a successor by electing M. Morey, of Nancy, Sainte-Beuve's will is dated September 28, 1869, a correspondent.
namely, thirteen days before his death. It is his It seems Sainte-Beuve is not to be allowed to rest second will. His first was made in 1866, although quietly in his grave. The justice of the peace who as long ago as 1855 he frequently expressed a dehad placed under seal all the property to be found sire to execute a will, and, in 1858, he wrote a will, in Sainte-Beuve's house, appointed a day for their which was null in consequence of the omission of removal. The executors were present, and they some legal formalities. By the will dated 1866, he had scarcely beeu joined by the justice of the peace made M. Lacaussade, the poet, his residuary legatee, when three persons, to all the other parties un. and gave him the fee simple of all he had, subject to known, entered the house. Instantly one of them the payment of several annuities and legacies. M. said : “Princess Mathilde has given me a power of Lacaussade is the well-known poet; he became attorney to act for her. In her name, I claim a Sainte-Beuve's secretary in 1845, and remained in packet of letters written by Her Imperial Highness this post until Sainte-Beuve quitted France at the to the late M. Sainte-Beuve; and I insist in her Revolution of 1848 ; upon the latter's return to name that those letters shall be delivered to me.” France, he resumed his duties as private secretary; The person who accompanied him added: “I am and quitted them only in 1851. He was succeeded the Commissioner of Police ; I support her Impe. by MM. Octave Lacroix, Levallois, Pons, and Trourial Highness's claim. I think the letters should bat. The latter became private secretary in 1862, be surrendered to her; in default thereof I inter- and continued in the post until Sainte-Bea ve's dict the removal of the seals.” This pretension death. In 1867, Sainte-Beuve fell ill. Dr. Veyne took the executors by surprise. They conferred to- insisted Dr. Ricord should be consulted. An operagether and presently said: “As this claim has tion was deemed necessary. Some time afterwards been made with all the forms of the law, the courts Dr. Ricord was again called in consultation, for Dr. of justice must decide the question; meantime the Veyne thought he had detected symptoms of the letters under controversy shall remain under seal.” stone. Dr. Ricord, in probing, wounded the paThereupon the other person who accompanied the tient, and abscesses supervened, which menaced Commissioner of Police said: "I have been clothed Sainte-Beuve's life, and who had scarcely another with the proper authority to represent the family day's health. The 28th September last, Sainteof the late M. Sainte-Beuve. I restrain, in their Beuve, then confined to his bed, sent for M. Laulvame, the justice of the peace from removing the caussade, and said : Spend the evening with me. seals, and from allowing the will to be executed. Dine with Troubat, and after dinner I will try to We are ready to prove that there was undue influ- summon strength enough to talk with you, for I
FEB. 1, 1870.
want to speak'about serious business." After din- | anecdote carries its judgement on its face. M. ner, M. Lacaussade returned to Sainte-Beuve's Sainte-Beuve figures in it as a scoundrel and as a chamber. The latter said : “My friend, I am greatly fool; as a scoundrel towards 'Le Moniteur,' to which grieved ; I have been obliged to change my will. he deliberately played false ; as a fool toward himYou are still one of my executors, but I have been self, because, being impatient to return to the govobliged (you know why) to make Troubat my ernment fold, he did the contrary of that which he residuary legatee. I leave you a legacy. Do not should have done to attain this end. We are able be angry with me.” M. Lacaussade replied : “My to confirm the assertions of 'Le Moniteur' and to dear friend, do whatever may give some joy to complete them. We were honored with M. Sainteyour heart and some peace to your mind. But Beuve's friendship before he contributed to our colyour papers ?” Sainte-Beuve replied : “You are umps. We, with all of M. Sainte-Beuve's friends, one of the executors, the others are Marc Fabre were thoroughly acquainted with his sentiments and Troubat ." A violent paroxysm of pain when the rupture took place between the governhere supervened and interrupted the conversation. ment and “Le Moniteur,' and long before · Le JourM. Lacaussade called for assistance, and Sainte-nal Officiel' appeared, we knew M. Sainte-Beuve Beuve continued too ill the rest of the night to re-would not enter it, and that he would remain in. Le new the conversation. Sainte-Beuve, by his will, Moniteur.' The official writer evidently did not left an annuity of $800 to his mistress, an ex- suspect the true state of things when he went to ask governess ; she is one-armed, having lost the other his contributions, and was in a profound illusion. arm by an accident; he says "with $800 a year Doubtless M. Sainte-Beuve (and his last speech & woman may live honorably.”.
showed it) retained to the end of his life a rather Then we had quite a battle between the “Jour- Utopian idea of a sort of dignified, ideal, and recipnal Officiel” and “Le Temps," "Le Moniteur," and rocally useful alliance between the government and M. Jules Troubat, upon the circumstances which letters ; but that which none the less pierced attended Sainte-Beuve's breach with " Le Moni- through this speech, and which he much more teur." “ Le Journal Officiel” said : “One of the clearly expressed in private conversations, was his most striking examples of Sainte-Beuve's fickleness acquired and deep-rooted conviction that the prewas his wild prank of running off to · Le Temps.' sent government had shown itself to be completely There was great excitement at this philosophical unsuited to effect this alliance. M. Sainte-Benve bolt, which at first assumed the importance of a was on this chapter as clear as abundant. He was political sommersault. I believe I know the true inexhaustible in anecdotes and incidents which secret of the enigma, and I dare say nobody will would astound the public, if they can ever be colbe angry with me for publishing it. Towards the lected. For instance, a critic in •Le Moniteur' quoclose of last year, when the official newspaper was ted one day a modern Alexandrine line. Instantly about to change hands, I called on Sainte-Beuve to the Minister of State had inquiry made whether request him to follow the newspaper in its official this line was not by Victor Hugo, who must for no transformation. He received my proposition in the consideration, under no form, figure in the official kindest manner—for he was a great partisan of the newspaper. Luckily the suspicious line turned out idea that the government shonld play the part of to be by Alfred de Musset, and consequently was Mæcenas towards literary men-but he objected admitted. Other names in quite large number and to me, he was prevented by a written engagement most astonishing were likewise proscribed. An arwith 'Le Moniteur.' He showed me this written ticle on Abel de Remusat, the Chinese scholar, was engagement, and examined with me, but in vain, rejected because the Minister of State (M. Fould, I a fair way to get rid of it. The engagement was in believe) confounded the learned Orientalist with force for two years more. I said : . But suppose the illustrious, amiable, and too liberal academi“Le Moniteur" should become an opposition news cian. These times seem far removed from us. paper ?? He answered : 'That hypothesis is im- Those who closed 'Le Moniteur' to the eulogy of probable, impossible.' 'You are a poet, but every M. de Remusat are now obliged to bear M. Rochepoet is not a prophet.' 'Well, let me arrange that.' fort deputy and to live with him. But everybody As he spoke, his smile sparkled with the malice can understand what effect these Chinese proceed of a secret thought full of promises. Now, what ings and this stupidly ignorant dictatorship must happened? In the first days of the independence have made upon a witness of them like M. Sainteof the newspaper to which he was chained, he sent Beuve. They irritated him beyond expression. an unpolitical article, but which was of a nature The literary man, conscious of his worth and digto beget difficulties, and he informed the editor that nity, the thinker, the free, proud spirit were inceseverything was broken off between them. He was santly wounded in him. Therefore when the gove now free. He was able to return to the government ernment abandoned 'Le Monitear' where it was fold. Ay, but his article, which gave him freedom, merely a tenant and determined to establish a newswas not presentable to the Journal Oficiel.' What paper which entirely belonged to it, the government was to become of that child, which was all the more necessarily found M. Sainte-Benve in a very differdear from having been born in the midst of a crisis ? ent humor from that it was self-sufficient enough Lost? No. Sainte-Beuve was too good a father. to attribute to him. The government's ambassador Thereupon, he found, a grave and academical news- completely lacked perspicacity. The written enpaper of freethinkers held out its arms to him gagement with 'Le Moniteur' was no obstacle. and so the senator-academician became a literary These written engagements between writers and and philosophical contributor to 'Le Temps."" newspapers never have any intrinsic value, be
" Le Moniteur” denies the truth, and adds: “We cause a newspaper cannot retain a writer despite publicly afirm for the honor of our old contributor, his wishes, because a writer remains master of his that he declared in the most formal manner, and ideas and cannot be forced to write the contrary of with the greatest sympathy for · Le Moniteur,' that that which he thinks. M. Sainte-Beuve's objection he was averse from entering the new official news- was only the polite pretext of a well-bred man. paper, and that he was gratified to have it in his Had there been in France only 'Le Journal Officiel power to oppose the existence of an engagement with and 'Le Moniteur,' M. Sainte-Beuve, who had a us to end the repeated appeals made him to join passion for, and felt as a necessary of life writing the. Journal Officiel.'"
in newspapers, wonld have remained in · Le Moni“Le Temps” says: “This stupid and insulting' teur.' But he panted for liberty, and he thought he