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We find the whole prediction, in our pres font translation of the Holy Scriptures, inthese words:
Daniel, ch, viii. ver. 8–14. 8. Therefore the he-goat waxed and when he was strong, the great horn 2.25 Broken; and for it came up four notable ones, toward the four winds of heaven.
9. And out of one of them came forth a little born, which waxed exceeding great, toward the fouth, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant LAND.
10. And it waxed great, even to the bost of beaven;
and it cast down fome of the bofit and of the stars to the ground, and fiamped upon bem.
11. Hea he magnified himself even to the Prince of the host ; and by him the daily facrifice was taken away, and ibe place of his fanctuary was cast down.
12. And an hot was given him' against the daily facrifice by reason of transgression; and it cuft down the truth to the ground, and it practised and prospered.
13. Then I heard one Saint Speaking, and another Saint said unto that certain Saint
which spake, How long shall be the vision comcerning the daily facrifice, and the transgresion of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot ?
14. And be said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then all the sanca tuary be cleansed.
After which follows a further explanation by the Angel :
19. And he said, Behold I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indig- 46 $o nation ; for at the time appointed the end Mall be.
20. The rám which thou fawest having two horns, are the kings of Media and Perfia.
21. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia, and the great horn that is between his eyes
is the first king 22. Now that being brokeri, whereas four ftood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
23. And in the latter time of their kingdem, when the transgressions are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and underoftanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
24. And his power Mall be mighty, but not by his own power : and he shall destroy wonderfully, and fall proper and practise, and Shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25. And through his policy also he pall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and be shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace sball destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes, but he shall be broken without band.
Bishop Newton* having observed that this Little Horn has, by the generality of interpreters both Jewish and Christian, and especially by Jerome, been supposed to mean Antiochus Epiphanes, adduces many fubstantial reasons to shew, that in such interpretation they must have been mistaken; except as far as Antiochus. Epiphanes, was a type of the dreadful and mischievous power, ultimately intended.
An Horn, he justly remarks, in the style of
Daniel's prophecy, doth not signify any parti466. cular king, but is uniformly an emblem of a
kingdom. And then he proceeds to thew, that there was another kingdom besides that
* Disertations on the Prophecies, Vol. II. p. 50.
of Antiochus, to which the character and circumstances ascribed to the power of the Little Horn are even much more applicable : and this kingdom, he says, was the Roman.
The Romans were a new and different power among the four preceding horns; they rose from small beginnings to an exceeding great empire ; they first subdued Macedon and Greece, the capital kingdom of the Goat; and from thence spread and enlarged their conquests over the rest : and the time of their final dominion and usurpations agrees better than that of Antiochus with the time mentioned in the prophecy, viz. the latter part of the kingdom of the four great horns.
The Romans, he further says, (having first subdued Macedon and Greece,) inherited, by the will of Attalus, the kingdom of Pergamus, which was the remains of the kingdom of Lysimachus; and afterwards they converted into a province the kingdom of Syria, and lastly the kingdom of Egypt.
When the Romans stood up, also, the transgressions were come to the full; very abominable iniquities (which he enumerates) being practised amongst the Jews, even with
regard regard to the high priesthood, and with rea gard to religion.
The Romans, moreover, waxed exceeding' great towards the fouth, towards the east, and towards the pleasant land, even within the territories of the Goat. They made provinces of Egypt in the south, of Syria in the east, and of Judea.
The Romans also took away the daily facrifice, and destroyed the temple at Jerusalem, and put an end to the government of the Jews.
The Romans also, in one sense of the word, ftood up against the Prince of princes, the Mefliah ; because, although it was in confe
quence of the malice of the Jews, and of their 467. prosecution, yet it was by the fuprcme power
of the Romans, that Our Blessed Lord (when humbled in the flesh) was put to death.
After making these observations, the Bishop proceeds to give still another turn to the me
aphorical emblem i endeavouring to fhew, in the most forcible manner, that the Romans not only crucified our Saviour, and were perfecutors of his disciples; but that, moreover, embracing the Christian religion, they then very