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to which he was found unequal; and if ultimately passed, he becomes a member.
No endowment for professors or scholars is allowed, but prizes may be given or bequeathed.
The president and a certain number of Fellows can take cognizance of incompetency, or gross dereliction of duty in the Professors, and submit their view of his conduct to a second meeting, consisting of a greater but limited number, half being Professors, and half the Fellows present not Professors; and this meeting can censure or dismiss the Professor or Professors, whose conduct is before them in the latter case, he must quit the Professorship, and is not eligible in that division, and a new election must take place-but his Fellowship of the Institute, or associate, remains with its privileges, and cannot be touched.
The previous meeting, or the President with several Fellows, have power to summon larger assemblies of the Institute, and are considered to compose its ordinary sittings.
The literature and education of the District is under the guardianship of the Institute; who cannot alter the plan of education, but have the respect and functions of a literary society.
Each Institute through its President, communicates with the Knight President of the associaate. The council of which with their head, form the ordinary sitting of the associate as a Literary Society; and the Knight President communicates with Parliament and the Crown, on the Literature and education of the country.
No honorary members to be admitted into the associate; but the President of each Institute can by himself admit honorary members to the Institute, whether natives or foreigners, though such admissions are not to exceed ten annually, for each Institute, The honorary members have all the privileges of other members, and can be elected to the higher distinctions.
The scale of Literary honors will thus stand, member of the Institute with emblem;-Fellow of the Institute with emblem;-member of the Associate, with emblem and dress; Fellow of the Associate, with emblem and dress; Literary Knight, Literary Knight Counsellor, Literary Knight President, in all seven. All assumption of these titles without warrant, is chargeable under the criminal code.
Schools of the Country.
No free grammar or other free schools, are allowed, and every person engaged in the scholastic profession, must be licensed. Infant or female schools require in the master or mistress, the attestation of twenty electors, being housekeepers in the District, before licences can be obtained. The same for boys schools, in which classics and mathematics, are not taught. For classical and mathematical schools, whether day or boarding, besides the recommendation of the electors above mentioned, there must be one from a Latin, Greek, and Mathematical Professor; though not necessarily of that District. The licenses are granted by the District Judges; but the judges have no discretionary power, when the previous certificates are presented.
Provision for the Poor.
The claim of the destitute to relief from the Country, either by furnishing them with profitable employment, or in case of absolute inability to labour, by gratuitous means of subsistence, is fully admitted.
No poor-rate however is demanded of the inhabitants; the relief given is placed among the liabilities of the Public Revenue.
When the wants of applicants incapable of work are supplied by the State, the individuals do not receive money to be expended in such way as they think proper, but they are farmed out among the humbler classes of life; and the persons furnishing them with board, lodging, and clothes, at an established charge, receive every month, a Treasury order for the amount.
If a family, that is, parents and children of tender age, be in this situation, they must not be separated; but be farmed upon one household: in in other cases no individual is allowed to receive above four in his house.
Individuals asking relief who are fit for labour, are to be employed by the Government, at reasonable wages: though the regular pay for such description of work should not be expected, still it ought to be a fair remunerating sum-and regard must be had to the previous habits of the persons, in sending them to the various kinds of employment. They are to be paid in money, never
in kind; and are to provide themselves and families from their earnings.
The national employment or relief does not prejudice the elective right, nor interfere with freedom of opinion on political subjects.
Children under twelve years of age receiving support from the Country, must have a small sum per quarter allowed for tuition. They are to go to the same schools as other children of the poor: the parents if living choose the seminary; if the father and mother are deceased, the electoralcensor is the guardian, and names the school, and also sees that they are properly attended to, in the households where they are farmed.
Children above twelve, may be separated from their parents if there is no work for them in the district in which their friends reside, but not otherwise. Also husbands may if they please, go to a distance from their wives to obtain Government employ; but are never to be authoritatively appointed to work, compelling separation.
Foreigners are relieved in the same manner as natives.