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in life the parties occupy, and satisfactory to the judge-also the children if under fourteen, in the event of the parents living seperate, or the wife's refusing agreement to another marriage, are claimed by her-are placed under her care-and the husband suitably provides for them. Nor in case of separation on this account, can the husband have intercourse, otherwise than at her option. She is moreover at liberty to marry again; but here all provision from the former husband ceases—and the children are claimed by him which she bore previous to her marriage, after their seperation.
The law does not limit the number of wives; but the foregoing regulations must in each and every case be strictly enforced.
Divorce is obtained from the judge and a jury, —and is always and only on account of adultery; such divorce however, does not prejudice the claim of the children.
Seperation without divorce must be sued for by either party before the judge, who has power to grant it, but in this case the individuals are in law considered man and wife; only intercourse is forbidden, unless by mutual agreement-the pe
cuniary requisitions here, have been already stated. Should the parties separate by mutual consent, with a view to marry again, the separation may be granted, if the children are provided for.
The same law of marriage is binding on the Crown and the Subject, and the Sovereign is not under any other obligation.
With regard to the Crown, the descent is absolutely confined to the issue of the first marriage whilst such issue is living-it passes afterwards to the children of the second &c. subject to the Law respecting Royalty.
Also Titles are confined absolutely to the children of the first marriage whilst living, and afterwards pass to the issue of the second, &c, subject to the law on hereditary honors.
If a parent die intestate, the children of the first wife have a previous claim; but should the property allow it, the other children have a participation which the district Judge and a Jury may determine-subject to an appeal to the
Further, if a parent leave property exclusively
to any of his children, or other relatives, and some of his offspring destitute, the District Judge and a Jury can provide for them out of the Estate -subject to an appeal.
The Baptism of Children is not accounted evidence in any civil suit where title, property, heirship, &c. are concerned; nor can the State take any notice of this ceremonial, which is purely religious. The law requires in the case, the registration of the birth by the District Judge
-so worded and attested, as Parliament may by law determine: also the death of individuals must in like manner be recorded, and the judicial entry is received as the sole legal proof.
Division of Farms.
The State controls and regulates the apportioning of land into farms; but does not interfere with the rental which the proprietor demands from his tenantry.
Large farms at the discretion of the landholder are not permitted-nor on the other hand, does the law enforce a uniform divison into small ones; but they are to be on a graduated scale, depending on the largeness of the estate. Suppose for instance it comprise twelve thousand acres, one
fourth is to constitute three farms-a thousand acres being the utmost allowed for any farm, be the nature of the ground what it may; a second fourth to form not less than six farms; a third quarter is to embrace twelve-from the remaining fourth, plots of two to five acres each must be appropriated to the married labourers on the estate; who are to be always half the number of this class engaged and the rest of this proportion of the land is to be divided into twenty-five, fifty, and a hundred acre farms. The labourers are to rent their ground, and if by lease, to hold it immediately from the Landholder or occupier of the whole Estate.
It is to be further enacted, that no individual shall rent, or if he be the proprietor, shall himself work more than one farm,
Again, the law is to limit the extent of parks, woods, pleasure grounds, and plantations. Also a measure is recommended, compelling the growth of a certain number of oaks, fruit trees, &c. on every farm.
Hours of Agricultural, Mechanic, and other
Let eight hours be considered by law a day,
reckoned from six in the morning, to six in the evening, and exclusive of the intervals allowed for meals.
A labourer or workman may work for an employer, or engage to work more than eight hours. a day; but this shall not be considered a legal engagement-the workman or labourer is not bound to observe it, and the master has no recourse in law,
Further, any master whether he pay an extra sum for the time above eight hours, or whether he do not, requiring as a condition of hire, that the employed shall work more than what is fixed as a day in law, is finable upon information before the district judges, the fine recovered under the debtors act. Also any labourer, or artisan, &c. refusing to engage unless he be employed more than eight hours is finable, the fine recovered under the law of debtors.
Where work is done at night, eight hours are equal to a day's labour; but no work is to be done at night without necessity, and a certificate from the local judge warranting the same.