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Laws on Medicine and Medical Practitioners.
The State does not view Law, Physic and Divinity, as learned professions: not contemplating the last, and abolishing the first as a remunerative calling-it simply regards the second in the same light that it does a trade, namely as a means of livelihood-consequently M. D. is no title, but indicative of the employment by which the party obtains a subsistence.
Any individual may sell drugs, retail medicine, and practice Physic and Surgery, without license.
Hospitals and infirmaries are not permitted, even during the prevalence of plague or infectious disease of whatever description; every patient must be attended at his or her home.
In no case unless where criminals have been executed for murder, are bodies to be given up by the law for purposes of dissection; except the deceased gave permission before his death-or in the instance of children, without the leave of the parents or relatives. If an adult person has by Will, authorized the opening and dissection of his body, his friends cannot interfere to prevent it.
reckoned from six in the morning, to six in the evening, and exclusive of the intervals allowed for meals.
A labourer or workman may work for an employer, or engage to work more than eight hours a day; but this shall not be considered a legal engagement-the workman or labourer is not bound to observe it, and the master has no recourse in law.
Further, any master whether he pay an extra sum for the time above eight hours, or whether he do not, requiring as a condition of hire, that the employed shall work more than what is fixed as a day in law, is finable upon information before the district judges, the fine recovered under the debtors act. Also any labourer, or artisan, &c. refusing to engage unless he be employed more than eight hours is finable, the fine recovered under the law of debtors.
Where work is done at night, eight hours are equal to a day's labour; but no work is to be done at night without necessity, and a certificate from the local judge warranting the same.
fendant, he is punishable by fine-or the crime is felony as they may determine.
Statutes on Lunacy.
There are to be no national establishments for individuals so afflicted-nor are any asylums of this description to be allowed, which receive more than twelve insane persons.
There are to be no commissions of lunacy issued-but the District judge and a jury investigate all such cases-and where the party pronounced insane has means, they can make that provision for the relatives they may deem just, and invest the residue in the hands of Trustees until the decease or recovery of the lunatic.
The electoral censor nominates twelve voters of the district, as visitors of all houses in which lunatics are received in that locality: these are to make periodical reports to him and to the judges -and the censor furnishes an annual return to the Parliament..
The same individuals are to take cognizance of all idiots whether receiving relief from the Country, or supported by their friends; since this class is equally with the last-mentioned under the guard
ianship of the Censor-and refusal to give them access at any or all times, is chargable under the criminal code.
Certain Civil Enactments.
The Press-is to be unlicenced, untaxed, and free for the publication of all news and the discussing of all subjects, political, religious, &c.; but attacks in newspapers or any other writings, upon the Sovereign, or upon private character, are visited under the criminal code, as the case may require.
The Drama-is to be under the same regulations as the Press. Theatres may be opened, and plays performed without licence upon any day—providing they are closed at a proper hour; but if the private character of any individual or the Sovereign is attacked, the parties thus offending are chargable under the criminal code.
Debtor and Creditor-Cases of Bankruptcy and insolvency are brought before the local judges. No imprisonment for debt is to take place unless when sufficient proof is tendered of swindling or anything fraudulent. Seizure of property
beyond a certain amount is allowed the creditor, during the whole life of the insolvent, until the claim is met; also a claim on his income at any future time, though not at the discretion of the creditor, his demand is only permitted when the income is beyond a certain sum-and this, with the proportion which may be claimed, shall be according to act of Parliament. When the income is derived from an employer, the creditor by giving legal notice authorizes him to pay the proportion granted by law and in case of refusal, he may receive it through the judges, nor can the insolvent sue the master, for the amount, which in virtue of the act is paid out of his salary to the creditor.
Publicans. Since upon this system no excise duties exist, malt, spiritous and other liquors, are liable to no tax, and may be sold in any quantity without licence; but persons selling beer, wine, spirits, &c. to be drunk on the premises, are chargable under the criminal code-unless they be sold in this manner, to individuals constantly lodging with them. Moreover, persons not selling beer, &c. who shall keep rooms or houses for the reception of persons to drink, are viewed in the same light as publicans suffering it to be drunk