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Etymological Table Of such names as are thought of any importance for eluci.
dating texts in the New Testament. Abaddon, the destroyer. Decapolis, ten cities. Abba, father. (multitude. Eli-Eli-Lama-Sabachthani, Abraham, the father of a My God, My God, why hast Aceldama, the field of blood. thou forsaken me? Adam, man.
Emmanuel, God with us. Alleluia, praise ye the Lord. Immanuel, God with us. Amen, verily, so be it, Jesus, Saviour. A pollyon, the destroyer. Mammon, riches. (come Areopagus, Mars' hill.
Maranatha, our Lord shall Armageddon, the mountain Onesimus, profitable, useful, of Megiddo.
Peter, a rock. Barjona, son of Jona. Raca, foolish, wicked. Bethel, house of God. Sabachthani, hast thou forBoanerges, son of thunder. saken me? Calvary, the place of a skull. Sabaoth, hosts. Cephas, a rock.
Sem, name, renown. Christ, the anointed. Solomon, peaceable. David, beloved,
Talitha, Cumi, damsel arise,
TABLE FOURTH. THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
BY J. E. WORCESTER, A. M.
THE knowledge of geography possessed by the ancients, was confined chieily to the middle and south of Europe, the south-western part of Asia, and the northern part of Africa.
The geography of the New Testament is limited mostly to the countries bordering on the Mediterranean sea. This sea is called in the Old Testament the Great Sea, and most of the countries mentioned in that portion of the scriptures, either bordered upon it, or were situated not very far distant. Some of the most remote were Persia and Media.
At the period of the ministry of our Saviour and of his apostles, almost all the countries mentioned in the New Testament were included in the Roman empire, or were
424 GEOGRAPHICAL VOCABULARY.
The world, as the word is used in the New Testament, sometimes means the whole inhabited world ; sometimes it includes only the Roman empire; and sometimes it is used in a still far more limited sense.
The only seas which are spoken of in the New Testament are the sea of Galilee, which is properly a lake, the Red sea, and parts of the Merliterranean sea.
The journeyings of our Saviour, during his ministry, were limited to Palestine.
The travels of St. Paul in preaching the gospel, were confined chiefly to Palestine, Syria, the countries of Asia Minor, also Greece and Italy.
The country now called Palestine, or the Holy Land, was anciently styled the Land of Canaan, afterward the Land of Promise, or the Promised Land, the Land of Israel, and
udea. It was anciently divided into twelve parts or tribes, named from the sons of Jacob; afterward into the two kingdoms of Judah and Israel. At the period of the New Testament history, it was subject to the Romans, and the part west of the Jordan was divided into three provinces, Judea, in the south, Samaria, in the middle, and Galilee, in the north.
The countries of Asia Minor, mentioned in the New Tes. tament were Mysia, Troas, Bithynia, Pontus, Asia, Galatia, Phrygia, Lycaonia, Cappadocia, Lycia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, and Cilicia.
The Roman proconsular province of Asia 'embraced the western part of Asia Minor, comprehending Mysia, Phrygia, Lydia, and Caria. The seven churches of Asia were all'included in this province. Ab-i-le'ne, pr.* Calo-Syria, Ad-ra-myt'ti-um, now Adra
between Libanus and Anti- miti, s-p. Asia Minor, in Libanus.
Mysia ; 70 N. Smyrna. A-cel' da-ma, field, S. of J. Adri-a, a name of the AdriaAcha'i-a, pr. Peloponnesus; tic sea, or gulf of Venice,
also a pr. including all the so called from the town of south part of Gr.
Adria, in Italy. * Explanations.- In the following notices of the places mentioned in the New Testament, distances are given in geographical miles. The abbreviation A. M. is used for Asia Minor ;-Gr. for Greece ;-J, for Jerusalem ;- Jud, for Judea ;-lake of G. for lake of Gennesareth ;- Mac, for Macedonia ;-Med. for Mediterranean Sea ;-Mt. for mountain ;-Pal, for Palestine ;-pr. for province ;-s-p. for GEOGRAPHICAL VOCABULARY. 425 Æ-gæ'an Sea, now Archipela- Arabia Felix, or Happy, in go, a sea between Gr. and the south, comprising the A. M.
most fertile part; rabia Al-ex-an'dri-a, or Alex-an- Petræa or Stony, in the
dri'a, great city and s-p. north west; and Arabia Egypt, for a long time the Deserta in the north and most commercial city in the north east, consisting chiefworld. It was also a distin- ly of barren deserts of guished seat of learning, scorching sand. and famous for its library, 2-re-op'a-gus, or Marg? Hill, which was burnt in 638. It a hill in the city of Athens, is now in a state of decay, where the supreme court but contains some remark- of justice was held. able remains of ancient Ar-i-ma-the'a, or Ramah, t. grandeur, as Pompey's Pil
Jud. 10 ESE. Joppa. lar, Cleopatra's Needles, Ar-ma-ged don, place, Samathé Cisterns, and Cata- ria, E. of Cæsarea. combs.
A'si-t, in the New TestaAm-phip'o-lis, now Emboli, ment, sometimes means A.
city, Mac, near the mouth M. and sometimes only a of the Strymon; 48 E. by district in the western part N. Thessalonica.
of it, of which Ephesus was Anti-och, now Antachia, city, the chief city, but never the
Syria, on the Orontes, 18 continent of Asia. miles above its mouh. In As'sos, now Asso, s-p. A. M. was once the chief city of in Mysia ; 32 W. AdramytSyria, and famous for its tium. magnitude, wealth, and Atl'ens, capital of Attica, and commerce, It was styled the most famous city of the eye of the eastern Gr. It was for a long time church;' and here the dis- the most celebrated school ciples of Christ were first in the world for polite called Christians.
learning, arts, and sciences, An'ti-och, now Akshehr, t. A. and gave birth to some of
M. in Pisidia ; 180 W. by the most eminent philosoN. Tarsus.
phers, poets, and statesAn-tip 'a-tris, t. Samaria ; 25 men of antiquity. WSW. Samaria.
At-ta-li'a, now Sataha, s-p. Ap'pi-i Fo'rum, now Fossa A. M, in Pamphylia, on a Nuova, t. Italy; 40 S. E. bay of the Med. 20 W. Rome.
Perga. A-pol-lo'ni-a, t. Mac, 30 E. A-zotus, or Ash-dod, now Ezby S. Thessalonica,
doud, t. Pal. in the country A-ra'bi-a, country, Asia, ly- of the Philistines; 20 S, by
ing east of the Red sea, W. Joppa. and south of Pal. and Sy