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people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require 6.

V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof h; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God, the Creator, who gave it . Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation k.

VI. Although

lished in his flesh the enmity, even ten in the law of Moses, Thou shalt the law of commandments contain- not muzzle the mouth of the ox ed in ordinances, for to make in that treadeth out the corn. Doth himself of twain one new man, so

God take care for oxen? Ver. 10. making peace; Ver. 16. And that Or saith he it altogether for our he might reconcile both unto God sakes? for our sakes, no doubt, this in one body by the cross, having is written: that he that ploweth slain the enmity thereby.

should plow in hope; and that he IV.5(Exod. Chapter xxi. Exod. that thrasheth in hope should be xxii. 1. to the 29th Verse. See partaker of his hope. both in the Bible.] Gen. xlix. 10. V. h Rom. xiii. 8, 9. [See above The sceptre shall not depart from in letter b.) Ver. 10. Love workJudah, nor a lawgiver from be- eth no iĩl to his neighbour : tween his feet, until Shiloh come; therefore love the fulfilling of and unto him shall the gathering the law. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy of the people be. With 1 Pet. father and mother, (which is the ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every first commandment with promise.) ordinance of man for the Lord's 1 John ii. 3. “And hereby do we sake: whether it be to the king, know that we know him, if we as supreme: Ver. 14. Or unto go- keep his commandments. Ver. 4. vernors, as unto them that are He that saith, I know him, and sent by him for the punishment keepeth not his commandments, of evil-doers, and for the praise is a liar, and the truth is not in of them that do well. Mat. v. him. Ver. 7. Brethren, I write no 17. Think not that I am come new commandment unto you, but to destroy the law or the pro- an old commandment which ye phets : I am not come to de- had from the beginning: the old stroy, but to fulfil. With ver. 38. commandment is the word which Ye have heard that it hath been ye have heard from the beginning. said, An eye for an eye, and a Ver. 8. Again, a new commandtooth for a tooth. Ver. 39. But ment I write unto you, which I say unto you, That ye resist thing is true in him and in you: not evil : but whosoever shall because the darkness is past, and smite thee on thy right cheek, the true light now shineth. turn to him the other also. 1 Cor. i James ii. 10, 11. [See in letter ix. 8. Say I these things as a b. 었

? or saith not the law the k Mat. v. 17. [See in letter 8.] same also ? Ver. 9. For it is writ- Ver. 18. For verily I say unto you,

man

VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned"; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly m; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives "; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come

to

are

Till heaven and earth pass, one by him all that believe jot or one tittle shall in no wise justified from all things, from pass from the law, till all be ful- which ye could not be justified by filled. Ver. 19. Whosoever there- the law of Moses. Rom. viii. Y. fore shall break one of these least There is therefore now no con: commandments, and shall teach demnation to them which are in men so, he shall be called the Christ Jesus, who walk not after least in the kingdom of heaven; the flesh, but after the Spirit. but whosoever shall do and teach

m Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the them, the same shall be called law is holy; and the commands great in the kingdom

of heaven; went holy, and just, and good. James ii. 8. [See in letterd before, I Ver.

22. For I delight in the law Rom. iii. 31. Do we then make of God after the inward man. void the law through faith? God Ver

. 25. I thank God, through Jeforbid : yea, we establish the

sus Christ our Lord. So then,

with the mind I myself serve the law.

VI. 1 Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall law of God; but with the flesh not have dominion over you: for the law of sin. Psal. cxix. 4. ye are not under the law, but thou hast commanded us to keep ing that a man is not justified by that my ways were directed to the works of the law, but by the keep thy statutes ! Ver. 6. Then faith of Jesus Christ ; even we shall I not be ashamed, when I have believed in Jesus Christ, have respect unto all thy comthat we might be justified by the mandments. 1 Cor. vii

. 19. Cirfaith of Christ, and not by the cumcision is nothing, and uncirworks of the law: for by, the cumcision is nothing, but the works of the law shall no flesh be keeping of the commandments of justified. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath God. Gal

. v. 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, redeemed us from the curse of the 21, 22, 23. See in the Bible.

n Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every then? Is the law sin? God forbid. one that hangeth on a tree. Gal. Nay, I had not known sin but by iv. 4. But when the fulness of the the law: for I had not known time was come, God sent forth lust, except the law had said, his Son, made of a woman, made Thou shalt not covet. Rom. ii. under the law, Ver. 5. To redeem 20. Therefore by the deeds of the them that were under the law, law there shall no flesh be justithat we might receive the adop- fied in his sight: for by the law is tion of sons. Acts xüi. 39. And the knowledge of sin.

James

to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sino; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience P. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin, and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law". The promises of it, in like manner,

shew

• James i. 23. For if any be a also, Do not kill. Now, if thou hearer of the word, and not a commit no adultery, yet if thou doer, he is like unto a man be- kill, thou art become a transgresholding his natural face in a glass; sor of the law. Psal. cxix. 101. Ver. 24. For he beholdeth himself, I have refrained my feet from and goeth his way, and straight- every evil way, that I might keep way forgetteth what manner of thy word. Ver. 104. Through thy man he was. Ver. 25. But whoso precepts I get understanding ; looketh into the perfect law of li- therefore I hate every false way. berty, and continueth therein, he Ver. 128. Therefore I esteem all being not a forgetful hearer, but thy precepts concerning all things a doer of the work, this man shall to be right; and I hate every

false be blessed in his deed. Rom. vii. 9. way. For I was alive without the law r Ezra ix. 13. And after all that once; but when the command- is come upon us for our evil deeds, ment came, sin revived, and I died. and for our great trespass, seeing Ver. 14. For we know that the law that thou our God hast punished is spiritual; but I am carnal, sold us less than our iniquities deserve, under sin. Ver. 24. O wretched man and hast given us such deliverance that I am! who shall deliver me as this; Ver. 14. Should we again from the body of this death? break thy commandments, and

p Gal. iii. 21. Wherefore the join in affinity with the people law was our schoolmaster to bring of these abominations, wouldest us unto Christ, that we might be not thou be angry with us, till justified by faith. Rom. vii. 21. thou hadst consumed us, so that [See before in letter o. Verse 25. there should be no remnant nor in letter m.] Rom. viii. 3. For escaping? Psal. lxxxix. 30. If his what the saw could not do, in children forsake my law, and that it was weak through the flesh, walk not in my judgments; Ver.31. God sending his own Son in the If they break my statutes, and keep likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, not my commandments; Ver. 32. condemned sin in the flesh: Ver. 4. Then will I visit their transgresThat the righteousness of the law sion with the rod, and their inimight be fulfilled in us, who walk quity with stripes. Ver. 33. Nevernot after the flesh, but after the theless my loving-kindness will I Spirit.

not utterly take from him, nor 9 James ii. 11. For he that said, suffer my faithfulness to fail. Do not commit adultery, said Ver. 34. My covenant will I not

break,

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shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of workst: so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no eviderice of his being under the law, and not under grace'.

VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply

with

break, nor alter the thing that is we have done that which was our gone out of my lips.

duty to do. s (Lev. xxvi. to the 14th Verse.] v Rom. vi. 12. Let not sin With 2 Cor. vi. 16. And what therefore reign in your mortal agreement hath the temple of God body, that ye should obey it in with idols ? for ye are the temple the lusts thereof. Ver. 14. For sin of the living God; as God hath shall not have dominion over you: said, I will dwell in them, and for ye are not under the law, but walk in them; and I will be their under grace. 1 Pet. iii. 8. Finally, God, and they shall be my people. be ye all of one mind, having comEph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and passion one of another, love as bremother, (which is the first com- thren, be pitiful, be courteous: mandment with promise ;) Ver. 3. Ver. 9. Not rendering evil for evil, That it may be well with thee, or railing for railing ; but conand thou mayest live long on trariwise, blessing: knowing that the earth. Psal. xxxvii. 11. But ye are thereunto called, that ye the meek shall inherit the earth; should inherit a blessing. Ver. 10. and shall delight themselves in the For he that will love life, and see abundance of peace. With Mat. good days, let him refrain his V. 5. Blessed are the meek: for tongue from evil, and his lips that they shall inherit the earth. Psal. they speak no guile: Ver. 11. Let xix. 11. Moreover, by them is thy him eschew evil, and do good; servant warned: and in keeping let him seek peace, and ensue it. of them there is great reward. Ver. 12. For the eyes of the Lord

+ Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a are over the righteous, and his man is not justified by the works ears are open unto their prayers: of the law, but by the faith of but the face of the Lord is against Jesus Christ, even we have be- them that do evil. With Psal. lieved in Jesus Christ, that we xxxiv. 12. What man is he that might be justified by the faith of desireth life, and loveth many Christ, and not by the works of days, that he may see good? Ver. the law; for by the works of the 13. Keep thy tongue from evil, and law shall no flesh be justified. thy lips from speaking guile. Ver. Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, 14. Depart from evil, and do good; when ye shall have done all those seek peace, and pursue it. Ver. 15. things which are commanded you, The eyes of the Lord are upon say, We are unprofitable servants; the righteous, and his ears are

open

with it w; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done *.

CHAP. XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience. THE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers

under the gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law * ; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin“, from

the

open unto their cry. Ver. 16. The will be their God, and they shall face of the Lord is against them be my people. that do evil, to cut off the re- I. a Tit. ï. 14. Who gave himmembrance of them from the self for us, that he might redeem earth. Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore us from all iniquity, and purify we receiving a kingdom which unto himself a peculiar people, cannot be moved, let us have zealous of good works. 1 Thess. grace, whereby we may serve i. 10. And to wait for his Son from God acceptably, with reverence heaven, whom he raised from the and godly fear. Ver. 29. For our dead, even Jesus, which delivered God is a consuming fire.

us from the wrath to come. Gal. VII. w Gal. iii. 21. Is the law iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us then against the promises of God ? from the curse of the law, being God forbid: for if there had been made a curse for us: for it is writa law given which could have ten, Cursed is every one that hange given life, verily righteousness eth on a tree. should have been by the law. b Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself

* Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will for our sins, that he might deliver put my Spirit within you, and us from this present evil world, cause you to walk in my statutes, according to the will of God and and ye shall keep my judgments, our Father. Col. i. 13. Who hath and do them. Heb. viii. 10. For delivered us from the power of this is the covenant that I will darkness, and hath translated us make with the house of Israel ; into the kingdom of his dear Son. After those days, saith the Lord, I Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, will put my laws into their mind, and to turn them from darkness and write them in their hearts; to light, and from the power of and I will be to them a God, and Satan unto God, that they may they shall be to me a people. receive forgiveness of sins, and inWith Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall heritance among them which are be the covenant that I will make sanctified by faith that is in me. with the house of Israel ; After Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have those days, saith the Lord, I will dominion over you: for ye are put my law in their inward parts, not under the law, but under and write it in their hearts; and grace.

c Rom.

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