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CHAP. XXI. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath-day. THE light of nature sheweth that there is a God, who hath lordship and sovereignty over all; is good, and



which are evil: and thou hast tried manded by the God of heaven, let them which say they are apostles, it be diligently done for the house and are not, and hast found them of the God of heaven: for why liars. Ver. 14. But I have a few should there be wrath against the things against thee, because thou realm of the king and his sons? hast there them that hold the doc- Ver. 25. And thou, Ezra, after the trine of Balaam, who taught Balac wisdom of thy God that is in thine to cast a stumbling-block before hand, set magistrates and judges, the children of Israel, to eat things which may judge all the people sacrificed unto idols, and to com- that are beyond the river, all such mit fornication. Ver. 15. So hast as know the laws of thy God; and thou also them that hold the doc- teach ye them that know them not. trine of the Nicolaitanes, which Ver. 26. And whosoever will not thing I hate. Ver. 20. Notwith- do the law of thy God, and the standing, I have a few things law of the king, let judgment be against thee, because thou sufferest executed speedily upon him, whethat woman Jezebel, which calleth ther it be unto death, or to banishherself a prophetess, to teach and ment, or to confiscation of goods, to seduce my servants to commit to imprisonment.

Ver. 27. fornication, and to eat things sa- Blessed be the Lord God of our crificed unto idols. Rev. iii. 9. Be- fathers, which hath put such a hold, I will make them of the syna- thing as this in the king's heart, to gogue of Satan, which say they are beautify the house of the Lord Jews, and are not, but do lie; be- which is in Jerusalem : Ver. 28. hold, I will make them to come And hath extended mercy unto me and worship before thy feet, and before the king and his counsellors, to know that I have loved thee. and before all the king's mighty

[Deut. xiii. 6. to the 12th.] Rom. princes; and I was strengthened, xüi. 3. For rulers are not a terror as the hand of the Lord my God to good works, but to the evil.

was upon me, and I gathered toWilt thou then not be afraid of the gether out of Israel chief men to power? do that which is good, and go up with me. Rev. xvii

. 12. Ånd Thou shalt have praise of the same: the ten horns which thou sawest Ver. 4. For he is the minister of are ten kings, which have received God to thee for good. But if thou no kingdom as yet; but receive do that which is evil, be afraid; for power as kings one hour with he beareth not the sword in vain: the beast. Ver. 16. And the ten for he is the minister of God, a re- horns which thou sawest upon the venger to execute wrath upon him beast, these shall hate the whore, that doeth evil. With 2 John, and shall make her desolate and verses 10, 11. [See in letter 9.1 naked, and shall eat her flesh, and Ezra vii. 23. Whatsoever is com- burn her with fire. Ver. 17. For

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doeth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the heart,


God hath put in their hearts to of Judah had ordained to burn infulfil his will, and to agree, and to cense in the high places in the give their kingdom unto the beast, cities of Judah, and in the places until the words of God shall be ful- round about Jerusalem ; them also filled. Neh. xiii. 15. In those days that burnt incense unto Baal, to saw I in Judah some treading the sun, and to the moon, and to wine-presses on the sabbath, and the planets, and to all the host of bringing in sheaves, and lading heaven. Ver. 6. And he brought asses; as also wine, grapes, and out the grove from the house of figs, and all manner of burdens, the Lord, without Jerusalem, unto which they brought into Jerusa- the brook Kidron, and burnt it at lem on the sabbath-day: and I the brook Kidron, and stamped it testified against them in the day small to powder, and cast the powwherein they sold vietnals. Ver.17. der thereof upon the graves of the

Then I contended with the nobles children of the people. Ver. 9. of Judah, and said unto them, Nevertheless, the priests of the What evil thing is this that ye do, high places came not up to the and profane the sabbath-day? Ver. altar of the Lord in Jerusalem, 21. Then I testified against them, but they did eat of the unleavened and said unto them, Why lodge ye bread among their brethren. Ver. about the wall? If ye do so again, 20. And he slew all the priests of I will lay hands on you. From the high places that were there that time forth came they no more upon the altars, and burnt men's on the sabbath. Ver. 22. And I bones upon them, and returned to commanded the Levites, that they Jerusalem. Ver. 21. And the king should cleanse themselves, and commanded all the people, saying, that they should come and keep Keep the passover into the Lord the gates, to sanctify the sabbath- your God, as it is written in the day. Remember me, O my God, book of this covenant. 2 Chron. concerning this also, and spare me xxxiv. 33. And Josiah took away according to the greatness of thy all the abominations out of all the mercy. Ver. 25. And I contended

countries that pertained to the chilwith them, and cursed them, and dren of Israel, and made all that smote certain of them, and pluck- were present in Israel to serve, ed off their hair, and made them even to serve the Lord their God. swear by God, saying, Ye shall And all his days they departed not not give your daughters unto their from following the Lord, the God sons, nor take their daughters unto of their fathers. 2 Chron. xv. 12. your sons, or for yourselves. Ver. And they entered into a covenant 30. Thus cleansed I them from all to seek the Lord God of their strangers, and appointed the wards fathers with all their heart, and of the priests and the Levites, with all their soul; Ver. 13. That every one in his business. 2 Kings whosoever would not seek the xxiii

. 5. And he put down the Lord God of Israel should be put idolatrous priests, whom the kings to death, whether small or great, and with all the soul, and with all the might a. But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by himself, and so limited by his own revealed will, that he may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices



whether man or woman. Ver. 16. and his father and his mother that And also concerning Waachah, the begat him shall thrust him through mother of Asa the king, he remov- when he prophesieth. ed her from being queen, because I. a Rom. i. 20. For the invisible she had made an idol in a grove: things of him from the creation of and Asa cut down her idol, and the world are clearly seen, being stamped it, and burnt it at the understood by the things that are brook Kidron. Dan. iii. 29. There- made, even his eternal power and fore I make a decree, That every Godhead; so that they are without people, nation, and language, excuse. Acts xvii. 24. God, that which speak any thing amiss made the world, and all things against the God of Shadrach, Me- therein, seeing that he is Lord of shach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut heaven and earth, dwelleth not in in pieces, and their houses shall be temples made with hands. Psal. made a dunghill; because there is cxix. 68. Thou art good, and doest no other god that can deliver after good: teach me thy statutes. Jer. this sort.

1 Tim. ii. 2. For kings, X. 7. Who would not fear thee, () and for all that are in authority ; King of nations? for to thee doth that we may lead a quiet and it appertain : forasmuch as among peaceable life in all godliness and all the wise men of the nations, honesty. Isa. xlix. 23. And kings and in all their kingdoms, there shall be thy nursing-fathers, and is none like unto thee. Psal. their queens thy nursing-mothers; xxxi. 23. O love the Lord, all ye they shall bow down to thee with his saints: for the Lord preserveth their face toward the earth, and lick the faithful, and plentifully reup the dust of thy feet, and thou wardeth the proud doer. Psal. shalt know that I am the Lord: xviii. 3. I will call upon the Lord, for they shall not be ashamed that who is worthy to be praised; so wait for me.

Zech. xii. 2. And it shall I be saved from mine enesliall come to pass in that day, mies. Rom. x. 12. For there is no saith the Lord of hosts, that I will difference betwixt the Jew and the cut off the names of the idols out Greek: for the same Lord over of the land, and they shall no more

all is rich unto all that call upon be remembered: and also I will him. Psal. lxii. 8. Trust in him cause the prophets and the unclean at all times; ye people, pour out spirit to pass out of the land. Ver. your heart before him : God is 3. And it shall come to pass, that a refuge for us. Josh. xxiv. 14. when any shall yet prophesy, then Now therefore fear

the Lord, his father and his mother that be- and serve him in sincerity and in gat him shall say unto him, Thou truth, and put away the gods shalt not live; for thou speakest which your fathers served on the lies in the name of the Lord : other side of the flood, and in

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of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representation, or any other way not prescribed in the holy scripture

II. Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Iloly Ghost; and to him alone : not to angels, saints, or any other creatured: and, since the fall, not with


Egypt: and serve ye the Lord. and fourth generation of them that Mark xii. 33. And to love him hate me: Ver. 6. And shewing with all the heart, and with mercy unto thousands of them all the understanding, and with that love me, and keep my comall the soul, and with all the mandments. Col. ii. 23. Which strength, and to love his neigh- things have indeed a shew of wisbour as himself, is more than all dom in will-worship and humility, whole burnt-offerings and sacri- and neglecting of the body, not in fices.

any honour to the satisfying of the b Deut. xii. 32. What things so- flesh. ever I command you, observe to II. © Mat. iv. 10. [ See before in do it: thou shalt not add thereto, letterb.] With John v. 23. That nor diminish from it. Nat. xv. 9. all men should honour the Son, But in vain they do worship me, even as they honour the Father. teaching for doctrines the com- lie that honoureth not the Son, mandments of men. Acts. xvii. 25. honoureth not the Father which Neither is worshipped with men's hath sent him. And 2 Cor. xii. hands, as though he needed any 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus thing, seeing he giveth to all life, Christ, and the love of God, and and breath, and all things. Mat. the communion of the Holy Ghost, iv. 9. And saith unto him, All be with you all. Amen. these things will I give thee, if

d Col. ii. 18. Let no man bethou wilt fall down and worship guile you of your reward, in a

Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus voluntary humility, and worshipunto him, Get thee hence, Satan: ping of angels, intruding into for it is written, Thou shalt wor- those things which he hath not ship the Lord thy God, and him seen, vainly puffed up by his only shalt thou serve. [Deut. xv. fleshly mind. Rev. xix. 10. And to the 20th Verse.] Exod. xx. 4. I fell at his feet to worship him: 'Thou shalt not make unto thee and he said unto me, See thou do any graven image, or any likeness it not; I am thy fellow-servant, of any thing that is in heaven and of thy brethren that have the above, or that is in the earth be- testimony of Jesus; worship God: neath, or that is in the water for the testimony of Jesus is the under the earth. Ver. 5. Thou spirit of prophecy. Rom. i. 25. shalt not bow down thyself to Who changed the truth of God them, nor serve them: for I the into a lie, and worshipped and Lord thy God am a jealous God, served the creature more than visiting the iniquity of the fathers the Creator, who is blessed for upon the children unto the third


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out a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone e.

III. Prayer, with thanksgiving, being one special part of religious worship?, is by God required of all mens; and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son ", by the help of his Spirit', according to his willk, with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance'; and, if vocal, in a known tongue m.

IV. Prayer

e John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto us with groanings which camot him, I am the way, and the truth, be uttered. and the life: no man cometh unto k 1 John v. 14. And this is the the Father but by me. 1 Tim. ii. 5. confidence that we have in him, For there is one God, and one that if we ask any thing accordNiediator between God and men, ing to his will, he heareth us. the man Christ Jesus. Eph. ii. 18. i Psal. xlvii. 7. For God is the For through him we both have an king of all the earth: sing ye access by one Spirit unto the Fa- praises with understanding. Eccl. ther. Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever v. 1. Keep thy foot when thou ye do in word or deed, do all in goest to the house of God, and be the name of the Lord Jesus, giving more ready to hear, than to give thanks to God and the Father by the sacrifice of fools: for they conhim.

sider not that they do evil. Ver. 2. III. f Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for Be not rash with thy mouth, and nothing : but in every thing by let not thine heart be hasty to utter prayer and supplication with any thing before God: for God is thanksgiving, let your requests in heaven, and thou upon earth: be made known unto God. therefore let thy words be few.

8 Psal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hear Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receivest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh ing a kingdom which cannot be

moved, let us have grace, whereby h John xiv. 13. And whatsoever we may serve God acceptably, ye shall ask in my name, that will with reverence and godly fear. Í do, that the Father may be glori- Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham anfied in the Son. Ver. 14. If ye shall swered and said, Behold now, I ask any thing in my name, I will have taken upon me to speak unto do it. 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ye also, as live- the Lord, which am but dust and ly stones, are built up a spiritual ashes. James v. 16. Confess your house, an holy priesthood, to offer faults one to another, and pray one up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable for another, that ye may be healto God by Jesus Christ.

ed: the effectual fervent


of i Rom. vii. 26. Likewise the a righteous man availeth much. Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: James i. 6. But let him ask in faith, for we know not what we should nothing wavering: for he that pray for as we ought: but the Spi- wavereth is like a wave of the sea, rit itself maketh intercession for driven with the wind, and tossed.


Ver. 7.


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