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pacts and consulting with the devila, and hearkening to his suggestions b; making men the lords of our faith and conscience®; slighting and despising God and his commands d; resisting and grieving of his Spirito, discontent and impatience at his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils heinflicts on us*; and ascribing the praise of any good we either


one is

shalt worship the Lord thy God, Þ Acts v. 3. But Peter said, and him only shalt thou serve. Ananias, why hath Satan filled Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile thine heart to lie to the Holy you of your reward, in a volun- Ghost, and to keep back part of tary humility, and worshipping of the price of the land ? angels, intruding into those things c 2 Cor. i. 21. Not for that we which he hath not seen, vainly have dominion over your faith, puffed up by his fleshly mind. but are helpers of your joy: for Rom. i. 25. Who changed the by faith ye stand. Mat. xxiii

. 9. truth of God into a lie, and wor- And call no man your father upshipped and served the creature on the earth: for

your more than the Creator, who is Father which is in heaven. blessed for ever. Amen.

d Deut. xxxii. 15. But Jeshua Lev. xx. 6. And the soul that run waxed fat, and kicked: thou turneth after such as have familiar art waxen fat, thou art grown spirits, and after wizards, to go thick, thou art covered with fata whoring after them, I will even ness; then he forsook God which set my face against that sou, and made him, and lightly esteemed will cut him off from among his the Rock of his salvation. 2 Sam. people. 1 Sam. xxviii. 7. Then xii. 9. Wherefore hast thou desaid Saul unto his servants, Seek spised the commandment of the me a woman that hath a familiar Lord, to do evil in his sight? spirit, that I may go to her, and thou hast killed Uriah the Ilittite enquire of her. And his servants with the sword, and hast taken said to him, Behold, there is a his wife to be thy wife, and hast woman that hath a familiar spi- slain him with the sword of the rit at En-dor. Ver 11. Then said children of Ammon. Prov. xüi. 13. the woman, whom shall I bring Whoso despiseth the word shall be up unto thee? And he said, Bring destroyed; but he that feareth the me up Samuel.

Compared with commandment shall be rewarded. 1 Chron. X. 13. So Saul died for e Acts vii. 51. Ye stiff-necked his transgression which he com- and uncircumcised in heart and mitted against the Lord, even ears, ye do always resist the Holy against the word of the Lord, Ghost: as your fathers did, so do which he kept not, and also for ye. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not asking counsel of one that had a the Holy Spirit of God, whereby familiar spirit, to enquire of it; ye are sealed unto the day of reVer. 14. And enquired not of the demption. Lord: therefore he slew him, and f Psal. lxxiii. 2. But as for me, turned the kingdom unto David my feet were almost gone; my the son of Jesse.

steps had well nigh slipped. Ver. 3.

are, have, or can do, to fortune , idols", ourselves', or any other creature k.

Q. 106. What are we especially taught by these words [before me] in the first commandment?

A. These words [before me] or before my face, in the first commandment, teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh special noticeof, andis much displeased with, the sinof having any other God: that so it may be an argument to dissuade from it, and to aggravate it as a most impudent provocation!: as


For I was envious at the foolish, thee, and thou and thy lords, thy when I saw the prosperity of the wives and thy concubines, have wicked. Ver. 13. Verily I have drunk wine in them; and thou cleansed my heart in vain, and hast praised the gods of silver and washed my hands in innocency. gold, of brass, iron, wood, and Ver. 14. For all the day long have I stone, which see not, nor hear, nor been plagued, and chastened every know: and the God in whose hand morning. Ver. 15. If I say, I will thy breath is, and whose are all speak thus, behold, I should offend thy ways, hast thou not glorified. against the generation of thy chil- i Deut. viii. 17. And thou say dren. Ver. 22. So foolish was I, and in thine heart, ly power and the ignorant: I was as a beast before might of my hand hath gotten me thee. Job i. 22. In all this Job sin- this wealth. Dan. iv. 30. The ned not, nor charged God foolislily. king spake, and said, Is not this

& 1 Sam. vi. 7. Now therefore great Babylon that I have built make a new cart, and take two for the house of the kingdom, by milch-kine, on which there hath the might of my power, and for come no yoke, and tie the kine the honour of my majesty ? to the cart, and bring their calves k Hab. i. 16. Therefore they home from them: Ver. 8. And sacrifice unto their net, and burn take the ark of the Lord, and incense unto their drag: because upon

the cart, and put the by them their portion is fat, and jewels of gold, which ye return their meat plenteous. him for a trespass-offering, in a 106. 1 Ezek. viii. 5. Then said coffer by the side thereof, and he unto me, Son of man, list up send it away, that it may go. thine eyes now the way towards Ver. 9. And see, if it goeth up by the north. So I lifted up mine

eyes the way of his own coast to Beth- the way towards the north, and shemeth, then he hath done us behold northward, at the gate of this great evil: but if not, then the altar, this image of jealousy we shall know that it is not his in the entry. Ver. 6. He said furhand that smote us; it was a thermore unto me, Son of man, chance that happened to us. seest thou what they do? even

h Dan. v. 23. But hast lifted the great abominations that the up thyself against the Lord of house of Israel committeth here, heaven; and they have brought that I should go far off from my the vessels of his house before sanctuary? but turn thee yet again,

lay it

also to persuade us to do as in his sight, whatever we do in his service m.

Q. 107. Which is the second commandment?

A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the curth bencath, or that is in the water under the carth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them : for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fithers ироп

the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments ".

Q. 108. What are the duties required in the second commandment?

A. The duties required in the second commandment are, the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath instituted in his wordo; particularly prayer and


and thou shalt see greater abomi- command your children to obnations, 8c. [to the end of the serve to do all the words of this Chupter.] Psal. xliv. 20. If we law. Ver. 17. For it is not a vain have forgotten the name of our thing for you: because it is your God, or stretched out our hands life; and through this thing ye to a strange god: Ver. 21. Shall shall prolong your days in the not God search this out? for land whither ye go over Jordan he knoweth the secrets of the to possess it. Viat. xxviii. 20. heart.

Teaching them to observe all m 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, things whatsoever I have comSolomon my son, know thou the manded you: and, lo, I am with God of thy father, and serve him you alway, even unto the end of with a perfect heart, and with a the world. Acts ii. 42. And they willing mind: for the Lord search- continued stedfastly in the apostles' eth all hearts, and understand- doctrine and fellowship, and in eth all the imaginations of the breaking of bread, and in prayers. thoughts: if thou seek him, he 1 Tim. vi. 13. I give thee charge will be found of thee; but if thou in the sight of God, who quickenforsake him, he will cast thee off eth all things, and before Christ for ever.

Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate 107. n Exod. xx. 4, 5, 6.

witnessed a good confession; Ver. 108. ° Deut. xxxii. 46. And he 14. That thou keep this comsaid unto them, Set your hearts mandment without spot, unrebukunto all the words which I testify able, until the appearing of our among you this day; which ye shail Lord Jesus Christ.

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thanksgiving in the name of Christ p; the reading, preachiing, and hearing of the word "; the administration and receiving of the sacraments"; church government and disciplines; the ministry and maintenance thereoft; reli


p Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for r Nat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therenothing: but in every thing by fore, and teach all nations, bapprayer and supplication, with tizing them in the name of the thanksgiving, let your requests Father, and of the Son, and of be made known unto God. Eph. the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. from v. 20. Giving thanks always for Verse 23. to Verse 30. For I have all things unto God and the Fa- received of the Lord that which ther, in the name of our Lord also I delivered unto you, That Jesus Christ.

the Lord Jesus, the same night 9 Deut. xvii. 18. And it shall in which he was betrayed, took be, when he sitteth upon the bread, Sc. throne of his kingdom, that he s Mat. xviii

. 15. Moreover, if shall write him a copy of this law thy brother shall trespass against in a book, out of that which is thee, go and tell him his fault before the priests the Levites: between thee and him alone: if Ver. 19. And it shall be with him, he shall hear thee, thou hast gainand he shall read therein all the ed thy brother. Ver. 16. But if days of his life: that he may learn he will not hear thee, then take to fear the Lord his God, to keep with thee one or two more, that all the words of this law, and these in the mouth of two or three statutes, to do them. Acts xv. 21. witnesses every word may be For Moses of old time hath in established. Ver. 17. And if he every city them that preach him, shall neglect to hear them, tell it being read in the synagogues every

unto the church: but if he nesabbath-day. 2 T'im. iv. 2. Preach glect to hear the church, let him the word, be instant in season, be unto thee as an heathen man out of season; reprove, rebuke, and a publican. Mat. xvi. 19. exhort, with all long-suffering and And I will give unto thee the doctrine. James i. 21. Where- keys of the kingdom of heaven: fore lay apart all filthiness and and whatsoever thou shalt bind superfluity of naughtiness, and on earth, shall be bound in heareceive with meekness the ingraft- ven; and whatsoever thou shalt ed word, which is able to save loose on earth, shall be loosed your souls. Ver. 22. But be ye in heaven.

1 Cor. Chapter v. doers of the word, and not hear- 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath ers only, deceiving your own set come in the church: first, selves. Acts x. 33. Immediately apostles; secondarily, prophets; therefore I sent to thee; and thou thirdly, teachers; after that mihast well done that thou art come. racles; then gifts of healings, Now therefore are we all here helps, governments, diversities of present before God, to hear all tongues. things that are commanded thee t Eph. iv. 11. And he gave of God.

some apostles, and some prophets,


gious fasting"; swearing by the name of God, and vowing unto him *: as also the disapproving, detesting, opposing, all false worship'; and, according to each one's place and calling, removing it, and all monuments of idolatry?

Q. 109. What are the sins forbidden in the second commandment? A. The sins forbidden in the second commandment are,


and some evangelists, and some shall be known to Egypt, and the pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. For Egyptians shall know the Lord in the perfecting of the saints, for that day, and shall do sacrifice the work of the ministry, for the and oblation; yea, they shall vow edifying of the body of Christ. a vow unto the Lord, and per1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders that form it. Psal. lxxvi. 11. Vow, rule well be counted worthy of and pay into the Lord your God; double honour, especially they let all that be round about him who labour in the word and doc- bring presents unto him that ought trine. Ver. 18. For the scripture to be feared. saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the y Acts xvii. 16. Now while Paul ox that treadeth out the corn: waited for them at Athens, his and, The labourer is worthy of spirit was stirred in him, when his reward. 1 Cor. ix. 7,–15. he saw the city wholly given to Who goeth a warfare any time idolatry. Ver. 17. Therefore disat his own charges? who planteth puted he in the synagogue with a vineyard, and eateth not of the the Jews, and with the devout fruit thereof? or who feedeth a

persons, and in the market daily flock, and eateth not of the milk with them that met with him. of the flock? &c.

Psal. xvi. 4. Their sorrows shall v Joel ii. 12. Therefore also be multiplied that hasten after now, saith the Lord, Turn ye another god : their drink-offereven to me with all your heart, ings of blood will I not offer, and with fasting, and with weep- mor take up their names into my ing, and with mourning. Ver. 13. lips. And rend your heart, and not your 2 Deut. vii. 5. But thus shall garments, and turn unto the Lord

ye deal with them; ye shall your God: for he is gracious and destroy their altars, and break merciful.—1 Cor. vii. 5. Defraud down their images, and cut down ye not one the other, except it be their groves, and burn their grawith consent for a time, that ye ven images with fire. Isa. xxx. may give yourselves to fasting 22. Ye shall defile also the coverand prayer ;

ing of thy graven images of silver, w Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt and the ornament of thy molten fear the Lord thy God, and images of gold: thou shalt cast serve him, and shalt swear by his them away as a menstruous cloth:

thou shalt say unto it, Get thee * Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord hence.

M 2 109. a Numb.


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