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cerning them ; discouraging tale-bearers ', flatterers ", and slanderers *; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth'; keeping of lawful promises ?; studying and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report a.

Q. 145. What are the sins forbidden in the ninth commandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth, and the good name of our neighbours, as well as our own", especially in publick judicature°; giving


to his neighbour, nor taketh up a anger was kindled against David, reproach against his neighbour. and he said, Why camest thou

v Prov. xxv. 23. The north wind down hither? and with whom hast driveth away rain: so doth an thou left those few sheep in the angry countenance a backbiting wilderness? I know thy pride, and tongue.

the naughtiness of thine heart; for w Prov. xxvi. 21. lIe that hateth thou art come down that thou dissembleth with his lips, and lay- mightest see the battle. 2 Sam. eth up deceit within him. Ver. 25. xvi. 3. And the king said, And When he speaketh fair, believe where is thy master's son? And him not: for there are seven abo- Ziba said unto the king, Behold, minations in his heart.

he abideth at Jerusalem: for he * Psal. ci. 5. Whoso privily slan- said, To-day shall the house of Isdereth his neighbour, him will I rael restore me the kingdom of my cut off:

father. 2 Sam. i. 9. He said unto y Prov. xxii. 1. A good name is me again, Stand, I pray thee, uprather to be chosen than great on me, and slay me: for anguish riches, and loving favour rather is come upon me, because my life than silver and gold. Jolm viii. 49. is yet whole in me. Ver. 10. So I Jesus answered, I have not a stood upon him, and slew him, bedevil; but I honour my Father, cause I was sure that he could not and ye do dishonour me.

live after that he was fallen: and z Psal. xv. 4.—He that sweareth I took the crown that was upon to his own hurt, and changeth not. his head, and the bracelet that was

a Phil. iv. 8. Finally, brethren, on his arm, and have brought whatsoever things are true, what- them hither unto my lord. Ver. soever things are honest, whatso- 15. And David called one of the ever things are just, whatsoever young men, and said, Go near, and things are pure, whatsoever things fall upon him. And he smote him are lovely, whatsoever things are that he died. Ver. 16. And David of good report; if there be any said unto him, Thy blood be upvirtue, and if there be any praise, on thy head; for thy mouth hath think on these things.

testified against thee, saying, I 145. b 1 Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliab have slain the Lord's anointed. his eldest brother heard when he e Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do 10 spake unto the men; and Eliab's unrighteousness in judgment; thou



false evidenced, suborning false witnesses, wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, out-facing and over-bearing the truthf; passing unjust sentences, calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the

work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work





shalt not respect the person of the Jews throughout the world, and poor, nor honour the person of a ringleader of the sect of the the mighty: but in righteousness Nazarenes. Psal. xii. 3. The shalt thou judge thy neighbour. Lord shall cut off all flattering Hab. i. 4. Therefore the law is lips, and the tongue that speakslacked, and judgment doth never eth proud things. Ver. 4. Who go forth; for the wicked doth have said, With our tongue will compass about the righteous : we prevail, our lips are our own: therefore wrong judgment pro

who is lord

Psal. ceedeth.

lii. 1. Why boastest thou thyself d Prov. xix. 5. A false witness in mischief, o mighty man? the shall not be unpunished, and he goodness of God endureth conthat speaketh lies shall not escape. tinually. Ver. 2. Thy tongue deProv. vi. 16. These six things viseth mischiess; like a sharp radoth the Lord hate, yea, seven zor, working deceitfully. Ver. 3.

an abomination unto him : Thou lovest evil more than good; Ver. 19. A false witness that speak- and lying rather than to speak eti lies, and him that soweth dis- righteousness. Selah. Ver. 4. Thou cord among brethren.

lovest all-devouring words, O thou e Acts vi. 13. And set up false deceitful tongue. witnesses, which said, This man % Prov. xvii. 15. He that justiceaseth not to speak blasphemous fieth the wicked, and he that words against this holy place and condemneth the just, even they the law.

both are abomination to the Lord. f Jer. ix. 3. And they bend 1 Kings xxi. from Verse 9. 10 14. their tongues like their bow for And she (Jezebel) wrote in the lies: but they are not valiant letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, for the truth upon the earth; for and set Naboth on high among they proceed from evil to evil, the people : Ver. 10. And set and they know not me, saith the two men, sons of Belial, before Lord. Ver. 5. And they will de- lim, to bear witness against him, ceive every one his neighbour, saying, Thou didst blaspheme and will not speak the truih: God and the king; and then they have taught their tongue to carry him out, and stone him, speak lies, and weary themselves that he may die. Ver. 1l. And to commit iniquity. Acts xxiv. 2. the men of his city, even the And when he was called forth, elders and the pobles who were Tertullus began to accuse him, the inhabitants in his city, did --Ver. 5. For we have found this as Jezebel had sent unto them.

a pestilent fellow, and a Ver. 13.-And (they) stoned him mover of sedition among all the with stones, that he died.


of the wicked n; forgery', concealing the truth, undue silence in a just causek, and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves', or complaint to others m; speaking the truth unseasonably , or maliciously to a wrong endo, or perverting it to a wrong meaning P, or in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the pre


h Isa. v. 23. Which justify the land for so much? And she said, wicked for a reward, and take Vea, for so much. Ver. 9. Then away the righteousness of the Peter said unto her, low is it righteous from him.

that ye have agreed together to i Psal. cxix. 69. The proud have tempt the Spirit of the Lord?forged a lie against me: but I 2 Tim. iv. 16. At my first answer will keep thy precepts with my no man stood with me, but all whole heart. Luke xix. 8. And men forsook me: I


God Zaccheus stood, and said unto the that it may not be laid to their Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of charge. my goods I give to the poor; and Ti Kings i. 6. And his father if I have taken any thing from had not displeased him at any any man by false accusation, I time, in saying, Why hast thoi restore him four-fold. Luke xvi. 5. done so?--Lev. xix. 17. Thou So he called every one of his shalt not hate thy brother in thine lord's debtors unto him, and said heart: thou shalt in any wise reunto the first, Ilow much owest buke thy neighbour, and not thou unto my lord? Ver. 6. And suffer sin upon him. he said, An hundred measures of m Isa. lix. 1. None calleth for oil. And he said unto him, Take justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: thy bill, and sit down quickly, they trust in vanity:and write fifty. Ver. 7. Then said n Prov. xxix. 11. A fool utterhe to another, And how much eth all his mind: but a wise man owest thou?

keepeth it in till afterwards. k Lev. v. 1. And if a soul sin, ol Sam. xxi. 9. Then answerand hear the voice of sweariug, ed Doeg the Edomite, which was and is a witness, whether he hath set over the servants of Saul, seen or known of it, if he do and said, I saw the son of Jesse not utter it, then he shall bear coming to Nob, to Ahimelech bis iniquity. Deut. xiii. 8. Thou the son of Ahitub. Ver. 10. And shalt not cousent unto him, por he enquired of the Lord for hearken unto him: neither shall him: and gave him victuals, and thine eye pity him, neither shalt gave him the sword of Goliath thou spare, neither shalt thou con- the Philistine. [Compared with ceal him. Acts v. 3. But Peter Psalm lii.] A Psalni of David said, Ananias, why hath Satan when Docg the Edomite came and filled thine heart to lie to the told Saul,-Ver. 1. Why boastest Holy Ghost, and to keep back thou thyself in mischief, O mighty part of the price of the land? man? &c. to Verse 5. Ver. 8. And Peter answered unto P Psal. lvi. 5. Every day they her, Tell me whether ye sold the wrest my words: all tlieir thoughts

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udice of truth or justice"; speaking untruth", lying®, slanderng , backbiting", detracting “, tale-bearings, whispering. ", coffing”, reviling", rash, harsh, and partial censuring";



am the

-re against me for evil. John evil of the law, and judgeth the . 19. Jesus answered and said law: but if thou judge the law, anto them, Destroy this temple, thou art not a doer of the law, nd in three days I will raise it but a judge. Jer. xxxviii. 4. ap. Compared with Mat. xxvi. Therefore the princes said unto 0.-At the last came two faise the king, We beseech thee, let vitnesses, Ver. 61. And said, This this man be put to death: for ellow said, I am able to destroy thus he weakeneth the hands of he temple of God, and to build the men of war that remain in t in three days.

this city, and the hands of all the 9 Gen. iii. 5. For God doth people, in speaking such words now,

that in the day ye eat there- unto them: for this man seeketh f, then your eyes shall be opened: not the welfare of this people, but nd

ye shall be as gods, knowing the hurt. Food and evil. Gen. xxvi. 7. * Lev. xix. 16. Thou shalt not and the men of the place asked go up and down as a tale-bearLim of his wife; and he said, She er among thy people; neither 5

sister: for he feared to say, shalt thou stand against the blood She is my wife. Ver. 9. And Abi- of thy neighbour : I cielech called Isaac, and said, Lord. Behold, of a surety she is thy y Rom. i. 29. Being filled with vife: and how saidest thou, She all unrighteousness, fornication, 5 my sister?--

wickedness, covetousness, maliIsa. lix. 13. In transgressing ciousness ; full of envy, murder, nd lying against the Lord, and debate, deceit, malignity; whisEeparting away from our God, perers, Ver. 30. Backbiters, haters peaking oppression and revolt, of God, onceiving and uttering from the 2 Gen. xxi. 9. And Sarah saw Leart words of falsehood.

the son of Hagar the Egyptian, s Lev. xix. 11. Ye shall not which she had born unto Abrateal, neither deal falsely, neither ham, mocking. Compared with he one to another. Col. iii. '9. Gal. iv. 29. But as then he that ie not one to another, seeing was born after the flesh persecuted hat

ye have put off the old man him that was born after the Spivith his deeds.

rit, even so it is now. t Psal. l. 20. Thou sittest and a 1 Cor. vi. 10. Nor thieves, peakest against thy brother; thou nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor Eanderest thine

inother's revilers, nor extortioners, shall



inherit the kingdom of God. Psal. xv. 3. He that backbit- b Mat. vii. 1. Judge not, that th not with his tongue,

ye be not judged. w James iv. 11. Speak not evil c Acts xxviii. 4. And when the ne of another, brethren. He barbarians saw the venomous beast nat speaketh evil of his brother, hang on his hand, they said among nd judgeth his brother, speaketh themselves, No doubt this man


misconstructing intentions, words, and actions"; flattering', vain-glorious boastings, thinking or speaking too highly or too meanly of ourselves or others"; denying the gifts and


is a murderer, whom, though he spake in her heart, only her lips hath escaped the sea, yet vengen moved, but her voice was not ance suffereth not to live.

heard: therefore Eli thought she d Gen. xxxviii. 21. And it came had been drunken. Ver. 11. And to pass about three months after, Eli said unto her, Ilow long wilt that it was told Judah, saying, thou he drunken? put away thy Tamar thy daughter-in-law hath wine from thee. Ver. 15. And played the harlot; and also, be- llaman answered and said, No, hold, she is with child by whore- my lord; I am a woman of a dom. And Judah said, Bring her sorrowful spirit: I have drunk forth, and let her be burnt. Rom. neither wine nor strong drink, ii. 1. Therefore thou art inexcus- but have poured out my soul able, 0 man, whosoever thou art before the Lord. 2 Sam. x. 3. that judgest: for wherein thou And the princes of the children judgest another thou condemnest of Ammon said unto llanun their thyself; for thou that judgest lord, Thinkest thon that David doest the same things.

doth honour thy father, that he e Neh. vi. 6. Wherein was writ- hath sent comforters unto thee? ten, It is reported among the hath not David rather sent his heathen, and Gashmu saith it, servants wwto thee to search the that thou and the Jews think city, and to spy it out, and to to rebel: for which cause thou overthrow it? buildest the wall, that thou may- f Psal. xii. 2. They speak vanity est be their king, according to every one with his neighbour : these words. Ver. 7. And thou with flattering lips and with a hast also appointed prophets to double heart do they speak. Ver. preach of thee at Jerusalem, say- 3. The Lord shall cut off all flating, There is a king in Judah; tering lips, and the tongue that and now shall it be reported to speaketh proud things. the king according these 62 Tim. iii. 2. For men shall be words. Come now therefore, lovers of their own selves, covetand let us take counsel together. ous, boasters. Ver. 8. Then I sent unto him, say- h Luke xviii. 9. And he spake ing, There are no such things this parable unto certain which done as thou sayest, but thou trusted in themselves that they feignest them out of thine own were righteous, and despised heart. Rom. iii. 8. And not ra- others. Ver. 11. And the Pharisee ther, (as we be slanderously re- stood and prayed thus with himported, and as some affirm that self, God, I thank thee that I am we say,) Let us do evil that good not as other men are, extorinay come; whose damnation is tioners, unjust, adulterers, or even just. Psal. Ixix. 10. When I wept, as this publican. Rom. xii. 16.and chastened my soul with fast- Mind not high things, but condeing, that was to my reproach. scend to men low estate. Be 1 Sam. i. 13. Now Hannah, she not wise in your own conceits.


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