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CHARLES I. Parl. 3. Sess. 1. Act 5.

T anent the Ratification of the calling of the Convention, Ratification of the League and Covenant, Articles of Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, and remanent Acts of the Convention of Estates, and Committee thercof.

At EDINBURGH, July 15. 1644.

THE Estates of Parliament, presently convened by vir- tue of the last act of the last Parliament, holden by his ajesty, and the three Estates, in anno 1641, considering, at the Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council, and Comissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having, cording to their interests and trust committed to them by s Majesty and Estates of Parliament, used all means, by pplications, remonstrances, and sending of Commissioners, r securing the peace of this kingdom, and removing the alappy distractions betwixt his Majesty and his subjects

England, in such a way as might serve most for his Masty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their amble and dutiful endeavours for so good ends having oven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and interssion being refused by his Majesty; and thereby finding e weight and difficulty of affairs, and the charge lying on em to be greater than they could bear; did therefore, in e month of May 1643, meet together with the Commisoners for the common burdens, that, by joint advice, some solution might be taken therein; and in respect of the nger imminent to the true Protestant religion, his Masty's honour, and peace of their kingdoms, by the multide of Papists and their adherents in arms in England and eland, and of many other publick and important affairs, hich could not admit delay, and did require the advice of le representative body of the kingdom; appointed and used indict a meeting of the Convention of Estates (his Iajesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a


Parliament) to be on the 221 of June following; whicla diet being frequently kept by the Noblemen, Commissioners of shires and burglis, and they finding these dangers against this kirk and state siill increasing, resolved, after serious deliberation and advice of the General Assembly, and joint concurrence of the Commissioners authorized by the Parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies for

preventing of these and the like dangers, for preservation of religion, and both kingdoms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kingdoms should, for these ends, enter into Covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and cheerfully embraced and allowed. — And at last a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, concerning the said Covenant, and assistance craved from this kingdom by the kingdom of England, in pursuance of the ends expressed therein :-- And the Estates being still desirous to use all good means, that, without the effusion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pecification betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his Majesty's truehonourand safety, and happiness of his people, did therefore give commission to John Earl of Loudoun, Lord Chancellor, Lord Maitland, Lord \Varistoun, and vír Robert Barclay, to repair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these ends contained in the covenant of treaties, conform to their instructions.

And the said Estates having taken the proceedings above written to their consideration, do find and declare, That the Lords of council, and conservers of peace, did behave themselves as faithful counsellors, loyal subjects, and good patriots, in tendering their bumble endeavours for removing the distractions betwist bis Majesty and his subjects, and in calling the Commissioners for the common burdens, and, by joint advice, appointing the late meeting of Convention, wherein they have approven themselves answerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them; and therefore ratifies and approves their whole proceedings therein, and declares the said Convention was lawfully called, and also full and free in itself, consisting of all the members thereof, as any Convention hath been at any time bygone; and ratifies and approves the several acts made by them, or committee, for enjoining the Covenant. And also, id Estates of Parliament (but prejudice of the pre

and of the general ratification above mentioned) ratiprove, and confirm the foresaid mutual League and nant, concerning the reformation and defence of relithe honour and happiness of the King, and the peace afety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England, and ad ; together with the acts of the Kirk and Estate

rizing the same League and Covenant; together also the foresaid articles of treaty agreed upon betwixt the Commissioners of the Convention of Estates of Scotand the Commissioners of both the Houses of Parliaof England, concerning the said Solemn League and nant. And the said Estates ordain the same acts, che League and Covenant above specified, acts autho- the same, and the articles of treaty foresaid, to have ll force and strength of perfect laws and acts of Parnt, and to be observed by all his Majesty's lieges, m to the tenors thereof respective. Of the which ie and Covenant, the tenor follows:





Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Ilappi

ness of the king, and the Peace and Safety of the Three kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland ; agreed upon by Commissioners from the Parliament and Assembly of Divines in England, with Commissioners of the Convention of Estates, and General Assembly in Scotland ; approved by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and by both Houses of Parliament and Assembly of Dirines in England, and taken and subscribed by them, Anno 1613 ; and thereafier, by the said authority, taken and subscribed by all Ranks in Scotland and England the same year; and ratified by Act of the Parliament of Scolland, Anno 1611: iind again renerell in Scotland, with an 1chnorrledgment of Sins, and Engagement to Duties, by all Ramks, Anno 1618, and by Parliament 1619; and taken and subscribed by King Charles II. at Spey, June 23. 1650; anid at Scoon, January 1. 1651. TE Noblemen, Barons, Knights, Gentlemen, Citizens,

Burgesses, Ministers of the Gospel, and Commons of all sorts, in the kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland, by the providence of GOD, living under one king, and being of one reformed religion, having before our eyes the glory of GOD, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour JESUS CHRIST, the honour and happiness of the King's Majesty and his posterity, and the true publick liberty, safety, and peace of the kingéloms, wherein every one's private condition is included: And calling to mind the treacherous and bloody plots, conspiracies, attempts, and practices of the enemies of GOD, against the true religion and professors thereof in all places, especially in these three kingdoms, ever since the reformation of religion; and how much their rage, power, and presumption are of late, and at this time, increased and exercised, whereof the deplorable state of the church and kingdom of Ireland,


distressed estate of the church and kingdom of England,

the dangerous estate of the church and kingdom of tland, are present and publick testimonies; we have now ast, (after other means of supplication, remonstrance, testation, and sufferings,) for the preservation of ourselves

our religion from utter ruin and destruction, according he commendable practice of these kingdoms in former es, and the example of GOD's people in other nations, r mature deliberation, resolved and determined to enter - a mutual and solemn League and Covenant, wherein all subscribe, and each one of us for himself, with our ds listed up to the most Iligh GOD, do swear,

we shall sincerely, really, and constantly, through the grace of GOD, endeavour, in our seveplaces and callings, the preservation of the reformed reon in the Church of Scotland, in doctrine, worship, disine, and government, against our common enemies; the Ermation of religion in the kingdoms of England and Ire1, in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government, acding to the word of GOD, and the example of the best -rmed Churches; and shall endeavour to bring the arches of GOD in the three kingdoms to the nearest junction and uniformity in religion, confession of faith, n of church-government, directory for worship and echising; that we, and our posterity after us, may, as chren, live in faith and love, and the Lord may delight Iwell in the midst of us. I. That we shall in like manner, without respect of sons, endeavour the extirpation of Popery, Prelacy, (that hurch-government by Archbishops, Bishops, their Chanors, and Commissaries, Deans, Deans and Chapters, hdeacons, and all other ecclesiastical Officers depending hat hierarchy,) superstition, heresy, schism, profaneness, whatsoever shall be found to be contrary to sound doce and the power of godliness, lest we partake in other 's sins, and thereby be in danger to receive of their ques; and that the Lord may be one, and his name one, he three kingdoms.


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