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Pontifice, Gardinalibus, Archiepifcopis, Epifcopis & Regularibus, was censured by the Faculty of Theology in the University at Paris, as followeth, In ifta prima propositione enumeratio membrorum hierarchice Ecclefiafticce feu sacri principatus, divina ordinatione inftituti eft manca redundans, atque inducens in errorem contra rium determinationi' facræ Synodi Tridentinæ : The Proposition was defective, because it pretermitted the Presbyters and Deacons ; it was censured aš reduvdant, because it made the Hierarchie to consist of the Pope, Cardinals, Archbishops, and Regulars; the Pope is not within the Hierarchie, Primates, Metropolitans, and Archbishops, but as they are Bishops. Furthermore, this Hierarchie is distinguished in the Confession from the Pope's Monarchie. And how beit this Hierarchie be calle ed the Antichrist's Hierarchie, yet it is not to distinguish betwixt the Hierarchie in the Popish Kirk, and any other as lawful; But the Hierarchie, wherefoever it is, is called his, as the rest of the Popish Corruptions are called his: To wit, Invocation of Saints, Ganonization of Saints, Dedication of Altars, &c. are called liis; not that there is another lawful Canonization, Invocation, or Dedication of Alcars: Whatsoever Corruption was in the Kirk, either in Doctrine, Worship, or Govern: ment since the Mystery of Iniquity began to work, and is retained and maintained by the Pope, and obtruded upon the Kirk by his Authority, are bis. A Paffage also out of the History of the Council of Trent was alledged, where it is related, that the Council would not define the Hierarchie by the Seven Orders: We have in our Confession of Faith the manifold Orders fet apart and distinguished from the Hierarchie, but as it is set down in the Canon above cited : We have in the Book of Policy, or fecond Book of Discipline, in the End of the second Chapter, this Conclusion agreed upon, Therefore all the ambitious Titles, invented in the Kingdom of Antichrift, and in his ufurped HIE. RARCHIE, which are not of one of these four Sorts, To wit, Paftors, Doctors, Eiders, and Deacons, toge


ther twith the Offices depending thereupon, in one Word baght to be rejected.

All which and many other Warrants being publiekly read, and particularly at great Length examined, and all Objections anfwbred in Face of the Affembly, all the Members of the Affembly being many Times desired and required to propone their Doubts and Scruples, and every one being heard to the full, and, after muchi Agi. tation, as fally fatisfied; the Moderator at laft, exhorting every one to declare his Mind, did put the Matter to Voicing, in these Terms: Whether, aceording to the Conféffion of Faith, as it was profeffed in the Year 1980, 1581 and 1 590, there be any other Bishop, but a Pasfor of a particular Flock, having no Preheminence nor Power over his Brethren? And whether, by that Cone fefion, as it was then professed, all other Episcopacy is abjured, and ought to be removed oxt of this Kirke The whole Assembly, most unanimously, without Contradiction of any one and with the Hefiration of one alleparly) professing full Perfwasion of Mind, did voice, That all Episcopaty, different from that of a Paftor over a particular Flock, was abjured in this Kirk, and to be removed oret of it : And therefore prohibites, un der Ecelefiaftical Cenfure, any to ufurp, accept, defend, or obey the pretended Authority thereof in Time coming.

Affembly at Glasgow, December 17, 1638. Seff. 21. VI. At refloring Kirk-Sefions, Provincial and Nati.

eral Affemblies, unto their Ancient Rights and Pri

viledges. T

He General Affembly confidering the great Defec

tion of this Kirk, and Decay of Religion, by the Usurpation of the Prelates, and their fupprefsing of opdinary Judicatories of the Kirk; and clearly perceiving the Benefit which will redound to the Religion by the Reftitution of the said Indicatories; remembring also,



that they stand obliged, by their solemn oath and Covenant with God, to return to the Doctrine and Difcipline of this Kirk, as it was profest 1580, 1581, 1590, 1591, which in the Book of Policy, registrate in the Books of the Assembly 1581, and ordained to be fubfcribed 1590, 1591, is particularly expreft, both touching the Constitution of the Affemblies, of their Members, Ministers and Elders, and touching the Number, Power and Authority of these Members in all Matters Ecclefiàstical.

The Affembly findeth it neceffary to reftore, and by these Presents reftoreth, all these Assemblies unto their full Integrity, in their Members, Priviledges, Liberties, Powers and furisdiction, as they were constitute by the foresaid Book of Policy.

Afsembly at Glasgow, December 20, 1638. Seff. 26.

VH. A&t concerning yearly General Assemblies.

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He Assembly having considered the Reasons lately

printed for holding of General Affemblies, which are taken from the Light of Nature, the Promise of Je. sus Christ, the Practice of the holy Apostles, the Doctrine and Custom of other Reformed Kirks, and the Liberty of this National Kirk, as it is expressed in the Book of Policy, and acknowledged in the Act of Parliament 1592. And from recent and present Experience, comparing the lamentable Prejudices done to Religion through the former Want of free and lawful Assemblies, and the great Benefit: arising to the Kirk, from this one free and lawful Affembly; find it necessary to declare, and hereby declares, That, by Divine, Ecclefiaftical and Civil Warrants, this National Kirk hath Power and Liberty to assemble and conveen in her yearly General ARfemblies, and other pro re nata, as Occafion and Necef. sity fhall require ; appointeth the next General Assembly to fit at Edinburgh the third Wednesday of July 1639; and warneth all Presbyteries, Universities and Burghs, to send their Commissioners for keeping the

fame :

fame: Giving Power also to the Presbytery of Edinburgh pro re nata, and upon any urgent and extraordinary Necessity (if any shall happen before the Diet appointed in July) to give Advertisement to all the Presbyteries, Universities and Burghs, to send their Commissioners for holding an Occasional Assembly: And if in the mean Time it shall please the King's Majesty to indiet a Genesal Affembly, ordaineth all Presbyteries, Universities and Burghs, to send their Commissioners for keeping the Time and Place which shall be appointed by his Majesty's Proclamation.


Assembly at Edinburg, August 8, 1643. Self. 6.

VIII, Alt for Subscribing the Covenant.
He General Assembly considering the good and

pious Advice of the Commissioners of the last Are sembly, upon the 22d of September 1642, poft meridien recommending to Presbyteries to have Copies of the Covenant, to be subscribed by every Minister at his Admisfion; doth therefore ratify and approve the famen: And further ordains, that the Covenant be reprinted, with this Ordinance prefixed thereto; and that every Synod, Presbytery and Parish have one of them bound in Quarto, with some blank Paper, whereupon every Person may be obliged to subscribe ; and that the Covenant of the Synod and Presbytery be keeped by their Moderators respective, of Universities by their Principals, of Parishes by their Ministers, with all Carefulness; and that particular Account of Obedience to this Ad be required hereafter in all Viếtations of Parishes, Universities and Prefbyteries, and in all Trials of Presbyteries and Synod-books.

The General Assembly considering, that the AA of the Assembly at Edinburgh 1639, August 30. injoining all Persons to subscribe the Covenant, under als Ecclesiaftical Censure *, hath not been obeyed; therefore or


N 2

* See Page 114 for going.

dains all Ministers to make Intimation of the said A& in their Kirks, and therefore to proceed with the Censures of the Kirk against such as fhall refufe to fubscribe the Covenant; and that exact Account be taken of every Minifter's Diligence bereintil, by their Prefbyteries and Synods, as they will anfwer to the General Assembly.

IX. Defires and Overtures presented from Presbyteries

and Synods, with the Assemblies Answer thereunte. Affembly 1647.

Hat all Students of Philosophy, at their Entry,

the League and Covenant, and be urged thereto; and all other Persons as they come to Age and Difcretion, before their first receiving of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.

The Assembly approves this Overture.

Assembly at Edinburgh; August 7, 1648, Seff. 31. X. Alt for taking the Covenant at the first receiving

the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and for the re-
ceiving of it also by all Students at their first Entry
to Colledges.
He General Assembly, according to former Re.
commendations, doth ordain, That all young,

Stu. dents take the Covenant at their first Entry to Colledges, and that hereafter all Perfons whatsoever take the Cove. nant at their first receiving the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper; requiring bereby Provincial Affemblies, Prefbyteries and Universities, to be careful that this All be observed,' and Account thereof taken in the Visita. tion of Universities and particular Kirks, and in the Trial of Presbyteries *.



* See Collection of Acts, No. 37, 38, 39.

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