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in March 1595, at which time the Covenant was renewed, Superstition and Idolatry breaking forth in ob serving Festival-days, setting out of Bone-fires, singing Carols, are reckoned among the Corruptions which were to be amended; and the Pulpits did found, from Time to Time, against all Shew of observing any Festivalday whatsoever, except the Lord's Day.

II. Concerning Kneeling at the Communion, findeth, That in the Confeffion of Faith prefixed before the Pfalms, and approved by our Kirk in the very beginning of the Reformation, we have these Words, Neither in the

Ministration of the Sacraments, must we follow Men; "but as Christ himself bath ordained, so must they be mi• niftred.' la the large Confeffion of Faith, Ch. 23. it is required, as necessary for the right Ministration of the Sacraments, that they be ministred in such Elements, and in fuch Sort, as God hath appointed; and that Men have adulterate the Sacrament with their own Inventions, fo that no Part of Christ's Action abideth in the original Purity. The Judgment of our Reformers, who drew up the large Confession, was, by clear Evidents, shewed to be contrary to this Gesture in the A&t of receiving the Sacrament. In the Order of celebrating the Lord's Supper, prefixed before the Psalms in Metre, fiting and distributing by the Communicants, are joined ; as likewife by the second Head of the first Book of Discipline, as deareft to Christ's own Action, and to his perfect Practice, and most convenient to that holy Action; and all Inventions, devised by Man, are condemned, as Alterations and Accusations of Christ's perfect Ordinance : Ministers were injoined by A&t of Assembly in December, 1562, to observe the Order of Geneva, that is, the Eng. liph Kirk at Geneva (where Master Knox had been sometime Minister) in the Ministration of the Sacraments, This Act was renewed in the Assembly holden in December 1564, where Ministers are referred to the Order let down before the Psalms, for Ministration of the Sacraments, which is all one with the former ; for that was the Order of the English Kirk at Geneva.

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In the Parliament holden Anno 1567, it was declar: ed, That whosoever did not participate of the Sacraments, as they were then publickly administrate in this reformed Kirk, ought not to be reputed Members of this Kirk, The Act for the King's Oath at his Coronation, to maintain the due Administration of the Sacraments, as they were then miniftred, Anno 1567, was ratified, Anno 1581: at which Time, the Short Confesion, adhering to the Use of the Sacraments in the Kirk of Scotland, was fubscribed : As also, Anno 1592, after the second Subscription to the Confession of Faith. In the Parliament 1572, an Act was made against such as did not participate of the Sacraments as they were then rightly ministred: But the Gesture of Kneeling in the A& of Receiving, putteth the Ministration of the Sacrament used in this Kirk, out of Frame; whereby it is clear, that whatsoever Gesture or Right, cannot stand with the Administration of the Sacraments, as they were then ministred, and were ministred ever since the Reformation, till the Year 1618, must be condemned by our Kirk, as a Rite added to the true Ministration of the Sacraments, without the Word of God; and as a Rite or Tradiţion brought in, without or against the Word of God, or Doctrine of this reformed Kirk.

III. Concerning Confirmation; The Assembly findeth it to be comprehended in the Clause of the Confession, where the Five bastard Sacraments are condemned. And feeing Episcopacy is condemned, Imposition of Hands by Bishops, falleth to the Ground. And in all the Acts for Catechising, or Examination before Admission to the Communion, no Inkling of Imposition of Hands.

IV. Concerning the Administration of the Sacraments in private Places, or private Baptism, and private Communion, findeth, That in the Book of common Order, fet down before the Pfalms, it is faid, “That the Sacra

ments are not ordained of God to be used in private • Corners, as Charmers and Sorcerers use to do, but left to the Congregation.' In the Allembly holden at Edinburgh, in O&tober 1581, the fame Year and Assembly that the Confeffion of Faith was subscribed, it was or


dained, " That the Sacraments be not administred to private Houses, but folemnly, according to good Order hitherto observed.' The Minister of Tranent was suspended at that Time, for baptizing an Infant in a private House; but, confessing his Offence, he was ordained to make his publick Repentance in the Kirk of Tranent, before lie be released. Another Minister was to be tried and cenfured, for baptizing privately, and celebrating the Communion upon Pasch-day, at the ARfeinbly bolden in October, 1580. Which Acts and Cenfures make manifest, that our Kirk abhorred whatsoever foltered the Opinion of the Neceflity of Baptism, and giving of the Sacrament, as a Viaticum.

Ali which, and many other Acts, Grounds, and Reafois, being at length agitated, and with mature Deliberation pondered, and Liberty granted to every Man to fpeak his Mind what could be said further, for the full Satisfaction of all Men.

The Matter was put to Voicing, in these Words ; " Whether the five Articles of Perth, by the Confession

of Faith, as it was meaned and professed in the Year 1580, 1581, 1590, 1591, ought to be removed out of the Kirk?' The whole Assembly, all in one Consent, one only excepted, did Voice, that the Five Articles above specified, were abjured by this Kirk, in that Confesion; and so ought to be removed out of it; And therefore prohibiteth and dischargeth all difputing for them, or obferving of them, or any of them, in all Time coming; and ordains Presbyteries to proceed with the Cenfures of the Kirk against all Transgressors *.


* And for a full Gonfutation of these 5 Articles of Perth, and Anjwers to all Objeétions brought in their Favours, see the Book intituled, A Re-examination of the 5 Articles enacted at Perth, Anno 1618, printed 1636.

Assembly at Edinburgh, August 30. 1639. Sesf. 23. III. AEt anent advising with Synods and Presbyteries,

before Determination in Novations. T

HE General Assembly considering, that the inten

ded Reformation being recovered, may be established, ordains, That no Novation, which may

disturb the Peace of the Church, and make Division, be fudden!y proponed and enacted : But so as the Motion be first communicate to the several Synods, Presbyteries and Kirks, that the Matter may be approved by all at Home, and Commissioners may come well prepared, unanimously to conclude a folid Deliberation upon these Points in the General Allembly.

Assembly at St. Andrews and Edinburgh, August 6,

1641. Seff. 14.

IV. AEt anent Novations.

Ince it hath pleased God to vouchsafe the Liberty of


ing to the Acts of the Assembly at Edinburgh 1639, and at Aberdeen 1640, That no Novation in Doctrine, Worship or Government be brought in, or practised in this Kirk, unless it be first propounded, examined and allowed in the General Affembly; and that transgressors in this kind, be censured by Presbyteries and Synods,

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Piety and Uniformity in Secret and Private

Worship, and Mutual Edification.

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An Act of the General Asembly, Anno. 1647, for

observing the fame.

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