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: III. It belongeth to Synods and Councils, ministerial. iy to determine Controversies of Faith, and Cases of Conscience; to set down Rules and Directions for the better ordering of the publick Worship of God, and Government of his Church; to receive Complaints in Cases of Mal-administration, and authoritatively to determine the same: Which Decrees and Determinations, if confonant to the Word of God, are to be received with Reverence and Submission; not only for their Agreement with the Word, but also for the Power whereby they are made, as being an Ordinance of God appointed there. unto in his Word d.
d Acts 15. 15,19, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. Acts 16.4. Mat. 18. 17, 18,
19, 20. IV. All Synods and Councils, since the Apostles Times whether general or particular, may err, and many bave erred: Therefore they are not to be made the Rule of Faith or Practice, but to be used as an Help in Loth e.
c Eph. 2. 20. Acts 17. 11. I Cor. 2. 5. 2 Cor. 1. 24.
V. Synods and Councils are to handle or conclude no• thing but that which is Ecclesiastical; and are not to intermeddle with Civil Affairs, which concern the Common-wealth, unless by way of humble Petition, in Ca. ses extraordinary, or by way of Advice, for Satisfaction of Conscience, if they be thereunto required by the Civil Magistrate f.
f Luke 12. 13, 14. John 18. 36.
CH A P. XXXII. of the State of Men after Death, and of the Refurrec.
tion of the Dead. He Bodies of Men, after Death, return to Dust,
and fee Corruption a; but their Souls (which nei. ther die nor sleep) baving an immortal Subsistence, im. mediately return to God who gave them b: The Souls of
a Gen. 3. 19. Acts 23. 36. 6 Luke 23. 43. Eccles,
the Righteous, being then made perfect in Holiness, are received into the highest Heavens, where they behold the Face of God in Light and Glory, waiting for the full Redemption of their Bodies ci And the Souls of the Wicked are cast into Hell, where they remain in Torments and utter Darkness, reserved to the Judgment of the great Day d Beside these two Places for Souls separated from their Bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth
c Heb. 12. 23. 2 Cor. 5. 1, 6,8. Phil. 1. 23. with Acts 3. 21. & Eph. 4. 10. d Luke 16. 23, 24. Acts I 25. Jude v. 6,7. I Pet. 3. 19.
II. At the last Day, such as are found alive, shall not die, but be changed e; and all the Dead shall be raised up with the self-fame Bodies, and none other, although with different Qualities, which shall be united again to their Souls for ever f.
e 1 Thess. 4. 17. 1 Cor. 15. 51, 52. f Job 19. 26, 27. 1 Cor. 15. 42, 43, 44.
III. The Bodies of the Unjust shall, by the Power of Christ, be raised to Dishonour : The Bodies of the Just, by his Spirit, unto Honour ; and be made conformable to his own glorious Body g.
g Acts 24. 15. John 5.28, 29. 1 Cor. 15. 42, 43, 44. Phil. 3. 21.
of the last Judgment. OD hath appointed a Day wherein he will judge
the World in Righteousness, by Jesus Christ a, to whom all Power and Judgment is given of the Father b. In which Day, not ouly the apostate Angels fall be judged c, but likewise all Persons that have lived upon Earth fhall appear before the Tribunal of
a Acts 17. 31. 6 John 5. 22, 27. c I Cor. 6. 3. Jude v.6. 2 Pet. 2. 4.
Christ, to give an Account of their Thoughts, Words and Deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the Body, whether Good or Evil d.
d 2 Cor. 5.10. Eccl. 12. 14. Rom. 2. 16. Rom. 14. 10, 12. Mat. 12. 36, 37.
II. The End of God's appointing this Day is for the Manifestation of the Glory of his Mercy, in the eternal Salvation of the Elect; and of his Justice, in the Dam. nation of the Reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the Righteous go into everlasting Life, and receive that Fulnefs of joy and Refreshing which shall come from the Presence of the Lord: But the Wicked who know not God, and obey not the Gore pel of Jesus Chrift, shall be cast into eterna! Torments, and be punished with everlasting Destruction from the Presence of the Lord, and from the Glory of his Power e.
e Mat. 25.31, to the End. Rom. 2. 5,6. Rom. 9. 22, 23. Mat, 25. 21, Acts 3. 19. 2 Thess. 1.7 to 10.
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly perswaded that there shall be a Day of Judgment, both to deter all Men from Sin, and for the greater Confolation of the Godly in their Adversity'f; fo will he have that Day unknown to Men, that they may shake off all carnal Sccurity, and be always watchful, because they know not at what Hour the Lord will come; and
be prepared to say, Come Lord Jesus, come quickly,
f 2 Pet. 3, 11, 14. 2 Cor. 5. 10, 11. 2 Thess. 1.5, 6, 7. Luke 21.27, 28. Rom. 8. 23, 24, 25. & Mat. 24. 36, 42, 43, 44. Mark 13: 35, 36, 37. Luke 12, 35, 36. Rev. 22. 20.
A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of Christ in the Three Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.
W IT H
An ACT of the General Assembly of the Church of SCOTLAND, Anno 1648, approving the fame; and ratified and approved by Act of Parliament 1649.
With Proofs from the Scripture.
Printed in the Year 1764,
ACT approving the Larger Catechism.
Affembly at Edinburgh, July 2, 1648. Seff. 1o.
He General Assembly having exactly examined, and
seriously considered the Larger Catechism, agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines litting at Westminster, with Aslistance of Commissioners from this Kirk, Copies thereof being printed, and sent to Presbyteries, for the more exact Trial thereof, and publick lptimation being frequently made in this Affembly, that every one that had any Doubts or Objections upon it, might put them in; do find, upon due Examination thereof, that the faid Catechism is agreeable to the Word of God; and in nothing contrary to the received Doctrine, Worship, Discipline and Government of this Kirk, a necessary Part of the intended Uniformity in Religion, and a rich Treafure
for increasing Knowledge among the People of God: And therefore the Assembly, as they bless the Lord that so excellent a Catechism is prepared, so they approve the same as a Part of Uniformity; agreeing, for their Part, that it be a common Catechism for the three Kingdoms, and a Directory for Catechising such as Diave made fome Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religiou.