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A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Re

ligion betwixt the Churches of Christ in the Three Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.


An ACT of the General Assembly of the Church of

SCOTLAND, Anno 1648, approving the fame; and Ratified and Established by Act of Parliament 1649.

With Proofs from the Scripture.

Printed in the Year 1764.


ACT approving the shorter Catechism.

Assembly at Edinburgh, July 28, 1648. Seff. 19.


HE General Aflembly having seriously considered

the Shorter Catechism, agreed upon by the Arsembly of Divines fitting at Westminster, with Alliftance of Commissioners from this Kirk ; do find, upon due Examination thereof, that the said Catechifm is agreeable to the Word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received Doctrine, Worship, Discipline and Go. vernment of this Kirk; and therefore approve the faid Shorter Catechism, as a Part of the intended Uniformity to be a Directory for catechising such as are of weaker Capacity,

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Agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines at
Westminster; Examined and Approved,
Anno 1648, by the General Assembly of
the Church of Scotland; and Ratified by

Act of Parliament, 1649.
Queft. I. WAA. "Man's chief End is to glorify

7HAT is the chief End of Man God a, and to enjoy him for ever b. a i Cor.10.13. Rom.11.36.6 Pfal. 73.25, to the End. 31

Q. 2. What Rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him ?

A. The Word of God (which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament c) is the only Rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him d.

c 2Tim. 3. 16. Eph. 2. 20. d 1 John 1. 3, 4. Q. 3, What do the Scriptures principally teach

A. The Scriptures principally teach, what Man is to believe concerning God, and what Duty God requires of Man e. e 2 Tim. I. 13 and


16. Q: 4. What is God?

A. God is a Spirit f, Infiniteg, Eternal h, and Unchangeable i, in his Being k, Wildoml, Power m, Holiness », Justice, Goodness and Truth o.

f John 4. 24. & Job. II, 7, 8, 9. h Pfal. 9o. 2. i James I. 17. k Exod. 3. 14. / Pfal. 147.5. m Rev. 4.8. n Rev. 15. 4. O Exod. 34. 6, 7.

Q. 5. Are there more Gods than one?
A. There is but One only, the living and true God p.
p Deut. 6. 4. Jer. 10. 10.
Q. 6. How many persons are there in the Godhead?

A. There are Three Persons in the God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft; and thefe Three are one God, the same in Substance, equal in Power and Glory g.

9 1 John 5. 7. Mat. 28. 19.
Q. 7. What are the Decrees of God?

Ă. The Decrees of God are his eternal Purpose, according to the Counsel of his Will, whereby, for his own Glory, he hath fore-ordained whatsoever comes lo pass r.

r Eph. 1. 4, 11. Rom. 9. 22, 23.
Q. 8. How doth God exécute his Decrees?

A, God executetb his Decrees in the Works of Crea. tion and Providence *.

* Rev. 4. II. Dan. 4. 35.
Q. 9. What is the work of Creation?

Ā. The Work of Creation is, God's making all Things of nothing, by the Word of his Power, in the Space of Six Days, and all very good s.

s Gen. 1. throughout. Heb. 11. 3. Q. 10. How did God create Man?

A. God created Man Male and Female, after his own Image, in Knowledge, Righteousness and Holiness, with Dominion over the Creatures 1.

+ Gen. 1. 26, 27, 28. Col. 3. 10. Eph. 4. 24.
Q:II. What are God's Works of Providence ?

Å. God's Works of Providence are, his most holy u, wife w, and powerful Preserving %, and Governing all his Creatures, and all their Actions y.

u Pfal. 145. 17. w Pfal. 104. 24. Ifa. 28. 29. x Heb. 1. 3: y Pfal. 103. 19. Mat. 10. 29, 30, 31.

Q. 12. What special Act of Providence did God exercise towards Man, in the Estate wherein he was created?

A. When God had created Man, he entred into a Covenant of Life with him, upon Condition of perfect


Obedience ; forbidding him to eat of the Tree of Kyowledge of Good and Evil, upon Pain of Death 2.

z Gal. 3. 12. Gen. 2. 17.

Q. 13. Did our firsi Parents continue in the Ellate wherein they were created?

A. Our first Parents, being left to the Freedom of their own Will, fell from the Estate wherein they were created, by finning against God a.

a Gen. 3. 6, 7, 8, 13. Eccl. 7. 29. Q: 14. What is Sin

A Sin is any Want of Conformity unto, or Transgreffion of, the Law of God b.

by John 3. 4.

Q. 15. What was the Sin whereby our firsi Parents fell from the Eftate wherein they were created ?

A. The Sin whereby our first Parents fell from the Estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden Fruit c.

c Ger. 3. 6,12.

Q. 16. Did all Mankind fall in Adam's first Trans, grefion?

A. The Covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his Pofterity, all Mankind, descende ing from him by ordinary Generation, finned in him, and fell with him in his first Transgression d.

d Gen. 2. 16, 17, Rom 5:12. 1 Cor. 15. 21, 22. Q. 17. Into what Estate did the Falı bring Mankind?

A. The Fall brought Mankind into an Eftate of Sin and Misery e. e Rom. 5. 12.

Q. 18. Wherein consists the Sinfulness of that Efiate whereinto Man fell

A. The Sinfulness of that Estate whereinto Man fell, consists in the Guilt of Adani's first Sin, the Want of Original Righteousness, and the Corruption of his whole Nacure, which is commonly called Original Sin, toge. ther with all actual Transgressions, which proceed

from it f.

f Rom. 5. 10, to 20. Eph. 2. 1-2, 3. Jam. 1,14,15.

Mat. 15.19.

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