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that the one should be eaten, and that all should drink of the other ; and not that they should be keeped to be worshipped and honoured as God, as the Papists have done bere before, who also have committed Sacrilege, stealing from the People the one Part of the Sacrament, to wit, the blessed Cup. Moreover, that the Sacraments be rightly used, it is required, that the End and Cause, why the Sacraments were institute, be understood and observed, as well of the Minister, as by the Receivers : For if the Opinion be changed in the Receiver, the right Ule ceaseth ; which is most evident by the Rejection of the Sacrifices ; as also, if the Teacher plainly teach falle Doctrine, which were odious and abominable before God, (albeit they were his own Ordinances) because that wicked Men use them to another End than God hath ordained. The same affirm we of the Sacra. ments in the Papiftical Church, wherein we affirm the whole Action of the Lord Jesus to be adulterated, as well in the external Form, as in the End and Opinion. What Christ Jesus did, and commanded to be done, is evident by the Evangelists, and by Saint Paul: What the Priest doth at his Altar, we need not rehearse. The End and Cause of Christ's Institution, and why the same hould be used, is expressed in these Words, “ Do

ye this in Remembrance of me; so oft as ye shall eat of this Bread, and drink of this Cup, ye shall shew forth (that is, extol, preach, magnify, and praise) the Lord's Death till he come again m.

But to what End, and in what Opinion the Priests say their Mals, let the Words of the same, their own Doctors and Writings witness ; to wit, that they, as Mediators between Christ and his Church, do offer untò God the Father a Sacrifice propitiatory for the Sins of the Quick and Dead; which Doctrine, as blafphemous to Christ Jesus, and making Derogation to the Sufficiency of his only Sacrifice, once offered, for Purgation of all these that fhall be fanctified n, we utterly abhor, detest, and



m1 Cor. 11. 25,26. n Heb. 9. 27,28. & 10. 14.


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Art. XXIII. To whom Sacraments appertain.
E confefs and acknowledge, that Baptism appertain.

eth as well to the Infants of the Faithful, as unco them that be of Age and Discretion ; and so we condemn the Error of Anabaptists, who deny Baptisin to appertain to Children, before they have Faith and Understanding o. But the Supper of the Lord, we confess to appertain to fuch only as he of the Houshold of Faith, and can try and examine themselves, as well in their Faith, as in their duty towards their Neighbours : Such as eat and drink at the holy Table without Faith, or being at Dissention or Division with their Brethren, do eat unworthily p; and therefore it is, that, in our Kirk, our Ministers take publick and particular Examination of the Knowledge and Conversation of such as are to be adınitted to the Table of the Lord Jesus.

o Col. 2.11,12. Rom. 4.11. Gen.17.10. Mat. 28.19. p 1 Cor. 11. 28,29.

Art. XXIV. of the Civil Magistrates.
E confess and acknowledge Empires, Kingdoms,

dained by God; the Power and Authority in the same, be it of Emperors in their Empires, of Kings in their Realms, Dukes and Princes in their Dominions, and of other Magistrates in the Cities, to be God's holy Ordi. nance, ordained for Manifestation o his own Glory, and for the fingular Profit and Commodity of Mankind g: So that whosoever goeth about to take away, or to confound the whole State of Civil Policies, now long established, we affirm the same Men, not only to be Enemies to Mankind, but wickedly to fight against God's expressed will r. We further confels and acknowledge that such Persons, as are placed in Authority, are to be loved, honoured, feared, and holden in most reverend Eltimations, because that they are the Lieutenants of God, in whose Sessions God himself doth fit, and judge £; Yea, even the Judges and Princes themselves,

to 9 Rom. 13.1. Tit.3.1. 1 Pet. 2.13,14. r Rom. 13.2. S Rom. 13.7. Pet. 2.17. + Pfal. 82.1.

to whom by God is given the Sword, to the Praise and Defence of good Men; and to revenge and punish all open Malefactors u. Moreover, to Kings, Princes, Rulers, and Magistrates, we affirm, that chiefly, and most principally, the Conservation and Purgation of the Religion appertain ; so that not only they are appointed for Civil Policy, but also for Maintenance of the true Religion; and for supprelling of Idolatry and Superstition whatloever: As in David w, Jehofhaphat x, Hezekias y, Josias z, and others highly commended for their Zeal in that Case, may be efpied. And therefore we confefs and avow, that such as resist the Supreme Power, doing that Thing which appertaineth to his Charge, do resist God's Ordinance; and therefore cannot be guiltless. And further we affirm, that whosoever deny unto them Aid, their Counsel and Comfort, whiles the Princes and Rulers vigilantly travel in Execution of their Office, that the same Men deny their Help, Support, and Counsel to God, who by the Prefetice of his Lieutenant doth crave jt of them.

u 1 Pet. 2. 14. w i Chron. 22,23,24,25,26 Chapters. * i Chron. 17. 6; &c. & 19.8, &c. y 2 Chron. 29.30; & 31 Chapters. Z 2 Chron. 34 & 35 Chapters. Art. XXV. Of the Gifts freely given to the Church. A

Lheit the Word of God truly preached, and the Sacraments

rightly ministrated, and Discipline executed according to the Word of God, be the certain and infallible-Signs of tho true Church; We mean not, that every particular Perfon joined with such Compa08, be an elect Member of Christ Jesus a: For we acknowledge and confefs, thar Dornal, Cockle and Chaff may be fown, grow, and in pieat Abundance ly in the Midst of tbe Wheat ; that is, the Reprobate may be joined in the Society of the Elect, and may externally te with them the Benefits of the Word and Sacraments. But such being but teniporal Professors in Mouth, but not in Heart, do fall Mck, and continue not to the End b; and therefore have they no Frail of Chrill's Death, Resurrection, nor Ascension. But such as with Heart anfeignedly believe, and with Mouth boldly confess the Lard Jefus, as before we have said, shall most alluredly receive there D


• Matth, 13. 24, &c. b Matth. 13. 20,21.

Gifts c. First, In this Life, Remission of Sins, and that only by Faith in Chriâ’s Blood, infomuch, that albeit Sin remain, and conitinually abide in these our mortal Bodies, yet it is not imputed to us, but is remitted, and covered with Christ's Justice d. Secondly,

IA the general Judgment, there shall be given ta every Man and Woman Resurrection of the Flesh e. For the Sea shall give her Dead, the Earth those that therein be inclosed : Yea, the Eternal, our God, fall ftretch out his Hand on the Duft, and the Dead shall arise incorruptible f, and that in the Substance of the self-fame Flesh that every Man now beareth g; to receive according to their Works, Glory or Punilhment b; for such as now delight in Vanity, Cruelty, Filthi. nefs, Superftition, or Idolatry, shall be adjudged to the Fire unquenchable, wherein they shall be tormented for ever, as well in their own Bodies as in their Souls, which now they give to serve the Devil in all Abominations. But such as continue in Well doing to the End, boldly profeffing the Lord Jesus, we constantly believe, that they shall receive Glory, Honour, and Immortality, to reign for ever in Life everlasting with Christ Jesus i; to whose glorifred Body all his Eleet shall be made like k, when he shall appear again in fudge ment, and fal render 'up the Kingdom of God to his father, who then shall be, and ever shall remain in all Things, God blessed for ever 1: To whom, with the Son, and with the Holy Ghost, be all Honour and Glory for now and ever. So be it.

c Rom. 10.9,13 d Rom. 7 Chap. 2 Cor. 5:28. e Jobn s. 28,29. FRev, 20.13. 1 Cor. 15,52,53,54. & Job 19. 25,26,27. b Matth. 25.31, &c. i Rev, 14. 10. Rom. 2. 6..-10. k Phil. 5.21. Cor, 15. 24,28,

Arise, O Lord, and let thy Enemies be.confounded; let them flee from thy Presence, ibat bate tby godly Name. Give i by Servants Strengtb to speak tby Word in Boldnefs, and let all Nations cleave to tby true Knows ledge. Amen. Numb, 9. 35. Psal. 68.15. Acts 4. 29.


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These Acts and Articles were read in the Face of Parliament, and ratified by the Three Estates of this Realm at Edinburgh, the 17th Day of August, in the Year of our Lord 1560. And again ratified, established, and repeated in the Fourth Act of King James VI. first Parliament at Edinburgh, December 15th, 1567. And in several other Acts. And all Acts against the Truth, in any Parliament before whatsoever, abolished. See Collection of Aits, No. 1, 2.

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Exod. xxv. 9. According to all that I Mewed thee, after the Pattern of the Tabernacle, and the Pattern of all the Instruments thereof, even fo hall ye make it.

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