Monastic Revival and Regional Identity in Early Normandy
Boydell & Brewer, 1997 - 170 pages
The rulers of Normany performed a complex juggling act: starting from a pagan Norse military power base round Rouen, they built an accepted political entity within the boundaries of the Christian state their ancestors had invaded. Successfully reconciling Viking, Frankish and Breton elements within their realm, the Norman rulers created "one people out of the various races", in the words of one eleventh-century writer. As part of that effort, they revived and reformed the monasteries in the region, enlisting the aid of prestigious abbots from reform centres beyond Normandy. By the early eleventh century, there was a consciousness within the region that a new people as well as a new principality had taken shape over the course of the past century. In this process of state-building and ethnogenesis, the revival and reform of monasticism played a crucial role. This book evaluates the relationship between Norman lords and monastic communities and demonstrates how that relationship contributed to the political and social evolution of the duchy. Through this regional focus, Monastic Revival and Regional Identity in Early Normandy adds to an understanding of the role monasticism played in tenth and eleventh-century European society, and, more broadly, in the formation of political and cultural entities in medieval Europe. The conclusions presented in this study are based on an analysis of published sources as well as over two hundred unpublished monastic charters located in Norman archives and libraries. Dr CASSANDRA POTTS teaches at Middlebury College.
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Origins and Evidence
Monasticism and the Norman Rulers
Monastic Lands and Lay Communities
Monasticism beyond Upper Normandy
Resisting the Tide at MontSaintMichel
abbayes abbot ADSM Almeneches Anglo-Norman Argences Avranches Bayeux Beaumont Belleme Bemay Benedictine Bernay Bessin bishop Breton Brittany Broussillon Caen canton Carolingian cartulary Cerisy church coll Cotentin donation ducal abbeys ducal monasteries duchy Dudo Dudo's Duke William ecclesiastical eleventh century England Etienne Etudes critiques Evreux Fauroux Fecamp Flodoard fols Francia Frankish gifts Hugh Humphrey of Vieilles John of Ravenna Jumieges L'Abbaye lands Laporte later Lemarignier lords Lucien Musset Medieval Michel monasticism monks Mont Mont-Saint-Michel Mont-St-Michel Montgomery Montivilliers Moreau Neustria non-ducal Norman abbeys Norman monasteries Norman rulers nouv Orderic Vitalis Osbern Paris Preaux received region reign Richard II Richard II's Robert of Torigny Robert the Magnificent Roger Rollo Rouen Saint Evroul Saint Ouen Saint Pierre Saint Taurin Saint Wandrille Saint-Michel St Ouen St Wandrille Tabuteau Taurin tenth century tithes Torigny Trinite Troarn upper Normandy Vikings William Longsword William of Dijon William the Conqueror Xle siecle